Annotations and comments

Terry Foreman has posted 15,597 annotations/comments since 28 June 2005.

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About Tuesday 2 April 1667

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Sir William Temple was created the 1st Bart. on 31 Jan. 1666. He was strongly pro-Dutch, and was recognized as the principal architect of the Triple Alliance in 1668."

The 1668 Triple Alliance (Swedish;Trippelalliansen) was formed by England, the Swedish Empire, and the Dutch Republic in May 1668. It was created in response to the occupation of the Spanish Netherlands and Franche-Comté by France. Although Spain and Emperor Leopold were not signatories, they were closely involved in the negotiations.…

About Sunday 20 December 1668

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"He told us, too, that Turenne being now become a Catholique, he is likely to get over the head of Colbert, their interests being contrary;"

L&M: Turenne (under whom the Duke had served in 1652-5) had become a Roman Catholic in the previous October. His political influence never rivalled that of Colbert.

About Sunday 20 December 1668

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"the Duke of York in good humour did fall to tell us many fine stories of the wars in Flanders, and how the Spaniards are the [best] disciplined foot in the world"

L&M: The Duke had served with the Spaniards in two campaigns in 1657-8.

About Thursday 17 December 1668

Terry Foreman  •  Link

The Royal Society today at Arundel House "there was made an Expt. in prosecution of the notion That Springinesse is the cause of Rebounding."

Progress on the way to the publication of Hooke's Law.

Hooke's law is a law of physics that states that the force (F) needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance (x) scales linearly with respect to that distance...; The law is named after 17th-century British physicist Robert Hooke. He first stated the law in 1676 as a Latin anagram.[1][2] He published the solution of his anagram in 1678[3] as: ut tensio, sic vis ("as the extension, so the force" or "the extension is proportional to the force"). Hooke states in the 1678 work that he was aware of the law already in 1660.....

Hooke's law is an accurate approximation for most solid bodies, as long as the forces and deformations are small enough. For this reason, Hooke's law is extensively used in all branches of science and engineering, and is the foundation of many disciplines such as seismology, molecular mechanics and acoustics. It is also the fundamental principle behind the spring scale, the manometer, and the balance wheel of the mechanical clock.

Lectures de potentia restitutiva, or, Of spring explaining the power of springing bodies : to which are added some collections viz. a description of Dr. Pappins wind-fountain and force-pump, Mr. Young's observation concerning natural fountains, some other considerations concerning that subject, Captain Sturmy's remarks of a subterraneous cave and cistern, Mr. G.T. observations made on the Pike of Teneriff, 1674, some reflections and conjectures occasioned thereupon, a relation of a late eruption in the Isle of Palma / by Robert Hooke ...
Hooke, Robert, 1635-1703., Papin, Denis, 1647-1714., Young, James., Sturmy, Samuel, 1633-1669., G. T.
London: Printed for John Martyn ..., 1678.
Early English Books Online [full text]…

About Wednesday 16 December 1668

Terry Foreman  •  Link

I with W. Hewer all the afternoon till night beginning to draw up our answer to Middleton.
I did the like all day long, only a little at dinner, and so to work again, and were at it till 2 in the morning, and so W. Hewer, who was with me all day, home to his lodging, and I to bed, after we had finished it.

L&M: Pepys to Navy Board, 16 December: copy (in Gibson's hand) in NMM, PLA/19, n.p. For Middleton's allegations against Hewer, see and…

About Thursday 21 March 1666/67

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"... though the Swedes’ Agent was there with all the vehemence he could to save the goods, ..."

Terry, any help from L&M on the anguished Swedish Agent's name?
Alas, San Diego Sarah, neither on this entry nor in The Companion do L&M offer4 any help.

The Swedes Resident is Sir Johan Barckmann (Baron Leijonbergh) Would his eminence involve himself personally is this dispute, or send an agent?

About Monday 18 March 1666/67

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Sufficient, for PRETEND, SDS. The L&M Large Glossary has RIGHT, CLAIM, And for PRETEND TO: to allege, to claim, this the 'pretended freight' at 1664/12/09/ may not primarily mean 'falsified'.

About Sunday 17 March 1666/67

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Duel (Lady Mary Villiers's Duel)

An amateur gentlewoman duelist of female romantic rivals is a creature of high color. We observe the combustible personality of Ephelia in her poems to female rivals and to various courtesans, for whom she had a special animus. Addressing her cousin, Barbara Villiers, the King's principal mistress in the early 1660s, for example, Ephelia writes boldly:

Imperious Fool! think not because you're Fair,
That you so much above my Converse are!
Since then my Fame's as great as yours is, why
Should you behold me with a Loathing Eye?
If you at me cast a disdainful Eye,
In biting Satyr I will Rage so high,
Thunder shall pleasant be to what I'le write,
And you shall Tremble at my very Sight;
Warn'd by your Danger, none shall dare again,
Provoke my Pen to write in such a strain.
("To A Proud Beauty," Female Ephelia, 54-5;
see also"Proud Beauty," Appendix B)

About Sunday 17 March 1666/67

Terry Foreman  •  Link

I finally read A parliament of ladies with their lawes newly enacted.

Henry Neville explores secual liberation of ladies:

The chiefe Heads of the Ladies Lawes.
FIrst, that instead of allowing men two wives, women, especially the stronger and greater vessell, should have two or three husbands.

That women might vex, perplex, and any way torment their husbands.

That women may twang it as well as their husbands.

That women may feast, banquet and gossip, when & where they please.

Likewise it is thought fit and convenient by us▪ that all rich and stale Batchelors doe forthwith marry poore Widdowes that have no meanes to live on, and so become Fathers the first day.

Item, That it is thought 〈◊〉, that rich widdowes shall marry Gen∣tlemens youngest sons that have no means to maintaine themselves.
Item, It is concluded and fully agreed upon, that all women shall have their husbands Tenants at wil•; and that▪ they shall doe them Knights service, and have their homage paid before every Sun-rising, or at every weekes end, or at utmost betweene the quarters, not a day longer to be defer'd, unlesse it be in the Dogs dayes.
Item, Let our husbands remember, though it be a tricke of them to forsake our beds in the Dogs dayes, yet let them take notice their is no dogs nights, and that it was at the first but a tricke of their owne in∣vention to save their labour and money too: which act wee disallow of for ever.
Item, That no Yeoman or Husbandmen shall keep, or suffer to bee kept in their house, Barne, or Stable, any Cocke or Cockes▪ that will not tread his Hens: especially, when the Hens thrust their heads under the Cockes necke, &c.
Item, That that man which promises a pretty Maid a good turn▪ and doth not perform it in 3. months, shall lose his what do you call them.
Item, That if any Iesuite returne into our Land againe, being once banished, that he shall be gelt or libb'd, to avoid jealousies of our hus∣bands.