Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Chris Squire UK has posted 119 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.
The most recent…
About Friday 1 March 1660/61
‘tiffin, n. Etym: Appears to have originated in the English colloquial or slang tiffing < tiff v.2 to take a little drink or sip . . 1785 F. Grose Classical Dict. Vulgar Tongue, Tiffing, eating, or drinking out of meal time.1867 H. Wedgwood Dict. Eng. Etymol., Tiffin, now naturalised among Anglo-Indians in the sense of luncheon, is the North country tiffing (properly sipping).In India and neighbouring eastern countries, A light midday meal; luncheon.1800 Ward in Carey's Life (1885) vi. 137 Krishna came to eat tiffin (what in England is called luncheon) with us . . ‘
The word has now gone out of use in Britain.
About Thursday 28 February 1660/61
Here's OED 's penny's worth:
‘ . . II. 5.d. to sell or let by the candle . . : to dispose of by auction in which bids are received so long as a small piece of candle burns, the last bid before the candle goes out securing the article . . This appears to have been a custom adopted from the French . .1680 in J. A. Picton City of Liverpool: Select. Munic. Rec. (1883) I. 287 The new marked ground..was let by inch of candle in the town hall.a1682 Sir T. Browne Let. to Friend (1690) 8 Mere pecuniary Matches, or Marriages made by the Candle . . 1797 E. Burke Lett. Peace Regic. France iv, in Wks. IX. 84 Where British faith and honour are to be sold by inch of candle . . 1728 E. Chambers Cycl. (at cited word), There is also a kind of Excommunication by Inch of Candle; wherein, the Time a lighted Candle continues burning, is allow'd the Sinner to come to Repentance, but after which, he remains excommunicated to all Intents and Purposes.’
‘Sheathing1. b. The action of putting on a protective layer to a ship's bottom; the method or manner in which this is done. . . a1642 W. Monson Naval Tracts (1704) iii. 346/2 Another Sheathing is with double Planks.1694 Narbrough's Acct. Several Late Voy. 153 Mr. John Sish took no ordinary Care in Strengthening her, and in her Shething, which was as well performed as in any Ship that ever sailed on the Sea . .
2. a. A protective layer or covering laid on the outside of the bottom of a wooden ship, to protect the planks from the borings of marine animals. Formerly of boards, etc., later usually of thin plates of metal (copper). Also a wooden covering sometimes used to protect the submerged parts of iron ships from corrosion by the water. . . 1633 T. James Strange Voy. 32 We saw some of the sheathing swim by vs.1691 T. Hale Acct. New Inventions p. xx, She had her sheathing strip'd at seven Years end to repair the Plank, but not for any defect in the Sheathing it self.1728 in 6th Rep. Dep. Kpr. Rec. App. ii. 155 A new method for preserving the plank and sheathing of Ships . . ‘
About Wednesday 27 February 1660/61
‘Little’ here is a mix of sense 3:
‘Used to convey an implication of endearment or depreciation, or of tender feeling on the part of the speaker . . . . 1694 A. Wood Life 23 June, I returned from London in the company of a little poore thing, Sir Lacy Osbaldeston . . ‘
‘8.b. Of persons: Not distinguished, inferior in rank or condition . . . . 1611 Bible (A.V.) 1 Sam. xv. 17 When thou wast litle in thine owne sight. . . 1751 Johnson Rambler No. 152. ⁋5 To learn how to become little without being mean.1772 H. Mackenzie Man of World (1823) i. viii. 428 There is no Tax so heavy on a little man, as an acquaintance with a great one.’
SP is enjoying the still novel sensation of being in a position to patronise Captain Murford, a timber merchant, and Luellin, the underkeeper of the Privy Lodgings at Windsor. Both have no doubt started to treat him with some deference now that he has acquired influence.
About Sunday 17 February 1660/61
No coincidence; OED has:
‘nip, n.3 < nip v.1 . . 13. trans. a. Originally: to check or destroy the growth of (a plant), as by the physical removal of a bud or the like, or through the action of cold or frost.
. . 3. a. A severe check to the growth of vegetation caused by cold; the effect of sharp cold upon plants or animals. Also: the quality in wind or weather which produces this; a feeling of biting cold (esp. in a nip in the air ).1614 D. Dyke Myst. Selfe-deceiving v. 87 The flattering of the Sunne raies often drawes forth the blossomes very earely: but afterward come cold nippes.1645 Milton Epitaph Marchioness of Winchester in Poems 25 So have I seen som tender slip Sav'd with care from Winters nip.1684 G. Stepney To Earl of Carlisle 61 So hasty fruits and too ambitious flow'rs,..find a nip untimely as their birth. . . 2000 Calgary (Alberta) Sun (Electronic ed.) 14 Dec., Nothing like a nip of winter in the air to get the hockey blood flowing.‘
About Saturday 16 February 1660/61
Susan: Se non è vero, è ben trovato.
About Monday 11 February 1660/61
OED has: ‘deal, n.3 . . Introduced from Low German c1400 1. a. A slice sawn from a log of timber (now always of fir or pine), and usually understood to be more than seven inches wide, and not more than three thick; a plank or board of pine or fir-wood . . The word was introduced with the importation of sawn boards from some Low German district, and, as these consisted usually of fir or pine, the word was from the first associated with these kinds of wood.
. . 2. As a kind of timber: The wood of fir or pine, such as deals (in sense 1) are made from.white deal, the produce of the Norway Spruce ( Abies excelsa); red deal, the produce of the Scotch Pine ( Pinus sylvestris); yellow deal, the produce of the Yellow Pine ( P. mitis), or kindred American species . . ‘
About Thursday 7 February 1660/61
One reason for banning dueling was the use of pistols instead of swords. A pistol could kill more easily than a sword and - even worse - it could be used with little training at short range by anyone brave enough, enabling the rising middle class of trade and professional men to duel with the the gentry who had learnt how to handle a sword as a child.
See: Pistols at dawn - weapons that tell story of last fatal duel in Scotlandhttp://www.scotsman.com/news/scotland/top-stori...
About Wednesday 6 February 1660/61
‘ . . 4.h. From the custom of uncovering the head (abridged to ‘raising’ or merely ‘touching’ the cap) in sign of reverence, respect, or courtesy, come many expressions, such as to come with cap in hand . . 1565 A. Golding tr. Ovid Fyrst Fower Bks. Metamorphosis i. f. 2, No man woold crowche..too judge with cap in hand. . . 1675 T. Brooks Word in Season 50 in Paradice Opened, O the caps, knees, and bows that Haman had. . . 1960 Farmer & Stockbreeder 29 Mar. 109/1 A more militant approach is called for and an end to this cap-in-hand begging for fair play.’ [OED]
About Saturday 2 February 1660/61
I think Emilio's post above about property is broadly correct. The grounds were only 'hired' = '3. a. To grant the temporary use of for stipulated payment; to let out on hire; to lease.' [OED] so Robert might well have had to give them up or agree to a higher rent. The agreement would have been for a farming year, i.e. from one Michaelmas [Sept 29] to the next.
About Friday 1 February 1660/61
‘furbish, v. < Old French forbiss . . 1. trans. To remove rust from (a weapon, armour, etc.); to brighten by rubbing, polish, burnish . . 1382 Bible (Wycliffite, E.V.) Ezek. xxi. 9 The swerd is whettid and furbishid. . . 1647 N. Ward Simple Cobler Aggawam 70 In heaven..your swords are furbushed and sharpened, by him that made their metall. . . 1863 ‘G. Eliot’ Romola II. i. 13 Old arms newly furbished.’