Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 569 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

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About Saturday 19 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . my lip being . . bit with the gnatts)

‘gnat, n.1< Old English gnæt(t strong masculine, cognate with German dialect gnatze weak feminine.
1.a. A small two-winged fly of the genus Culex, esp. Culex pipiens, the female of which has a sharp pointed proboscis, by means of which it punctures the skins of animals and sucks their blood.
In the United States: the common mosquito, Culex mosquito
. . 1617 S. Hieron Penance for Sinne in Wks. (1620) II. 75 Let not our sermons be as the spiders web, thorow which doe breake the greater flies, while onely the lesser gnats are taken.

. . 2. Applied to other insects resembling this; (U.S.) a small stinging fly of the genus Simulium.
. . 1867 F. Francis Bk. Angling vi. 186 The Black Gnat..has been called ‘the fisherman's curse’.’
‘gnat's piss n. slang a very weak beverage; a drink of poor quality.
1959 I. Opie & P. Opie Lore & Lang. Schoolchildren ix. 164 Weak tea may be ‘gnat's piss’ . . ‘
In Britain we also have the mighty midge:

‘midge, n.< Germanic . . Perhaps ultimately related to a number of forms in other Indo-European languages (showing various different extended forms of the same base), such as: ancient Greek μυῖα, classical Latin musca, Albanian mizë, all in sense ‘fly’.
1. a. A small insect resembling a gnat; (Entomol.) any of numerous insects of the dipteran families Chironomidae and Ceratopogonidae, which are commonly found in swarms near water or marshy areas.
Midges of the family Ceratopogonidae are the ‘biting midges’; those of the family Chironomidae are the ‘non-biting midges’.
. . 1658 J. Rowland tr. T. Moffett Theater of Insects in Topsell's Hist. Four-footed Beasts (rev. ed.) 953 These small Summer Gnats..are properly called in English Midges.
1668 W. Charleton Onomasticon Zoicon 43 Culices..Gnats, & si parvi sunt Midges . . ‘

About Friday 18 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . they call the ‘Breedlings’ of the place . . ‘

ˈbreedling, n. One born and bred in a place; a native.
1663 S. Pepys Diary 18 Sept. (1971) IV. 311 Over most sad Fenns all the way observing the sad life that the people of that place (which if they be born there, they call the ‘Breedlings’ of the place) do live. [Taken by Macaulay for a proper name. See Hist. Eng. (1855) III. xi. 41.]’

About Thursday 17 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . my uncle Day’s will and surrender . . ’

‘surrender, n. < Anglo-Norman surrender . .
The action or an act of surrendering.
1. a. The giving up of an estate . . spec. the yielding up of a tenancy in a copyhold estate to the lord of the manor for a specified purpose . .
. . 1590 W. West Συμβολαιογραϕία ii. §311. sig. DDiij, An Instrument of Surrender is an instrument testifiyng..that the particuler tenant of landes..doth..agree, that he which hath the next immediate remainder or reuersion thereof shall also haue the particuler estate of the same in possession.
. . 1766 W. Blackstone Comm. Laws Eng. ii. 365 Surrender,..the yielding up of the estate by the tenant into the hands of the lord, for such purposes as in the surrender are expressed . . ‘
‘indifferent, adj. < French
. . 6. b. Of medium or moderate extent, size, etc.; fairly large; tolerable. Obs. or arch.

1548 in W. Page Certificates Chantries County of York (1895) II. 482 Of good conversacion and qualities and indifferent lerenyng.
1580 J. Lyly Euphues & his Eng. (new ed.) f. 96, Indifferent welth to maintaine his family, expecting all thinges necessary, nothing superfluous.
1603 R. Johnson tr. G. Botero Hist. Descr. Worlde 77 Of sheepe they haue in some places indifferent store.
1697 W. Dampier New Voy. around World v. 96 Two little Islands, each about a mile round, of an indifferent heighth.
1707 tr. P. Le Lorrain de Vallemont Curiosities in Husbandry & Gardening 231, I discover'd them to be compos'd of much Mercury, of an indifferent Quantity of Sulphur, and a little less of fixt Salt. . . ‘
Re: ’laura k on 24 Sep 2006 Fens is also a generic term for swamp or bog land. Thus the Irish revolutionary group, the Fenians . . ’

‘Fenian, n. and adj. < Old Irish féne ‘one of the names of the ancient population of Ireland’ (Windisch), confused in modern times with fíann feminine collect., the name of a body of warriors who are said to have been the defenders of Ireland in the time of Finn and other legendary Irish kings.
1. (See quot. 1879.) Obs. exc. Hist.
. . 1879 Encycl. Brit. IX. 75/1 According to popular tradition the Fians, or Fenians were mercenary tribes acting as a permanent military force for the support of the Ard Rig, or king of Eire . .

About Wednesday 16 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . reproached my uncle . . with taking use upon use for this money

‘use, n. < Anglo-Norman
. . P17. use upon use: compound interest; (more generally) excessive interest. Also fig.

1605 J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas Deuine Weekes & Wks. i. iii. 91 You Citie-Vipers, that (incestuous) ioyne Vse vpon vse, begetting Coyne of Coyne.
. . 1740 S. Richardson Pamela II. 389, I am become a mere Usurer; and want to make Use upon Use.’

About Tuesday 15 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . not sensible how they ought to treat my uncle and his son . .’

‘sensible, adj. and n. < French . .
11. a. Cognizant, conscious, aware of something. Often with some tinge of emotional sense: Cognizant of something as a ground for pleasure or regret . .
. . 1662 J. Davies tr. A. Olearius Voy. & Trav. Ambassadors 200 The Birds, which were not yet sensible of the Cold,..continued their Chirping and Singing till near the middle of December.
1667 S. Pepys Diary 14 Feb. (1974) VIII. 62 Which shows how little we are sensible of the weight of the business upon us . . ‘

About Sunday 13 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘I . . was willing enough to feign . .’

‘feign, v. < Latin . .
. . 8. b. absol. To practise simulation.
. . 1612 T. Taylor Αρχὴν Ἁπάντων: Comm. Epist. Paul to Titus i. 2 He seemeth to faine, by vttering things clean contrary to his mind.
1671 Milton Paradise Regain'd i. 474 It may stand him more in stead to..feign .

. . 9. b. intr. To pretend, make oneself appear. Const. to with inf. . .
. . 1632 J. Hayward tr. G. F. Biondi Eromena 6 Fayning to goe recreate himselfe..gave order publikly. . . ‘

Sam made her keener by dangling the trip in front of her as a casual remark and then raising difficulties when she wanted to go and letting her win him over. Clever!

About Monday 14 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . my cozen Thomas dropped his hange . . ‘

‘hanger, n.3 < hang v. Old English/Old Norse . . A kind of short sword, originally hung from the belt.
. . 1530 J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 229/1 Hangre a weapen, bracquemart.
. .1590 R. Harvey Plaine Percevall sig. D4, The sight of a Hanger rusted in the sheath hanging by ones side.
. . 1719 D. Defoe Life Robinson Crusoe 263, I made him a Belt, with a Frog hanging to it, such as in England we wear Hangers in; and in the Frog, instead of a Hanger, I gave him a Hatchet . . ‘

About Saturday 12 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . "he may hold his mind" . . ’

I haven’t found this in the OED under either ‘hold’ or ‘mind’; I think Robert Gertz above 13.09.16 is correct.

About Friday 11 September 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’This morning . . knocked up in our back yard . .

‘to knock up < Late Old English . .
1. trans. To drive upwards, or fasten up, by knocking; spec. in Bookbinding . . ; in Bootmaking . .
1660 S. Pepys Diary 30 Jan. (1970) I. 33 Knocking up nails for my hats and cloaks.

2. intr. To be driven up so as to strike something. to knock up against, to come into collision with; fig. to meet with, come across, encounter.

3. trans. To make up (hastily or off-hand), to arrange summarily.

4. To put together hastily; = to knock together 3 at Phrasal verbs. Also, to prepare (food) quickly (U.S.).

5. To get or accumulate by labour or exertion; spec. in Cricket, to run up (a score), make (so many runs) by striking the ball. colloq.

6. To arouse by knocking at the door. (This sense is not current in the U.S.)
1663 S. Pepys Diary 11 Sept. (1971) IV. 304 This morning, about 2 or 3 a-clock, knocked up in our backyard..I find it was the Constable and his watch.
. . 1973 National Observer (U.S.) 3 Feb. 7/1 Fielding's guide-book considerately explains that a male host may quite casually tell a female American house guest that he will ‘knock you up at 7:30 tomorrow morning’. The term, of course, conveys nothing more than a rapping at the door until one is awakened.

7. To overcome or make ill with fatigue; to exhaust, tire out. (Esp. in pass.)

8. intr. To become exhausted or tired out; to become unserviceable; to break down.

9. trans. To break up, destroy, put an end to.

10. To make (a woman) pregnant; (less commonly) to have sexual intercourse with (a woman). slang (orig. U.S.).
. . 1836 D. Crockett Exploits & Adventures in Texas vii. 97 Nigger women are knocked down by the auctioneer, and knocked up by the purchaser . . '