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San Diego Sarah has posted 838 annotations/comments since 6 August 2015.

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About Wednesday 20 July 1664

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

From the earliest days of colonial history in America, lotteries were essential to the project’s survival.

In the summer of 1612, the Virginia Company held a lottery to raise additional funding for the struggling settlement at Jamestown. (A tailor named Thomas Sharplisse won the largest prize — 4,000 crowns, a small fortune.)

Three years later the company tried again, with a focus on the great good that would come from white people colonizing the New World. “As pitched by the Virginia Company, buying a lottery ticket was an act of charity that could save a savage’s soul,” Matthew Sweeney writes in The Lottery Wars. Unfortunately lotteries didn’t save the Virginia Company’s settlers from starvation.

The first lottery used to raise government revenue and offer a cash prize was held in Florence, Italy, in 1530. France next adopted this innovative means of raising money, and the British crown followed suit in 1569.

By the 1700s, lotteries were a popular way to raise money for all sorts of projects. They were not seen as a sinful pastime, but more of a civic duty.

In the early 18th century, The Independent reports the Archbishop of Canterbury lent his good name to lotteries, raising fund for the British Museum and Westminster Bridge.


About Saturday 27 August 1664

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Young Tom Edwards ... his voice has just broken, so his place in the choir has gone. As I recall this happens around 13 or 14, not 19. Young lords went up to Oxford and Cambridge at around 15, so this was a reasonable time for Tom to take on an apprenticeship. That usually lasts 7 years, so he is a free and self-sufficient man at 22.

About Swan

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Swan Upping -- every third week in July

The tradition of marking newborn swans goes back six centuries, to a time when most of the swans on England's public waters were owned by the monarch.

Later the members of two livery companies (trade guilds), the Company of Dyers and the Company of Vintners, were given the right to keep swans on the Thames River between London and Henley.

Every year since 1363, the monarch's swan master and the swan wardens of the two livery companies row up the Thames, starting at Blackfriars in the center of London and continuing upstream to Abingdon, and "up" all the swan families into the boats, where they are marked with identification numbers.

There are very specific rules governing how ownership is decided, and the six boats, each flying a large silk flag as they row up the river, form a procession that has changed little over the centuries.

The British Monarchy Official Web Site
Buckingham Palace
London, SW1A 1AA United Kingdom
BkHolWrld-1986, Jul 21
GdWrldFest-1985, p. 95


About Friday 26 August 1664

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

And this is why Charles II had shut the gate:

'The Holbein gatehouse at Whitehall Palace, occupied by Maj.-Gen. Lambert during the Protectorate. (L&M footnote)'

and from Simon Thurley's Whitehall Palace: An Architectural History of the Royal Apartments, 1240 to 1699: "New galleries and chambers were built, extensive gardens, jousting and tennis yards, a bowling green, cock-fighting pit and, of course, the magnificent Holbein gatehouse, with its checkered pattern and fleur de lis. Historians believe that on the upper floor of this gatehouse, in January 1536, Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn married in secret."

And now Barbara Villiers Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine has the apartment. Perhaps she moved there after the flood last autumn?

About Saturday 9 July 1664

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

John Donne's poem, 'The Sunne Rising':

Busy old fool, unruly sun,
Why dost thou thus,
Through windows, and through curtains call on us?
Must to thy motions lovers' seasons run?
Saucy pedantic wretch, go chide
Late school boys and sour prentices,
Go tell court huntsmen that the king will ride,
Call country ants to harvest offices,
Love, all alike, no season knows nor clime,
Nor hours, days, months, which are the rags of time.

Thy beams, so reverend and strong
Why shouldst thou think?
I could eclipse and cloud them with a wink,
But that I would not lose her sight so long;
If her eyes have not blinded thine,
Look, and tomorrow late, tell me,
Whether both th' Indias of spice and mine
Be where thou leftst them, or lie here with me.
Ask for those kings whom thou saw'st yesterday,
And thou shalt hear, All here in one bed lay.

She's all states, and all princes, I,
Nothing else is.
Princes do but play us; compared to this,
All honor's mimic, all wealth alchemy.
Thou, sun, art half as happy as we,
In that the world's contracted thus.
Thine age asks ease, and since thy duties be
To warm the world, that's done in warming us.
Shine here to us, and thou art everywhere;
This bed thy center is, these walls, thy sphere.

About Saturday 20 August 1664

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

"Journal of the Earl of Sandwich" edited by R.C. Anderson
"About 8 oclock the Paradox and ketch came to me with packets from Holland.
... This evening I sent Pymm off express with a packet to London in the Henrietta yacht to put him ashore."

As I recall, a "packet" can be a parcel or a bundle, and it can also be a type of ship. So I read this to mean that a collection of mail from Holland was delivered to Sandwich by the Paradox and the ketch. Later Sandwich sent Pymm to London with a packet of mail in the speedy yacht Henrietta. I wonder why Sandwich was involved in intercepting the mail ... unless it was official correspondence. It would still seem more efficient for the Paradox to deliver the mail to the port as usual.

Interestingly, the Tudor post office service used packet ships. I wonder if that's why parcels can be called packets today?

About Sheriffs of the City of London

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

'And thence to Sir W. Batten’s, whither Sir Richard Ford came, the Sheriffe, who hath been at this fire all the while; and he tells me, upon my question, that he and the Mayor were there, as it is their dutys to be, not only to keep the peace, but they have power of commanding the pulling down of any house or houses, to defend the whole City.

'By and by comes in the Common Cryer of the City to speak with him; and when he was gone, says he, “You may see by this man the constitution of the Magistracy of this City; that this fellow’s place, I dare give him (if he will be true to me) 1000l. for his profits every year, and expect to get 500l. more to myself thereby. When,” says he, “I in myself am forced to spend many times as much.”'

Two years from now the Sheriffs were not as ruthless/effective as this man.

About John Boys

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

"Thence I walked to Cheapside, there to see the effect of a fire there this morning, since four o’clock; which I find in the house of Mr. Bois, that married Dr. Fuller’s niece, who are both out of towne, leaving only a mayde and man in towne. It begun in their house, and hath burned much and many houses backward, though none forward; and that in the great uniform pile of buildings in the middle of Cheapside."

About Thursday 18 August 1664

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

I've Googled "Captain Hugh Hyde" and nothing comes up. Anyone know anything about him? He must have been a trusted naval officer of some repute to draw this important assignment.

And four frigates to capture New Amsterdam seems a tiny fleet for such a mission.