Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 581 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

The most recent…


About Sunday 18 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . new poynt that I bought her the other day . . ‘
‘point, n.1 < Anglo-Norman . .
. . ****** A stitch.
17. (As an anglicized form of French point: see point n.3) Thread lace made wholly with a needle; (more generally) any lace, esp. pillow lace, imitating that made with a needle. Formerly also: † a piece of such lace (obs.). Cf. . . needlepoint n. 3.
. . 1662 J. Evelyn Sculptura iv. 56 Isabella, who was his wife, publish'd a book of all the sorts of Points, Laces, and Embroderies.
1663 S. Pepys Diary 18 Oct. (1971) IV. 337 My wife, in her best gowne and new poynt that I bought her the other day, to church with me . . ‘ (OED)

About Thursday 22 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘read some more arithmetique,’

This would have emphasised the usefulness of:

‘mental arithmetic n. arithmetic performed entirely in the head, without recourse to written figures or calculating aids.
1766 H. Brooke Fool of Quality I. vii. 260, I cast up, in a pleasing kind of mental arithmetic, how much my weekly twenty guineas would amount to at the year's end.
. . 1990 Times Educ. Suppl. 5 Oct. (Review section) 20 Does a reliance on mathematical aids mean mental arithmetic suffers?’ (OED)

in a world of guineas, pounds (paper and gold), crowns, shillings, tanners, pence, ha’pennies and farthings, stones, pounds and ounces, inches, feet and yards, bushels, gallons, quarts, pints, and gills etc., etc. . .

The complete inability of today’s young and even middle-aged citizens to do simple sums in their heads is a source of wonder to veterans like me.

About Saturday 17 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . I will be even with him . . ’

‘even, adj. < Common Germanic . .
. . 10. b. to be even: to be square or quits; to have settled accounts . .
1661 S. Pepys Diary 25 June (1970) II. 126, I made even with my father and the two drapers for the cloths I sent to sea lately . . ‘

About Wednesday 14 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . where the men and boys in their vayles . . ’

OED doesn’t have this use of ’vayle’ = ’veil’; the correct term is:

‘tallith, n. < Rabbinic Hebrew ṭaˈllīþ, . . The garment or mantle (in modern times frequently assuming the form of a scarf) worn by Jews at prayer . . Its religious significance is solely derived from the ‘fringes’ attached to the four corners in accordance with Numbers xv. 38 and Deut. xxii. 12.
1613 S. Purchas Pilgrimage 194 They call this garment Talith.
. . 1656 W. Prynne Short Demurrer to Jewes Remitter 35 Every Jew after he is past 7. years of age, shall carry a his chief garment; that is to say in form of two Talles of yellow taffety . . ‘

The re-admission of the Jews into England:

About Tuesday 13 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . finding so many absent men, or dead pays.’

‘dead pay, n. < Compare French morte-paye.
. . 2. Pay continued in the name of a soldier or sailor actually dead or discharged, and appropriated by the officer; a person in whose name such pay is drawn.
. . 1663 S. Pepys Diary 13 Oct. (1971) IV. 334 The King..mustering the guards the other day himself; where he found reason to dislike their condition..finding so many absent men or dead pays . . ’

Re: ‘ . . she answered, “Zounds! she must set the house on fire but it should be roasted!” . . ’

‘zounds, int. A euphemistic abbreviation of by God's wounds used in oaths and asseverations.
. . a1616 Shakespeare King John (1623) ii. i. 467 Zounds, I was neuer so bethumpt with words.
. . 1699 G. Farquhar Love & Bottle ii. ii. 16 Zoons is only us'd by the disbanded Officers and Bullies: but Zauns is the Beaux pronuncation [sic] . . ‘


About Monday 12 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . there cheapened some laces for my wife . . ‘

'cheapen, v. < Germanic . .
1. a. trans. To bargain for, ask the price of, bid for, offer a price for; = cheap v. 3. Also fig. arch. or dial.
. . 1710 Swift in Swift & R. Steele Tatler No. 238 To Shops in Crowds the daggled Females fly, Pretend to cheapen Goods, but nothing buy . . ‘

About Sunday 11 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ’ . . the effect of my electuary last night . . ’

‘electuary, n. < . . ἐκλείχειν to lick out.
1. a. A medicinal conserve or paste, consisting of a powder or other ingredient mixed with honey, preserve, or syrup of some kind.
. . 1636 D. Featley Clavis Mystica xii. 148 Many simples goe to the making of a soveraigne Electuary.
1751 R. Brookes Gen. Pract. Physic II. 454 The antiscorbutic very efficacious in this Disease . . ‘

About Friday 9 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘ . . I could neither have a natural stool nor break wind . . ’

‘stool, n. < Common Germanic;
. . 5. c. The action of evacuating the bowels; an act of discharging fæces. by stool: by fæcal as distinguished from other means of evacuation.
. . 1663 S. Pepys Diary 24 May (1971) IV. 153 Having taken one of Mr. Holliards pills last night, it brought a stool or two this morning . . ‘

About Saturday 3 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

The local smith had made a bracket to hold the bell, to be fixed (nailed) to a timber hoist in the lath and plaster wall. In the days before handy men and DIY it naturally fell to him to do the nailing.

No doubt SP could have done this for himself but it would have been infra dig for him as a gentleman to have done so; this would have become a piece of common gossip in the servant network, something he was at pains to avoid as it would lead to a loss of social distance and respect, even to ridicule.

About Friday 2 October 1663

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: my wife, who is over head and eares in getting her house up,

‘head, n.1 < Germanic . .
. . P3. In collocation with another noun
. . e.
(a) over head and ears: (so as to be) completely immersed; (fig.) (so as to be) deeply immersed or involved in something .. .
. . 1663 S. Pepys Diary 2 Oct. (1971) IV. 322 My wife, who is over head and ears in getting her house up . . ‘