Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Chris Squire UK has posted 187 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.
The most recent…
About Tuesday 27 August 1661
I agree with Bill. SP would have used the title [even if it was just a courtesy title] of anyone who had one or referred to them as 'my lord'. This would be automatic in an age of rank and deference where title and rank counted for so much.
About Monday 26 August 1661
‘stand . . 6. A state of being unable to proceed in thought, speech, or action; a state of perplexity or nonplus. Nearly always in the phrases to be at a stand , to put to a stand . . . . 1657 E. D'Oyley Let. 28 Feb. in Coll. State Papers J. Thurloe (1742) VI. 834 The prints telling me, that the heads of their people are..accounted conspirators..hath put me to some stand how to carry myself towards them.1739 tr. C. Rollin Anc. Hist. (ed. 2) IV. 212 There is one point however that puts me to a stand . . ‘
About Sunday 25 August 1661
Sasha seems to me to sum up the problem of Pall pretty well. We all have to learn how to do deference in order to learn a crust - some find it much harder than others.
‘demean . . 6. a. refl. To behave, conduct or comport oneself (in a specified way). The only existing sense: cf. demeanour n. . . a1616 Shakespeare Comedy of Errors (1623) iv. iii. 82 Now out of doubt Antipholus is mad, Else would he neuer so demeane himselfe. . . 1682 J. Norris tr. Hierocles Golden Verses 31 We should..demean ourselves soberly and justly towards all . . ‘
About Sunday 18 August 1661
‘cassowary n. < Malay kasuārī . . 1. A genus of large cursorial birds, related to the Ostrich, inhabiting the islands in the Indian Archipelago as far as New Guinea. They stand about five feet high; the wings are of no use for flight, but are furnished with stiff featherless quills, like spines, which serve for combat or defence.‘Named Emeu by the early Portuguese navigators. It is the Emeu vulgo Casoaris (the latter appearing to be the Malay appellation) of Bontius.’ Penny Cycl. XXIII. 142/2. (See emu n.)1611 H. Peacham in T. Coryate Crudities sig. k4v, Saint Iames his Ginney Hens, the Cassawarway moreover. [Margin] An East Indian bird at St. Iames in the keeping of Mr. Walker. . . 1690 J. Locke Ess. Humane Understanding ii. xxv. 152 The Relation of Dam and Chick, between the two Cassiowaries in St. James's Park . . ‘
About Saturday 17 August 1661
Re: ‘beggary’: it’s not clear what exactly SP meant; here’s what OED offers:
‘beggary, n.1. The state or condition of a beggar; extreme poverty. Also fig.1681 R. Baxter Apol. Nonconformists Ministry 58 [They] drank themselves into beggery.
†2. The action or habit of begging; the beggar's trade, mendicancy. Obs.1650 N. Ward Discolliminium 19 Witnesse the dayly Beggaries, and nightly Robberies throughout the Land. 3. concr. The profession or class of beggars; a place where beggars live.?1615 G. Chapman tr. Homer Odysses (new ed.) xviii. 147 Not presume to be Lord of the guests or of the beggary. †4. Beggarliness; contemptible meanness. Obs.1629 J. Ford Lovers Melancholy i. 12 So do thy knavery and desperate beggary. †5. Beggarly stuff, rubbish; ‘beggarly elements.’ Obs.1645 J. Fary Gods Severity 9 The briars and beggery that growes about it . . ‘…………..‘Seal’ in contrast is straight forward:
‘seal, v.1 < Old French seeler, (modern French sceller ) . . I. To attest by a seal. 1. a. trans. To place a seal upon (a document) as evidence of genuineness, or as a mark of authoritative ratification or approval. In legal use often coupled with sign or deliver; now chiefly in the full phrase ‘signed, sealed, and delivered’, indicating the complete execution of a deed. . . 1600 Shakespeare Merchant of Venice i. iii. 143 Goe with me to a Notarie, seale me there Your single bond.a1684 J. Evelyn Diary anno 1653 (1955) III. 80, I went to Lond: & sealed some of the Writings of my Purchase of Sayes-Court. . . 1719 D. Defoe Farther Adventures Robinson Crusoe 192 They only desired one general Writing under my Hand for the whole, which I caused to be drawn up and sign'd and seal'd to them . .
d. To grant (a charter, etc.) under one's seal . . . . 1660 S. Pepys Diary 17 Mar. I. 90 This day..I did..seal my will to her [sc. my wife], whereby I did give her all that I have in the world.‘………‘dirk on 20 Aug 2004’ is even more relevant 10 years later.
About Thursday 15 August 1661
‘Shift . . 5. a. An expedient necessitated by stress of circumstances; a forced measure . .
. . 6. to make (a) shift.a. To make efforts, bestir oneself, try all means. Now dial. Also †to make busy, good, hard shift . . . 1600 P. Holland tr. Livy Rom. Hist. ii. x. 50 Euerie man made shift for himselfe . .
b. To attain one's end by contrivance or effort; to succeed; to manage to do something. †to make shift of : to manage to secure (some result). . . 1611 T. Middleton & T. Dekker Roaring Girle sig. F, If I could meete my enemies one by one thus, I might make pretty shift with 'em in time.1698 J. Fryer New Acct. E.-India & Persia ix. 128 The Horse..made the best shift of all . .
c. To succeed with difficulty, to manage with effort to do something. So †to make a hard shift . . . 1704 Clarendon's Hist. Rebellion III. xi. 136 Most of the Foot made a shift to conceal themselves . .
d. To do one's best with (inferior means), to be content with, put up with. . . 1687 A. Lovell tr. J. de Thévenot Trav. into Levant i. 33 When they have no Spoons, they make an easie shift without them.1733 Swift Let to Mrs. Cæsar 30 July, I cannot make shift nor bear fatigue as I used to do . . ‘
‘Fuddle, v. . . Of obscure origin; compare Dutch vod soft, slack, loose, German dialect fuddeln to swindle. 1. a. intr. To have a drinking bout; to tipple, booze. Also, to fuddle it . .1659 D. Pell Πελαγος 116 (note) See a Captain of a ship sending for this, and the other shandy fellow..to fuddle it in their cabbins . .
2. a. trans. To confuse with or as with drink, intoxicate, render tipsy. . . 1633 May Heir i, in W. C. Hazlitt Dodsley's Sel. Coll. Old Eng. Plays (1875) XI. 523 Did you never come in half fuddled? . . 1890 Spectator 27 Dec. 938/1 It [hypnotism] fuddles the will, in fact, but does not destroy it.’
About Thursday 8 August 1661
And there's this:
'Mad About The Boy Lyrics
I met him at a party just a couple of years ago,He was rather over-hearty and ridiculousBut as I'd seen him on the screen he cast a certain spell.I'd basked in his attractionFor a couple of hours or so.His manners were a fraction too meticulous,
If he was real or not, I couldn't tell,But like a silly fool I fellMad about the boy,I know it's stupidTo be mad about the boy.I'm so ashamed of it
But must admitThe sleepless nightsI've had about the boy.On the silver screenHe melts my foolish heartIn every single scene.
Although I'm quite awareThat here and thereAre traces of the cad about the boy.Lord knows I'm not a fool girl,I really shouldn't care.no I'm not a schoolgirl
In the flurry of her first affair.Will it ever cloyThis odd diversity of misery and joyI'm feeling quite insaneAnd young againAnd all because
I'm mad about the boy.It seems a little sillyFor a girl of my age and weightTo walk down Piccadilly in a haze of light.It ought to take her a good deal moreTo take a bad girl down.
I should've been exempt for my particular kind of fateAs taught me such contempt for every phase of loveAnd now I've been and spent my love torn crownTo weep about a painted clown.Mad about the boy,It's pretty funny
But I'm mad about the boy.He has a gay appeal that makes me feelThere's maybe something sad about the boy.Walking down the streetHis eyes look out at me from people that I meet.I can't believe it's true,
But when I'm blue, in some strange wayI'm glad about the boy.I'm hardly sentimental,Love isn't so sublime.I have to pay my rental And I can't afford to waste much time.
If I could employ a little magicThat would finally destroyThis dream that pains me and it shames meBut I can't because I'm mad about the boy.
Noel Coward, 1932'
Sense 6.b is the right one here; I post the others to show the subtle distinctions that the OED makes throughout. It has:
‘mad adj. . . . . 2. Of a person, action, disposition, etc.: uncontrolled by reason or judgement; foolish, unwise . . 1608 T. Middleton (title) A mad world, my masters.a1616 Shakespeare As you like It (1623) iii. ii. 392, I draue my Sutor from his mad humor of loue to a liuing humor of madnes.1743 J. Bulkeley & J. Cummins Voy. to South-seas Pref. 14 Our Attempt for Liberty in sailing..with such a number of People, stow'd in a Long Boat, has been censur'd as a mad Undertaking.
3. a. Of a person: carried away by or filled with enthusiasm or desire; wildly excited; infatuated. With about, after, for, †of, on (chiefly Brit.), over, †upon, with. . . a1616 Shakespeare All's Well that ends Well (1623) v. iii. 263 He loued her, for indeede he was madde for her. . . 1678 T. Rymer Trag. Last Age 7, I cannot be perswaded that the people are so very mad of Acorns, but that they could be well content to eat the Bread of civil persons. . . 1692 Dryden Cleomenes Pref. sig. A4, The World is running mad after Farce, the Extremitie of bad Poetry . .
4. a. Of a person: insane, crazy; mentally unbalanced or deranged; subject to delusions or hallucinations; (in later use esp.) psychotic. . . 1665 S. Pepys Diary 25 Jan. (1972) VI. 21 He told me what a mad freaking fellow Sir Ellis Layton hath been and is—and once at Antwerp, was really mad . .
6. a. Of a person: beside oneself with anger; moved to uncontrollable rage; furious.
b. Angry, irate, cross. Also, in weakened sense: annoyed, exasperated (with †against, at, with, etc.). Now colloq. (chiefly N. Amer.) and Brit. regional. . . 1611 Bible (A.V.) Acts xxvi. 11 And being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto strange cities.1622 J. Mabbe tr. M. Alemán Rogue ii. 155 Whereat the merchant was so mad, and so transported with passion, that he knew not what to say . .
P1. like mad: (literally) in the manner of one who is mad; (hence) furiously, with excessive violence or enthusiasm; now often (colloq.) in weakened sense, as an intensifier: greatly, to a high degree. Also †like any mad, †for mad. . . 1663 S. Pepys Diary 13 June (1971) IV. 182 Thence by coach with a mad coachman that drove like mad . .
mad-humoured adj.1665 S. Pepys Diary 6 Dec. (1972) VI. 321 Knipp, who is..the most excellent mad-humourd thing; and sings the noblest that ever I heard.'
About Monday 5 August 1661
'close n. . . 2. In many senses more or less specific: as, An enclosed field (now chiefly local, in the English midlands) . . . . 1564 N. Haward tr. Eutropius Briefe Chron. i. sig. C.viii, Seized of a close or field.1712 J. Arbuthnot John Bull Still in Senses vi. 24 We measur'd the Corn Fields Close by Close . . ‘
Coton, Cambridgeshire: ' . . a small village and civil parish about two miles west of Cambridge . . '