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Sasha Clarkson has posted 207 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

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About Friday 28 February 1661/62

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Sam's occasional punishment of Wayneman was neither cruel nor unusual by the standards of most of human history. It's perhaps apposite to note that flagellation and humiliation in the pillory and stocks were standard components of the British criminal justice system for adults until well into the 19th century. Flogging as a military punishment was not abolished until 1880, and in the prisons continued until 1948. Wayneman is the age of a schoolboy in a time without compulsory schooling: corporal punishment in British schools continued legally until the 1980s. And I should prefer not to think about the level of punishment which occurred in many loving family homes.

Wayneman was contracted to Sam both to be a servant and to be instructed and fitted for adult life. His subsequent history (if you take a sneak preview of future diary entries) begs the question as to whether or not Sam was too lenient a disciplinarian. Wayneman's brother and sister certainly thought that the Pepys household was a better place for him than any of the alternatives.

About Monday 24 February 1661/62

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Re JWB's comment: I have seen no evidence anywhere that Robert Blackburne was a Quaker. Although George Fox, the founder of the Religious Society of Friends (ie Quakers) was highly regarded by Cromwell personally, the Friends as a body were a thorn in the side of both Protectorate and Restoration governments. I think it highly unlikely therefore that if Blackburne had been a Quaker he would have been appointed Secretary of the Admiralty, or been interested in the post. Actually, all the evidence is that Blackwell was an orthodox Puritan: Quakers were something else entirely, and attracted equal hostility from all sides. It is even less likely that Will Hewer had had any Quaker sympathies: it would have completely incompatible with his station and subsequent career.

Hewer is now 20ish, not quite an adult in law. Pepys and Elizabeth are effectively in loco parentis to a young man at a difficult age, who is "feeling his oats". Will is Pepys' dependent, living under his roof. Despite there being less of an age gap, there would have been a flavour of "don't speak to your mother like that" in Sam's remonstrance.

About Thursday 20 February 1661/62

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

The word Edil, derived from aedile, is still used in Portugal and Spain today to denote a mayor, so I have do doubt that "Aidill" is the same word. The sound of vowels are always difficult to render into another language - especially in an era without standard spellings.

Changing the subject, a harquebuss, or arquebus is an early rifle. The name derives (because of its shape) from Dutch, "hook pipe" or "hook tube"; just as "blunderbuss" derives from "thunder pipe".

About Monday 17 February 1661/62

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

"I find reason to fear that by my too sudden leaving off wine, I do contract many evils upon myself."

There is scriptural support for Sam's position:

"Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities."
(1 Timothy 5:23, King James' Bible)

About Saturday 15 February 1661/62

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

"the Treasurer’s instruments" mean the clerks and officials working directly for Sir George Carteret as Treasurer to the Navy. This is a development of a story which came to our attention on 13th February:

"... Mr. Blackburne (whom I have not seen a long time) was come to speak with me, and among other discourse he do tell me plain of the corruption of all our Treasurer’s officers ... "

So now the Sir Williams, via Sam or otherwise, have become aware of this and are complaining about the flunkeys. They are careful not to throw mud at Carteret himself, as he is very high in favour at court. Sam, skilful at running with both hare and hounds, later develops a working relationship with Waith and respects his abilities. He also becomes close to Carteret, but believes him to be incapable of dealing with the complexities of his office.

"Lord! how fretfully Sir G. Carteret do discourse with Mr. Wayth about his accounts, like a man that understands them not one word. ...."

When, after censure by Parliament following the Second Dutch War, , Carteret is eventually replaced as Navy Treasurer, the clerks are removed too.

About Friday 14 February 1661/62

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Ned was left the equivalent of 10 years of Pepys' salary to take care of SOME business for Sandwich. It seems - or at least the gossip is - that he spent a majority of that on himself and still managed to run up a significant debt.