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The Earl of Sandwich

Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich (3 January 1647/48 – 29 November 1688)[1] was born in Hinchinbrooke, Huntingdonshire, England to Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich and Jemima Crew. He was styled Viscount Hinchingbrooke from 1660 until his accession in 1672. He was educated mainly in Paris, where he lived with his cousin Walter Montagu, although he is said "not to have been much of a scholar". He married Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork and Elizabeth Clifford, 2nd Baroness Clifford. They had three children Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich, Richard Montagu and Elizabeth Montagu. Anne died in 1671. Their eldest son was insane: there is no evidence that the condition was hereditary, although the first Earl seems to have suffered from depression in his later years.

A previous betrothal to the great heiress Elizabeth Malet was broken off at her request: she later married John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester. It was said that she found Edward "unexciting"; historians have remarked that she is likely to have found all the excitement she could have wished for with Rochester, who was probably the most debauched rakehell of his era.

In 1681, Edward was to be appointed Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire upon his return from abroad, but he never took up the office, which was exercised successively by Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury and Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury. The 1st Earl also exercised for him, in the same fashion, the office of Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire in 1685, but the appointment was rescinded after Ailesbury's death the same year.

His father's biographer described him as "a steady, not very robust young man, who would never set the Thames alight."[2] Samuel Pepys, who was his cousin, gives a favourable picture of Edward in his famous Diary. His regard was not, apparently, damaged by the revelation that Edward had tried to make Pepys' wife Elizabeth Pepys his mistress: "to the distress of his own lady".[3] This episode aside, Edward's brief marriage to Anne seems to have been happy enough: his mother had a warm regard for her daughter-in-law.[4]



  1. ^ There is a 17 year difference for the date of death at "boylefamily". 
  2. ^ Ollard, Richard Cromwell's Earl Harper Collins London 1994 p. 248
  3. ^ Diary of Samuel Pepys 10 November 1668
  4. ^ Ollard p. 248
Parliament of England
Preceded by
George Montagu
Sir Francis Vincent, Bt
Member of Parliament for Dover
With: George Montagu
Succeeded by
George Montagu
Sir Edward Spragge
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Edward Montagu
Earl of Sandwich
Succeeded by
Edward Montagu

1893 text

Edward Montage, son of Sir Edward, and afterwards Lord Hinchinbroke.

Sir Edward Montagu’s eldest son, afterwards second Earl of Sandwich, called by Pepys “The child.”

This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

3 Annotations

Jenny Doughty  •  Link

Edward Montagu,

Paul Brewster  •  Link

per L&M in October 1660, Edward was Viscount Hinchingbrooke.

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
The two eldest sons [of Lord Sandwich],Edward (1648--88) and Sidney (1650-1727), were sent to be schooled in France in 1661. Edward, who succeeded to the title, took little part in public life, because of ill-health (except for a short service as M.P. for Dover 1670-2 and later two inactive turns of local duty as Lord-Lieutenant), and died in France at Saintes (Charente-Inferieure) where he had lived in retirement for some years. His wife (b. Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of the 1st Earl of Burlington) had died in 1671 only three years after their marriage.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.