Annotations and comments

Terry Foreman has posted 16,358 annotations/comments since 28 June 2005.

The most recent first…

3 Jun 2022, 10:14 p.m. - Terry Foreman

Love the stats, Phil. Recently there has been a veritable Pepys Mania in India!

3 Jun 2022, 9:17 p.m. - Terry Foreman

Map depicting tribal distribution in southern New England, circa 1600; the political boundaries shown are modern:

1 Jun 2022, 7:11 p.m. - Terry Foreman

Notable criminal prosecutions One of the first to be executed in the colony was Dorothy Talbye, who was apparently delusional. She was hanged in 1638 for murdering her daughter, as the common law of Massachusetts made no distinction at the time between insanity (or mental illness) and criminal behavior.[75] Midwife Margaret Jones was convicted of being a witch and hanged in 1648 after the condition of patients allegedly worsened in her care.[76] The colonial leadership was the most active in New England in the persecution of Quakers. In 1660, English Quaker Mary Dyer was hanged in Boston for repeatedly defying a law banning Quakers from the colony.[77] Dyer was one of the four executed Quakers known as the Boston martyrs. Executions ceased in 1661 when King Charles II explicitly forbade Massachusetts from executing anyone for professing Quakerism.[78]. 1 June -- Quaker Mary Dyer was hanged on Boston Common in 1660

1 Jun 2022, 6:53 p.m. - Terry Foreman

Massachusetts Bay Colony The Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630–1691), more formally The Colony of Massachusetts Bay, was an English settlement on the east coast of America around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The lands of the settlement were in southern New England, with initial settlements on two natural harbors and surrounding land about 15.4 miles (24.8 km) apart—the areas around Salem and Boston, north of the previously established Plymouth Colony. The territory nominally administered by the Massachusetts Bay Colony covered much of central New England, including portions of Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company, including investors in the failed Dorchester Company, which had established a short-lived settlement on Cape Ann in 1623. The colony began in 1628 and was the company's second attempt at colonization. It was successful, with about 20,000 people migrating to New England in the 1630s. The population was strongly Puritan and was governed largely by a small group of leaders strongly influenced by Puritan teachings. It was the first slave-holding colony in New England, and its governors were elected by an electorate limited to freemen who had been formally admitted to the local church. As a consequence, the colonial leadership showed little tolerance for other religious views, including Anglican, Quaker,[1] and Baptist theologies. The colonists initially had good relationships with the local Indians, but frictions developed which led to the Pequot War (1636–38) and then to King Philip's War (1675–78), after which most of the Indians in southern New England made peace treaties with the colonists (apart from the Pequot tribe, whose survivors were largely absorbed into the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes following the Pequot War).

11 Feb 2022, 10:48 p.m. - Terry Foreman

That's Terry, not Terri. SDS.

26 Jan 2022, 5:30 p.m. - Terry Foreman

It was award: the link went awry. Thank you, S.D.S.

21 Sep 2021, 7:20 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"and here T. Trice before them do own all matters in difference between us is clear as to this business, and that he will in six days give me it under the hand of his attorney that there is no judgment against the bond that may give me any future trouble, and also a copy of their letters of his Administration to Godfrey" L&M: For this copy, see Sotheby's Cat., 30 November 1970, No. 223 (2). Thomas Trice was administrator of the estate of Richard Godfrey of Broughton with whom arobert Pepys had made the bond 2hich had occasioned the dispute: Whitear, p. 154.

8 Sep 2021, 9:19 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"my wife and I took Mrs. Hunt at almost 9 at night by coach and carried Mrs. Hunt home, and did give her a box of sugar and a haunch of venison given me by my Lady the other day." L&M TRANSCRIBE THIS OTHERWISE: "my wife and I took Mrs. Hunt at almost 9 at night by coach and carried Mrs. Hunt home, and did give her a box of sugar and a haunch of venison given me by Mapleden the other day.: L&M: Gervase Maplesden was a landowner and timber-merchant of Shorne, Kent. The gift may have been connected with disputes about his contracts: CSPD 1661-2, p. 426; ib., 1663-4, p. 257. Payments to him were authorized by the Navy Treasury on 11 October and 11 November: PRO, Adm. 20/4, p. 285.

8 Sep 2021, 8:21 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"I heard the Duke say that he was going to wear a perriwigg; and they say the King also will. I never till this day observed that the King is mighty gray." L&M : The Duke first wore one on 15 February 1664, and Pepys first saw the King in one on the following 18 April. The King was now 33.

8 Sep 2021, 7:27 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"and thence to the Temple, where meeting Greatorex, he and we to Hercules Pillars, there to show me the manner of his going about of draining of fenns," L&M: Nothing appears to be known of any work by Greatorex in fen drainage. In July b1663 the draining of the Bedford Level had been entrusted to a newly-appointed corporation (15 Car. ii c. 17), and Greatorex may have been consulted by them, or may have offered his advice. He had in 1660 devised a machine for raising water: and

8 Sep 2021, 5:32 p.m. - Terry Foreman

San Diego Sarah asks: If "it did not appear very satisfactory" why would Pepys "doubt he will faile in it"? "doubt" often = FEAR.

2 Sep 2021, 8:22 p.m. - Terry Foreman

" find at Court, that either the King is doubtfull of some disturbance, or else would seem so (and I have reason to hope it is no worse), by his commanding all commanders of castles, &c., to repair to their charges" L&M: The alarm was caused by reports of an imminent rising in the North: and CSPD 1663-4, pp. 291+.

31 Aug 2021, 10:02 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"The next was, Mr. Chr. Pett and Deane were summoned to give an account of some knees " L&M: Timbers cut from the intersection if large branches with the trunk, and used in shipbuilding to attach the beams supporting the decks to the ribs of the vessel. There were 'standing', 'hanging' and 'lodging' knees -- all made from timbers whose grain ran with the shape required. See G. P. R. Naish in C. Singer et al,. Hist. Technol., iii. 487 (fig. 301), 488; Ehrmann, pp. 38-9, Illustr. in R. G. Albion, Forests and sea power, opp. pp. 8,9. They were obtained usually from hedgerow oaks. Because of their scarcity, contractors were often required to deliver a specified number of knees and other curved pieces ('compass-timber') with each load of straight timber. Anthony Deane for the same reason later substituted iron dogs: Bryant, ii. 54.

31 Aug 2021, 9:07 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"and so to bed, in some pain below, through cold got." L&M: The entries for 5-13 October constitute one of the best-documented attacks of flatulence in history. Flatulence was fashionable then, as now, as an explanation of symptoms which it has nothing to do with. Burton gave over 50 remedies to 'expel' or 'resolve' wind or 'flatuous melancholy': Anat. of melancholy (ed. Shilletto), ii. 300-2. Pepys was particularly subject to it, and in 1677 when he wrote a survey of his health he put it second only to his eye-trouble. 'From the furthermost of of my memory backward,' he then wrote, '(both before I [was] cutt [of] the stone and since) to this day I have been Subject upon all Cold, especially taken in my feet on an empty Stomach to have the same paines in my Bowels and Bladder and stoppage of Urine, and almost in the same degree, as what the stone itselfe gave me. And this soe certaine, and orderly, that I never have a fitt thereof but I can assigne the time and occasion of it, as alsoe of its Cure, namely; soe soone (and not before) as I can breake wind behind in a plentiful degree . . . . The preventions which I use ... are the keeping of my feet warme and my stomach full.[']: Rawl. A 185, f.210rv; printed Bryant, ii. 409-10.

19 Aug 2021, 8:04 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"(Lord’s day). Lay chatting with my wife a good while, then up and got me ready and to church, without my man William, whom I have not seen to-day, nor care, but would be glad to have him put himself far enough out of my favour that he may not wonder to have me put him away{ L&M: Hewer appears to have been 'corrupting the maids by his idle talk and carriage': Jane Birch in particular made complaints about him: On 14 November he left for lodgings of his own and never returned to live in the Pepys household during the diary period. Good relations with his master were soon, however, resumed.

16 Aug 2021, 10:25 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"a fine gallery built for him in the church, but now all in the Bishop of Ely’s hands." L&M: The town had built the gallery for Thurloe's use at the s. end of the church; it was taken down in 1856. Thurloe had bought the manor (originally belonging to the bishops of Ely) and c. 1658 had replaced the late 15th-century palace built by Bishop Morton by a house probably designed by Peter Mills :H. M. Colvin, Dict. Engl. Architects, p. 391; illust. in VCH, Cambs. lv. opp;. p. 251. This had now reverted to the bishop, but later was let to tenants, and demolished in 1816. It stood in the grounds of the castle, not the church. [anon.], Hist. Wisbach (Wisbech, 1833), p. 163.

16 Aug 2021, 10:06 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"to Wisbeach, a pretty town, and a fine church and library, where sundry very old abbey manuscripts;" L&M: The library (founded c. 1654, and housed in a room over the church poty) was one of a fairly large number of parochial libraries formed at about this time from private gifts and subscriptions. Thurloe (Cromwell's Secretary of State) fad contributed 81 volumes; in 1718 there were 697: lists in HMC, Rep., 9/293-4; A catalogue of books i the library at Wisbech (1718). The MSS (from Bury and Ramsey) included some from the 13th century. In the 19th century the collection was moved to the town hall and later to the museum, where it now remains.

12 Aug 2021, 9:22 p.m. - Terry Foreman

" I in Mrs. Turner’s coach to Mr. Povy’s, who being not within, we went in and there shewed Mrs. Turner his perspective and volary, and the fine things that he is building of now," L&M: Povey's house was in Lincoln's Inn Fields. For the perspective, see and The volary was a large bird-cage in which the birds could fly about.

10 Aug 2021, 11:17 p.m. - Terry Foreman

Judith beheading Holofernes

10 Aug 2021, 10:52 p.m. - Terry Foreman

" home my brother and I fell upon Des Cartes, and I perceive he has studied him well" L&M: The Discourse de la méthode the Géométrie were now studied at Cambridge. Henry More of Christ's (John Pepys's college) defended Descartes against charges of atheism and strongly urged universities to encourage the study of his works as the best means of knowing the 'mechanical powers of matter'. See esp. The immortality of the soul, (Preface, p. 13.) In a coll. of several philosophical writings (1662). Cf. his correspondence in M. H. Nicholson (ed.), Conway Letters, passim. Newton read the Géométrie in 1661 at Trinity, according to his diary (qu. W. W. Rouse Ball, Hist. Trin. Coll., p. 77). See also R. North, Life of...John North (1744), pp. 261, 165-6. Cf. J. B. Mullinger, Cambridge characteristics in 17th cent., pp. 108-22; M. H. Curtis, Oxford and Cambridge, 1558-1642, p. 387&n. The introduction of Descartes's work marked the beginning of the decline of Aristotelian science in Cambridge.