Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 896 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

The most recent…


About Thursday 7 September 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Thank you Graham RA - I’ll visit if I can.

I suggest that the ‘black boy’ was indeed a negro servant and so fit only to be a slave in the eyes of most English people. Crucially this meant he had no soul and would no more benefit from the Resurrection (in which all Anglicans say they believe every Sunday), anymore than a horse or dog would. So, like them, his body could be disposed of as the owner chose.

The Enlightenment came later:…

About Tuesday 8 August 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

I have found a well-written press release from 2005 explaining a then-new research paper: ‘Biologists discover why 10% of Europeans are safe from HIV infection’ (2005)…

Also a book: Professor Christopher Duncan and Dr Susan Scott: Return of the Black Death (2004, Wiley), which argues that the 1665 plague was viral not bacterial.

About Saturday 5 August 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . our design upon the mast docke, which I hope to compass . . ‘

‘compass, v.1 < French
. . 11. a. To attain to or achieve (an end or object aimed at); to accomplish.
. . 1653   H. Cogan tr. F. M. Pinto Voy. & Adventures xxii. 77   The better to compass his intent . . ‘

About Saturday 5 August 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Jeannine 2008:

Elizabeth’s art is not mentioned in the DNB entry for her. She left no will, having no property of her own and no children keen to preserve and strengthen their memories of her.

No doubt it passed by descent through several generations of their heirs until the attribution to her was forgotten, the collection was dispersed then discarded unregarded.

About Thursday 3 August 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re:  I left my ‘hacquenee’ —[Haquenee = an ambling nag fitted for ladies’ riding.]— behind

‘hackney, n. and adj. . .
. . Probably < the name of Hackney, formerly a village in Middlesex . . probably with reference to supply of horses from the surrounding meadows.

Re: ‘ . . Then down to the buttery . . ‘

‘buttery, n.Old French . .
a. A place for storing liquor; but the name was also, from an early period, extended to ‘the room where provisions are laid up’ (Johnson). 
. . 1665   S. Pepys Diary 3 Aug. (1972) VI. 180   Then down to the buttery and eat a piece of cold venison-pie . . ‘


About Sunday 30 July 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ' . . It was a sad noise to hear our bell to toll and ring so often to-day, either for deaths or burials; I think five or six times . . '

John Donne - Meditation 17: Devotions upon Emergent Occasions

"No man is an iland, intire of it selfe; every man is a peece of the Continent, a part of the maine; if a clod bee washed away by the Sea, Europe is the lesse, as well as if a Promontorie were, as well as if a Mannor of thy friends or of thine owne were; any mans death diminishes me, because I am involved in Mankinde; And therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; It tolls for thee...."…

About Thursday 27 July 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . his daughter, a buxom lass, . . ‘

‘buxom < Middle E. . .
II. Blithe, jolly, well-favoured.
3. Blithe, gladsome, bright, lively, gay. arch.
. . 1675 C. Cotton Poet. Wks. (1765) 267 A fine free, Buxom, and amorous as He.

. . 4. Full of health, vigour, and good temper; well-favoured, plump and comely, ‘jolly’, comfortable-looking (in person). (Chiefly of women.)
. . 1681 E. Hickeringill Vindic. Naked Truth 22 Those lazy and bucksome Abby-Lubbers ‘ ’

About Sunday 23 July 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . where most are strangers; . . ‘

I don’t see a problem here; ‘stranger’ just means ‘visitor’:

‘< Old French . . 3. a. A guest or visitor, in contradistinction to the members of the household . .
. . 1667 Milton Paradise Lost v. 316 And what thy stores contain, bring forth and poure Abundance, fit to honour and receive Our Heav'nly stranger.’ (OED)

The gents he was talking to were not able to offer him dinner, being visitors also. At Whitehall he’d have gone to a tavern to eat that day’s table d’hote (‘special’ as it is called nowadays) at a large common table. There would have been no equivalent at Hampton Court.

So he facing a very thirsty hungry afternoon with no transport - then Cutler reappeared and all was well.

About Thursday 20 July 1665

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

OED has:

'plague-water n. now hist. an infusion of various herbs and roots in alcohol, taken as a remedy against the plague.

' . . 1665 S. Pepys Diary 20 July (1972) VI. 163 My Lady Carteret did this day give me a bottle of plague-water home with me . . '