Annotations and comments

Chris Squire UK has posted 171 annotations/comments since 16 February 2013.

The most recent…

About 16, 17, 18, 19 July 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

I read this as meaning the crops of wheat and barley ripening in the fields to be harvested in August.

The key point is they have found Will Stankes to be their bailiff:

‘bailiff Middle English baillif , < Old French baillif,
. . 3. . . the steward of a landholder, who manages his estate; one who superintends the husbandry of a farm for its owner or tenant.
. . 1617 Janua Linguarum 526 The baliffe gathereth-in harvest into the barne.
1678 R. L'Estrange tr. Epistles ix. 75 in Seneca's Morals Abstracted (1679) , My Bayliff told me, 'Twas none of his Fault . . '

I too have heaved hay bales and stood on the platform of a combine harvester handling sacks of grain [in the days before they had storage tanks]. Before that, a binder and sheaves of corn arranged into stooks pointing at the parish church to catch the prevailing wind.

‘Ou sont les moissons d’antan’?

About Monday 15 July 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

There's no sign on the web of the Pepys House Trust being active in 2014 but the house is pictured and described at

I think the sale in 20004 must have come to nothing and the future of the house after the leasd is up in 2027 is uncertain.

About Sunday 14th July 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

OED has:

‘goody, n.1: Shortened < goodwife n., as hussy < housewife.
1. a. A term of civility formerly applied to a woman, usually a married woman, in humble life; often prefixed as a title to the surname. Hence, a woman to whose station this title is appropriate . .
1559 Will of John Eltoftes (P.R.O.: PROB. 11/42B) f. 19, Goody Wilkes [also Goodwyff Wylkes].
. . 1664 A. Wood Life & Times (1892) II. 15 To gooddy Gale for mending my stockings, 6d.
1708 F. Fox in Hearne Remarks & Coll. 3 July (O.H.S.) II. 117 Goody Vesey my bed~maker.
1708 T. Ward England's Reformation (1716) 156 Fame, a busie tatling Guddy.’

About 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th July 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

OED has:

‘copyhold, n. 1. a. A kind of tenure in England of ancient origin: tenure of lands being parcel of a manor, ‘at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor’, by copy of the manorial court-roll . .
1483 Act 1 Rich. III c. 4 §1 Lands and Tenements holden by Custom of Manor, commonly called Copyhold.
. . 1641 Rastell's Termes de la Ley (new ed.) f. 84, Copyhold is a tenure for which the Tenaunt hath nothing to shew but the copies of the Rolles made by the Steward of his Lords Court.
. . 1848 J. J. S. Wharton Law Lexicon 139/2 Copyhold, a base tenure founded upon immemorial custom and usage..Because this tenure derives its whole force from custom, the lands must have been demisable by copy of court roll from time immemorial . . ‘

About Monday 8 July 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

Heres the 2014 url of the 2004 article about our esteemed editor/moderator:

‘Man of the moment: His innovative and practical websites - usually created in his spare time - have won Phil Gyford a loyal following. Bobbie Johnson went to meet him

Phil Gyford is not a name that trips off the tongue alongside those of internet visionaries such as Jeff Bezos, Sergei Brin or Larry Page. For Gyford's business - if you could call it that - is not big, and it doesn't make headline news. He would probably be the last person to describe himself as a guru, but Gyford has made a real mark on the net.

An unassuming freelance web designer by day, by night he's an amateur agitator, an unpaid online inventor with a track record of qualified, but recognisable, innovation. Gyford's wide range of pet projects combined with his no-nonsense approach to the net, continue to draw admiration from casual surfers and web experts alike.

His latest project,, was launched last month with the intention of bringing parliament closer to the British people. With a team of almost 20 volunteers, Gyford helped build the site, which provides information on members of parliament and a readable version of Hansard, the parliamentary record . . ‘

Thank you, Phil, both for this and for .

About Saturday 6 July 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

OED offers:

‘pickle . . II. Extended uses. 4. a. A (usually disagreeable) condition or situation; a plight, a predicament. Now colloq.
. . a1616 Shakespeare Tempest (1623) v. i. 284 Alo. How cam'st thou in this pickle? Tri. I hauve bin in such a pickle since I saw you last, That [etc.].
. . 1672 H. Herbert Narr. in Camden Misc. (1990) XXX. 323 Their superiours..were in the same pickle.
1711 R. Steele Spectator No. 302. ⁋11, I am ashamed to be caught in this Pickle.
1742 H. Fielding Joseph Andrews II. iv. ix. 242 She was ashamed to be seen in such a Pickle . . ‘

About Monday 1 July 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

OED offers:

' . . ‘Indian . . 1. b. Manufactured in India; of Indian material, pattern, or design.
. . 1673 Dryden Marriage a-la-Mode iii. i. 37 That word shall be mine too, and my last Indian-Gown thine for 't. . .
. . 1825 in W. Hone Every-day Bk. (1826) I. 967 Flowered Indian gowns, formerly in use with schoolmasters . . ‘

A garment like a modern dressing gown to be worn indoors at home when no company was present.

About Thursday 27 June 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

vicente 30.06.04 is correct. At 7% rent/capital value he was looking to invest £700.

OED has:

‘beaver, n.1 One of the animal names common to the Aryan family: Old English beofor . .
. . 2. a. The fur of the beaver.
. . 1613 G. Wither Epithal. in Juvenilia (1633) 363 A hat of Bever . .

b. attrib., esp. in beaver hat, beaver bonnet:
. . 1740 Swift Will (1746) 20 The second best Beaver Hat I shall die possessed of.

3. a. A hat made of beaver's fur, or some imitation of it; formerly worn by both sexes, but chiefly by men.
. . 1661 S. Pepys Diary 27 June (1970) II. 127 Mr. Holden sent me a bever, which costs me 4l-5s-0d . . ‘

About Wednesday 26 June 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

Wim van der Meij’s link no longer works but a search on the site leads to this:

‘Descendants of Thomas Pepys

First Generation

1. Thomas Pepys 1 was born about 1389 in of, Cottenham, Cambridgeshire, England. Thomas was Bayliffe to the Abbott in 1434 in Crowland, Cambridgeshire, England.

According to Arthur Bryant: "for two hundred and fifty years the Abbey of Crowland was served by Pepizes, as Reeves, rent collectors, haywards, granators."

"The first Pepys of whom I have been able to find any record is Thomas Pepys said on the authority of the Court Rolls of the manor of Pelhams in Cottenham Cambridgshire to have been "bayliffe to the Abbot of Crowland,. in the 12th Henry VI (A.D. 1434). It is probably therefore that he was born in the latter part of the preceeding century, or toward the end of the reign of Richard II. Of his son Robert nothing is recorded further than that he was of Cottenham."
From: the genealogy given by P. H. Pepys esq. published in "Diary and Correspondence of Samuel Pepys esg" by Rev Mynors Bright. Dodd, Mead and Co, NY 1889. (Written in 1876).

Neither W C Pepys or E Chappel include this Thomas and both agree that even his son Robert must be considered apocryphal . . ‘

which links to

where you’ll find our man.

About Monday 10 June 1661

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

OED has:

‘ . . 10. c. person of condition n. arch. a person of position, rank, or ‘quality’.
1673 tr. A. de Courtin Rules Civility (ed. 2) viii. 84 If we meet any person of condition in the street..we must always give him the Wall.
. . 1780 E. Burke Speech Econ. Reform in Wks. (1842) I. 248 Men of condition naturally love to be about a court; and women of condition love it much more.
1823 Scott Peveril I. viii. 218 Such satisfaction as is due from one gentleman of condition to another.
1859 P. Beaton Creoles & Coolies iii. 108 There were hundred women of condition in the colony.’