Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 684 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

The most recent…


About Tuesday 22 March 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . our little bitch, which is proud at this time, . .’

‘proud, adj., < Old French . .
. . 7. a. Of a female animal, esp. a bitch: undergoing oestrus; in heat. Now regional.
. . 1686 R. Blome Gentlemans Recreation iii. iii. 69/2 You should be very careful to get good Dogs, for your Bitches at their first growing Proud.
. . 1982 Dict. Newfoundland Eng. 393/2 Proud, of a bitch, in heat [citing field research by D. Bartlett of Green Bay in 1973].’
Re: ‘ . . she was helping him to line her . . ’

‘line, v.3 < French . .
trans. Of a dog, wolf, etc.: To copulate with, to cover.
. . 1687 Dryden Hind & Panther i. 11 These last deduce him from th' Helvetian kind Who near the Leman lake his Consort lin'd . . ‘


About Monday 21 March 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . I will remember his carriage to me in this particular . . ‘

'carriage, n. < Old Northern French . .
. . 14. b. Manner of acting to or towards others; treatment of others. arch.
. . 1646 Sir T. Browne Pseudodoxia Epidemica (1686) i. x. 30 Who can but laugh at the carriage of Ammon unto Alexander?
1679 R. South Serm. Several Occasions 36 We have treated of mens carriage to Christ in this world . . ‘


About Elizabeth Pepys (wife, b. St Michel)

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

‘ . . Her mother intending that she become a nun, Elizabeth was briefly placed in the city's Ursuline convent before she and Balty were removed to London by their father . . Her peripatetic upbringing may have instilled in Elizabeth the independent, mature, and determined spirit, as well as the ambivalent opinion towards Catholicism, that characterized her adult life.

. . At previous moments of crisis Elizabeth had expressed a desire to die in the Roman Catholic faith, though when the moment came (in 1669) Samuel chose an Anglican minister to offer the sacrament. Pepys had previously expressed concern about Elizabeth's possible Catholic sympathies (29 November and 6 December 1668), and in 1673 he was himself accused of Catholicism and of ‘breaking his wife's heart, because she would not turn Papist’.

Following the accusation, Balty reassured his brother-in-law that, whatever ‘thoughts, shee might in her more tender yeares have had of Popery’, he was satisfied ‘that you kept my Dear sister in the true protestant Religion till her Death’. Balty's letter also provides a rare if uncorroborated example of Elizabeth's own reported speech in a life otherwise recorded entirely in Pepys's voice. While admitting that she had been mistaken in her childhood, she is said to have told her brother, ‘I have now a man to my husbande soe wise, and one so religious in the Protestant religion … to ever suffer my thought to bende that way any more’ . . ‘


About Sunday 20 March 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Please - no more spoilers! The pleasure of reading the diary as a blog is that it lets the story unfold day by day just as it did to Sam. We are kept in suspense as to whether and for how long they ‘lived happily ever after’.

So readers do not want those who came before showing off their knowledge of what happens in the future - thank you. Those who can’t wait to find out what happens may go to and can if they wish add their penny-worth to the an encyclopedia entry such as for Elizabeth.

About Tuesday 15 March 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . I would have satisfaction . . ’

‘satisfaction, n. < French . . ’ The action of satisfying; the state or fact of being satisfied.
I. With reference to obligations.
1. a. . . the atoning for (rarely †of) an injury, offence, or fault by reparation, compensation, or the endurance of punishment. Also quasi-concr., the pecuniary or other gift or penalty, or the act, by which . . an offence is atoned for.
. . 1604 Shakespeare Hamlet iv. v. 207 If by direct, or by colaturall hand They find vs toucht, we will our kingdome giue,..and all that we call ours To you in satisfaction
. . 1725 D. Defoe New Voy. round World ii. 153 The Captain..promised to have the Fellows punished, and Satisfaction to be made . .

. . 4. a. The opportunity of satisfying one's honour by a duel; the acceptance of a challenge to a duel from the person who deems himself insulted or injured. Chiefly in phrases, to give, demand satisfaction.
. . 1709 R. Steele Tatler No. 25. ⁋5 It is called Giving a Man Satisfaction, to urge your Offence against him with your Sword.

(Not applicable to this case as poor Tom was no gentleman - Sam’s claim to gentry status was no doubt mocked by many and certainly did not extend to his tradesman brother)

About Tuesday 15 March 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . Dr. Pepys, the puppy . . “

‘puppy, n. < Middle French . .
. . 2. a. colloq. (freq. derogatory). A foolish, conceited, or impertinent young man; (also) a young person, esp. one who is inexperienced or naive. In later use often somewhat arch.
. . 1655 J. Howell 4th Vol. Familiar Lett. vii. 19 That opinion of a poor shallow-brain'd puppy, who [etc.].
1710 Swift Jrnl. to Stella 14 Nov. (1948) I. 96 Sir Richard Cox, they say, is sure of going over lord chancellor, who is as arrant a puppy as ever eat bread . .’
Re: ‘ . . a piece for his fee . . ’

‘piece, n. < Anglo-Norman . .
. .16. c. Any of various English gold coins current in different periods; spec. (a) the unite of James I; (b) a sovereign; (c) a guinea. See also broad-piece n. Obs.
. . 1660 S. Pepys Diary 14 Mar. (1970) I. 86 Here I got half a piece of a person of Mr. Wrights recommending to my Lord to be preacher in the Speaker frigate.
1706 R. Estcourt Fair Example iii. i. 34 Fifty Pieces are 50 Pound, 50 Shillings, and 50 Six-pences: I know what they are well enough, and you too . . ‘
Re: ‘ . . he beginning . . to rattle . .’

‘rattle, v.1 < Probably ultimately of imitative origin.
. . 2. intr. a. To produce an involuntary rattling noise, esp. in the throat when speaking or breathing . . Now rare.
. . 1619 E. Bert Approved Treat. Hawkes (1890) 86 Vpon any bate she [sc. the hawk] wil heaue and blow, and rattle in the throat.
. . 1753 N. Torriano tr. J. B. L. Chomel Hist. Diss. Gangrenous Sore Throat 5 Her Voice was much interrupted, and she her Breath . . ‘
Re: ‘ . . the poor wretch lying with his chops fallen . . ’

‘chop, n.2 < Another form of chap n.2; and the more usual one in several senses . .
. . 1. b. usually pl. Jaws; sides of the face.
. . 1615 H. Crooke Μικροκοσμογραϕια 124 The muscles of the choppes.
1621 J. Fletcher et al. Trag. of Thierry & Theodoret iii. i. sig. F4, He..layes mee ouer the chops with his clubfist.
. . 1877 F. Ross et al. Gloss. Words Holderness (E.D.S.) Chops, the jaws. ‘Ah'll slap thy chops fo' tha'’.’

About Wednesday 16 March 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . to put off till Friday next . . ’

‘next, adj. < Germanic . .
. . 5. b. Applied (without preceding the) to days of the week, with either the current day or (in later use; orig. Sc.) the current week as the implicit point of reference. Thus (for example) next Friday may mean ‘the soonest Friday after today’ or ‘the Friday of the coming week’. The latter may be indicated contextually, e.g. by contrast with this, but it is not always clear which meaning is intended. Cf. sense A. 10c.

. . 1606 Wily Beguilde 58 Yfaith my sweet honny combe, Ile love thee..We must be askt in Church next Sunday, and weel be married presently.
1676 R. Hooke Diary 19 Nov. (1935) 258 Resolvd to read next thursday on the Longitude and about magneticks, &c.
1700 in G. A. Henderson Kirk St. Ternan (1962) 104 Weekly exercises..which he begin nixt Wednesday come eight days . . ‘

‘10. c. Applied to days of the week, with either the current day or (more usually) the current week as the implicit point of reference. Cf. sense A. 5a . .
. . 1639 in S. Ree Rec. Elgin (1908) II. 235 To intymate upon Sonday nixt that..Sonday cum aucht dayes is ordeant to be a day of..fasting.
1711 E. Budgell Spectator No. 67. ⁋18 The Collection of Pictures which is to be Exposed to Sale on Friday next . . ‘

About Monday 14 March 1663/64

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . what their dealings have been she knows not, but believes these were naught . . ’

‘naught, pron., n., adj., and adv. < Old English . .
. . 2. a. Wickedness, evil, moral wrong . .
1627 R. Sanderson Ten Serm. 411 From doing nothing proceede to doing naught . . ‘
Re: ‘ . . It seems my Lord Southampton’s canaille —[sewer]— did come too near their foundation . . ‘

This is not:
‘canaille, n.< Middle French . .

1. With the: the common people; the mob or masses. Also (without article): common people collectively; rabble.
. . 1679 W. Penn Addr. Protestants i. 26 This Shameful Impiety..has not only prevailed with the Populace, the Cannale, the Vulgar.’

but a misspelling of:
‘canal, n. < classical Latin. A conduit or drain for liquid. Obs.

a1576 Bp. J. Pilkington Godlie Expos. Nehemiah (1585) (iii. 7) f. 44v, The sinkes, Canals, and conduits, did wash and conuey away al the sweepings and filth of the streetes into the Brooke Cedron . . ‘

Re: ‘ . . I had not hand to give myself up to consult what to do in it . . ‘

‘hand, n. < Germanic . .
. . 17. Capacity of doing something with the hands, and hence of adeptness or ability more generally; skill, ability, knack; a particular skill or talent.

IV. Senses relating to skill or dexterity in the use of the hands, or to actions performed using the hands.
. . 1708 P. A. Motteux Wks. F. Rabelais v. xx, I have no hand at making of Speeches.
1791 A. Radcliffe Romance of Forest I. ii. 68, I had always a hand at carpentry.
1859 W. G. Simms Cassique of Kiawah xx. 193 He's got a hand for a-most anything . . ‘
Re: ‘ . . her stomach coming down we were presently friends . . ‘

‘stomach, n. < Old French . .
. . 6. a. Used (like ‘heart’, ‘bosom’, ‘breast’) to designate the inward seat of passion, emotion, secret thoughts, affections, or feelings. Now rare.
. . 1663 S. Butler Hudibras: First Pt. i. iii. 180 This said, his grief to anger turn'd, Which in his manly stomack burn'd.
1707 J. Addison Rosamond ii. 16 My Stomach swells with secret Spight, To see my fickle, faithless Knight..So little his own Worth to know . . ‘