Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
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About Sir Heneage Finch (Solicitor-General)
FINCH, HENEAGE, first Earl Of Nottingham (1621-1682), lord chancellor: eldest son of Sir Heneage Finch; distinguished at the Inner Temple for his knowledge of municipal law; became at the Restoration M.P. for Canterbury and solicitor-general; created baronet, 1660; M.P. for Oxford University, 1661; appointed attorney-general, 1670; lord keeper of the seals, 1673; Baron Finch and lord chancellor, 1674; and Earl of Nottingham, 1681; a zealous and able supporter of policy of court, but independent as judge; the Amri of 'Absalom and Achitophel.' ---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About Richard Cromwell
CROMWELL, RICHARD (1626-1712), Lord Protector ; third son of Oliver Cromwell; member of Lincoln's Inn, 1647; M.P for Hampshire, 1654, for Cambridge, 1656; member of committee of trade and navigation, 1655; chancellor of Oxford University, 1657; member of the council of state, 1657; sat in Cromwell's House of Lords; twice nominated as his father's successor, 31 Aug. and 2 Sept. 1658; proclaimed protector amid apparent satisfaction; refused the petition of a number of officers that a commander-in-chief should be appointed, and increased the pay of the soldiers, 1658; compelled to assent to the retirement of his chief adviser, Thurloe, 1658; inclined to ignore his father's treaty with Sweden; recognised as his father's successor by parliament, 1659; retained the right to make peace or war; opposed by parliament in the matter of supplies and by Fleetwood, who took advantage of the grievances of the army to stir up mutiny; driven to throw in his lot with the army and dissolve parliament, 21 April 1659; obliged to recall the Long parliament, 7 May 1659; said, probably without much foundation, to have intrigued for the restoration of the Stuarts; practically deposed by the army, May 1659; appealed to Monck for pecuniary assistance, arrangements formulated by parliament for the payment of his debts having, come to nothing, 1660; retired to the continent and lived at Paris under the name of John Clarke, 1660; returned to England, c.1680, and lived in retirement.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
A Sack Posset.take fourteen Eggs, leave out half the Whites, beat them with a quarter of a Pound of fine Sugar, some Eringo Roots slic'd thin, with a quarter of a Pint of Sack; mix it well together, and set it on the Fire; keep it stirring all the while, and one Way; When 'tis scalding hot, let another, whilst you stir it, pour into it a Quart of Cream boiling hot, with a grated Nutmeg boil'd in't; then take it off the Fire, and clap a hot Pie-Plate on it, and let it stand a quarter of an Hour.---Court cookery. R. Smith, 1725.
Actually, served cold, with rum instead of Sack, this sounds like my favorite Christmas drink!
About Thursday 12 February 1662/63
"to give me some advice about his experience in the stone, which I [am] beholden to him for, and was well pleased with it, his chief remedy being Castle soap in a posset."
Soap in medicine. The purer hard soap is the only sort intended for internal use; this triturated with oily or resinous matters, renders them soluble in water; and hence becomes an ingredient in pills composed of resins, promoting their dissolution in the stomach, and union with the animal fluids. ... It is likewise a powerful menstruum for the calculus, or stone in the bladder; a solution of it in lime-water being one of the strongest dissolvents that can with safety be taken into the stomach: the virtue of this composition is considerably greater than the aggregate of the dissolving powers of the soap and lime-water, when unmixed.---A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. 1764.
About Sir Henry Vane (younger)
Vane, sir Henry, eldest son of sir Henry the secretary of state to Charles I was born 1612. From Westminster school, he removed to Magdalen hall, Oxford, and afterwards visited Geneva. He displayed on his return sentiments so hostile to the church, that to avoid his father's displeasure he went to New England 1635, but came back to Europe two years after. He soon after married, and by his father's interest obtained the place of treasurer of the navy with sir William Russel, but a quarrel with the earl of Strafford, who had assumed in a new created title the name of their family seat, engaged the father and the son in measures of opposition to the government. Eager to ruin his political enemy, Vane united with Pym and the more violent members of the commons, and during the civil wars he ably promoted the views of the republicans, and assisted at the conferences with the king at Uxbridge and in the Isle of Wight. Though he disapproved of the violence offered to the king's person, he accepted afterwards of a seat at the council board, but his opposition to Cromwell's usurpation was so determined that he was sent a prisoner to Carlsbrook castle. At the restoration, though both houses voted for an act of indemnity in his favor, his conduct to Strafford, and the perseverance with which he had supported the republican cause, were not forgotten, and therefore he was arraigned and condemned on pretence of having compassed the late king's death. He was beheaded on Tower hill, 14th June, 1662, and suffered with great firmness and resignation. He is represented by Clarendon as a man of deep dissimulation, of quick conception, and great understanding, but Burnet speaks of him as a fearful man, whose head was darkened in his notions of religion. From his fanatical mode of preaching he and his adhere ts were called Seekers, and in his writings which were on moral and theological subjects, he clothed his thoughts in such affected language that his meaning was totally unintelligible. His only son Christopher was created baron Barnard by king William, and he is the ancestor of the present Darlington family.---Universal biography. J. Lempriere, 1810.
About Salt eel
"A seaman is seldom without a salt eel"---A Sea-Voyage. Beaumont & Massinger, 1647 http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/11637/
SP will mention this play in 1667 and 1668
About Monday 20 April 1663
“tonight is a great supper and dancing at his lodgings, near Charing-Cross.”
The Duke of Monmouth's "lodgings near Charing Cross" were probably in Hedge Lane, now Dorset Street. "Monmouth Court" preserves the memory of his residence. The king gave his son apartments in Whitehall, and Mr. Marshall, in his work on "Tennis" (pp. 87, 88), quotes from Harl. MS. 1618, fol. 224, a reference to "Charges in doing divers workes in making lodgings in the old Tennis Court at Whitehall for ye Duke of Monmouth," June, 1664.---Wheatley, 1893.
About Jonas Shish
Jonas Shish (born 1605) succeeded Christopher Pett as master shipwright at Deptford in 1668, and died May, 1680. Evelyn held Shish in high esteem, and was one of the pall-bearers at his funeral. Evelyn described him as one who can give very little account of his art by discourse, and is hardly capable of reading, yet of great abilitie in his calling. The family have been ship carpenters in this yard above 100 yeares" (March 3rd, 1667-68).---Wheatley, 1893.
The STEM of a Ship is that Piece of Timber which is wrought compassing from the Keel below and serves to guide the Ship's Rake.The RAKE of a Ship is so much of her Hull as hangs over both ends of the Keel.---An Universal English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
STEM ...3 The prow or forepart of a ship.---A Dictionary of the English Language. Samuel Johnson, 1856.
About Thursday 30 April 1663
If I catch the drift of the etymology of new word "lionize, " if you take someone around to see the the lions, i.e., the sights of the town, you are treating them like a celebrity. Hence you are "lionizing" them. I like it, and will lionize my out-of-town visitors in the future.