Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 605 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

The most recent…


About Wednesday 25 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . nothing in the world so hateful as a dog in the manger.’

‘dog in the manger*, n. A person who selfishly prevents another from having or enjoying something, even though he or she has no personal use for it.

1573 G. Harvey Schollers Loove in Let.-bk. (1884) 114 And as for the Syr Lowte That playdst inne and owte; A dogg in ye maunger, A very ranke raunger.
. . 1836 F. Marryat Japhet III. xviii. 212 Why, what a dog in the manger you must be—you can't marry them both.
. . 2007 P. Briggs in On the Prowl 49, I won't let you sleep around with anyone else. I won't be forced either... If that makes me a dog in the manger, so be it.’

* ‘1. < Anglo-Norman a. A long open box or trough in a stable, barn, etc., out of which horses and cattle can eat fodder . .
. . 1526 Bible (Tyndale) Luke ii. 7 She..wrapped hym in swadlynge cloothes, and layed hym in a manger.
. . 1986 Farmers Weekly 3 Jan. 10/4 We must do something about the troughing, both to improve intake by having feed constantly in the manger, and to cut down labour.’


About Monday 23 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . too good a dinner to eat alone, viz., a good goose and a rare piece of roast beef . . ’

More likely is:

‘rare, adj.1 < classical Latin . .
. . 5. b. colloq. In weakened sense: splendid, excellent, fine . .
. . 1668 Dryden Sr Martin Mar-all v. 67 Mill. You and I will disguise too... Mood. That will be most rare.
1707 E. Ward Wooden World Dissected 59 He's a rare Fellow for giving a bad Captain a good Word . . ‘

but could be:

‘rare, adj.2 < Originally a variant of rear adj.1 . .
1. Of meat, esp. beef: lightly cooked; underdone . .
1615 G. Markham Eng. Hus-wife in Countrey Contentments ii. 54 To know when meate is rosted enough, for as too much rareness is vnwholsome, so too much drinesse is not nourishing . .
Re: ’ . . he is a very painfull man, . .’

‘painful, adj. . .
. . 4. b. Of a person: painstaking, assiduous, diligent. Now rare.
. . 1632 Sir J. Oglander Mem. (1888) 141, I maye trulye saye of the man, I never knewe any more paynefull of bodye, or more industrious of minde.
1702 C. Mather Magnalia Christi i. v. 21/1 The more Learned, Godly, Painful Ministers of the Land . . ‘


About Sunday 22 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . most of their discourse was about hunting, in a dialect I understand very little . . ’

‘Hunting’ here = stag-hunting, still pursued in the West Country but unknown in Pepys’ Cambridgeshire. I think these gentlemen were talking with a broad West Country accent (think ‘Talk like a Pirate’), which Pepys couldn’t interpret, and using some local vocabulary which was completely foreign to him. So it’s mainly:

‘dialect < διάλεκτος Greek . .
. . 2. A form or variety of a language which is peculiar to a specific region, esp. one which differs from the standard or literary form of the language in respect of vocabulary, pronunciation, idiom, etc. . .
1635 E. Pagitt Christianographie 73 The Slavon tongue is of great extent: of it there be many Dialects, as the Russe, the Polish, the Bohemick, the Illyrian..and others.
1716 London Gaz. No. 5497/1 He made a Speech..which was answered by the Doge in the Genoese Dialect . . ‘

with a bit of:

‘ . . 3. a. Manner of speaking, language, speech; esp. the mode of speech peculiar to, or characteristic of, a particular person or group; phraseology, idiom; jargon; a particular variety of any of these.
. .1663 S. Butler Hudibras: First Pt. i. i. 8 A Babylonish dialect, Which learned Pedants much affect.
1730 J. Clarke Ess. Educ. Youth (ed. 2) 172 The Lawyer's Dialect would be too hard for him . . ‘

About Wednesday 18 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . He began this night the fomentation to my wife . . ’

‘fomentation, n. < late Latin . .
1. a. Med. The application to the surface of the body either of flannels, etc. soaked in hot water, whether simple or medicated, or of any other warm, soft, medicinal substance . .
. . 1661 R. Lovell Πανζωορυκτολογια 289 Fomentation with sponges in vineger.
. . 1714 J. Purcell Treat. Cholick 133 Flannel, or a Thin Woollen Cloth worn next to the a lesser kind of perpetual Fomentation . . ‘

About Tuesday 17 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: "I did take a copy of shorthand"

‘shorthand, n. and adj. . .
1. A method of speedy writing by means of the substitution of contractions or arbitrary signs or symbols for letters, words, etc.; brachygraphy, stenography.
1636 Jeffrey Hudson's New Yeeres Gift (title-page), With a Letter as it was penned in short-hand.
1639 J. Mayne Citye Match i. iii, Shall I not learn Arithmetic too, sir, and Short~hand . . ‘

The Diary was not in code, except for the sexual bits: it was in shorthand:

‘ . . The seemingly impenetrable shorthand of the six volumes marked ‘journal’ discouraged examination until, it seems, the successful publication of Evelyn's diary (1818) prompted Magdalene to have Pepys's manuscript deciphered.

An impecunious undergraduate of neighbouring St John's College, John Smith, was hired, and learned the characters by comparing Pepys's shorthand of Charles II's escape story with the longhand version. He did not know that the manual for the system, Thomas Shelton's Tutor to Tachygraphy* (1642), was in the library . . ‘

* ‘tachygraphy, n. < Greek ταχύς swift + -graphy
‘The art or practice of quick writing’ (Johnson); variously applied to shorthand, and (in palæography) to cursive as distinguished from angular letters, to the Egyptian hieratic, and to the Greek and Latin writing of the Middle Ages with its many abbreviations and compendia.
1641 Shelton (title) Tachygraphy. The most exact and compendious methode of short and swift writing . .
1778 Biographia Britannica (ed. 2) I. 538 (note) , Thomas Shelton became famous..for his Tachygraphy . . ‘

Not famous enough for Smith to think Pepys might have used it, evidently.

About Monday 16 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . her great conflux of humours . . did in breaking leave a hollow‘

‘conflux, n. < Latin . .
1. a. Flowing together; flowing into a common body; = confluence n. 1 . .

b. quasi-concr.
1658 W. Johnson tr. F. Würtz Surgeons Guid i. vi. 24 A conflux of ill humours comes to it.
1693 J. Evelyn tr. J. de La Quintinie Reflect. Agric. x. 56 in Compl. Gard'ner Both being so stopt, there is a great Conflux of Water made in a certain Tract of Land.’ (OED)

About Saturday 14 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . I am resolved to write to him very suddenly.’

‘suddenly, adv. (and adj. < Anglo-Norman . .
. . 2. Without delay, forthwith, promptly, immediately, directly, at once. Obs.
. . 1595 Shakespeare Henry VI, Pt. 3 iv. ii. 4 Speake suddenlie my Lords, are we all friends?
. . 1669 S. Sturmy Mariners Mag. v. xiii. 85 Be sure when you have Fired the Fuse, suddenly to cast it [sc. the grenade] out of your hand . . ‘ (OED)

About Thursday 12 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘Lay long in bed, indeed too long, divers people . . staying for me . .’

divers, adj. < Middle English divers < Old French < Latin diversus . .
. . 3. Various, sundry, several; more than one, some number of. Referring originally and in form to the variety of objects; but, as variety implies number, becoming an indefinite numeral word expressing multiplicity, without committing the speaker to ‘many’ or ‘few’. Now somewhat archaic, but well known in legal and scriptural phraseology.
. . b. with that of indefinite number more prominent: Several, sundry.
. . 1614 W. Raleigh Hist. World i. i. viii. §3. 134 If Nimrod tooke diuers yeares to find Shinaar.
1751 T. Smollett Peregrine Pickle II. lxxi. 266 The old gentleman..made divers ineffectual efforts to get up . . ‘

‘stay, v.1 < Old French . .
. . 14. to stay for —— v.
a. To remain or wait in a place for (a person or thing) . .
. . 1616 Shakespeare Two Gentlemen of Verona (1623) iii. i. 360 Thy Master staies for thee at the North gate.
a1665 K. Digby Jrnl. Voy. to Mediterranean (1868) 9 But they steyed for us and made readie for fight . . ‘ (OED)

About Wednesday 11 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . which they call in chymistry Aurum fulminans . . ‘

‘fulminating, adj. < Latin
That fulminates*.
1. a. Detonating, violently explosive. fulminating gold . . fulminating powder, formerly, a mixture of nitre, potash, and sulphur; now sometimes applied to other violently explosive powders, chiefly containing fulminate of mercury.
1646 Sir T. Browne Pseudodoxia Epidemica ii. v. 89 These afford no fulminating report.
. . 1695 J. Woodward Ess. Nat. Hist. Earth 206 The Fulminating Damp will take fire at a Candle.
. . 1807 T. Thomson Syst. Chem. (ed. 3) II. 12 This powder is fulminating gold, which is composed of five parts of yellow oxide of gold and one part of ammonia . . ‘

* ‘ . . 6. b. intr. To explode with a loud report, detonate, go off.
1667 Henshaw in Sprat Hist. Royal Soc. 275 If you fulminate it [salt-petre] in a Crucible.
1738 G. Smith tr. Laboratory v. 133 The Saltpetre and Tartar will soon begin to fulminate.
1853 W. Gregory Inorg. Chem. (ed. 3) 255 A dark powder is formed, which fulminates violently when heated.’

About Tuesday 10 November 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . had my head casting about how to get a penny . . ‘

‘cast, v. < Middle English . .
. . 60. a. Hunting. intr. Of dogs (or huntsmen): To spread out and search in different directions for a lost scent.
1704 Dict. Rusticum at Hare-hunting, So will they [Greyhounds] soon learn to cast for it at a doubling or default . .

b. transf. and fig. to cast about one: to look about (mentally).
. . 1867 W. D. Howells Ital. Journeys 277 Spinabello cast about him to find a suitable husband for her.’

‘to cast about
. . 3. To go this way and that in search for game, a lost scent, etc., orig. a hunting locution. Cf. 60.
. . 1607 E. Topsell Hist. Fovre-footed Beastes 141 Dogges..will cast about for the game, as a disputant doth for the truth.
. . 1879 R. L. Stevenson Trav. with Donkey 166, I began to cast about for a place to camp in.’

Re: ‘ . . I fear has at this time got too great a hank over me by the neglect of my lawyers . . ’

‘hank, n. < Norse . .
. . 4. fig. a. A restraining or curbing hold; a power of check or restraint: esp. in to have a hank on or over any one. Now rare or dial.
1613 T. Potts Wonderfull Discov. Witches sig. P4, The said Witches..had then in hanck a child of Michael Hartleys.
1706 G. Farquhar Recruiting Officer ii. ii. 18 'Twill give me such a hank upon her Pride . . ‘