Friday 8 April 1664

Up betimes and to the office, and anon, it begunn to be fair after a great shower this morning, Sir W. Batten and I by water (calling his son Castle by the way, between whom and I no notice at all of his letter the other day to me) to Deptford, and after a turn in the yard, I went with him to the Almes’-house to see the new building which he, with some ambition, is building of there, during his being Master of Trinity House; and a good worke it is, but to see how simply he answered somebody concerning setting up the arms of the corporation upon the door, that and any thing else he did not deny it, but said he would leave that to the master that comes after him. There I left him and to the King’s yard again, and there made good inquiry into the business of the poop lanterns, wherein I found occasion to correct myself mightily for what I have done in the contract with the platerer, and am resolved, though I know not how, to make them to alter it, though they signed it last night, and so I took Stanes1 home with me by boat and discoursed it, and he will come to reason when I can make him to understand it. No sooner landed but it fell a mighty storm of rain and hail, so I put into a cane shop and bought one to walk with, cost me 4s. 6d., all of one joint. So home to dinner, and had an excellent Good Friday dinner of peas porridge and apple pye. So to the office all the afternoon preparing a new book for my contracts, and this afternoon come home the office globes done to my great content. In the evening a little to visit Sir W. Pen, who hath a feeling this day or two of his old pain. Then to walk in the garden with my wife, and so to my office a while, and then home to the only Lenten supper I have had of wiggs —[Buns or teacakes.]— and ale, and so to bed. This morning betimes came to my office to me boatswain Smith of Woolwich, telling me a notable piece of knavery of the officers of the yard and Mr. Gold in behalf of a contract made for some old ropes by Mr. Wood, and I believe I shall find Sir W. Batten of the plot (vide my office daybook2).

  1. Among the State Papers is a petition of Thomas Staine to the Navy Commissioners “for employment as plateworker in one or two dockyards. Has incurred ill-will by discovering abuses in the great rates given by the king for several things in the said trade. Begs the appointment, whereby it will be seen who does the work best and cheapest, otherwise he and all others will be discouraged from discovering abuses in future, with order thereon for a share of the work to be given to him” (“Calendar,” Domestic, 1663-64, p. 395)
  2. These note-books referred to in the Diary are not known to exist now.

24 Annotations

Terry F   Link to this

"the business of the poop lanterns"

Batten had earlier refused, for procedural reasons, to countersign the contract Pepys had drawn up for Stanes to do the glazing of four poop lanterns, but Our Man now has regrets about the...deal. (L&M tell the tale)

Poop lanterns are evidently a messy biz.

jeannine   Link to this

From "Pepys at Table" by
Drive and Berriedale~Johnson p 30-31

"Although dried peas frequently appeared on everyone's table, especially in winter, there are plenty of recipes for fresh pea soup - mot of which are excellent....April would have been early for fresh peas. Mrs. Blencowe's recipe also refers only to 'peas' but it is so good with fresh peas that I am assuming she had it in mind...."

To Make Peas Soope

The Receipt Book of Mrs. Ann Blencoew 1694

'Take about two Quarts of peas and boyl them down till they are thick; then put to them a leeke and a little slice of bacon and a little bunch of sweet herbs and let them boyl till they are broke. Then work them with ye back of a ladle thro a coarse hair sieve; then take about 3 pints of your peas and mix about 3 quarts of a very strong broth and work them very well together. Then sett them over a Stove and let them boyl very easily. Then as for your herbs, take out the quantity of a gallon of soope; take a large handful of spinage and one third of sorrill and one cabbage, Lettice and a little Charvell and Cresses and a head or two of sallery and Indive, and ye heart of a Savoy and a little mint, but mince your mint very small if it be green, but if it be dry, then drie it before ye fire to powder and sift it through a sieve, and mince ye herbs with one leeke very small and put them into a brass dish or saspan with half a pound of butter and let ym stive till they begin to be tender. Then put to them a quart of good gravy or strong broth but gravy is best, and when you have mix't it well then putt it into ye pott to ye pease and a little beaten cloves and mace. So let it stove about half an hour, then have a french roll, either dry'd in the oven or toasted by ye fire, in thin slices, then season ye soope to your palate and serve it up. If you please you may put forced meat balls into it, or any other thing as pallattes and sweetbreads or Combs."

Australian Susan   Link to this

Poop lanterns

Were these some sort of warning lights for other shipping?

Thank you for the recipe, Jeannine. It does sound tasty! But what are "pallattes" ? Some other form of offal like sweetbreads? And how about "Combs" ??

Australian Susan   Link to this

Alms Houses

Anyone know if these exist in Deptford still?

taotianone   Link to this

i would think "lantern" refers to the captain's cabin with many window panes at the stern of the ship, possibily also to a glazed enclosure of some sort above it. in architecture, a "widow's walk" or glazed cupola above the attic of the building is referred to as a "lantern."

egoscribo   Link to this

Australian Susan: There are the Samuel Pepys housing estates in Deptford still. Trinity's almshouses were pulled down during the 19c.

We recently took Claire Tomalin's Pepys-themed walk from London to Greenwich and passed the estates (and in general very little he would recognize) en route.

Lurker   Link to this

The poop lanterns may be seen clearly in this image:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Grand_Turk%2...

I assume they were to prevent the ship getting rear-ended.

Paul Chapin   Link to this

Pallattes, Combs, and Platerers

These three puzzlers sent me off to the OED. There is no entry for "pallatte" as such, but "pallate" is given as an obsolete spelling for "palate," and one example in the entry for "palate," from 1771, is "To fricasey Ox Palates," suggesting that they were used for food. So maybe that would be something you would put in pea soup.

As to "comb," the only definitions that seemed even remotely possible were a rooster's comb and a honeycomb. Your guess is as good as mine as to which would make a better soup ingredient.

The only example for "platerer" is today's Diary entry. The OED calls it an obsolete form of "plater," but I think they may be giving Sam too much credit; I'll bet it was just a mistake on his part. "Plater" here refers of course to someone who goldplates or silverplates metal objects, not the later (19th) century use in shipbuilding referring to someone who attaches iron armor plates to ships.

Thanks to Jeannine for that great recipe. It's the most precise and detailed I've ever seen from that period. I may try it sometime (but without palates or combs).

bchan   Link to this

LOL poop lanterns

cumsalisgrano   Link to this

OED: poop lantern n. a lantern carried at the stern of a ship to serve as a signal at night
The Poop be nowt to do with noises from the rear end [the German connetion] or that bag for carrying dogs waste or beeing warn out or even A stupid or ineffectual person; a fool, a bore but

1. a. The aftermost part of a ship; the stern; the aftermost and highest deck often forming (esp. in a wooden ship) the roof of a cabin in the stern.

b. A cabin built on the after part of the quarterdeck; a roundhouse. Obs. rare

pallattes [pallat] could be a flat piece of dough for bedding down the sweetmeat and honey comb.
OED be fun?
Comb 8. The flat cake or plate consisting of a double series of hexagonal cells of wax made by bees; a honeycomb;

SWEET a. + BREAD n., but the reason for the name is not obvious.]
1. The pancreas, or the thymus gland, of an animal, esp. as used for food (distinguished respectively as heart, stomach, or belly sweetbread and throat, gullet, or neck sweetbread): esteemed a delicacy.

AussieRene   Link to this

And a happy Passover to you Clement.

Michael Robinson   Link to this

Alms Houses --- Trinity Hospitals (as of 1796)

There are two hospitals at Deptford belonging to the Corporation of the Trinity-house. The old hospital, of which there is a view, engraved by Gribelin, in 1701, was built in the reign of Henry VIII. It consisted originally of 21 apartments; but, being pulled down and rebuilt in 1788, the number was increased to 25. This hospital adjoins to the churchyard. The other, which is in Church-street, was built about the latter end of the last century. Sir Richard Browne, in 1672, gave the grouud, after the expiration of a short term; and Capt. William Maples, in 1680, gave 1300l. towards the building. This hospital consists of 56 apartments, forming a spacious quadrangle; in the centre of which is placed a statue of Capt. Maples. On the east side, opposite the entrance, is a plain building, which serves both for a chapel and a hall. Here the Brethren of the Trinity-house meet annually on Trinity Monday, and afterwards go to St. Nicholas's church, where they hear divine service and a sermon. The pensioners, in both hospitals, consist of decayed pilots and masters of ships, or their widows. The single men and widows receive about 18l. per annum; the married men about 28l.

Deptford, St Nicholas', The Environs of London: volume 4: Counties of Herts, Essex & Kent (1796), pp. 359-85. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?com.... Date accessed: 09 April 2007

Rgemini   Link to this

Deptford Almshouses: According to Darrell Spurgeon's book "Discover Deptford and Lewisham" the Trinity Almshouses were demolished in 1877. Referring to the Stowage site: "Trinity House was based here, immediately to the east of St Nicholas churchyard, from 1511 (a charter was granted by Henry VIII in 1514) to 1660, when it moved to Water Lane in the City of London; in 1796 it moved to its present building on Tower Hill. The annual Court continued to be held in Deptford until 1852, and Trinity House almshouses remained on the site until 1877." (Spurgeon, 1997: ISBN 0 9515624 6 0)

JWB   Link to this

"Gold plating of silver was very popular and in 1250 Bartholommeus Anglicus gave the following advice:

"And when a plate of gold shall be melded with a plate of silver, or joined there to, it needeth to beware namely of three things, of powder, of winde and of moisture: for if any hereof come between gold and silver, they may not be joined together,then one with another: and therefore it needeth to meddle these two metals together in a full cleane place and quiet and when they be joined in this manner, the joining is inseparable, so that they may not afterward be departed asunder,"

This advice is good today. Amalgamation processes were also popular. The gold was dissolved in mercury. The amalgam was coated onto the piece and then heated to drive off the mercury leaving a gold coated piece. Gold could also be removed by the reverse process (1567)."

A Short History of Metals
By
Alan W. Cramb

Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Carnegie Mellon University

http://neon.mems.cmu.edu/cramb/Processing/histo...

Bradford   Link to this

"No sooner landed but it fell a mighty storm of rain and hail, so I put into a cane shop and bought one to walk with, cost me 4s. 6d., all of one joint."

Wouldn't one get more protection from an umbrella?

cape henry   Link to this

"Wouldn't one get more protection from an umbrella?"
The umbrellas of this period (parasols) would have been used to ward off the sun's rays and were neither sturdy, nor waterproof. I think the use of the umbrella for weather protection came some time after this. The walking stick - or cane - would have been used to negotiate slippery places and to determine the depth of puddles, etc.

Paul Dyson   Link to this

"poop lanterns"

Poop could be an ancient word, as one Latin term for a ship is "puppis", sometimes used with particular reference to an elevated section at the stern.

Australian Susan   Link to this

Lovely picture, Lurker. Thanks!

Dave   Link to this

"apple pye" reminded me of the old nursery rhyme-"sing a song of sixpence" where four and twenty blackbirds began singing when the pie was opened. Here is a recipe to make such a pie.

"To make pie that the birds may be alive in them and flie out when it is cut up".

http://whatscookingamerica.net/History/PieHisto...

Paul Chapin   Link to this

Thanks to Dave for that fun link. The instructions say to put a normal pie in the big one with the birds, so you'll have something for your guests to eat when the birds fly out, but I'm not sure I'd want to eat a pie that had been sharing a space with a lot of live birds.

cumsalisgrano   Link to this

"...then home to the only Lenten supper I have had of wiggs --[Buns or teacakes.]-- and ale, and so to bed..." see Glossary Wigg
http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/2325/

Mary   Link to this

wiggs

L&M gloss these as cakes or buns made of fine flour.

Terry F   Link to this

In the absence of Dirk

De Prata to Sandwich
Written from: Paris

Date: 8 April 1664

Shelfmark: MS. Carte 223, fol(s). 83-84

Document type: [with seal of arms]

Thinks that (Edward Mountagu, son of Sandwich, Viscount) Lord Hinchinbroke's passionate fondness for music may "be one of the reasons which keep him from reading of books, and having that curiosity for the knowledge of History, which he hath for all honest things besides". In a conversation with the Venetian Ambassador at this Court, the other evening, when the talk turned upon horsemanship, the Venetian observed that a man of quality, of earlier date than my Lord of Newcastle, had treated of that topic, - namely Xenophon; upon which Lord Hinchinbroke asked, 'who is Xenophon?'.

Encloses

Household-account, of expenditure, at Paris, for Lord Hinchinbroke, and Mr Sydney Montagu

Date: April 1664

Shelfmark: MS. Carte 223, fol(s). 85-87
http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/projects...

Edward Montagu is to his father, Lord Sandwich, as John Pepys is to his older brother Samuel.

Terry F   Link to this

"The distinction between sticks and canes is based on the materials used; sticks were made of ivory, whalebone, ebony and other valuable woods. Canes were made from Malacca or rattan, bamboo and other hardy reeds. Quality canes spoke volumes about a person's wealth and social status.

"After the 1600s, canes became fashionable for men to carry as part of their daily attire. New rules of etiquette were formed during this time. To break this code of behavior was considered a violation of good manners. In 1702, the men of London were required to have a license in order to carry a walking stick or cane. Cane use was considered a privilege, and gentlemen had to abide by those rules or lose the privilege

"One example of a cane license reads: You are hereby required to permit the bearer of this cane to pass and repass through the streets of London, or anyplace within ten miles of it, without theft or molestation: Provided that he does not walk with it under his arm, brandish it in the air, or hang it on a button, in which case it shall be forfeited, and I hereby declare it forfeited to anyone who shall think it safe to take it from him. Signed________. (Source: Lester and Oerke Accessories of Dress, Peoria, IL. The Manual Arts Press.)

"In the late 17th Century oak sticks were carried, especially by the Puritans. The fashion (for men) continued into the 18th Century. From time to time, women also carried walking sticks or canes as a fashion accessory."
http://www.fashionablecanes.com/canes/Cane_Info...

"Around the 17th or 18th century, the cane took over for the sword as an essential part of the European gentleman's wardrobe, used primarily as a Walking stick. In addition to its value as a decorative accessory, the cane also continued to fulfill some of the function of the sword as a weapon. The standard cane was rattan (especially Malacca) with a rounded metal grip. Some canes had specially weighted metalwork. Other types of wood, such as hickory, are equally suitable."
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cane

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