Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
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About Thomas Hollier
A SCALD HEAD, a scurfy or scabbed Head ---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675.
About Samuel Cromleholme
Samuel Cromleholme (or Crumlum), born in Wiltshire in 1618; Surmaster of St. Paul's School, 1647; Head Master in 1657. He was a good scholar, and lost a valuable library when the school was burnt in the Great Fire. Died July 21st, 1672.---Wheatley, 1896.
About Joshua Kirton
Joseph Kirton was a bookseller in St. Paul's Churchyard, at the sign of "The King's Arms," ruined by the Fire of London. His death, in October, 1667, is recorded in Smith's "Obituary," printed for the Camden Society. He was buried in St. Faith's.---Wheatley, 1896.
About Saturday 7 December 1661
"concerning the business of striking sail, which I am now about"
Pepys seems not to have been aware at the time that Sir John Burroughs, Keeper of the Records, temp. Car. I., had written a Treatise on the Sovereignty of the British Seas, copies of which, both in Latin and English, are common, and one of which is in the Pepysian Library; neither had he discovered that William Ryley, the Herald, Deputy Keeper of the Records, whom he knew personally, had also written on the subject, and had made extracts from the Records. Ryley's collections appear to have belonged to James II., and were probably made for him at this time. The Duke of Newcastle afterwards possessed them, and they are now in the British Museum.---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.
"See May 4th, 1662, host."
This should read: See May 4th, 1662, post.
About Samuel Moyer
Samuel Moyer, one of the Council of State, 1653---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.
About Sunday 1 December 1661
"a brave collar of brawn"
BRAWN, hard Flesh, sous'd Meat or Boar's Flesh.BRAWNY, full of Brawn or Sinews, fleshy, lusty, strong. ---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675.
About John Ireton
IRETON, JOHN (1615-1689), lord mayor of London, 1658; brother of Henry Ireton.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About Wednesday 30 October 1661
"I am sorry to find my wife displeased with her maid Doll"
Doll was hired on 10 August and (spoiler alert) will soon be fired.
About William Cavendish (1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne)
CAVENDISH, WILLIAM, Duke of Newcastle (1592-1676), son of Sir Charles Cavendish of Welbeck, Nottinghamshire, and the heiress of the barony of Ogle, Northumberland; educated at St. John's College, Cambridge; K.B., 1610; travelled; entertained James I at Welbeck, 1619; created Viscount Mansfield, November 1620; created Earl of Newcastle, March 1628; succeeded to the Ogle estates, 1629; spent 20,000l. in entertaining Charles I at Welbeck, 1633, Ben Jonson writing the masques; governor of Charles, prince of Wales, 1638-41; lent Charles I 10,000l. and raised a troop at his own cost against the Scots, 1639; withdrew from court, 1641, to avoid prosecution by parliament for again raising troops for the king; named governor of Hull by Charles I, January 1642, but not accepted by the garrison; joined Charles I at York; sent to secure Newcastle-on-Tyne, June, and to command in the north; raised troops at his own charges; invaded Yorkshire, November 1642; raised the siege of York, and advanced southwards; forced to fall back on York, January 1643; advanced into the West Biding, but was forced back; detached troops to escort the queen to Oxford; secured all Yorkshire by the victory of Adwalton Moor, 1643; advanced as far as Lincoln; recalled to besiege Hull; raised the siege, 11 Oct. 1643; created Marquis of Newcastle, 27 Oct. 1643: sent to oppose the Scots, 1644; forced to fall back on York; fought as volunteer at Marston Moor, having vainly urged Prince Rupert to wait for reinforcements, 1644; at Hamburg, July 1644 to February 1645; in Paris, April 1645-8; married; at Rotterdam, 1648, and Antwerp, 1648-60; for some time lived in great pecuniary difficulties, pawned his wife's jewels, and incurred heavy loans; obtained an allowance out of his confiscated estates; accompanied Charles II to London, 1660; had only part of his lands restored, having spent nearly 1,000,000l. in the royal service; created Duke of Newcastle, March 1665; withdrew to Welbeck; patron of Ben Jonson and Dryden. His works include plays, 1649-77, poems, and 'Methode et Invention ... de dresser les Chevaux,' Antwerp, 1657, and 'New Method ... to Dress Horses,' 1667.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.