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Mary K has posted 1009 annotations/comments since 9 March 2007.

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About Monday 19 June 1665

Mary K  •  Link

Persons of African origin.

See Miranda Kaufmann's "Black Tudors: the untold story" [published 2017 by Oneworld Publications
ISBN 978-1-78607-184-2] for a fascinating account of immigrants of African origin living and working in England much earlier than Pepys time, many of them in London (though there was one black woman running a smallholding in Cambridgeshire). These folk were not slaves; the practice of slavery was prohibited under English law.

About Saturday 1 November 1662

Mary K  •  Link

We call these narrow roads "sunken lanes. "There is delight in travelling along one of these sunken lanes on a sunny morning, when the bordering hedgerows and hedgerow trees cast a dappled shade on the roadway below.

About Whitehall Palace (general information)

Mary K  •  Link

In 1663 Samuel Sorbière, a visiting French philosopher and historian, was less than impressed with the Palace of Whitehall.

He judged the Banqueting House alone "very stately, because the rest of the Palace is ill Built, and nothing but a heap of Houses, erected at divers times, and of different Models, which they made Contiguous in the best manner they could."

About Sunday 20 May 1666

Mary K  •  Link

Has Samuel encountered another "out of hours" customer at Betty Martin's Westminster place today? Sunday observance regulations with regard to day-to-day activities were not relaxed after the Commonwealth period, so Betty's normal drapery business can hardly have been open to trade today and I suspect Samuel would have mentioned having encountered another man at her premises if that had been the case. Perhaps she has been a little too free (boastful?) about mentioning others of her gentleman customers and this has displeased him. If she gossips about them perhaps she gossips about him, too.

About Vest

Mary K  •  Link

Anyone who is able to watch BBC 4 at 20.30h this evening (3rd January 2018) could see a team of tailors, guided by fashion historian Amber Butchart, re-creating a suit of clothes typical of one worn by Charles II.

About Mingo (Sir William Batten's servant)

Mary K  •  Link

Mingo's Hart Street antecedents.

Mingo was by no means the first black African to live in the parish of St. Olave's Hart Street.

John Barker, a merchant and MP living in the parish from about 1582 onwards, had in his employ in the later years of the 16th Century a number of African servants including Mary Fillis (a young girl described as a "Morisco"), George (a blackamore) and Leying Mouea ("a blackamore of 20 years). Alderman Paul Bayning, a Hart Street neighbour of the Baker family, employed at least 5 Africans over the same period including "three maids, blackamores" (one called Julyanne) and two men - Abell and Anthony.

Dr. Hector Nunes, a refugee from the Portuguese Inquisition resident in the neighbourhood since 1549, had numerous black servants in his household including three women named Elizabeth, Grace and Mary.

Altogether between 1588 and 1638 St. Olave's Hart Street saw three baptisms and 12 burials of Africans, whilst the neighbouring church of St. Botolph's Aldgate saw just one baptism (of the aforementioned Mary Fillis) but 17 burials of Africans.

For further information, see the book "Black Tudors" cited in the note that precedes this one.

About Tuesday 1 November 1664

Mary K  •  Link

Oyster barrels.

For discussion of oyster barrels, go to the Encyclopedia (food), where is it suggested that these were small barrels (tubs) about 7 - 13 inches high. Not so very different in size from the pint and half-pint pots that shrimp, cockles etc. used to be sold in in 20th Century England. You bought such shellfish by volume, not by weight.

An additional wrinkle to the oysters is that they were often transported and sold as pickled shellfish in pre-20th Century days when they still offered a cheap snack or meal.