Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Chris Squire UK has posted 18 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.
The most recent…
About Saturday 19 May 1660
'crambo, n. Etym: apparently a popular variation of crambe n.* 1. a. A game in which one player gives a word or line of verse to which each of the others has to find a rhyme.1660 S. Pepys Diary 19 May (1970) I. 149 From hence to The Hague again, playing at Crambo in the waggon . . '
' . . 3. = crambo1631 B. Jonson Divell is Asse v. viii. 110 in Wks. II, F. Ioule, owle, foule, troule, boule. P. Crambe, another of the Diuell's games!1631 B. Jonson New Inne i. iii. 114 Where every Iouial Tinker, for his chinke, May cry, mine host, to crambe, giue vs drinke; And doe not slinke, but skinke, or else you stinke.1706 Phillips's New World of Words (ed. 6) , Crambe or Crambo, a Term us'd among School-boys, when in Rhiming, he is to forfeit, who repeats a word that was said before.'[OED]
About Monday 14 May 1660
‘masty, adj. Etym: < mast n.2 . . Compare mastiff Now Eng. regional. 1.†a. Of a pig: fattened. Obs.c1450 (▸c1380) Chaucer House of Fame 1777 Ye masty swyn, ye ydel wrechches . .
b. Chiefly of a person: burly, big-bodied.a1593 Marlowe Jew of Malta (1633) iv. sig. H4v, A masty slaue he is.1660 S. Pepys Diary 14 May (1970) I. 138 Some masty Duchmen came on board. . . 1886 R. E. G. Cole Gloss. Words S.-W. Lincolnshire 88 Masty, very large and big: as ‘They're a masty family’.1995 J. M. Sims-Kimbrey Wodds & Doggerybaw: Lincs. Dial. Dict. 186/2 Masty, of a person; big and strong.’ [OED]
About Wednesday 18 April 1660
The temptation to show off by posting spoilers is strong - but should be resisted. Let us react to the day's events as it they'd just happened and we, like Samuel, have no idea what the morrow would bring.
Otherwise, what's the point of reading the diary as a blog? Anyone who wants to jump ahead and see what happens can do so.
About Saturday 14 April 1660
Adam; probably the bedmaker was too weak to escape. A fit & desperate man in the prime of life [he was 41] like Lambert can easily climb down a rope - or in this case slide down it but a middle aged or indeed elderly woman cannot.
He was imprisoned on a Guernsey island until his death in 1684.
He was not a regicide but had been a leading man in the protectorate.
About Wednesday 11 April 1660
Adam Nicolson is the son of writer Nigel Nicolson and his wife Philippa Tennyson-d'Eyncourt. He is the grandson of the writers Vita Sackville-West and Sir Harold Nicolson.
About Monday 9 April 1660
Re: ‘gale’; OED offers:
‘gale, n.31. a. A wind of considerable strength; in nautical language, the word chiefly ‘implies what on shore is called a storm’ (Adm Smyth) . . in popular literary use, ‘a wind not tempestuous, but stronger than a breeze’ (Johnson) . .. . 1626 J. Smith Accidence Young Sea-men 17 A calme, a brese, a fresh gaile, a pleasant gayle, a stiffe gayle. . . 1801 J. Capper Observ. Winds & Monsoons Pref. p. xxiii, The tempest..is..the same as a hurricane, or whirlwind: I shall therefore use these words synonimously, and place them in the first order, or degree of violent winds. The storm, or what the English seamen call a hard gale, is likewise, I believe, nearly the same; I shall, therefore, make use of the former for the land, and the latter for the sea term, and reckon these in the second class. . . 1899 Westm. Gaz. 24 Jan. 4/3 A gale is not a gale until it has reached Force 7 on the Beaufort scale, though many people lightly class all heavy winds as gales.1923 W. N. Shaw Forecasting Weather (ed. 2) 456 As a result of the investigation of 1905 we now classify . . winds between 39 and 63 mph as gales.1963 Meteorol. Gloss. (Meteorol. Office) (ed. 4) 109 Gale, a wind of a speed between 34 and 40 knots (force 8 on the Beaufort scale of wind force, where it was originally described as ‘fresh gale’) . . ‘
About Friday 30 March 1660
The link to: http://www.pepysdiary.com/about/annotations/all doesn't work. The guidelines must have been moved.
I think we/you should refrain from spoilers and assume that most readers are new - as I am to this part of the diary - and as most readers will be in the many years, centuries indeed, to come when this version of the diary will be read.
I remember the shock I felt when someone posted, quite casually and unnecessarily, that we had now only a year to go before the end of the diary. The motto should be: 'if in doubt, leave it out!'
About Tuesday 27 March 1660
‘scuttle-butt Etym: See scuttled adj.a. Naut. A cask of drinking-water on board ship; a drinking-fountain. Also fig.1801 J. J. Moore Brit. Mariner's Vocab. sig. S2, Scuttle-butt, or cask, is a cask having a square piece sawn out of its bilge and lashed upon the deck. It is used to contain the fresh water for daily use . . ‘
‘scuttled, adj. Having a hole cut in it . . . . 1846 A. Young Naut. Dict., Scuttled-butt or (as it is generally abbreviated) Scuttle-butt, a cask with a square hole cut in its bilge, kept on deck to hold water for ready use.’
‘scuttle, v.2 < scuttle n.21. a. trans. To cut or bore a hole or holes in the sides or bottom of (a vessel, boat, etc. for the purpose of sinking her). 2. a. To cut a hole in (the deck of a vessel), esp. for the purpose of salving the cargo.’
‘scuttle, n.2 Of obscure origin; identical with French écoutille hatchway . . 1. a. Naut. A square or rectangular hole or opening in a ship's deck smaller than a hatchway, furnished with a movable cover or lid, used as a means of communication between deck and deck . .
b. A hole cut or bored through any part of a ship, esp. for salving the cargo.
c. The lid of a scuttle-hole or hatchway.’
About Monday 26 March 1660
I agree with Sasha Clarkson.
About Friday 23 March 1659/60
‘Perspective glass = Perspective . . .a. An optical instrument for looking through, as a magnifying glass, telescope, monocle, etc. In early use also: any of various devices, such as an arrangement of mirrors, for producing an unusual optical effect, e.g. the distortion of an image▸c1395 Chaucer Squire's Tale 234 They speke of Alocen and Vitulon And of Aristotle þat writen..Of queynte mirours and of perspectyues [v.rr. perspecsitiuis, prospectyues, prospecsatiuis; profectyues]. . . a1661 W. Brereton Trav. (1844) 60 Wm. Daviseon offered to furnish me with a couple of these perspectives, which shew the new-found motion of the stars about Jupiter.1692 tr. C. de Saint-Évremond Misc. Ess. 280 By the means of great Perspectives, which Invention becomes more perfect every Day, they discover new Planets. . . 1748 B. Robins & R. Walter Voy. round World by Anson ii. vi. 195 By means of our perspectives..we saw an English flag hoisted.’ [OED]