Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 524 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

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About Sunday 19 July 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

OED has (my emphases):

‘person n. < Latin . .
II. A human being, and related senses.
. . 2. b. A man or woman of high rank, distinction, or importance; a personage. Usually (and now only) with modifying word or phrase.
. . 1604 E. Grimeston tr. J. de Acosta Nat. & Morall Hist. Indies v. viii. 348 If it were a person of QUALITIE, they gave apparrell to all such as came to the interrement.
1673 Dryden Assignation i. i. 1 A man of my parts and tallents, though he be but a Valet de Chambre, is a person.
. . 1769 W. Robertson Hist. Charles V II. vi. 417 Immediately the chief persons IN THE STATE assembled.
1804 ‘E. de Acton’ Tale without Title II. 26 Their ultimatum was obtained, and they were considered as persons OF CONSEQUENCE.
1882 Harper's Mag. Mar. 550/1 The administrator..has..various lands and casitas of his own—a person OF SUBSTANCE, in fact.
1922 S. Lewis Babbitt iii. 28 Babbit felt himself a person OF IMPORTANCE, one whose name even busy garagemen remembered.
. . 2004 Boston Herald (Nexis) 8 Jan. 1 The prosecutor called Connelly's actions as a person OF RANK in a police department ‘offensive.’

but NOT ‘person of honour’; the word ‘honour’ is not to be found in the 8,000 word+ entry for ‘person’. As for ‘honour’ itself:

‘honour < Latin . .
. . 2. a. Quality of character entitling a person to great respect; nobility of mind or spirit; honourableness, uprightness; a fine sense of, and strict adherence to, what is considered to be morally right or just.
. . 1548 Hall's Vnion: Edward IV f. ccxxxiiiv, The king of England had so great the honor & promise of the French kyng.
1649 R. Lovelace Poems (1864) 27, I could not love thee, dear, so much, Lov'd I not Honour more.
. . 1705 G. Stanhope Paraphr. Epist. & Gospels II. 94 What is Honour, but a greatness of mind which scorns to descend to an ill and base thing?
1755 Johnson Dict. Eng. Lang. Honour, nobleness of mind; scorn of meanness; magnanimity . . ‘

so it is surprising not to find it in the ‘person’ list, in both its literal sense and the pejorative as used byPepys: ‘ . . which is, I find, as much as to say a coxcomb . . ’ = ‘3. a. A fool, simpleton (obs.); now, a foolish, conceited, showy person, vain of his accomplishments, appearance, or dress; a fop; ‘a superficial pretender to knowledge or accomplishments’ (Johnson)’.

The distinction between the honourable title ’Man of Honour’ (bestowed on someone by his peers) and ’Person of Honour’ (claimed by coxcombs, scrubs and scoundrels) is well explained starting at p 79 of ‘An Essay on Honour’ by John Hildrop in ‘The Miscellaneous Works . . ’ (London, 1754). This is the 11th item listed by TF’s google search.

About Saturday 18 July 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . she had been with all the artists in town’ . . ‘

OED has:

‘artist n. < Latin . .
. . II. A person skilled in a learned art.
. . 4. A person skilled in magic arts or occult sciences; an astrologer, an alchemist. Obs.
. . a1626 W. Rowley Birth of Merlin (1662), The Artists..that seeks the secrets of futurity . . ‘

About Monday 13 July 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: So, it being high day . .

‘high day . . .
2. The time of full daylight, when the sun is high in the sky.
. . 1667 S. Pepys Diary 29 Nov. (1974) VIII. 552 Thus we lay till the clock struck 8, and high day.
1737 W. Pardon Dyche's New Gen. Eng. Dict. (ed. 2) at Hour, In the Jewish Account, the Day was divided into 4 Parts, Morning, High-day or Noon, the first Evening, and the last Evening . . ‘ [OED]

About Monday 13 July 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

‘She . . had a yellow plume in her hat (which all took notice of), and . . very melancholy’

The meaning here is clearly:

‘ . . 2. fig. a. Affected with jealousy, jealous . . Also in allusive phrases, as to wear yellow hose = to be jealous. Obs.
. . 1623 P. Massinger Duke of Millaine iv. ii. sig. I1v, If I were The Duke..I should weare yellow breeches.
. . c1680 Man's Felicity xiii, My Wife will wear no yellow hose . . ‘

About Wednesday 8 July 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

-- when did the term "night soil men" come into use?

OED has:

‘night soil, n. Human excrement removed (esp. at night) from cesspools, outdoor privies, etc.
. . 1756 in J. Fielding Extr. Penal Laws (1762) xliii. 187 If any Person shall put or cast any Night Soil out of any Cart,..he shall be committed for any Time not exceeding one Month . . ‘
1994 R. Davies Cunning Man 89 Surely the collection of garbage, or even of night-soil, would be the fate of one who did not pass his university entrance.

. . night-soil man n.
1844 Mechanics' Mag. 5 Oct. 235/2 This information ought not to be lost upon the night-soil men of London and other large cities, but still more should it engage the attention of the Commissioners of Sewers.’
‘what will become of the corn this year . . ’

OED has:

‘corn, n.1 < Common Germanic . .
. . II. spec. The fruit of the cereals.
3. a. collective sing. The seed of the cereal or farinaceous plants as a produce of agriculture; grain. As a general term the word includes all the cereals, wheat, rye, barley, oats, maize, rice, etc., and, with qualification (as black corn, pulse corn), is extended to leguminous plants, as pease, beans, etc., cultivated for food. Locally, the word, when not otherwise qualified, is often understood to denote that kind of cereal which is the leading crop of the district; hence in the greater part of England ‘corn’ is = wheat n., in North Britain and Ireland = oats; in the U.S. the word, as short for Indian corn n., is restricted to maize.
. . 1600 R. Surflet tr. C. Estienne & J. Liébault Maison Rustique v. vii. 668 Grounds that are to be sowen with corne, that is to say with rie corne, maslin, some kind of barlie, Turkie corne & such others whereof bread is made, and especially..wheate corne.
1767 Jrnl. Voy. H.M.S. Dolphin 143 Rice is the only corn that grows in the island.
1774 T. Percival Ess. Med. & Exper. (1776) III. 62 lately has it been cultivated in Lancashire, that it has scarcely yet acquired the name of corn, which in general is applied only to barley, oats, and rye . .

4. a. Applied collectively to the cereal plants while growing, or, while still containing the grain.
1623 Shakespeare & J. Fletcher Henry VIII v. iv. 31 Her Foes shake like a Field of beaten Corne .
. . 1861 Times 4 Oct. 7/4 The corn is all cut, with the exception of a few late pieces.’

About Monday 6 July 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

re: ‘ . . he had his tallys up . . ’

A tally came in 2 bits - he had ‘tallies of pro’ from the Navy Office in settlement of his expense account; the other halves, ‘tallies of sol’, were sent to the tax collecting office that was to pay him in ready money. To get his money he had had to present his bit to that office which would pay him if and when they had the other bit and some cash. I take ‘up’ to mean that he’d been ‘paid in tallies’ in full - which was not the same as being paid in full in ready money as the first quote makes clear.

OED has:
‘tally, n.1 < Anglo-Latin . .
1. a. A stick or rod of wood, usually squared, marked on one side with transverse notches representing the amount of a debt or payment. The rod being cleft lengthwise across the notches, the debtor and creditor each retained one of the halves, the agreement or tallying of which constituted legal proof of the debt, etc.
. . 1776 A. Smith Inq. Wealth of Nations I. ii. ii. 385 In 1696 tallies had been at forty, and fifty, and sixty per cent. discount, and bank notes at twenty per cent.
1847 J. Francis Hist. Bank Eng. iv. 59 Tallies lay bundled up like Bath faggots in the hands of brokers, and stock-jobbers.
1848 J. J. S. Wharton Law Lexicon (at cited word), The use of tallies in the Exchequer was abolished by 23 Geo. III c. 82, and the old tallies were ordered to be destroyed by 4 & 5 Wm. IV c. 15.
1892 W. R. Anson Law & Custom of Constit. II. vii. ii. §1. 310 In 1834..orders were given to destroy the tallies. They were used as fuel in the stoves which warmed the Houses of Parliament; they overheated the flues, and burned down the Houses.’

So they did, bequeathing us the present unique ramshackle Palace of Westminster.

‘ . . c. tally of pro (i.e. pro, for or in favour of some one), tally of sol (i.e. solutum, paid) . .
. . 1696 London Gaz. No. 3157/4 Lost..a Tally of Pro, dated the 18th of May 1695, in the Name of John Richards, Esq; for 300 l. struck on the Commissioners of His Majesty's Hereditary and Temporary Revenues of Excise.
. . 1843 Fourth Rep. Dep. Kpr. App. ii. 166 The Tally of Pro..operated as a modern cheque on a banker, being given forth in payment from the Exchequer, as a charge upon some public accountant, for him to pay the sum expressed thereon, out of the revenues in his hands . . ‘

About Saturday 4 July 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: "he told us of one wipe the Queen a little while ago did give her":

OED has:

‘wipe, n. < Old English . .
. . 3. fig. A cutting remark; a sarcastic reproof or rebuff; a jeer, jibe.
. . a1652 A. Wilson Hist. Great Brit. (1653) 96 The Lord Treasurer gave him a wipe, for suffering his Coachman to ride bare before him in the streets.
. . 1705 J. Vanbrugh Confederacy v. ii, So, that's a wipe for me now, because I did not give her a New-Years-Gift last time . . ‘