Friday 16 November 1666

Up again betimes to attend the examination of Mr. Gawden’s accounts, where we all met, but I did little but fit myself for the drawing my great letter to the Duke of York of the state of the Navy for want of money. At noon to the ’Change, and thence back to the new taverne come by us; the Three Tuns, where D. Gawden did feast us all with a chine of beef and other good things, and an infinite dish of fowl, but all spoiled in the dressing.

This noon I met with Mr. Hooke, and he tells me the dog which was filled with another dog’s blood, at the College the other day, is very well, and like to be so as ever, and doubts not its being found of great use to men; and so do Dr. Whistler, who dined with us at the taverne. Thence home in the evening, and I to my preparing my letter, and did go a pretty way in it, staying late upon it, and then home to supper and to bed, the weather being on a sudden set in to be very cold.

15 Annotations

First Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

John Evelyn's Diary

November 16 [ At Leeds Castle on my Winter Circle] I musterd them being about 600 Dutch & French, ordred their proportion of Bread to be augmented, & provided cloths & fuell: Monsieur Colbert Ambassador at the Court of England
[… ], having also this day sent mony from his Master the French King to every Prisoner of that nation under my Guards: I lay at Chilston at my Co[usin]: Hales’s.…

Mr. Gunning  •  Link

"an infinite dish of fowl"

Is this the first example of an 'All You Can Eat' restaurant?

CGS  •  Link

Burying in Woolen. [HoC}

Sir George Downing reports from the Committee appointed to consider of Expedients for Advance of Trade, and native Manufactures, That it was the Opinion of the Committee, That the House be humbly moved, That a Bill be brought in, That no dead Person, or Persons whatsoever be dressed or wrapped up for Burial, or buried, in any Sort of Stuff or Things made of, or mingled with, Hemp, Flax, Silk, or Cotton; or in any Sort or Kind of Stuff whatsoever, except Flannel, or other Stuff made of Wool only.

Resolved, &c. That this House doth agree in Opinion with the Committee: And that it be referred to the same Committee, to prepare and bring in a Bill, accordingly.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Three Tuns"

Witty name for a tavern:

"tun (plural tuns)

1. A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.
2. (brewing) A fermenting vat.
3. An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 252 wine gallons; equal to two pipes.
* 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205:

Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a butt of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons.

4. A weight of 2,240 pounds.
5. An indefinite large quantity.
6. A drunkard; so called humorously, or in contempt.
7. (zoology) Any shell belonging to Dolium and allied genera; called also tun-shell.

CGS  •  Link

eat or not to eat Irish beef? [HofL]
banned but????
Proviso for London.

Then was read a Petition from the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of the City of London, concerning a Proviso to be added to this Bill for the importing of Twenty Thousand Head of Cattle from Ireland, given by the Kingdom of Ireland to the Relief of the poor distressed Inhabitants of the City of London that have suffered by the late Fire.

cape henry  •  Link

"...infinite dish of fowl..." Whatever it may actually mean, Mr. Gunning, I'm casting my lot with you on this. Well struck, sir.

JWB  •  Link

Three Tuns

Two tuns, too many.

The Tun Tavern in Philadelphia was the birthplace of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1775, Nov. 10. Also reputed to have been the first Masonic Lodge in America.

Mr. Gunning  •  Link

1 Tun = 2 Pipes
1 Pipe = 2 Hogsheads
1 Hogshead = 2 Barrels
1 Barrel = 31.5 Gallons
1 Gallon = 2 Pottles
1 Pottle = 2 Quarts
1 Quart = 2 Pints

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Mandatory burial in wool (Cui bono?!)

"It would seem that this new law was easily and frequently evaded, for in the year 1678 and again in 1680 it was found necessary to amend it; a provision was added that a certificate must be given by the relative of the deceased person, in the form of an affidavit, declaring that a woollen shroud had been used at the burial.

"If we compare the population of England at that period with the population to-day, the impetus which this law gave to the paper trade, which it was designed to assist, is very remarkable. It will also give some idea of the value of the costly hard woods and metal which we consign to the earth every year. We are told that as a result of this law, it was computed that no less than 200,000 lbs. of rag were saved from corruption in the grave. In order to enforce the regulations, a heavy fine was imposed for non-compliance, but the gay decking of the corpse is a custom which dies hard, and persons of means were often found to pay the penalty rather than submit to what they considered an indignity. The parish churches were obliged to keep a special register of burials for the purpose, and an affidavit had to be made before a justice of the Peace or a clergyman that the new law had been duly complied with. The certificate was signed by two witnesses. A bait was offered, consisting of a part of the fine, to any informer who could produce evidence that the Act in any particular case had been evaded.

"These laws were not repealed till the reign of George III, 1814."…

Glyn  •  Link

Do dogs have blood groups?

Mary  •  Link

Yes, they do.
See annotations to entry for 14th November 1666.

djc  •  Link

re Mandatory burial in wool

The text Terry Foreman quotes above seems to have its own agenda. The intent of this law was not so much to prevent valuable material from being buried as to prop up the wool trade. The wool trade was the main source of wealth for England in the middle ages but was now in decline as the public saw the attractions of imported silks and cottons. Government action to preserve lame duck industry C17th style.

Australian Susan  •  Link

Mandatory burial in wool. The Govt of the day also tried to enforce this in Queen Elizabeth's reign - for the same reason - to support the wool trade.

CGS  •  Link

Mr Gunning
“an infinite dish of fowl”
so glad it not be an infinite foul dish

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Mandatory burial in wool"- A riff on a far older testament to the importance of wool to England and the perennial clout of the wool lobby ?

The Woolsack is the seat of the Lord Speaker in the House of Lords, the Upper House of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. In the 14th century King Edward III (1327–1377) commanded that his Lord Chancellor whilst in council should sit on a wool bale, now known as "The Woolsack", in order to symbolise the central nature and huge importance of the wool trade to the economy of England in the Middle Ages. Indeed, it was largely to protect the vital English wool trade routes with continental Europe that the Battle of Crécy was fought with the French in 1346.…

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