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Sir Philip Warwick (24 December 1609 – 15 January 1683), English writer and politician, born in Westminster, was the son of Thomas Warwick, or Warrick, a musician.

Educated at Eton, he travelled abroad for some time and in 1636 became secretary to the lord high treasurer, William Juxon; later he was a member of the Long Parliament, for New Radnor Boroughs, being one of those who voted against the attainder of Strafford and who followed Charles I to Oxford. He fought at Edgehill and was one of the king's secretaries during the negotiations with the parliament at Hampton Court, and also during those at Newport, Charles speaking very highly of his services just before his execution. Warwick later wrote unflatteringly of Oliver Cromwell that,

He wore... a plain cloth-suit, which seemed to have been made by a poor tailor; his shirt was plain, and not very clean; and I remember a speck or two of blood upon his collar... his face was swollen and red, his voice sharp and untunable, and his speech full of passion.[1]

Remaining in England, Warwick was passively loyal to Charles II during the English Commonwealth period and enjoyed the confidence of the royalist leaders. In 1660 the king made him a knight, and in 1661 he became a member of parliament for Westminster and secretary to another Lord Treasurer, Lord Southampton, retaining this post until the treasury was put into commission on Southampton's death in May 1667.

Warwick's only son, the younger Philip Warwick (1640–1683), served as envoy to Sweden in 1680.[2]

Warwick is chiefly known for his Memoirs of the reigne of King Charles I, with a continuation to the happy restoration of King Charles II, written between 1675 and 1677 and published in London in 1701.


  1. ^ Oliver Cromwell
  2. ^ A. N. L. Grosjean, 'Warwick, Philip (bap. 1640, d. 1683)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [1], accessed 18 April 2009

6 Annotations

Pedro.  •  Link

Sir Philip Warwick.

The Earl of Southampton was made Lord Treasurer; but by reason of his frequent affliction with the stone and uneasiness at the King

Bill  •  Link

Sir Philip Warwick, employed as Secretary to Charles I. in the Isle of Wight, and Clerk of the Signet, to which place he was restored in 1660; knighted, and elected M.P. for Westminster. He was also Secretary to the Treasury under Lord Southampton till 1667. Ob. 1682-3. His second wife here mentioned was Joan, daughter to Sir Henry Fanshawe, and widow of Sir William Boteler, Bart. He left memoirs behind him that have been published.
---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

Bill  •  Link

Sir Philip Warwick was son of Thomas Warwick, organist of St. Peter's Westminster, of which church the former was some time a chorister. He was educated at Eton school, and finished his studies at Geneva, under the care of Diodati, well known for his Commentaries on the Scriptures. He had much the same advantages of knowledge, and was witness of many of the same facts, with the historians before-mentioned; and yields to none of them in candour and integrity. He served the worthy earl of Southampton in the office of secretary to the treasury; an employment which he had enjoyed in the former reign. He acquitted himself in this office with such abilities as did honour to them both: but the earl's enemies insinuated, that all the honour was due to the secretary, and usually called him "Sir Philip the Treasurer." The most considerable of his works is his "Memoirs, or Reflections upon the Reign of King Charles I." This book was published by Dr. Thomas Smith, the learned writer concerning the Greek church. But the doctor's preface, of some pages, having been not altogether pleasing to the administration at that time, it has been suffered to stand in very few copies. He died the 15th of January, 1682.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1775.

Bill  •  Link

WARWICK, Sir PHILIP (1609-1683), politician and historian; his father organist of Westminster Abbey and the Chapel Royal, Loudon; chorister at Westminster; visited France and Geneva; secretary to George, baron Goring, and, 1636, to Lord-treasurer Juxon ; student of Gray's Inn, 1638; clerk of the signet, 1638: hon. B.C.L. Oxford, 1638; M.P., Radnor, in the Long parliament, 1640, till expelled, 1644; opposed Strafford's attainder; sat in Charles I's parliament at Oxford; twice sent to urge Newcastle to march south, 1643: negotiated the surrender of Oxford, 1646: secretary to Charles I at Hampton Court, 1647, and Newport, 1648; compounded for his estate, 1649; imprisoned as a suspect, 1655; knighted, 1660; M.P., Westminster, 1661-78: managed the treasury for Thomas Wriothosley, fourth earl of Southampton, 1660-7: urged war with France, 1668: opposed toleration of dissenters, 1672: his 'Discourse of Government' appeared, 1694, and his 'Mémoires,' 1701.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

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