Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 874 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

The most recent…


About Sunday 12 March 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . Down to dinner, where my wife in her new lace whiske, which, indeed, is very noble, . . ’

‘whisk n. < Scandinavian . .
. . II. 2. A neckerchief worn by women in the latter half of the 17th century. Obs. exc. Hist.
. . 1660 S. Pepys Diary 22 Nov. (1970) I. 299 My wife..bought her a white whiske and put it on.
1688 R. Holme Acad. Armory iii. ii. 17/1 A Womans Neck used both Plain and Laced, and is called of most a Gorgett or a falling Whisk . . ‘

About Friday 24 March 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: 'jag'

‘jag < uncertain . .
. . 2. trans. To slash or pink (a garment, etc.) by way of ornament.
. . 1708 P. A. Motteux Wks. F. Rabelais (1737) iv. lii. 211 His Journey-men..did jagg it and pink it at the bottom . .

3. To make indentations in the edge or surface of; to make ragged or uneven by cutting or tearing; to make rugged or bristling. to jag in, to indent with cuts.
. . 1693 R. Bentley Boyle Lect. viii. 35 Jagged and torn by the impetuous assaults..of Waves. . . ‘


About Saturday 11 March 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: "the hull of her will be wholly lost, as not being capable of being weighed."

‘weigh, v.1 < Germanic . .
. . 6. a. To raise (a sunk ship, gun, etc.) from the bottom of the water. Also with up.
. . 1669   S. Sturmy Mariners Mag. v. xii. 81   Rules to weigh Ships, or Guns, or any thing else in the Water . . ‘

About Thursday 9 March 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘public school’:

‘1. Originally, in Britain and Ireland: any of a class of grammar schools founded or endowed for public use . . Later: a fee-paying secondary school which developed from former endowed grammar schools, or was modelled on similar lines . . The term was officially used . . in 1867 in ‘An Act for the better government and extension of certain Public Schools’.

As this act applied to the ancient endowed grammar schools or colleges of Eton, Winchester, Westminster, Harrow, Rugby, Charterhouse, and Shrewsbury, these have sometimes been spoken of as ‘the Seven Public Schools’; but the name is generally used to include other schools of similar organization*. Traditionally, pupils in the higher forms were prepared mainly for the universities and for public service . .
. . 1707 J. Chamberlayne Angliæ Notitia (ed. 22) 385 London. Publick Schools and Colleges. The first is Westminster School... St. Paul's School... Merchant-Taylors School... Belonging to Christ's Hospital is another famous Grammar Free-School.’

(OED); see also:

* St Paul’s petitioned successfully to be excluded from the Act.

About Tuesday 7 March 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . .  it set me in a great rage again . . ’

‘rage, n. . . < Anglo-Norman and Old French . .
. . 5. d. Acute physical pain; an instance of this. Obs. rare.
. . 1600   R. Surflet tr. C. Estienne & J. Liébault Maison Rustique ii.xlii. 265   Called tormentill because the powder or decoction of the roote doth appease the rage and torment of the teeth.

About Tuesday 28 February 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ' . . I had a mind in part to take away the strangenesse . . '

' . . 2.  a. Absence of friendly feeling or relations; discouraging or uncomplying attitude towards others; coldness, aloofness. Obs.
. . 1669   R. Montagu in Buccleuch MSS (Hist. MSS Comm.) (1899) I. 452   The King here lives at so much distance and strangeness with me . . '
Re: ' . . she took very stomachfully . . '
† ˈstomachfully adv. Obs. < stomach, n. < Latin < Greek στόμαχος . .
. . 8. In various senses relating to disposition or state of feeling.
. . †c. Anger, irritation; malice, ill-will, spite; vexation, pique. Obs.
1641   Milton Reason Church-govt. 35   Not suddenly to condemn all things that are sharply spoken, or vehemently written, as proceeding out of stomach, virulence and ill nature . . '
Re: ' . . she is very cunning . . '
' . . 2.  a. Possessing practical knowledge or skill; able, skilful, expert, dexterous, clever. (Formerly the prevailing sense; now only a literary archaism.)
. . 1690   J. Locke Two Treat. Govt. ii. xix   The tools of Cunninger workmen.
. . 5. a. In bad sense: Skilful in compassing one's ends by covert means; clever in circumventing; crafty, artful, guileful, sly. (The prevailing modern sense.)
. . 1653   H. Cogan tr. F. M. Pinto Voy. & Adventures xvi. 54   Like cunning thieves, desiring that the prey..should not escape out of their hands. . . '
Re: 'my being over-solicitous and jealous and forward . . '
'solicitous, adj. < Latin . .

. . 5. Marked or characterized by anxiety, care, or concern:
 a. Of actions, study, etc.
. .. 1678   R. Cudworth True Intellect. Syst. Universe i. iv. 443   The Government of some of them is toilsom and sollicitous.'


About Saturday 25 February 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . and hath now choused this Colborne out of his house, . . ’

‘chouse, v.1 trans. To dupe, cheat, trick . . < chouse, n. < chiaus, n. (< . . Turkish chāush . . A Turkish messenger, sergeant, or lictor. . . 1666 Oxford Gaz. No. 57/3 Several Chiauses..have been returned with contempt..with their Noses and Ears cut off.)

trans. To dupe, cheat, trick; to swindle or defraud of or out of.
. . 1669 Dryden Wild Gallant ii. i. 16 You shall chouse him of horses, cloathes and Money . . ‘


About Thursday 23 February 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

RSGII: ' . . We may be better educated than you . . '

Really? How's your Latin, your Greek, French, Spanish, and Italian? Where did you go to school?, to college . . ? Tell us about your personal library of 3000 books, with catalogued by you . .

Talk about unmerited conceit!

About Friday 17 February 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

I agree with San Diego Sarah - “I nominate Sir John, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, until recently a Commissioner of the Navy Board, who had fought his way through several wars by now . . ” and offer this from the DNB in support:

“ . . After returning to England at the Restoration, Sir John Berkeley was rewarded with a place as a commissioner of the navy . . (which) In 1665 he swapped . . for a post in the Ordnance.

Despite the fact that he had not yet paid off the debts previously incurred in royal service . . he began a spending spree, building a London house near Piccadilly . . and acquiring a country estate at Twickenham Park.

During the Second Anglo-Dutch War he allegedly spent a further £1000 of his own money in defensive operations at Chatham and in Suffolk. Income from office could have guaranteed only a part of this expenditure, even if one accepts the tales (told by Pepys among others) that he had systematically abused his position in the duke of York's household for his own profit.

His marriage, about 1659, to Christian(a) (bap. 1639, d. 1698), daughter of the wealthy East India merchant Sir Andrew Riccard, and widow of John Gayer and Henry Rich, Lord Kensington, seems also to have brought him an infusion of funds . . “

About Thursday 16 February 1664/65

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘thralldom’ as in ‘my mind has continued still in thralldom’ (Robert Harneis on 15 Feb 2018):

= ‘thrall < Old English . . 2. The condition of a thrall; thraldom, bondage, servitude; captivity.
. . 1607 T. Dekker & J. Webster Famous Hist. Thomas Wyat sig. D4 You free your Countrie from base spanish thrall . . ‘

Re: the Batters child: I don’t find it extraordinary: presumable Elisabeth and Mrs B cooked this up between then them, E agreeing that it was worth a try to see which way S would jump. However I don’t think Mrs B appreciated the width of the social gulf that now lay between the two families, whereas S must be acutely aware at all times of the rank of everyone he encounters.

So S must have bridled at the mere idea of the guardianship/adoption, which brought him nothing by way of status: it would cost him money to bring up the girl as a gentlewoman and then to provide a dowry to get her married. And we’ve encountered examples already of the harm done to a woman’s prospects by educating her to be a lady beyond her income.