Annotations and comments

Bill has posted 1092 annotations/comments since 9 March 2013.

The most recent…

About Sunday 21 April 1661

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"my workmen, which, being foreigners"

FOREIGNER ... Such persons as are not freemen of a city, or corporation, are also called foreigners, to distinguish them from the members of the same.
---A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. 1763.

Question: How did one show he wasn't a "foreigner" in London? Surely there wasn't an ID card?

About Knights of the Bath

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Next to the Peers of the Realm, viz. Dukes, Marquisses, Earls, Viscounts, and Barons, who properly are the Nobles of England, I come to what we call the Gentry, consisting of Knights, Esquires, and Gentlemen without Title.
...
The Knights of the Bath are so called from their Bathing, used before they were created. Henry IV. was the Founder of this Order, in 1399, when to grace his Coronation, he made 46 of these Knights, that were bathed in the Tower. There are now but a few left of this Order. They wear a Scarlet-Ribbon, belt-wise.
---The Present State of Great-Britain and Ireland. G. Miege, 1718.

About Tuesday 16 April 1661

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"reading of the Psalms in short hand"

From a rare book catalogue http://books.google.com/books?id=HaOEAAAAIAAJ

265 SHORTHAND Rich (Jeremiah) The Whole Book Of Psalms In Meter. According to the Art of Short-Writing. London, Printed for the Author, and are to be sould at his house the Golden Ball in Swithins Lane neare London Stone, N.D. (c. 1660). 64mo., engraved throughout by T. Cross, within rules, the portrait of Rich, title, next 4 leaves and last page within ornamental borders, FINE COPY, contemporary black morocco gilt, g.e., £7 7s

* Extremely rare in any state, but practically unobtainable in the choice condition of the present copy. Dedicated to the Duke of Buckingham and others. The last page contains "The Names of those Ingenious Schollars that were ye first incouragers of this incomparable peice."

About Monday 15 April 1661

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I went home by coach with Sir R. Slingsby and dined with him, and had a very good dinner. His lady seems a good woman.

R. Slingsby's wife Elizabeth has her own encyclopedia page. http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/1857/

About Newington

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Newington, Surrey. The parish of Newington, or Newington Butts, extends from St. George's, Southwark, to Camberwell; Walworth is a hamlet. The original name was Neweton, afterwards spelled Newerton; the addition of Butts occurs first in 1558, and is evidently due to the butts set up here by royal mandate for the practice of archery by the inhabitants of this side the Thames. ... In the last year of the 16th and the early part of the 17th century there was a theatre at Newington Butts of which Philip Henslowe was the manager, and where "My Lord Admirals" and "My Lord Chamberlain's Men," of whom Shakespeare was one, acted.
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

About Thursday 11 April 1661

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It's true that Brian Barr's source is dated 1719 but my source for the alternate version in my annotation is dated 1656:

VVit and drollery, joviall poems. Never before printed. / By Sir J.M. Ja:S. Sir W.D. J.D. and other admirable wits. , London, : Printed for Nath. Brook, at the Angel in Cornhil, 1656.

A copy of which is found in the British Library and available from EEBO Early British Books Online http://eebo.chadwyck.com/home

About Wednesday 10 April 1661

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I really, really wish that Pepys had Gillian's meaning in mind but Shakespeare would disagree:

WARWICK
What counsel, lords? Edward from Belgia,
With hasty Germans and blunt Hollanders,
Hath pass'd in safety through the narrow seas,
And with his troops doth march amain to London;
And many giddy people flock to him.
---Henry VI, part 3

About Thursday 11 April 1661

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Bryan needs to further explain his reasoning but I think Brian Barr above has the right answer. Slight spoiler: Sam will further quote from this same (scatological) song in six days on April 17, 1661:

“Of Shitten come Shites the beginning of love.”

As for the relevant lines from Brian's annotation here's another version:

No, I will say untill I die,
Farewel and be hanged, that's twice god buy.

About Thursday 11 April 1661

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"We baited at Dartford"

To BAIT, to take some Refreshment on a Journey.
---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675.

About Sir John Mennes (Comptroller of the Navy)

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On August 8, 1660 Sam describes Sir John: "he is a very good, harmless, honest gentleman, though not fit for the business"