Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Bill has posted 2640 annotations/comments since 9 March 2013.
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About Jean d'Espagne
D'ESPAGNE, JEAN (1591-1659), French protestant pastor and theologian; pastor at Orange, 1620; published 'Antiduello,' a discussion on the morality of the duel, 1632; pastor to a French congregation in London, which came to regard him as a schismatic.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About Friday 19 February 1663/64
“ Mr. Jaggard, a salter, in Thames Street,”
SALTER, one who deals in Salt or Salt Fish. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
So not surprising that Jaggard served a dinner of “all fish”.
About Wednesday 17 February 1663/64
“both of whom are very witty men”
WITTY, full of wit.WIT, One of the Faculties of the rational Soul, Genius, Fancy, aptness for any Thing, Cunningness. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
“where I found an excellent mastiffe, his name Towser”
To TOUSE. To pull; to tear; to haul; to drag; whence touser.---A Dictionary Of The English Language. Samuel Johnson, 1756.
About Monday 15 February 1663/64
TORY, a Word first used by the Protestants in Ireland to signify those Irish common Robbers and Murderers who stood outlawed for Robbery and Murder; now a Nick name to such as call themselves High Church men, or to the Partisans of the Chevalier de St George.---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724
There is discussion of the word "tory" in the annotations of 25 Nov 1661 http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/11/25/
About Saturday 13 February 1663/64
From our encyclopedia:
Hooke's 'Micrographia: or, Some physiological descriptions of minute bodies made by magnifying glasses'http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/8180/
About Thursday 11 February 1663/64
"my wife and I hand to fist to a very fine pig"
To drink hand to fist. Boire á tire-larigot. [To drink as much as one wants]---The Royal Dictionary Abridged, French to English. A. Boyer, 1755
About Cotton's 'Scarronides, or, Le Virgile travesty'
A travesty indeed. Compare:
I sing of warfare and a man at war.From the sea-coast of Troy in early daysHe came to Italy by destiny,To our Lavinian western shore,A fugitive, this captain, buffetedCruelly on land as on the seaRobert Fitzgerald, 1983
I sing of arms and the man, he who, exiled by fate,first came from the coast of Troy to Italy, and toLavinian shores – hurled about endlessly by land and seaA.S. Kline, 2002
I sing the man (read it who list,A Trojan true as ever pist,)Who from Troy-town, by Wind and WeatherTo Italy (and God knows whither)Was packt, and wrackt, and lost, and tost,And bounc'd from Pillar unto PostCharles Cotton, 1664
About Monday 8 February 1663/64
"I found he would have played the Jacke with me"
To play the Jack with one.To attempt to domineer over one, I suppose, is here the intended sense.---English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases Collected from the Most Authentic Sources. J. Russell Smith, 1869.
About Saturday 6 February 1663/64
Far be it from me to pontificate on the English civil wars or evaluate sources or historians. But I did find this on http://www.olivercromwell.net/english-civil-war...
"10% - the drop in the birth rate in the 1650s compared to the 1630s."