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from L&M Companion
Cholmley, Sir Hugh, 4th Bt (1632-89). Engineer; son of Sir Hugh Cholmley of Whitby, Yorks. Having established his reputation in the construction of Whitby pier, he was given charge in 1663 of the building of the mole at Tangier. He and his wife (Lady Anne Compton, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Northampton) lived there at intervals until he was replaced by Sheeres as Surveyor-General of the project in 1676. Pepys had a high regard for him but preferred Sheeres's method of constructing the mole. From c. 1662 he was First Gentleman-Usher to the Queen--hence his flow of information about the court--and in parliament in 1679 and 1685 proved to be a loyal but not uncritical opponent of exclusion. His personal papers are impressively tidy and welll-ordered, and his account of his Tangier career (published in 1787) very readable.