Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Chris Squire UK has posted 90 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.
The most recent…
About Thursday 6 December 1660
‘laudanum, n. Etym: < modern Latin laudanum, used by Paracelsus as the name of a medicament for which he gives a pretended prescription, the ingredients comprising leaf-gold, pearls not perforated, etc. It was early suspected that opium was the real agent of the cures which Paracelsus professed to have effected by this costly means; hence the name was applied to certain opiate preparations which were sold as identical with his famous remedy . . ‘
‘pet, n.3 Etym: Origin unknown. Compare the apparent derivative pettish adj., which is first attested earlier. Offence at being or feeling slighted; a fit of peevishness or ill humour from this cause, (now) esp. a childish sulk. Freq. in in a pet. Also to take (the) pet : to take offence, to become bad-tempered or sulky (now rare, perh. obs.). . . 1660 S. Pepys Diary 6 Dec. (1970) I. 311 Which did vex me..and so I took occasion to go up and to bed in a pett . . ‘
About Saturday 1 December 1660
‘baste, Etym: Of uncertain origin, . . To beat soundly, thrash, cudgel. . . 1660 S. Pepys Diary 1 Dec. (1970) I. 307, I took a broom and basted her till she cried extremely . . ‘
nothing to do with the still current:
‘baste, Etym: Origin unknown . . 1. a. To moisten (a roasting joint, etc.) by the application of melted fat, gravy, or other liquid, so as to keep it from burning, and improve its flavour.1509 A. Barclay Brant's Shyp of Folys (Pynson) f. xlix, The fat pygge is baast, the lene cony is brent. . . 1736 Compl. Family-piece i. ii. 106 Tie your Lobsters to the Spit alive, baste them with Water and Salt . . ‘
About Monday 26 November 1660
For the reason for the difference between the dates of the shortest day and of the latest sun-rise, etc. see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equation_of_time
‘neat, adj. A. adj. I. Senses relating to elegance, smartness, etc. 1. a. Of a thing, a place, etc.: characterized by an elegance of form or arrangement, with freedom from unnecessary additions or embellishments; of agreeable but simple appearance; finely made or proportioned; well-formed. Also as n. Now freq. coinciding with sense A. 4b. In early use the handsomeness of the thing appears to be the more prominent idea; later the notions of simple elegance or regularity of form predominate. . . 1602 B. Jonson Poetaster iii. i. 30 Here's a most neate fine streete; is't not?1630 M. Godwin tr. F. Godwin Ann. Eng. i. 113 Hampton Court, the neatest pile of all the King's houses.1674 in C. R. Lounsbury Illustr. Gloss. Early Southern Archit. & Landscape (1994) 240 A neat Coffin of Black walnutt . .
. . 4. b. Put or kept in good order; trim, tidy. . . a1616 Shakespeare Taming of Shrew (1623) iv. i. 102 Now my spruce companions, is all readie, and all things neate?1673 J. Ray Observ. Journey Low-countries 427 At Switz..the people..keep their houses neat and cleanly, and withal very polite and in good repair . . ‘
About Saturday 24 November 1660
This seems to be the nearest thing to proper absinthe in the UK:
'Sebor - Authentic Absinthe with Wormwood - 50cl - 55% ABV - An authentic blend of thirteen different herbs, Sebor Absinth is produced using traditional brewing methods to create the finest alcohol blended with a wealth of organic ingredients, including the highest level of wormwood, to give a rich mellow flavour.'
About Thursday 22 November 1660
‘whisk, n.1 Etym: . . partly < whisk v., partly < Scandinavian noun represented by Old Norse visk . . II. 2. A neckerchief worn by women in the latter half of the 17th century. Obs. exc. Hist. . . 1660 S. Pepys Diary 22 Nov. (1970) I. 299 My wife..bought her a white whiske and put it on.1688 R. Holme Acad. Armory iii. ii. 17/1 A Womans Neck Whisk..is used both Plain and Laced, and is called of most a Gorgett or a falling Whisk . . ‘
About Monday 19 November 1660
‘muscadine, n.1 and adj. Etym: Probably alteration of muscadel . . 1. More fully muscadine wine. Wine made from muscat or similar grapes . . . . 1542 N. Udall tr. Erasmus Apophthegmes f. 137v, Well fauoured or beautyfull stroumpettes he avoched to bee like unto bastarde or muscadyne. . . 1656 T. Blount Glossographia at Verdea, A kind of white Muscadine wine, made in Toscany, which is sometimes brought into England in bottles.1660 S. Pepys Diary 19 Nov. (1970) I. 296 And so he and I to the Sun and I did give him a morning draught of Muscadine .. ‘
‘muscadel, n. Etym: In early use apparently < Old Occitan muscadel . .1. = muscatel n. 1. More fully muscadel wine. Now chiefly S. Afr. The name muscadel is more commonly used in South Africa than muscatel for wines made from muscat grapes (see note at sense 2). Such wines are usually sweet white dessert wines, though they may be red and are now often fortified. . . a1616 Shakespeare Taming of Shrew (1623) iii. iii. 45 Hee calls for wine, a health quoth he, as if he had beene aboord carowsing to his Mates after a storme, quaft off the Muscadell, and threw the sops all in the Sextons face . . ‘
About Friday 16 November 1660
It is curious to read this entry and the comments on it in late 2013, after 5 years of ZIRP http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zero_interest-rate... Here’s what OED knows about ‘bottomry’, including SP from 1663:
‘bottomry, n. A species of contract of the nature of a mortgage, whereby the owner of a ship, or the master as his agent, borrows money to enable him to carry on or complete a voyage, and pledges the ship as security for repayment of the money. If the ship is lost, the lender loses his money; but if it arrives safe, he receives the principal together with the interest or premium stipulated, ‘however it may exceed the usual or legal rate of interest’ . . 1622 G. de Malynes Consuetudo 171 The name Bottommarie is derived by the Hollanders from the Keele or Bottome of a ship..The money so taken vp by the master of the ship, is commonly done vpon great necessitie..the vse payed for the same is verie great, at 30, 40, and 50 pro cent. without consideration of time.1663 S. Pepys Diary 30 Nov. (1971) IV. 401 A Maister of a ship, who had borrowed twice his money upon Bottomaryne. . . 1842 J. A. Park Law Marine Insur. II. xxii. 869 In this consists the difference between bottomry and respondentia, that the one is a loan upon the ship, the other upon the goods.1848 J. Arnould Law Marine Insurance I. i. ix. 206 The lender on bottomry advances money to the borrower on condition, that if the ship perishes the borrower is to pay him nothing, [etc.].’
About Tuesday 13 November 1660
‘Imprest A. Of money: Lent, or paid in advance, advanced, esp. to soldiers, sailors, and public officials. Obs. . . 1658 E. Phillips New World Eng. Words, Imprest Money, is money paid to Souldiers before hand.1690 London Gaz. No. 2580/4, Some Seamen..having received Imprest Money or Wages..have Absconded.
. . B. n.1 . . c. Auditor of the Imprest (see quot. 1670). bill of imprest, an order authorizing a person to draw money in advance: cf. imprest-bill n. at Compounds.1665 S. Pepys Diary 13 Dec. (1972) VI. 327, I did get a bill of imprest to Captain Cocke, to pay myselfe in part. . . 1666 S. Pepys Diary 17 Oct. (1972) VII. 328 The clearing all my imprest bills . . ‘
‘Painful . . 4. b. Of a person: painstaking, assiduous, diligent. Now rare. . . 1612 J. Smith Map of Virginia 22 The women be verie painefull and the men often idle. . . 1741 T. C. Pagett Misc. Prose & Verse 359 The painful Student, spends his sleepless Nights, And fancies he's Immortal, if he writes . . ‘
‘Peck Etymology: Probably < Anglo-Norman pek, pec, pekke, pekk unit of capacity for dry goods (c1240), of uncertain origin . . . . 2. a. A unit of capacity for dry goods equal to a quarter of a bushel, now equivalent (in Britain) to two imperial gallons (approx. 9.09 litres) or (in the U.S.) to eight quarts (approx. 8.81 litres) . . c1405 (▸c1390) Chaucer Reeve's Tale (Hengwrt) (2003) l. 90 The Millere sholde noght stelen hem half a pekke Of corn by sleighte. . . 1708 E. Arwaker Truth in Fiction iii. xx. 220 A Friend..Ask'd his old Neighbour how the Market went; What Rate a Peck of Wheat, or Rye, did bear?1725 R. Bradley Chomel's Dictionaire Œconomique at Gallon, In Liquids two Pottles..make one Gallon..But in dry Measure, two Gallons, which is six Pottles, make one Peck . . ‘
About Monday 12 November 1660
I guess that the advantage for Sister Pall is that moving to the Smoke puts her in a place where she, dowry-less and so unmarriagable in her home town, may find a suitor willing and able to take her, no doubt with a modest dowry from Our now-prosperous Samuel.
Time will explain all, no doubt . .