Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Sasha Clarkson has posted 463 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.
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About Godmanchester, Cambridgeshire
It it considered that Godmancester, not Manchester in Lancashire, gave its name to the title of the Earls/Dukes of Manchester, as they were local landowners in Huntingdonshire.
About Tuesday 15 September 1663
"Oliver Cromwell (Protector) hated the Montagu family for living in what he considered his birthright"
I have read this assertion before, but never any evidence for it. Apart from the fact that as a descendant of a younger son, it was never *his* birthright, pursuing petty grudges was not part of Cromwell's character. Indeed, Sandwich, as mere Edward Mountague, was trusted and well treated by Cromwell. This was obviously reciprocated as Mountague was one of those who urged Protector Cromwell to accept the crown. In contrast, the Protector did not have particularly good relations with his namesake Sir Oliver, a royalist.
Cromwell certainly had differences with the Manchester branch of the Montagus (the Earldom is likely to be named after Godmanchester in Huntingdonshire, mentioned above, not Manchester in Lancashire), but that was for a multiplicity of other reasons, described in detail in Antonia Fraser's biography.
About Monday 14 September 1663
Bishopsgate street is the street which leads to Bishops Gate in what used to be the London Wall. Simple enough.
BUT in York, where the names derive from Norse rather than Saxon, "'gates" are streets and 'bars' are gates. Eg Micklegate is the street (Great Street), and the gate at the end of it is Micklegate bar.
If you look on Google maps at any town in Denmark, you will find that a street is a "gade" to this day, and a Hovedgade is a High Street.
About Wednesday 9 September 1663
There is no evidence at all that Sandwich was "hated at court", nor, by the standards of his time, was there any reason for him to be hated.
There were centuries old traditions of bloody rebellions against both English and Scottish crowns, followed by reconciliations of greater or lesser sincerity. There was no personal bad blood, as Sandwich wasn't a regicide, so the only questions were1) was he useful?&2) was he a threat?
The answers were yes to the first, and no to the second.
Yes to the first, because of his military & naval experience, & his moderating influence in the shires & parliament.
No to the second, because he was not a fanatic, but was a loyal servant to the new regime, and not indulging in faction fighting or seeking any more rewards than he already had. The loyalist Clarendon was truly hated my many, because he still wanted power as well as office, was father in law to James, and stood in the way of others' promotion. Many loyalist Cavalier MPs were far more of a threat to the Stuarts because they insisted on having minds of their own and not bending to the Royal whim. Sandwich & his ilk, like Sir William Penn, had prostituted themselves to the Restoration and stayed bought.
About Monday 31 August 1663
Hi Louise: I'm sure Pepys enjoyed gossip, but he was very loyal to Sandwich, and kept doubts about his actions private, except to his most trusted confidants, eg Moore.
He had to protect Sandwich by being publicly loyal to Creed over his accounts, and he didn't like it. His diary helped him let off steam safely! :)
Recording things on shorthand in a personal diary is not gossip. There's no evidence that Sam is anything but a loyal member of "Team Sandwich", unlike, say, Ned Pickering whom he rather despises.
About Sunday 30 August 1663
"There were 111 churches in the City in the 16th century; 80 were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666 and 51 subsequently rebuilt under the direction of Sir Christopher Wren." So, plenty to choose from. As Sarah says, policing compulsory church attendance would be difficult.
Enforcement would have different aims in London than in the provinces. In London, the aim would be suppress Presbyterian and more radical puritans, like Pepys' clerk Hayter. This could be done by preventing their meetings/services. In country areas away from London, like Lancashire, recusancy was more likely to be associated with Roman Catholicism. Different groups feared different things for different reasons.
Given the number of available churches, it seems that Pembleton has it bad: whether it's lust, love, obsession - or the need/hope for money ...
About Thursday 27 August 1663
It's possible at this time that the sugar came from Madeira, not Brazil.
Wherever it came from, it was a product of slave labour, and thus it was a part of Europe's moral corruption!
About Monday 24 August 1663
The most prominent Parliament/Commonwealth man still left is not *our* Montagu, Sandwich, but his cousin Edward Montagu Earl of Manchester, his cousin, currently the Lord Chamberlain.
About George Cocke ("Captain")
I imagine his Riga connections began when he was in Danzig. Both were Hanseatic ports, trading with the vast Slavic hinterlands of Eastern Europe, and with significant commerce and social contacts with each other.
By her surname/patronymic, his wife may have had Jewish origins.