8 Annotations

First Reading

vincent  •  Link

Gauden, Alderman Sir Denis was known by his estate as a map location;
GAUDEN (Gaudin), Alderman Sir Denis (d. 1688), kt. in 1667. Navy victualler 1660_77 for which he was rewarded by rarely receiving money from the crown and was bankrupted in consequence.
Sir Den: Gauden (Lord Mayor Treloar College?); shown on Taylor 1759, Milne 1791; is Froyle House on Greenwood 1826.

Sir Denis Gauden's House on the Left

Terry F  •  Link

Sir Dennis Gauden's house at Clapham was purchased by Will Hewer, and there Samuel Pepys died in 1703.

Pedro  •  Link

Gauden, Alderman Sir Denis (Navy Victualler)

Contractor for victuals during most of the life of English Tangier,was not in the habit of dispatching genorous quantities. Middleton in 1673 complained to the Lords Commissioners that although a shipment had just arrived it was hopelessly insufficient.

(The Army of Charles II...J.Childs)

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

Dennis Gauden, Victualler to the Navy, subsequently knighted, while sheriff of London: the large house at Clapham, in which Pcpys died, was built by him, and intended as a palace for the Bishops of Winchester; his brother, Dr. John Gauden, at that time having expected to be translated from Exeter to that See, but he was promoted to Worcester. Sir Dennis was ultimately ruined, and his villa purchased by William Hewer.
---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Although much is known of Bishop John Gauden’s early life and education, little is known about his older brother, Denis, who was born at Maylands, Essex c.1600.

Dennis chose to trade in the City of London with mercantile and commercial interests, becoming a liveryman of the Clothworkers Company, which was one of the 12 great livery companies of the City.

About 1630, he married, and from 1634 to 1646 four children were born: Samuel, Benjamin, Sarah and Jonathon.

Denis Gauden became important, the Surveyor of Victualling to the Navy and by 1662 had acquired an estate in Clapham, a country retreat for successful men in the City.

It may be the selection of Clapham was due to Dennis' second marriage, for in 1653 he married Elizabeth Clarke of Clapham.
The estate can be identified with lands held by Bartholomew Clerke, Dean of the Arches who died in 1589 as lord of the Manor of Clapham. Elizabeth was probably a descendent.
By 25 July, 1662 the mansion Denis Gauden was building for his brother (who expected to become Bishop of Winchester and for which Bishopric there was then no Palace) was almost completed. Pepys was impressed, and during his visit Pepys met "Mr. Gauden’s lady, and the young ladies, and his sister, the Bishop’s widow; who was it seems, Sir W. if Russel’s daughter, the Treasurer of the Navy; who I find to be very wellbred, and a woman of excellant discourse.”

Bishop John Gauden died in September 1662, so he never lived in the "palace".

Lysons says this splendid mansion was demolished about 1760: “This mansion-house which was pulled down about 30 years since, was a magnificent edifice. Some of the rooms were wainscotted with Japan, and a spacious galley occupied the whole length of the house, both above and below stairs. From the time of its completion the house was occupied by Denis Gauden himself, where he had a valuable library, and other collections, particularly engraved portraits, models of ships, matters of all sorts relating to the City of London, and draughts to illustrate them, and frontispieces of all the gravers in Europe”.

On 29 January 1665/6 Pepys again visiting Clapham: “... However, we sat up late, and then I, in the best chamber, like a prince to bed, ...”.

Despite the Great Fire in 1666, Denis Gauden purchased the Manor of Froyle, Hants. for his eldest son, Samuel and, although Denis never became Lord of the Manor, in John Ogilby's "Description of the principle roads of the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales" published 1675, the section of road from London to Southampton near “Froile” Church has “Sir Denis Gauden” engraved beside it.

1667 was a peak year for Denis Gauden. He became Sheriff, was knighted, became Master of the Clothworkers Company and on 18 June was elected Alderman of the Ward of Dowgate, serving in that capacity until 19 September 1676.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link


The Fire Courts of the City of London record that Sheriff Sir Denis Gauden and the Court of the Clothworkers and their Counsel were faced with the onerous task of deciding on the new leases and agreements for the rebuilding of the City, in compliance with the new building regulations.

At the same time, his responsibilities for the victualling of the navy during a difficult time for the English navy, with the Dutch and French relentlessly harassing English shipping.

Pepys had great regard for Sir Denis, which was returned: on April 2, 1666 Pepys entertained the idea of matching his sister, Pal, with Gauden's son, Benjamin. Gauden "embraces heartily" the idea, but fortunately Pepys mentions the idea to Sir W. Warren, "who very wisely did shew me that by matching my sister with Mr. Gauden would undo me in all places, every body suspecting me in all I do; and I shall neither be able to serve him; nor free myself from imputation of being his faction, while I am placed for his severest check. I was convinced that it would be for neither of our interests to make this alliance”.

Meanwhile, William Hewer, Pepys’ chief assistant and companion lost his father in 1665 (he died of the plague) and on 4 September, 1666, in the great fire “W. Hewer this day went to see how his mother did, and comes late home, telling us how he hath been forced to remove her to Islington, her house in Pye Corner being burned”.

Hewer’s loyalty to Pepys earned him the place of a Commissioner of the Navy and Treasurer for Tangier. He, together with Gauden’s two sons, Benjamin and Jonathon, were executors in the will of Sir Denis who died in 1688 at his Clapham mansion a ruined man. He had the satisfaction that all four children were well provided for -- particularly Samuel who had Froyle Manor, and Sarah who had married Cresheld Draper of Crayford in Kent.

Sir Denis was buried in the family vault of Holy Trinity, Clapham on 1 July.

The Gauden House was purchased by Hewer.

A further link between Sir Denis Gauden, Samuel Pepys and William Hewer is that they were all Masters of the Clothworkers Company of the City of London: Gauden in 1667, Pepys in 1677 and Hewer in 1686. And they all died in the splendid mansion at Clapham.

More about the Gauden family and Froyle, Hants. at

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

There's a lengthy chapter on the Gauden family in an on-line book,

Pages 96 - 97 give a description of Denis Gauden's life, and has pictures of Clapham at the time. Too much info for me to highlight.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.