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Chris Squire UK has posted 663 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

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About Saturday 20 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Likely that the main object of going to 'Change was to have private conversation with Coventry about the business of the day. And to get some exercise and fresh air before dinner, of course.

About Saturday 20 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re jeannine’s now 10-yr-old enquiry about the weather:

‘Met Office Regional forecast for London: Wet and very windy tomorrow.

This Evening and Tonight: Continuing cloudy with outbreaks of rain or drizzle spreading across all parts. Generally mild with strong gusty southwest winds developing, and occasional gales along the south coast. Min T 7 °C.

Thursday: Cloudy and mild with occasionally heavy rain during morning, then turning colder and brighter later with a few showers. Strong winds with gales for a time, possibly severe. Max T 11 °C.

Outlook for Friday to Sunday: Friday: Cold, sunny intervals and isolated showers. Saturday: Less cold with strong winds but largely dry until later. Sunday: Rain clearing though further showers are likely, breezy but mild = 12C.

Updated at: 1409 on Wed 22 Feb 2017’
Monday was a fine warm day . .

NB: Our Hero was using the Old Style Calendar, 10 days behind our New Style, so his February 20 1664 (a leap year) = March 1 New Style, a big difference at this time of the year, so the odds of a fine day are much higher - but not this year:

‘UK Outlook for 27 Feb to 8 Mar 2017: A fairly unsettled picture is likely at first, as further weather systems affect the UK from the Atlantic. Showery spells could affect many areas . . Milder, cloudier weather is likely to be more prevalent further south and east at first, but all areas are likely to turn colder by the mid-week with an increasing risk of overnight frost. The changeable Atlantic influence is likely to remain in place as we go into March, with cloudy spells accompanied by rain and strong winds at times . . There is a smaller likelihood of more settled conditions with overnight fog and frost by early March.’

About Friday 19 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’he would grant letters of mark’

‘marque, n.1 < Anglo-Norman mark . .
. . 2. letter of marque n.
a. Usu. in pl. Also more fully letter(s) of marque and reprisal. Originally: a licence granted by a monarch authorizing a subject to take reprisals on the subjects of a hostile state for alleged injuries. Later: legal authority to fit out an armed vessel and use it in the capture of enemy merchant shipping and to commit acts which would otherwise have constituted piracy . .

So far as European nations are concerned the issue of letters of marque was abolished by the Declaration of Paris in 1856. However, it remains possible under the U.S. Constitution for Congress (but not for state governments) to commission privateers by letters of marque.
1353 Rolls of Parl. II. 250/1 Nous eions la Lei de mark & de reprisailles.
. . 1548 Hall's Vnion: Henry VIII f. cxlvv, Shewyng hym how their goodes were taken, by letters of Marke, their shippes restrained [etc.].
. . 1690 Dryden Don Sebastian iv. i. 83 'Tis a prize worth a Million of Crowns, and you carry your Letters of mark about you.’ (OED)

About Thursday 18 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

supper, n. < Anglo-Norman
. . 2. The last meal of the day . . The time and style of ‘supper’ varies according to history, geography, and social factors. For much of its history, ‘supper’ was simply the last of three daily meals (breakfast, dinner, and supper), whether constituting the main meal or not . . Where both ‘supper’and ‘dinner’ can be applied to the last of three meals, supper is often a lighter or less formal affair than dinner . . Where four meals a day are recognized, ‘supper’ is a light late meal or snack following an early evening dinner or a late afternoon or early evening ‘tea’.
. . 1694 W. Westmacott Θεολοβοτονολογια 3 Sweet Almonds..are commonly allowed by Physicians, to be eaten with a few Raisins..for a Supper.
1723 T. Hearne Diary 18 Jan. in Reliquiae Hearnianae (1857) II. 486 'Tis usual with the fellows and their friends to have a supper, and to sit up all night drinking and singing . .
The ambiguities of ‘tea’ will have to wait for another day . .

About Thursday 18 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: dinnner vs. lunch vs. supper: in England this is a matter of class (of course) and it is important to get it right if in a strange milieu:
dinner, n. < French dîner . . The chief meal of the day, eaten originally, and still by the majority of people, about the middle of the day (cf. German Mittagsessen), but now, by the professional and fashionable classes, usually in the evening; particularly, a formally arranged meal of various courses; a repast given publicly in honour of some one, or to celebrate some event.

. . 1620 T. Venner Via Recta viii. 173 Our vsuall time for about eleuen of the clocke.
1712 T. Hearne Remarks & Coll. (1889) III. 372 At eleven Clock this Day, I being then at Dinner in Edmund Hall Buttery
luncheon, n.< Related in some way to lunch n.2. The ordinary view, that the spelling lunching represents the etymological form, appears somewhat unlikely. In our quots. the earliest form is luncheon, and this appears in our quots. earlier than lunch; and there is no evidence of a derivative verb in the 16–17th cent. It is possible that luncheon might have been extended < lunch on the analogy of the relation between punch, puncheon, trunch, truncheon.
. . 2. a. Originally, a slight repast taken between two of the ordinary meal-times, esp. between breakfast and mid-day dinner. The word retains this original application with those who use dinner as the name of the mid-day meal; with those who ‘dine’ in the evening, luncheon denotes a meal (understood to be less substantial and less ceremonious than dinner) taken usually in the early afternoon. Now somewhat formal: cf. lunch n.2 2.

a1652 R. Brome Madd Couple Well Matcht v. i, in Wks. (1873) I. 92 Noonings, and intermealiary Lunchings.
1655 tr. C. Sorel Comical Hist. Francion iii. 71 For our Breakfast and after-noons Lunchins [Fr. à gouster].
1706 E. Ward Writings (ed. 3) II. 125 Then others more Hungry, their Stomachs to please, Sit down to their Luncheons of House-hold and Cheese.
lunch, n.2 < . . In sense 2 lunch was an abbreviation of luncheon, first appearing about 1829, when it was regarded either as a vulgarism or as a fashionable affectation.
. . 2. a. A synonym of luncheon n. 2. (Now the usual word exc. in specially formal use, though formerly objected to as vulgar.) Also: a light meal at any time of the day.

1829 H. D. Best Personal & Lit. Mem. 307 The word lunch is adopted in that ‘glass of fashion’, Almacks, and luncheon is avoided as unsuitable to the polished society there exhibited.
. . 1968 New Society 22 Aug. 265/2 Though the U still have lunch (not dinner) in the middle of the day and U-dogs still have their dinner then, U-children have changed; they no longer have mid-day dinner, in the nursery, but have lunch with their mothers.

About Wednesday 17 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . an excellent mastiffe, his name Towser, . .’

‘towser, n. One who or that which touses.
a. (With capital T). A common name for a large dog, such as was used to bait bears or bulls . .

touse, v. < Old Germanic . . Now rare.
1. a. trans. To pull roughly about; to drag or push about; to handle roughly; of a dog: to tear at, worry.
. . 1567 J. Maplet Greene Forest f. 83v, There was a Dog..which at the first dash or onset..daunted and toused the Lyon . . ‘


About Monday 15 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

‘East Indies, n. n. India and the adjacent regions of South-East Asia. In later use usually: the islands of South-East Asia, esp. the Malay Archipelago.
. . 1602 Shakespeare Merry Wives of Windsor i. iii. 64 They shall be my East and West Indies, and Ile trade to them both.
1647 A. Cowley Mistresse 19 Mine, mine her faire East Indies were above, Where those Suns rise that cheare the world of Love.
1705 Observator No. 4. 22 His pretending to bring witnesses from the East Indies seem'd liker a fair jank than any proper defence.
Tory, n. and adj. < Anglicized spelling of Irish *tóraidhe
1. a. In the 17th c., one of the dispossessed Irish, who became outlaws, subsisting by plundering and killing the English settlers and soldiers; a bog-trotter, a rapparee; later, often applied to any Irish Papist or Royalist in arms. Obs. exc. Hist.
. . 1657 T. Burton Diary 10 June (1828) II. 210 Major Morgan... We have three beasts to destroy, that lay burdens upon us,—1st, is a public Tory, on whose head we lay 200l., and 40l. upon a private Tory's... 2d. beast, is a priest, on whose head we lay 10l., if he be eminent, more. 3d. beast, the wolf, on whom we lay 5l. a head if a dog; 10l. if a bitch.
. . 1849 Macaulay Hist. Eng. I. ii. 257 The bogs of Ireland..afforded a refuge to Popish outlaws, much resembling those who were afterwards known as Whiteboys. These men were then [temp. Chas. II] called Tories.

. . 2. With capital T: A nickname given 1679–80 by the Exclusioners (q.v.) to those who opposed the exclusion of James, Duke of York (a Roman Catholic) from the succession to the Crown.
According to Roger North Examen (1740) ii. v. ⁋9 The Bill of Exclusion ‘led to a common Use of slighting and opprobrious Words; such as Yorkist. That..did not scandalise or reflect enough. Then they came to Tantivy, which implied Riding Post to Rome... Then, observing that the Duke favoured Irish Men, all his Friends, or those accounted such by appearing against the Exclusion, were straight become Irish, and so wild Irish, thence Bogtrotters, and in the Copia of the factious Language, the Word Tory was entertained, which signified the most despicable Savages among the Wild Irish’.

3. a. Hence, from 1689, the name of one of the two great parliamentary and political parties in England, and (at length) in Great Britain.
. . 1755 Johnson Dict. Eng. Lang. Tory. (A cant term, derived, I suppose, from an Irish word signifying a savage.) One who adheres to the ancient constitution of the state, and the apostolical hierarchy of the church of England: opposed to a whig . .

4. a. U.S. Hist. A member of the British party during the Revolutionary period; a loyal colonist . . ‘

About Sunday 14 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . to put off a copper kettle . . ‘

‘put off v. < Old English . .
. . 9. trans b. To dispose of (a commodity) by sale; to sell . . Obs.
. . 1662 W. Gurnall Christian in Armour: 3rd Pt. 454 As if it were of little more importance to marry a child, than it is to put off a horse or cow at a fair.
1705 tr. W. Bosman New Descr. Coast of Guinea xx. 390 He may put off every Pipe for the worth of Twopence . . ‘

About Saturday 13 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ Being sated with that we went away . . ‘

‘sate, v. < Apparently a pseudo-etymological alteration of sade v., after Latin sat, satis enough . .

1. a. trans. To fill or satisfy to the full (with food); to indulge or gratify to the full by the satisfaction of any appetite or desire.
. . 1639 W. Whately Prototypes (1640) ii. xxvi. 84 So that no outward benefits may glut and satt our hearts.
1713 R. Steele in Guardian 20 Mar. 2/1 As his Resentment was sated, he now began to reflect . . ‘

About Sunday 14 February 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . my uncle out of tune . . ‘

‘tune, n. < A peculiar phonetic variant of tone n., appearing first in 14th cent. < Greek τόνος . .
. . 3. b. fig. in phr. in tune, out of tune, in or out of order or proper condition; in or out of harmony with some person or thing . .
. . 1605 S. Rowlands Hell's broke Loose 21 If Silver in my Pockets do not ring, All's out of tune with mee in eu'ry thing.
. . c1680 W. Beveridge Serm. (1729) I. 332 If our bodies be out of tune so are our minds too . . ‘