Annotations and comments

Terry Foreman has posted 10952 annotations/comments since 28 June 2005.

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About Friday 17 May 1667

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"he now draws all out of my hand towards the paying for a purchase he hath made for his son and my Lady Jemimah, in Northamptonshire, of Sir Samuel Luke, in a good place; a good house, and near all her friends; which is a very happy thing."

L&&M note the manor of Hawnes or Haynes (in Bedfordshire not Northamptonshire) was conveyed at this time by Sir Samuel Luke and his son Oliver to Sir Thomas Mountagu and Sir Thomas Crew, presumably trustees for Carteret.

About Sunday 9 October 1664

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"my aunt and uncle in a very ill humour one with another, but I made shift with much ado to keep them from scolding"

Scolding was a grievous breach of social order, and in some places punished by use of a cucking stool or ducking stool.

Cucking stools or ducking stools were chairs formerly used for punishment of disorderly women, scolds, and dishonest tradesmen in England, Scotland, and elsewhere. The cucking-stool was a form of wyuen pine ("women's punishment") as referred to in Langland's Piers Plowman (1378). They were both instruments of public humiliation and censure primarily for the offense of scolding or back biting and less often for sexual offenses like bearing an illegitimate child or prostitution....The cucking-stool appears to have still been in use as late as the mid-18th century.

About Thursday 16 May 1667

Terry Foreman  •  Link

". Algebraick proposition of reducing a biquad: aequation into 2 quadr: they which may be effected in plaine Geometry. mr Collins sayd that problem was explained in the high duch algebra of Iohn Henry Rohm, Dr. Pells scoller"

A note about a forthcoming publication of the English translation of the book about prime numbers by John Henry Rohm (a student of Dr. John Pell) will be published in the Philosophical Transactions:

About Friday 24 April 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Caning evidently persisted in the Royal Navy well into the 20th century.

Before receiving his punishment, the young man would be given a medical inspection ("the boy's buttocks are examined and his general physical condition observed" -- Admiralty, 1950). He was then marched to the ship's tailor to be fitted into a pair of extra-thin tropical-weight white cotton duck trousers, with -- at least on HMS Ganges -- no underwear allowed. (The Admiralty wrote in 1950 that the latter provision "allows the strokes of the cane to be as painful as need be". They seem not to have been following their own rules, because the King's Regulations in 1943 had amended the wording to "Caning on the breech, duck trousers with pants being worn", but perhaps this was intended to apply only to seagoing ships and not the training ships.)

About Monday 13 May 1667

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"(my wife rising to send away Barker...and she did do it with more clothes than have cost us 10l., and 20s. in her purse, which I did for the respect I bear Mr. Falconbridge, otherwise she had not deserved half of it"

L&M explain: Edward Fauconberg/Falconbridge, her previous employer, Pepys's old Exchequer colleague, had recommended her in October 1666.

I guess to honor her was to honor him, and contrariwise.

About Saturday 11 May 1667

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"my wife...dressed this day in fair hair...[I] discovered my trouble to my wife for her white locks, swearing by God, several times, which I pray God forgive me for, and bending my fist, that I would not endure it. She, poor wretch, was surprized with it"

He had admired and underwritten a stylish pair of locks for her not long ago:

About Monday 14 April 1662

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"I have a pronunciation question: "walk upon the LEADS". Is it LEEDS or LEDS?"

The Large Glossary says of LEADS, it is a "flat space on roof top, sometimes boarded over" and the consensus here -- including linguists -- has favored LEDS.

About Friday 10 May 1667

Terry Foreman  •  Link

The late Basil Fielding's pockets also contained picklocks and dice

My instinctive thought that there was something shady about these items may reflect a later time: "In the United Kingdom, a person who carries anything at all with the intent to commit burglary or theft can potentially be prosecuted [Theft Act 1968]. The penalty for this can be up to 3 years imprisonment. In the case of items specifically made or altered to be usable in burglary or theft, such as lock-picks, mere possession presumes intent – there is no need to prove it."