Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Chris Squire UK has posted 228 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.
The most recent…
About Saturday 7 December 1661
‘Palmer, Roger, earl of Castlemaine, diplomatist and Roman Catholic apologist, . . married . . the beautiful Barbara Villiers . . In marrying above himself he espoused a woman whose beauty was as famous as her conduct was already scandalous . . At the Restoration Palmer's wife became Charles II's mistress. [In] 1661 she bore a daughter, Anne, whose paternity was disputed between her husband and the king. On 11 December Charles created Palmer . . earl of Castlemaine in the Irish peerage merely to give his wife a title and rank to her children. The patent added insult to injury by confining the remainder to the heirs of her, not his, body. . The recipient showed his contempt by never taking his seat in the Irish parliament.
The arrival of . . Catherine of Braganza, in May 1662, did not terminate the liaison . . Humiliated beyond endurance Castlemaine left the country, unable to bear the reproach of being thought a complaisant husband.
. . The accession of James II in 1685 transformed Castlemaine's fortunes. No longer an outcast, he was welcomed into royal favour . . [he] died [in] 1705 . . A devout Catholic, he remained staunchly loyal to James II and his son. Though much maligned in his day, and persistently underrated by historians, the scholar Elias Ashmole thought him both learned and honourable. His writings reveal an alert mind, unafraid to express itself in the defence of an unpopular cause.’
Just who Andy was alluding to 10 years ago, I have no idea.
OED lets Pepys explain:
‘scallop . . 2.c. Lace or edging of a scalloped pattern; a scalloped lace band or collar. Obs. . . 1661 S. Pepys Diary 7 Dec. (1970) II. 228 My wife and I were talking about buying of a fine Scallop..which is to cost her 45s.’
About Sunday 1 December 1661
‘clap . . IV. Of action resembling the preceding in its prompt energy, but with no notion of noise. . . 11. esp. To put (with promptitude or high-handedness) in prison or custody; to imprison, confine. Also simply to clap up ( †to clap fast ): ‘to imprison with little formality or delay’ (Johnson). . . a1616 Shakespeare Henry VI, Pt. 2 (1623) i. iv. 50 Let them be clapt vp close. . . 1720 D. Defoe Capt. Singleton 303 Certain Nobles whom the King had clapt up . . ‘
About Wednesday 20 November 1661
Al Doman’s search gives 95 hits, beginning:
Much good discourse, and I think him a very just man, only a little conceited, but yet very able in his way, and so he by water also with me also ...William Howe come to see me, being come up with my Lord from sea: he is grown a discreet, but very conceited fellow. He tells me how little ...This fellow Deane is a conceited fellow, and one that means the King a great deal of service, more of disservice to other people that go away ...... a very hopeful young man, but only a little conceited …
Mainly from 1663 on, perhaps because by then he he is secure in his own status and confident in his judgement of those he meets.
‘Conceited’ at that date meant both:
‘ . .1.c †c. Clever, witty, amusing: said of persons and their words or writings. Obs. . . 1649 Ld. Herbert Life Henry VIII anno 1534, The pleasure he had in his conceited and merry language . . ‘
‘3. a. Having an overweening opinion of oneself, or one's own qualities, etc.; vain. Orig. self-conceited. (The principal existing sense.) . . 1609 Bp. J. Hall Medit. & Vowes (new ed.) I. §96 A conceited man must be a foole. For, that ouerweening opinion, hee hath of himselfe, excludes al opportunity of purchasing knowledge. . . 1710 Lady M. W. Montagu Let. 20 July (1965) I. 45 A tatling, impertinent, vain, and Conceited Creature . . 1872 C. Darwin Emotions xiii. 331 The conceited are rarely shy; for they value themselves much too highly to expect depreciation.’
About Tuesday 19 November 1661
‘subpoena, n. < classical Latin sub poenā under a penalty . . the opening words of the writ . . 1. a. A writ requiring the attendance of a defendant at court in order to answer a charge alleged against him or her, subject to penalty for non-compliance . . Now hist. In England, Wales, and Ireland such writs were issued by the Court of Chancery in order to commence a suit; the procedure was abolished in 1852. . . ?1575 J. Hooker Orders Enacted for Orphans f. 39, A Sub pena is graunted against the partie, to compel him to appeer in the Chauncery.1651 Certaine Observ. conc. Lord Chancellor 31 No Subpœna may be granted without Suerty to satisfie the Defend. for his damages and expences, if the matter cannot be made good. . . 1768 W. Blackstone Comm. Laws Eng. III. 443 If the defendant, on service of the subpoena, does not appear..he is then said to be in contempt . . ‘
About Monday 18 November 1661
‘Very merry’ = still just about capable of routine work without a mistake though perhaps slow.
‘Drunk’ = incapable of working.
Drunk before dinner meant you were good for nothing and not to be relied on. Drunk after dinner meant much less as you had had ample time before dinner to do the important tasks of the day
About Saturday 16 November 1661
‘eleemosynary . . 2. Dependent on or supported by alms.1654 G. Goddard Acct. Parl. in T. Burton Diary (1828) I. Introd. p. lxv, If we be a mere elemosynary Parliament we are bound to do his drudgery . . ‘
About Wednesday 13 November 1661
Adding in the 11 days adjustment for the old calendar takes us to Nov 24 New Style, past the transition from autumn to winter, a Little Ice Age winter much older than what we get nowadays.
DNB has: ‘ . . It was in the years 1668–70 that both James and Anne converted to Roman Catholicism. Anne was a devout woman who had practised secret confession since the age of twelve and who clearly valued the visual and the ritual elements in worship: Pepys saw her in James's ‘little pretty chapel’ at her ‘silly devotions’ . .
She gave birth to her eighth child, a daughter, on 9 February 1671, but by now her fatal illness, probably breast cancer, was in an advanced stage . . On 30 March she ate a hearty dinner, but fell ill that night and died at 3 p.m the following day . . ‘ [aged 34]
‘ . . Her husband was certainly no match for her. He was widely seen as under her thumb: ‘the duke of York, in all things but his codpiece, is led by the nose by his wife’ (Pepys, 9.342) . . ‘
About Saturday 9 November 1661
‘lace, n. < Old French laz . . < popular Latin *lacium a noose . . 5. a. Ornamental braid used for trimming men's coats, etc.; †a trimming of this. Now only in gold lace, silver lace, a braid formerly made of gold or silver wire, now of silk or thread with a thin wrapping of gold or silver. . . 1634 H. Peacham Gentlemans Exercise (new ed.) 135 Garters deepe fringed with gold lace.1684 Dryden Prol. Univ. Oxf. in Misc. Poems 272 Tack but a Copper-lace to Drugget sute . .
6. A slender open-work fabric of linen, cotton, silk, woollen, or metal threads, usually ornamented with inwrought or applied patterns. Often called after the place where it is manufactured, e.g. Brussels lace n. . . . . 1613 (title) The King's edict prohibiting all his subjects from using any gold or silver, either fine or counterfeit; all embroiderie, and all lace of Millan, or of Millan fashion.1715 J. Gay Epist. Earl Burlington 118 The busy town..Where finest lace industrious lasses weave. lace-man n. a man who manufactures or deals in lace . .
1669 S. Pepys Diary 26 Apr. (1976) IX. 534 Calling at the laceman's for some lace for my new suit.’
About Friday 8 November 1661
'scholar, n. Forms: OE scolere, scoliere, ME–16 scholer, ME scolere, ME–15 scoler, ME scolare, skolere, scolier, (Caxton escolyer), ME–15 scolar, ME–16 scoller, 15 scolear, scoleir, scollar, skoller, skolar, 15–16 scholler, schollar, schooler, 16 schoolar, skooller, skollar, ( sholar), 15–18 vulgar schollard, 18 scholard, 15– scholar.'