Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Sasha Clarkson has posted 603 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.
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About Monday 15 August 1664
I've not heard that one Mary :)
Thank you Louise:now we know that "bun in the oven" is a US expression too, that rather implies that it's an old phrase. I'll check in my OED later.
Yes - it's remarkable how many women allegedly "get themselves pregnant", despite human parthenogenesis being somewhere between rare and impossible ...
"let her brew as she has baked"
An interesting phrase to use in an era before brewers' yeast had supplanted sourdough for the leavening of bread!
BTW, in Britain, having "a bun in the oven" is a euphemism for pregnancy. I don't know how old the phrase is, or whether it's used in America.
About Sunday 7 August 1664
"I would to God they would either conform, or be more wise, and not be catched! "
Later in life, because of his loyalty to James, Pepys was accused of Papist sympathies. Here he shows that he shares Cromwell's attachment to "liberty of conscience", so long as it's not associated with military rebellion.
About Saturday 30 July 1664
Google translate is always worth a try these days, and makes quite a reasonable job of the French passage:
"The vessels which came from the Indies, and chiefly the latter, are loaded with fairly good merchandise, as appears from the inventory, but for the presents sent to the King, which were so magnificent, Has done me the honor of showing them to me to divert myself. They are contained in a small purse of red crimson satin. There is a yellow pebble twice as large as the Sancy, of a fairly good shape to be worth a million, but I think it would be well paid to a white shield. There is another red stone, which is called a carbuncle, which seems to me quite beautiful, but I have seen several similar ones on reliquaries, which makes me believe that they are not of great value. A white and blue sapphire, admirably beautiful to make a bishop's ring, accompanies a large pearl which the King has given to the Queen, which nature had intended to make round and white, but she has not succeeded."
One can they tidy it up to please oneself.
About Wednesday 27 July 1664
Re Bergie's comment on "draught":
What you draw is a draught, whether that be a picture, or a pint of beer. It's an old style Germanic relationship between verb and noun, like weave and weft. :)
'Draw' is related to 'drag', and although one might draw water from the village pump, one 'pulls' a pint of beer with the hand-pump from the barrel. Cf 'withdraw'
About Sunday 24 July 1664
Sorry - I put the wrong start time in the first clip above: it should be 1m23s :)
A couple of versions of 'See, the conqu'ring hero comes!'
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m-QV6XpzNMs&fea...(from Judas Maccabeus - in Handel's day of course, the singers would have been boys )
About Friday 22 July 1664
A sample of Carissimi's music:
About Wednesday 20 July 1664
"Mountagu, as Earl of Sandwich" wouldn't have had any special privileges at Sandwich Castle merely because of the name of the title. Even by the 16th century, the link between a peer's title and the eponymous place was becoming more tenuous than in previous centuries, when a title implied land ownership.
So why was Montagu's earldom named after Sandwich? The answer is that M'Lord was "Admiral Of The Narrow Seas" (The English Channel), and, crucially "Lieutenant Admiral to The Duke of York", ie James' deputy.
As well as being Lord High Admiral, James was Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, which gave privileges over the various towns in the Cinque Ports confederation, of which Sandwich was a part. So the title 'Earl of Sandwich' is an acknowledgement of Montagu's military relationship with James, and of James' patronage.
About Monday 18 July 1664
The "Dutch losses in Japan" referred to by Charles (Tonyt), were a result of Tokugawa Iemitsu's expulsion of nearly all foreigners, starting in 1631. The Dutch did not lose everything, and were the only Europeans allowed to continue to trade, albeit under severe restrictions.
The previous highly privileged position of the Dutch East India Company in Japan was due to Englishman William Adams, whose life was fictionalised as "John Blackthorne" in James Clavell's 'Shogun'