Sunday 12 August 1660

Lord’s day. To my Lord, and with him to White Hall Chappell, where Mr. Calamy preached, and made a good sermon upon these words “To whom much is given, of him much is required.” He was very officious with his three reverences to the King, as others do. After sermon a brave anthem of Captain Cooke’s, which he himself sung, and the King was well pleased with it. My Lord dined at my Lord Chamberlain’s, and I at his house with Mr. Sheply. After dinner I did give Mr. Donne; who is going to sea, the key of my cabin and direction for the putting up of my things. After, that I went to walk, and meeting Mrs. Lane of Westminster Hall, I took her to my Lord’s, and did give her a bottle of wine in the garden, where Mr. Fairbrother, of Cambridge, did come and found us, and drank with us.

After that I took her to my house, where I was exceeding free in dallying with her, and she not unfree to take it.

At night home and called at my father’s, where I found Mr. Fairbrother, but I did not stay but went homewards and called in at Mr. Rawlinson’s, whither my uncle Wight was coming and did come, but was exceeding angry (he being a little fuddled, and I think it was that I should see him in that case) as I never saw him in my life, which I was somewhat troubled at. Home and to bed.

31 Annotations

First Reading

chip  •  Link

A few notes from L&M: 1.The sermon is a loose recollection of Luke, xii,48. 2.Calamy meant to demonstrate that Presbyterians were as loyal as Anglicans. 3. Presumably this was a verse-anthem, of which Henry Cooke (Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal) sang the solo verses himself. Note 4 mentions Sandwich's first cousin covered on his bio page. Note 5 is most interesting saying this was the empty house in Axe Yard. No explanation as to how they divine that but it was my guess too! To continue the psychological analysis of Pepys, is it that he does not consider the house in Seething Lane his, especially in light of his inclination to take Man's 1000l offer and vacate it? Does he think of Axe Yard only as 'my house'? Is that house still furnished so that he can entertain his new mistress there?These are telling days.

vincent  •  Link

As for the sermon Luke xii 48
"...But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more...."
It makes sense no to ****** or ?, where EP is keeping house? so Axe yard would would be Ideal place to shows ones latest etchings.
Googling anthem for the period comes up an Orchestra like music fit for a King:

J. Evelyn, records for this day: 19 luke 42:
"...Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes..."

fimm  •  Link

"this was the empty house in Axe Yard."
I was wondering where Pepys' wife was while he was "exceeding free in dallying with" Mrs Lane, but if they were in the empty house in Axe Yard, that would explain it!

andy thomas  •  Link

"After that I took her to my house, where I was exceeding free in dallying with her, and she not unfree to take it"

I hope EP didn't read shorthand. Why is he bragging into his diary?

J A Gioia  •  Link

Why is he bragging into his diary?

if this troubles you, read no further. our man does a lot of it.

andy thomas  •  Link

...our man does a lot of it.

Yes, I think certain parts of his character are now becoming clear.

Nix  •  Link

Let's not be priggish, folks.

I'm guessing he refers to Axe Yard is "my house" because he holds the lease to it -- unlike Seething Lane, which apparently is an official residence he is entitled to occupy only as long as he holds office.

Holt Parker  •  Link

12 August 1660: The eighth Sunday after Trinity.
Psalm 119:57-64
Epistle: Romans 8:12-17
Gospel: Math.7:15-17

For the readings, collects, etc. that Pepys would have heard go to the outstanding webpage on the Book of Common Prayer:…

A question, why did Calamy choose Luke 12:48 for his text?

Glyn  •  Link

at my father’s, where I found Mr. Fairbrother, but I did not stay

I am not surprised! First, Fairbrother finds him drinking wine with this hussy in a garden (and on a Sunday too - shame on Sam). Then Pepys is discomfited to find Fairbrother dining with his father - if he had stayed, the conversation would surely have turned to the fact that Fairbrother had met him earlier that day and in the company of a lady, and questions would have been asked. No wonder, Pepys left as soon as he possibly could.

Poor Sam, I fear this trollop is taking advantage of him.

(By the way, it makes sense that Betty Martin is from Nottingham - that has always been the most important site of lace-making in England.)

Holt Parker  •  Link

What an idiot.

Me, that is. Forgot to read carefully before nattering. Assumed the service was C of E. But Calamy was Presbyterian and an opponent of Laud's Book of Common Prayer for the Church of Scotland

So what would Calamy have been using? I'm assuming it have been "The Geneva Order of Service", but I await enlightenment. (Usually filed under the uniform title of "The Form(e) of Prayers and Ministration of the Sacraments . . .Used in the English Congregation at Geneva") The closest copy chronologically to Pepys and Calamy that I've found is at Early English Books Online:
"The Setled order of church-government liturgie and discipline. London : Printed for Great Britaine, in the yeere of the churches reformation, 1644."
The text is almost identical to the original Gevena Book of Order, for which see:…

The text of the 1645 "Directory for the publick worship of God" (CHARLES I. Parl. 3. Sess. 5.) gives a good idea of what a sermon was supposed to be. On-line here:…

It urges that:
"All the canonical books of the Old and New Testament (but none of those which are commonly called Apocrypha) shall be publickly read in the vulgar tongue, out of the best allowed translation, distinctly, that all may hear and understand.
How large a portion shall be read at once, is left to the wisdom of the minister; but it is convenient, that ordinarily one chapter of each Testament be read at every meeting; and sometimes more, where the chapters be short, or the coherence of matter requireth it.
It is requisite that all the canonical books be read over in order, that the people may be better acquainted with the whole body of the scriptures; and ordinarily, where the reading in either Testament endeth on one Lord's day, it is to begin the next."

No set calendar however is prescribed.

Paul Brewster  •  Link

C of E. But Calamy was Presbyterian and an opponent of Laud

Todd Bernhardt  •  Link

Yes, great point, Glyn. But why is Uncle Wight acting like he's been busted by Sam?

Is Uncle Wight not supposed to be out getting a tipple at Mr. Rawlinson's? Maybe some other purpose in mind, or at hand, that he doesn't want Sam to know about...?

And, I'm sorry, but I've got to do this:

With Betty Lane I was exceeding free in dallying
A bit of wine and then to my house in Axe Yard
The situation is getting hard
God bless Nottingham

Betty Lane is in my ...

[apologies to Paul McCartney and to all you readers]

language hat  •  Link

Todd: Oy!
Holt: Fancy meeting you here!
And as JA Gioia says, those bothered by extramarital sinning should exit the hell-bound train at this station.

andy thomas  •  Link

It's not the extramarital bit - you miss the point - it's his bragging about it. Sam is becoming more vain and venal, the Restoration has done him no good at all.

Mary  •  Link

You can only be accused of bragging if you know that someone else is going to read/hear your words. Sam appears to be taking care that his diary should remain strictly private, so he's hardly bragging, even if he is hugging his personal triumphs to himself. At least he appears to be recording himself truthfully, so that we feel that we see the whole man, and that it one of the things that makes his diary a delight to read.

Barbara  •  Link

I agree with Mary: I don't think Pepys is bragging at all: those of us who have kept diaries surely mention conquests in them - partly in amazement that they have happened at all!

Even though Pepys has a more or less permanent eye out for anyone willing to "dally", and feels a measure of guilt when he succeeds, he doesn't seem to me to be much different to many men. I think it would have been unlikely for Mr Fairbrother to split on him. Even though Betty Martin always sounds like a hussy, she was obviously good fun to be with.

Laura K  •  Link

Bragging in a diary?

I agree that Sam is not bragging, since he is only speaking to himself. I would think anyone keeping a diary would at least note an extramarital affair in some way. Even his mention of it didn't sound like "conquest" to me.

I personally don't understand attributing words like "hussy" or "trollope" to any of Pepys girlfriends. He's married, after all - why the double standard?

Also, those of us not comfortable with cheating spouses are not necessarily priggish. We may be identifying and empathizing with the other spouse. Sam's diary is fascinating, but we don't have to love everything he did.

vincent  •  Link

Bragging: not so for SP: He is not making claims in front of the "fellers".
I go with the Dictionary : pompous, boastful,arrogant talk, or cockiness:
He is just amazed at what has happened.
We are not here to Judge, just review the differring human foilables and differing standards that we may or may not understand or agree with.

Daniel Baker  •  Link

Two questions.

1. What is Pepys doing with Donne? Is the "cabin" referred to Pepys's former cabin on the Naseby/Charles, or the Swiftsure, which Donne will occupy when he goes to sea? And why would Pepys's "things" still be there?

2. Why is Betty Lane, who apparently will not be married until 1664, called "Mrs.?" One of the annotations on her implies that she was given this title because she was "older," is that correct? And does "older" here mean older than her sister, or older than Pepys?

Mary  •  Link

Mrs. (Mistress) Lane.

It simply showed some respect towards a woman, whether young or old, married or single, to address her or refer to her as 'Mistress.'

Pepys is himself cited by OED as the earliest user of "Miss" as the titular prefix for an unmarried girl in 1666/7. Prior to that date, a 'miss' was understood to be a kept woman (mistress in the modern sense) or concubine.

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

"After dinner I did give Mr. Donne; who is going to sea, the key of my cabin and direction for the putting up of my things."

I'm with Daniel Baker above, What is going on here? What cabin? What things?

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Can I just say a thank-you to Terry F, for his regular supplementary information? It is greatly appreciated and (at least by me) not taken for granted! :)

Dick Wilson  •  Link

Asking why Pepys records his "dalliances" in his diary, is to bring up another, larger question: Why did Pepys keep a diary at all? I think he wrote it for himself, as an aid to memory. He intended to come back to it and read it, or parts of it, himself, someday. Usually he lapses into some sort of mishmash of Spanish/French when he writes of his infidelities. This is unlikely to be a method of "extra security", because probably, Elizabeth's French was better than his. If she figured out the shorthand of the rest of the diary, she could read these parts, too. Rather, I think it is his way of recording mischievous, randy, naughty bits, rather like a smirking schoolboy. I think he intended to someday re-read these sections, and to chuckle over them.

Tonyel  •  Link

When I was a lad (some considerable time ago) I often heard the expression " All my eye and Betty Martin" used to describe a fanciful, unlikely story. I would love to think that it was already three hundred years old.

Dick Wilson  •  Link

Hi Tonyel. Having never heard the phrase "all my eye and Betty Martin", I googled it and came up with
"World Wide Words: All my eye and Betty Martin". The phrase expresses extreme skepticism or disbelief of a report or story. I have, however, used the American form of this expression: "my eye!", with exactly the same meaning. I never knew where it came from. It is not 300 years old. It is not Pepys' Betty Martin. It is 200 years old, and nobody know who she was, or if she existed.

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

' . . The seemingly impenetrable shorthand of the six volumes marked ‘journal’ discouraged examination until, it seems, the successful publication of Evelyn's diary (1818) prompted Magdalene to have Pepys's manuscript deciphered. An impecunious undergraduate of neighbouring St John's College, John Smith, was hired, and learned the characters by comparing Pepys's shorthand of Charles II's escape story with the longhand version. He did not know that the manual for the system, Thomas Shelton's Tutor to Tachygraphy (1642), was in the library. A first selection from the revealed text was published in 1825 . . ' (DNB)

It is hardly 'bragging' to write something that remains hidden from the world for 165 years.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Note 5 is most interesting saying this was the empty house in Axe Yard. No explanation as to how they divine that but it was my guess too!"

A proposal: The house in Axe Yard is (1) empty and secure and (2) within easy (for Pepys) walking distance of Westminster Hall and Mountagu's garden, and (3) "At night home, etc." L&M seem to be compelled to their view that the tryst is in the Axe Yard house by the geography of this entry.

Third Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

"And why would Pepys's "things" still be there?"

As I recall Pepys rode to London from the Charles fairly spontaneously, so he would have had minimal things with him -- plus Charles II had entrusted him with his guitar (which Pepys gave to someone else to carry).
Presumably when you have lived on board for 3 or so months, and cross the Channel and do some shopping, not everything you now own fits on a horse.
So Pepys locked his cabin door, assuming they would be back, either to pack up or to sail again.
He knows Mr. Dunn and trusts him to put everything into his sea chest, or get some boxes.
I'm going to guess this was his cabin on the Charles, as he had ample warning about the move from the Swiftsure.
Now to wait until the 20th to find out if I'm right.

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