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Sasha Clarkson has posted 250 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

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About Thursday 22 May 1662

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

The reason that Lee was trawling through the Navy office archive is that Vane was firstly, under both King and Commonwealth, a former Treasurer of the Navy (the post now being held by Sir George Carteret); secondly, he sat on a series of Commonwealth committees to oversee and reform the Navy, including the drafting of articles of war.

This search for incriminating evidence did not really concern Sam, as the relevant events were well before his time. It may well have been of more concern to Penn and Batten, who were in the Navy under Cromwell. The "Sir Williams" were not a target, but they would not want to get caught in the crossfire.

It seems taht the "Sir Williams" dealt with the situation in different ways. Batten kept his distance ("nothing to do with me Guv!"), but Penn joined the "Councellor"* and Sam for lunch, not forgetting to bring his attractive daughter, both to distract the gentleman, and to restrict the conversation to polite topics, ie not potentially treasonous activities!

*I guess that the word "Councellor" here means in the sense of a lawyer.

About Thursday 22 May 1662

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

"muscatt; but I know not yet what that is, and am ashamed to ask." I have no doubt that it was nutmeg (noix de muscade): if it were wine or grapes, Sam would certainly know.

Interestingly, from about 1500, the word "mace", previously referring to various spices, came to be used for the rind of the nutmeg. The (full) OED quotes a source referring to "the rynde of the nux musticata, the notmygge, "

Teddiman obviously sent a labelled package, and they all nodded and smiled wisely whilst wondering something like "what the Deuce is this?" :)

There may well be an etymological link to the muscatel grape, so named because of its musk-like perfume.

About Thursday 22 May 1662

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Charles was not naturally bloodthirsty, so he had previously been quite happy to agree to clemency for Vane. However, Vane had made personal enemies because of his Commonwealth role sitting on both the 'Sequestration Committee ' and the 'Committee for Compounding with Delinquents', which dealt with confiscations and fines levied upon the estates and persons of defeated Royalists. Although the latter had lost the war, they were now elevated back to office due to the power vacuum after Oliver's death. As Vane had fallen out with all sides and had no powerful protectors, his persecutors were in a position to exact revenge, and did so with relish.

Like his father before him, Charles was prepared to allow Parliament to claim its chosen quarry if that was to his (Charles') benefit.

One must see these events in the context that that the loyalty of most members of the Cavalier Parliament was not unconditionally to the King, but to their own perceived collective interest as the landed ruling class. The King was their figurehead, tool, and ally, but as the years went on, divisions grew, both within Parliament, and between Parliament and the King. Thus the English Party system was born

About Tuesday 20 May 1662

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Sam's final words put me in mind of Thomas Morley's madrigal, which Sam must surely have known. Morley (1558-1602) was organist at St Paul's cathedral, but also wrote much secular music, including for Shakespeare.

Sing we and chant it,
While love doth grant it,
Fa la la etc.

Not long youth lasteth,
And old age hasteth;
Now is best leisure
To take our pleasure.
Fa la la etc.

All things invite us
Now to delight us,
Fa la la etc.

'It was a lover and his lass', words by Shakespeare, music by Morley

About Saturday 10 May 1662

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

The relationship between Pepys and Carteret prospers, as will, perhaps as a consequence, that between Carteret and Sandwich.

About Wednesday 30 April 1662

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Being a burgess might be useful, for either Pepys or his patron, not only to be elected as an MP in the future, but also to be eligible to vote for an MP.

It would not be unreasonable to think that Pepys already had ambitions in that direction: both Batten and Penn were MPs. Pepys later became MP for Castle Rising (1673), and subsequently Harwich.

About The Royal Society

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Pepys was President of the Royal Society from 1684–1686, and thus was responsible for the publication of Newton's Principia.

Principia was written in Latin: its famous title page, with the inscription
"IMPRIMATUR S Pepys.." is shown in the link below, and was usually reproduced in subsequent English editions.

About Monday 28 April 1662

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Cromwell too had a soft spot for Quakers. In his 'England under the Stuarts', GM Trevelyan quotes from a 1654 entry in Quaker founder George Fox's diary, that, at the end of one of their several meetings, Cromwell "caught me by the hand, and with tears in his eyes said 'Come here again to my house, for if thou and I were to have but an hour a day together, we should be nearer to one another' ".

In the blasphemy case against James Nayler, Cromwell intervened to dissuade the second Protectorate Parliament from ordering Naylor's execution, and attempted but failed to mitigate the harshness of Naylor's punishment. Incidentally, this shows that even at the height of his power, Cromwell governed as a chief executive, but not as a dictator.