Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Bill has posted 1950 annotations/comments since 9 March 2013.
The most recent…
About Tuesday 30 September 1662
“ by which things will go to rack, especially in the Navy”
WRACK, is when a Ship perishes at Sea, and no Man escapes alive out of it; in which Case, if any of the Goods that were in it were brought to Land by the Waves, they belong to the King or to such Person to whom the King has granted Wreck; but if a Man, Dog or Cat escape alive, so that the Owner come within a Year and a Day, and prove the Goods to be his, he shall have them again. A Ship-wrack; also the Ship so perished. ---An Universal English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Monday 22 September 1662
There is an encyclopedia entry for thermometer to which further mentions of weather glass are directed. (Sam will get his weather glass next March.) An annotation from "in Aqua Scripto" there agrees with me that the weather glass was a Torricelli mercury barometer.
“ there with him did overlook many pretty things, new inventions, and have bespoke a weather glass of him”
(Evangelista Torricelli invented the first mercury barometer in 1644. The word “barometer” itself did not come into use until around 1665 and is generally attributed to Robert Boyle.)
TORRICELLIAN Instrument, A glass tube or pipe of about three foot long, and a quarter of an inch bore, sealed or closed by fire at one end, and quite filled at the other with quick-silver; which unsealed end, being stopp’d with the finger, is thrust down into some quick-silver contained in a vessel; and then the finger being taken away, and the tube set upright, the quick-silver will run out or descend till it remains in the tube of the height of between twenty eight and thirty one inches, leaving an empty space in the upper part.The quick-silver being thus suspended or hanged up, will encrease or lessen its height in the tube, according as the weather alters for dry or wet; and being put into a frame with a plate of divisions, shewing the several degrees, is called a Mercurial Barometer, or quick-silver weather-glass.---New Universal English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1760.
About Friday 29 August 1662
Gerald makes a good point here as does the encyclopedia entry on weather: http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/562/
The Wikipedia entry on the "Little Ice Age" has this sentence: "The NASA Earth Observatory notes three particularly cold intervals: one beginning about 1650..."
About James Scott ("Mr Crofts", 1st Duke of Monmouth)
SCOTT, JAMES (known as Fitzroy and as Crofts), Duke of Monmouth And Buccleuch (1649-1685), natural son of Charles II, by Lucy, daughter of Richard Walters of Haverfordwest; born at the Hague; entrusted on his mother's death to the care of Lord Crofts, as whose kinsman he passed; instructed in protestant religion; acknowledged by Charles II as his son, 1663, and made Baron Tyndale, Earl of Doncaster, Duke of Monmouth, and K.G.; married Anne Scott, countess of Buccleuch, and took surname of Scott, 1663; captain of Charles II’s lifeguard of horse, 1668; privy councillor, 1670; captain-general of Charles II's forces, 1670; served against Dutch, 1672 and 1673; chancellor of Cambridge University, 1674; served against the French at Ostend and Mons, 1678; identified himself with protestant movement in England; quelled insurrection which ensued in Scotland on murder of Archbishop Sharp, 1679; deprived of commission as general, in consequence of reaction in favour of Duke of York, and banished, 1679; retired to Holland, but returned immediately and was deprived of all offices; deprived of chancellorship of Cambridge, 1682; made progress through west of England, and was arrested at Taunton, but released on bail; joined Russell, Essex, and Sidney in plot to murder Charles II and Duke of York; in conjunction with Essex, Howard, Russell, Hampden, and Sidney arranged for risings in England and Scotland; was promised pardon, having revealed to Charles II all he knew of the conspiracy after its discovery, but was banished from the court; retired to Zealand, 1684; treated with marked respect by Prince of Orange, who, however, dismissed him on death of Charles II; arranged with Argyll and Ferguson expedition to England; landed at Lyme Regis, 11 June 1685, and claimed as 'head and captain-general of protestant forces of the kingdom' a ‘legitimate and legal' right to the crown; was proclaimed king at Taunton, 20 June; defeated by Feversham and Churchill at Sedgemoor, 5 July; escaped, but was captured; executed in the Tower of London, 15 July. Portraits of him by Lely and W. Wissing are in the National Portrait Gallery.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About Tuesday 9 September 1662
“things he takes notice of that he resolves to abridge me of”
ABRIDGED OF, Deprived of, debarred from.ABRIDGMENT … 3 Restraint, or abridgment of liberty.---A Dictionary Of The English Language. Samuel Johnson, 1756.
About Monday 8 September 1662
“my blinding his lights over his stairs”
LIGHTS, … in Architecture, they are the Windows or Openings in the Walls to let in the Air and Light.---A new general English dictionary. T. Dyche, 1735.
About Saturday 6 September 1662
“of which I eat but little, being almost cloyed”
to CLOY, to give one his fill, to glut.---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About New Palace Yard
Palace Yard (New), the open space before the north entrance to Westminster Hall, so called from being the great court of the new palace begun by William II., of which Westminster Hall was the chief feature completed. The Clock-tower, long the distinguishing feature of New Palace Yard, was originally built, temp. Edward I., out of the fine imposed on Ralph de Hingham, Chief Justice of England. There is a capital view of it by Hollar. The great bell of the tower (Westminster Tom) was given by William III. to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's; and the metal of which it was made forms a part of the great bell of the Cathedral.Before the Great Hall there is a large Court called the new Palace, where there is a strong tower of stone, containing a clock, which striketh on a great Bell every hour, to give notice to the Judges how the time passeth; when the wind is south-south-west, it may be heard unto any part of London, and commonly it presageth wet weather.—Howell's Londinopolis, fol. 1657, p. 378; and see Ned Ward, The London Spy, pt. 8.
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.
About Saturday 23 August 1662
"And by and by, she being in her hair, she put on his hat"
For some reason (a busy day today, perhaps) the expression "in her hair" will be discussed in the annotations next month: http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/09/04/