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Chris Squire UK has posted 759 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

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About Saturday 13 August 1664

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . Scotoscope..a curious curiosity it is to see objects in a dark room with. . . ’

‘scotoscope, n. < scoto- < ancient Greek σκότος darkness . .

1. Microscopy. An instrument which illuminates an object so that it can be more easily viewed with a microscope, comprising a glass globe filled with brine for concentrating light from a lamp, a convex lens being used to focus this light on the object. Now hist. The invention of the scotoscope is attributed to Robert Hooke . .
1664 S. Pepys Diary 13 Aug. (1971) V. 240 There comes also Mr. Reeve with a Microscope and Scotoscope..a curious curiosity it is to see objects in a dark room with.
. . 1924 Nature 5 July 11/2 Can any of your readers explain the principle of the scotoscope which Pepys defines in his an instrument enabling objects to be viewed ‘in a dark room’? . .

2. A telescope incorporating an image intensifier, allowing use in dark conditions. rare. This sense probably developed from dictionary definitions of scotoscope which were based on Pepys's use of the term (see quot. 1664 at sense 1); for example, N.E.D. (1910) defines scotoscope as: ‘An instrument which enables the user to see in the dark’.
1964 Appl. Optics 3 671 The scotoscope can be arranged to give a color presentation; however, when this is done, it is at the expense of a fairly high percentage of the photons incident from the scene.’


About Friday 12 August 1664

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘fancy’:

OED just has:

‘fancy, n. and adj. < A contraction of fantasy n < Old French . .
B. adj. . .
. . 3. . . resulting from the exercise of fancy or caprice.
. . c. Of an animal or bird: Of a kind bred for the development of particular ‘points’ or qualities . .
. . 1851 H. Mayhew London Labour II. 54/2 A dog recommended by its beauty, or any a ‘fancy’ animal.
1880 Gainsburgh Times 20 Feb. in E. Peacock Gloss. Words Manley & Corringham, Lincs. ‘What sort of a dog was it?’..‘A fancy dog’. . . ‘

About Monday 8 August 1664

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . the translation of a Dutch print . . ’

‘print, n. and adj.2 < Anglo-Norman . .
. . 12. a. A printed publication; esp. a printed sheet, a newspaper . .
. . 1689 R. Atkyns Lord Russel's Innocency Further Defended 11 It is that Point which the Answerer's first Print, viz. his Antidote against Poyson, did not mention . . ‘


About Conventicle

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

‘conventicle, n. < Latin . .
. . 4. a. A religious meeting or assembly of a private, clandestine, or illegal kind; a meeting for the exercise of religion otherwise than as sanctioned by the law.
. . a1684 J. Evelyn Diary anno 1656 (1955) III. 181 To Lond, to receive the B: Sacrament, & was the first time that ever the Church of England was reduced to a Chamber & Conventicle, so sharp was the Persecution.

. . b. spec. in Eng. Hist. A meeting of (Protestant) Nonconformists or Dissenters from the Church of England for religious worship, during the period when such meetings were prohibited by the law.

This specific application gradually became distinct after 1593, and may be said to have been recognized by the ‘Conventicle Act’ of 1664; for although the word there occurs in constant conjunction with assembly and meeting, and always with qualification, it was entitled ‘An Act to prevent and suppress seditious conventicles’, by which title it is cited in the Act of Toleration of 1689.

The application to Nonconformist worship after its legalization or ‘establishment’ in 1689, and esp. after the repeal of the Conventicle Act in 1812, comes, according to circumstances, from a historical survival of the idea of illegality or from a living idea of schism or heresy.
. . 1663 S. Pepys Diary 27 May (1971) IV. 159 The first [bill], he [sc. Roger Pepys] says, too devilish a severe act against conventicles.
1664 Act 16 Chas. II c. 4 (Conventicle Act) Any Assembly Conventicle or Meeting under colour or pretence of any Exercise of Religion in other manner than is allowed by the Liturgy or practise of the Church of England.
1664 S. Pepys Diary 7 Aug. (1971) V. 235 Came by several poor creatures, carried by by Constables for being at a conventicle.’


About Saturday 6 August 1664

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . both of them soundly weary and galled . . ’

‘galled, adj.2 < Old English . .
1. (a) Affected with galls* or painful swellings. . .
1660 W. Secker Nonsuch Professor 151 Most persons are like gauld horses that cannot indure the rubbing of their sores . .

* 1. a. Originally, a painful swelling, pustule, or blister, esp. in a horse (cf. windgall n.1). In later use (? influenced by gall v.1), a sore or wound produced by rubbing or chafing.
. . 1600 P. Holland tr. Livy Rom. Hist. (1609) xxviii. xxvii. 681 Full against my will I touch these points, as sores and gals [L. vulnera] that will not abide the rubbing . . ‘

About New Nursery

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

‘nursery, n. and adj. < Middle French . .
. .2.c. A theatre established in London for the training of actors. Obs.
1664 S. Pepys Diary 2 Aug. (1971) V. 230 Tom setting up a Nursery; that is, is going to build a house in Moore fields wherein he will have common plays acted . . ‘


About Sunday 31 July 1664

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . where I was invited . . to a venison pasty.. . ’

‘venison, n. < Anglo-Norman . .
1. a. The flesh of an animal killed in the chase or by hunting and used as food; formerly applied to the flesh of the deer, boar, hare, rabbit, or other game animal, now almost entirely restricted to the flesh of various species of deer.
. . 1598 J. Manwood Lawes Forest (1615) v. 49 Amongst the common sort of people, nothing is accompted Venison, but the flesh of Red and Fallow Deere.
1617 F. Moryson Itinerary iii. 149 Hares are thought to nourish melancoly, yet they are eaten as Venison, both rosted and boyled . . ‘


About Thursday 28 July 1664

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: 'There is nothing more taking in the world with me than that play.'

'taking, adj. < early Scandinavian . .
. .  2. Appealing, engaging, pleasing, charming, captivating; that takes the fancy or affection. colloq. in later use. Long the most common sense, though now somewhat dated.
. . 1665   R. Boyle Occas. Refl. vi. x. sig. Pp1v   He will ever consider the taking'st Notions he can frame of vertue, more as Engagments to it, than Arguments of it . .'


About Tuesday 26 July 1664

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . as much as I could be in such sorry company . . ‘

‘sorry, adj. (and int.) and n.1 < Germanic . .
. . 4. a. Of a person: wretched, pathetic; poor.
(a) Generally.
. . 1624 T. Gataker Discuss. Transubstant. 102 Whom they themselves account to be but a sorry obscure fellow.
. . 1748 S. Richardson Clarissa III. xii. 86 Continue Esquire. It is a respectable addition, altho' every sorry fellow assumes it . .


These relations were the folk from whence he came - something he didn’t care to be reminded of as he wishes to pass for a gentleman and hasn’t yet quite made it.