Tuesday 3 April 1660

Late to bed. About three in the morning there was great knocking at my cabin, which with much difficulty (so they say) waked me, and I rose, but it was only for a packet, so went to my bed again, and in the morning gave it my Lord.

This morning Capt. Isham comes on board to see my Lord and drunk his wine before he went into the Downs, there likewise come many merchants to get convoy to the Baltique, which a course was taken for.

They dined with my Lord, and one of them by name Alderman Wood talked much to my Lord of the hopes that we have now to be settled, (under the King he meant); but my Lord took no notice of it. After dinner which was late my Lord went on shore, and after him I and Capt. Sparling went in his boat, but the water being almost at low water we could not stay for fear of not getting into our boat again. So back again. This day come the Lieutenant of the Swiftsure, who was sent by my Lord to Hastings, one of the Cinque Ports, to have got Mr. Edward Montagu to have been one of their burgesses, but could not, for they were all promised before. After he had done his message, I took him and Mr. Pierce, the surgeon (who this day came on board, and not before), to my cabin, where we drank a bottle of wine. At night, busy a-writing, and so to bed. My heart exceeding heavy for not hearing of my dear wife, and indeed I do not remember that ever my heart was so apprehensive of her absence as at this very time.

16 Annotations

M Wright   Link to this

Perhaps Sam's penchant for strong drink in his cabin during the evenings made waking him such a difficult task at 3 in the morning.

Emilio   Link to this

"Hastings, one of the Cinque Ports"
How interesting that Sam would specially note this. Right now Sam is getting his 'sea legs' in more ways than one, as far as the naval life goes. This brief comment has really driven that home for me for the first time.

JudyB   Link to this

I have never heard of so many goings and comings happening on one ship within such a short period of time. Are they at anchor? Moving very slowly so that visitors can keep up by traveling by land? This ship seems to be more of a stationary hotel than a means of transportation.

Warren Keith Wright   Link to this

It seems worth mentioning with this entry that while there was an Edward Wood who was an alderman, this William Wood was in fact a timber merchant and mast-maker from Wapping. (In later years, when he often partnered with Surveyor of the Navy Sir William Batten, Pepys disliked their joint monopolist tendencies. Cf. Companion entries.)
Since their marriage in late 1655, Samuel and Elizabeth had been separated before, when in May 1659 he journeyed to the Baltic with letters for Mountagu; but now the unsettled state of the state makes his dismay at being apart even stronger than then.

David Quidnunc   Link to this

"to get convoy to the Baltique"

-- for protection against pirates?

The L&M index volume has no listing for "pirates," so apparently the word never enters the diary.

There were concerns about pirates on the Dutch coast. In an official diary of a trip to Holland as ambassasdor, George Downing (Pepys's Exchequer boss) mentions the danger of pirates at the mouth of the Maas, the river that leads to Rotterdam. [11 Jan. 1657/8 entry; quoted in John Beresford's "Godfather of Downing Street," p 85]

Alan   Link to this

There's something about a boat that makes me, at least, sleep like a log. Constant motion which the body has to adapt to is subtle excercise; sun, wind all take their toll, not to mention the wine and dinner as stated.

Mary   Link to this

The Downs

An area of sea lying between the Thames Estuary and the Straits of Dover, protected by the Goodwin Sands from easterlies and by the land mass of Kent from westerlies. Hence a favoured (and often very crowded) holding point for merchant shipping that was awaiting a favourable wind for an outward voyage.

Sue   Link to this

Why was Pepys so apprehensive of Mrs Pepys' absence today?

mary   Link to this

my heart was so apprehensive of her absence

In this context, Pepys is most probably saying that his heart was particularly conscious of, or sensible to, his wife's absence on this particular day. He's suddenly missing her a great deal, has had no news from her and thinks to comment on the fact.

Although the modern use of apprehensive almost invariably involves an idea of fear or foreboding, this was not necessarily the case in 17th Century usage.

Hhomeboy   Link to this

a worriesome heart...

One can be worried by a lack of news of or from a loved one without fearing the worst--true then, true now.

There are quite a couple of now obsolete uses for 'apprehend' but this isn't one of them.

Mary   Link to this

apprehensive heart again

Hhomeboy's statement notwithstanding, the OED gives authority for a reading of 'conscious of, sensible to' for apprehensive.

Terry Foreman   Link to this

David Quidnunc rightly observes: "The L&M index volume has no listing for "pirates," so apparently the word never enters the diary. "

A Google search of this site does show numerous comments about pirate activity in the annotations: https://www.google.com/#hl=en&sclient=psy-ab&q=...

Also see "Algiers" in the Index volume: http://books.google.com/books?id=a_ABUpfucMYC&p...

Sasha Clarkson   Link to this

As Sam noted in his diary entries of 21st and 25th March, Mountagu sought and obtained "the writ and mandate for him to dispose to the Cinque Ports for choice of Parliament-men." In the Convention Parliament, before being raised to the Peerage, Mountagu was MP for Dover. His colleague as MP for Dover was his cousin George Mountagu, who was reelected for the seat in the Cavalier Parliament.

The post of 'Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports' had been vacant since the death of Blake. Although Mountagu never held the post, as Emilio observed, he may, for practical purposes, have sought to exercise at least some of the functions of the post. It certainly seems as though he was trying to pack the Parliamentary seats with his friends and family.

Jackie   Link to this

Suspect his apprehension about his wife is a reflection of just how dangerous the situation is. They're not entirely succeeded in stacking Parliament and if word gets to the wrong people as to what they're all about, they could wind up on a treason charge. They are after all plotting to overthrow the current Government!

Bryan   Link to this

"They are after all plotting to overthrow the current Government!"

Is that the case? We know where this voyage is heading, but does Sam? The situation is fluid. Monck knows what is going on and probably Mountagu, but Charles' Declaration of Breda won't be made public for another month. And, isn't the reason that people want Charles back because there is barely an effective government at the moment?

If we take the diary at face value, then all Sam knows is that Mountagu, the newly appointed General at Sea, has hired Sam as his secretary and is getting the fleet ready to take it out for the summer sailing season.

As for Sam’s heavy heart, I think the simple answer is that he is 26, she is 19 and we know he didn’t marry her for money.

Jackie   Link to this

The man who translates Montague's cyphers i.e. his most secret stuff almost certainly knows which way the wind is blowing. Sam's proven he can be trusted not to blab.

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