Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Bill has posted 689 annotations/comments since 9 March 2013.
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About Saturday 1 December 1660
More on "baste" in the annotations of 22 July 1660 http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/07/22/
About Sunday 23 December 1660
"had made shift to spit a great turkey"
How blest, how envy'd were our life, Could we but 'scape the poult'rer's knife! But man, curst man on turkeys preys, And Christmas shortens all our days; Sometimes with oysters we combine, Sometimes assist the sav'ry chine. From the low peasant to the lord, The turkey smoaks on ev'ry board. ---Fable XXXVIII. The Turkey and the Ant. John Gay, 1727
"where our pew all covered with rosemary and baize"
When rosemary, and bays the Poet's crown, Are bawl'd in frequent cries through all the town; Then judge the festival of Christmas near, Christmas the joyous period of the year.Now with bright holly all your temples strow, With laurel green, and sacred misletoe. ---Of walking the Streets by Day. John Gay, 1716(John Gay wrote "The Beggar's Opera".)
About Thursday 13 December 1660
"where were Sir John Lawson and Captain Holmes"
We have heard recently of the disabling of two ships designated for the "Guiny" expedition. Captain Holmes is in charge of that expedition and it will leave in January.
About Gracious (Gracechurch) Street
Gracechurch Street, between Cornhill and Eastcheap, was so named "from the parish church of St. Benet, called Grass Church, of the herb-market there kept." The church of St. Benet, at the corner of Fenchurch Street, was pulled down in 1867. It is written Grascherche in a Letter-Book of 1320. Stow writes it "Grasse Street." It was often written "Gracious Street." In Dekker's description of the royal procession in 1604, we are told that this street "was worthy of that name it carries till this hour." It was destroyed in the Great Fire, and on being rebuilt was named Gracechurch Street . ... In White Hart Court was the Friends' (Quakers) Meeting-house. On the passing of the Conventicles Act, in 1670, George Fox was seized and carried off to "the Mayor's house" by a party of soldiers while preaching in this meeting-house. It was at the house of Henry Goldney in this court that he died, January 19, 1690. He had preached in the meeting-house only two days before his death.---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.
They are called "turkey" for a reason. The "helmeted guinea fowl" (Numida meleagris) from Madagascar was imported into Europe by, guess who, Turkish merchants. The Spanish in the New World discovered a bird (Meleagris gallopavo) that tasted like turkey, only better, and they exported it into Europe. Where it replaced that African bird. (In France it's call Dinde (D'Inde)! And in Turkey it's called Hindi.)source: New York Times, October 29, 2013.
We have a similar situation with New World muscadine grapes, which were named after a variety of French grapes.http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/11/19/ [annotations]
About Parliament Stairs
Parliament Stairs, the landing-place for Old Palace Yard. In the earliest maps the name is Old Palace Bridge.---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.
About Thursday 6 December 1660
"to bed in a pet"
To take PET be in a PETto be offended, to snuff at, to be angry. ---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675.
About Monday 26 November 1660
It was my mathematical hubris, not Sasha, that caused my seemingly intractable conundrum. Astronomical events happened earlier in Pepys' calendar than in Rome's, and Rome's is the one we use today. So my original statement is also true for Rome in Pepys' time but, by his calendar, those latest sunrise dates would be Dec.16 to Dec.25, 1660. December had the darkest mornings for him too.
About Thursday 10 January 1660/61
"Few of them would receive any quarter, but such as were taken by force and kept alive; expecting Jesus to come here and reign in the world " Suicidal religious fanaticks. Plus ça change plus la meme chose indeed.