Monday 29 October 1660

I up early, it being my Lord Mayor’s day,1 (Sir Richd. Browne), and neglecting my office I went to the Wardrobe, where I met my Lady Sandwich and all the children; and after drinking of some strange and incomparable good clarett of Mr. Rumball’s he and Mr. Townsend did take us, and set the young Lords at one Mr. Nevill’s, a draper in Paul’s churchyard; and my Lady and my Lady Pickering and I to one Mr. Isaacson’s, a linendraper at the Key in Cheapside; where there was a company of fine ladies, and we were very civilly treated, and had a very good place to see the pageants, which were many, and I believe good, for such kind of things, but in themselves but poor and absurd. After the ladies were placed I took Mr. Townsend and Isaacson to the next door, a tavern, and did spend 5s. upon them. The show being done, we got as far as Paul’s with much ado, where I left my Lady in the coach, and went on foot with my Lady Pickering to her lodging, which was a poor one in Blackfryars, where she never invited me to go in at all, which methought was very strange for her to do.

So home, where I was told how my Lady Davis is now come to our next lodgings, and has locked up the leads door from me, which puts me into so great a disquiet that I went to bed, and could not sleep till morning at it.

30 Annotations

First Reading

Glyn  •  Link

to the next door, a tavern

This was The Feathers, which he visited a few days ago on 17 October:…

(I wonder if Mr Isaacson was Jewish?)

language hat  •  Link

"some strange and incomparable good clarett"
"Claret" originally meant a lighter red wine than the cabernet-sauvignon-based Bordeaux we associate with the term; here's the discussion from the Wine Spectator:

"Claret is a British term long used to describe wines of various styles from Bordeaux. Up to the mid-17th century, winemakers in Bordeaux kept their wine's contact with grape skins to a minimum, usually fermenting for only a few days. The result was vin clairet, a pale, light-bodied, early-drinking wine which resembled rosé more than a modern Bordeaux.

“But beginning in the second half of the 17th century, winemakers began to choose grapes more carefully, to employ longer fermentation periods and generally to improve their techniques. The result? Full-bodied, high-quality wines that have evolved into the great Bordeaux “clarets” we enjoy today.”

I wonder if Sam was privileged to try one of those new full-bodied wines, hence the “strange and incomparable good”?

Barbara  •  Link

The Lord Mayor's procession this year is on Saturday 8th November -plenty to see in London that weekend, with the procession on Saturday and Remembrance Sunday processions the day after.

chris bailey  •  Link

Early morning claret, and a tavern not much later. Even if it is the Lord Mayor's day, aren't we getting the impression of Sam's above average bibulousnes? Would his habits be much out of the ordinary? I suppose if you can't drink the water....

Jenny Doughty  •  Link

I don't think Sam's drinking was unusual for the time, Chris. I am intrigued by his use of the word 'strange', though, and wonder if it had different connotations in 1660.

vincent  •  Link

Oh dear!
SP out gallavanting again, squiring the Ladies and leaving poor old thingme at home plastered up while SP gets strangely plastered.
strange? my take: unusual,different.
"...Lady Pickering to her lodging, which was a poor one in Blackfryars, where she never invited me to go in at all, which methought was very strange for her to do..."
strange? here; He expected to see some etchings at least or maybe she did not want show her off her poor circumstances[no place to hang his cape?], or she did not have hat pin ready?

Alan Bedford  •  Link

"I am intrigued by his use of the word 'strange'”

If memory serves, our “strange” comes from the same root as the Latin extraneus, meaning “foreign.” The connotation here is related to that, on the line of “unusual,” “out of the ordinary” or possibly “unfamiliar.”

Pauline  •  Link

Elizabeth plastered, Sam plastered
Vincent, you have me laughing again.
But Sam does have Lady Davis to contend with now. I'm trying to visualize how her lodgings allow her to lock up Sam's door to the leads. A joint deck area and she has just locked his door so he can't go out there? Or some kind of common access to the leads that she has locked the door from?

Paul Brewster  •  Link

had a very good place to see the pageants
L&M: "Described by John Tatham (author of the verses declaimed on this occasion) in 'The royal oake with other various and delightfull scenes presented on the water and the land, celebrated in honour of the deservedly honoured Sir Richard Brown ...' (1660); .... The tableaux consisted of scenes peopled with allegorical figure who gave tongue in verse written for the occasion. They greeted the Lord Mayor on his progress by water in the morning to the law courts at Westminster, and on his progress after the Guildhall dinner to his house."

Paul Brewster  •  Link

some strang and incomparable good Clarett
L&M replace "strange" with "strang" and add in a textual footnote, "possibly 'strange'"

Firenze  •  Link

strange clarett/Lady Pickering's strangeness

I think there are differing usages of 'strange' from the modern going on. In the first instance, it seems to equate to 'unfamiliar' rather than 'odd', and in the second, he is commenting on the Lady's unsociability. She is treating him as a stranger, rather than she is behaving in a disturbing way.

Nix  •  Link

Usages and derivation of "strange" --

Well, here are the OED etymology and definitions (the entry is way to long to include the examples):

[a. OF. estrange (mod.F. étrange) = Pr. estranh, estrang, Sp. estrño, Pg. estranho, Rum. strâin, It. strano adj., stranio, strangio n.:L. extrneus external, foreign (see EXTRANEOUS), f. extr adv. outside, without.]

I. 1. a. Of persons, language, customs, etc.: Of or belonging to another country; foreign, alien. Obs.

b. Of a country or other geographical feature: Situated outside one’s own land. Obs.

2. Belonging to some other place or neighbourhood; unknown to the particular locality specified or implied. Of a place or locality: Other than one’s own.

3. Belonging to others; not of one’s own kin or family. Obs.

4. strange woman: a harlot. (With the, as denoting the class.) After many passages in the Book of Proverbs. The adj. renders two different Heb. words, nokryh and zrh, both which have the sense 'not one’s own (wife)' (see 3).

5. Added or introduced from outside, not belonging to the place or person where it is found, adventitious, external. In Surg. = FOREIGN a. 5.

6. With from: Alien, far removed; diverse, different. Obs.

7. Unknown, unfamiliar; not known, met with, or experienced before. Const. to.

8. Of a kind that is unfamiliar or rare; unusual, uncommon, exceptional, singular, out of the way. Obs. (Merged in 10.)

9. a. Exceptionally great (in degree, intensity, amount, etc.), extreme. (Now tending to merge in 10.)

b. quasi-adv., qualifying an adj.: Very, extremely. Also strange and . Now dial.

10. a. Unfamiliar, abnormal, or exceptional to a degree that excites wonder or astonishent; difficult to take in or account for; queer, surprising, unaccountable.

b. to think (it) strange of (or concerning): to be surprised at. Obs.

c. strange to say, tell, etc., used parenthetically: cf. SAY v.1 11. Similarly strange enough.
d. quasi-int. 'An expression of wonder' (J.); 'an elliptical expression for it is strange (W. 1828).

e. Particle Physics. Epithet of those sub-atomic particles that have a non-zero value of the strangeness quantum number. So called orig. because they had lifetimes much longer than was expected from their being produced by the strong interaction.

11. Of persons: a. Unfriendly; having the feelings alienated.

b. Distant or cold in demeanour; reserved; not affable, familiar, or encouraging; uncomplying, unwilling to accede to a request or desire. Obs.
c. Sparing of (one’s favour). Obs.

d. to make oneself strange: to be distant or unfriendly. Obs.

e. to look strange: to look at a person as if one did not know him. Obs.

12. Of a person: Unfamiliar or unacquainted with something (specified or implied); inexperienced or unversed in; fresh or unaccustomed to; unpractised or unskilled at.

13. to make (it) strange: to make difficulties, refuse to assent or comply, be reluctant or unwilling; to hold back, keep a stand-off attitude; to be distant or unfriendly; to affect coyness; to pretend not to understand; to affect or feel surprise, dislike, indignation, etc. Const. of (= about) a matter, etc.; to (do something); also to make strange at. a. to make it strange. Obs.

b. to make strange. Also (esp. in earlier use) const. at, of. Now dial. and N. Amer.

II. absol., passing into n.

14. A strange person, stranger; in pl. sense, strangers. Also rarely in pl. form. Obs.

15. pl. News. Obs. rare1.

III. 16. Comb., forming adjs. a. parasynthetic, as strange-plumaged, -tongued; b. prefixed as compl. to pres. pples., as strange-looking, -sounding; c. adverbially (now rare), as strange-achieved, -composed, -digested, -moulded, etc.

vincent  •  Link

John Evelyn appears to be unimpressed by all the pomp and circum stance as this is one of the first fancy "do's" since the change in the power structure.
"...29 Going to Lond: about my affaires, My Lord Majors shew stop'd me in cheape-side: one of the Pageants represented a greate Wood, with the royal Oake, & historie of his Majesties miraculous escape at Bosco-bell &c:…”…

vincent  •  Link

"...So home, where I was told how my Lady Davis is now come to our next lodgings, and has locked up the leads door from me, which puts me into so great a disquiet that I went to bed, and could not sleep till morning at it...."
I wonder why? I guess the the area was common to all who could stray. I wonder how she prevented him from entering the the area? Too cold to be sun bathing "ala" ? No blinds?? or is his playing the music a little off key (which I do believe he has not done yet?) Or that old fear of being seen thru the lights of skie doing what she not be seen doing. any guesses?
He not sleeping thinking of all the possibilities?

hungover chad  •  Link

"...stange and incomparable good clarett"

Just a thought- perhaps Sam was intending "strong" rather than "stange" (or "strang", as L&M have it?)But I much prefer Language Hat's reading: it's a full-bodied red the likes of which Sam has never tasted before, hence "strange"; but perhaps it is his first tasting of a full-bodied red, and he finds it "strong" (or stronger than the weak piffle Sam is used to drinking...)

Carolina  •  Link

Lady Davis has locked the leads door from me. How ? Did she have a key ?
I am wondering if perhaps Mrs.Pepys locked the door to stop Sam from going out there and looking at something he ought not to, and is blaming her new neighbour ?

Gene Strangio  •  Link

The discussion of the word 'strange'also intrigues me. One of the variants, Strangio, is actually my surname. It is Italian, but have anecdotal information that it could originally be Spanish or Sephardic. Any philologists there know the answer to my question?

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Pepys seems both drawn to and to have a low opinion of grand public spectacle (termed here "absurd"), both civic and ecclesiastical, but we will find him addicted to the theatre and its actors and esp. actresses..

Bill  •  Link

"some strange and incomparable good clarett"

CLARET [Clairet, F. of Clarus, L. clear] a general Name for the red Wines of France.
---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675.

Dick Wilson  •  Link

Sylviasmother: That is a very interesting video. One can almost smell the place -- and be grateful that you can't!

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

This is the sense of ‘some strange and incomparable good clarett ‘ I think:

‘strange adj.
. . 9 b. quasi-adv., qualifying an adj.: Very, extremely. Also strange and —. Now dial.
. . 1669 S. Sturmy Mariners Mag. i. ii. 17 The Sea breaks strange and dangerous.
. . 1888 G. M. Fenn Dick o' the Fens 160 I'm straänge and glad you've caught him.’

and this for ‘which methought was very strange for her to do.’:

‘ . . 10. a. Unfamiliar, abnormal, or exceptional to a degree that excites wonder or astonishment; difficult to take in or account for; queer, surprising, unaccountable.
. . 1823 Byron Don Juan: Canto XIV ci. 165 'Tis strange—but true; for Truth is always strange; Stranger than fiction.

b. to think (it) strange of (or concerning) : to be surprised at. Obs.
1585 T. Washington tr. N. de Nicolay Nauigations Turkie i. xvii. 19 b, He had vnderstanding, that the Frigate..was of Malta, whereof he thought very straunge [Fr. ce qu'il trouuoit estrange & mauuais].
1611 Bible (A.V.) 1 Pet. iv. 12 Beloued, thinke it not strange [Gk. μὴ ξενίζεσθε] concerning the fiery triall, which is to try you.’


Nate Lockwood  •  Link

The fly-through is a great simulation.

I think that there would have been more haze (smog) from cooking fires and a lot more in the winter when at least some who could afford it would have heating fires in fireplaces.

The lanterns and lights escaping from windows would have been much dimmer and no outside lights, at least, would have been lit in daytime but the creators probably wanted a more artistic effect.

At least a couple of the streets had the centers lower than the sides for drainage of sewage and I suspect that most of the paved streets would have been built that way.

Sure looks like a prosperous area. I can imagine Sam walking down the streets and lanes which were full of people, dogs, livestock, etc. keeping an eye out for where his next step would land and for any coaches, carriages, or mounted horsemen whose horses would be splattering the drainage everywhere. The fact that almost no one bathed would be lost in the general miasma.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"had a very good place to see the pageants

The royal oake with other various and delightfull scenes presented on the water and the land / by John Tatham.
Tatham, John, fl. 1632-1664.
London: Printed by S.G. and R.B., 1660
Early English Books Online…

Third Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

In early modern London, 29 October (the day after the feast of Saints Simon and Jude) was the day of the Lord Mayor's Triumph, a celebration of the newly appointed Lord Mayor.

The song, "Late as I walked through Cheapside" is a mid-17th century song about the sights and sounds of the Lord Mayor's Show. It details the procession through the streets of London, accompanied by civic dignitaries, liverymen, whifflers, and more; horses, wild men and noisy fireworks; and pageants with boy and girl actors.
From the Gamble Commonplace Book, a collection of songs compiled by John Gamble starting in 1659.

"Late as I walked through Cheapside
To mine eyes was there presented
As brave a sight as ever I saw,
Which much my mind contented:
First my Lord Mayor and his steed,
With gay trappings, gay indeed.
Something there was more than need
Twas next day after Simon and Jude
As I did look about me,
Many a blazing comet I viewed
Which made me for to doubt me,
Fearing some prodigious sight
Should appear me to affright,
And as I guessed, it fell out right,
But I hope no man will flout me.
A crew of wild men, wild indeed
To be so ill employed there,
Which put the people in such a fear,
That some their hose annoyed thereabouts
With such a smell, and with such smoke
That I was very like to choke
Many a wild firecracker broke;
Much powder was destroyed there.
All the company in array
Most trimly were attired
In their accoutrement most gay
But some of them were tired:
Whifflers with white staves and chains
And marshall's men that took great pains;
They swore they'd beat out poor men's brains
That were with dirt bemired.
Next the sheriff and aldermen gay
Upon their slow paced horses,
Did ride in equipage most gay,
But some wished them in their purses.
All their chains they there had on:
Gold did horse and man adorn;
There was no difference but the horn,
They took such equal courses.
In sundry places the player’s boys
Unto the Lord Mayor made speeches,
But I could hear nothing for the noise,
The women made such shrieking;
But one that [knew] told me a word,
That one of them desired my lordship
That he next Easter would afford
The Blue-coat boys new breeches.
Girls and boys in antic shapes
Sat upon the pageant’s gallery
The one represented a Jack-a-napes,
And the other was like a lady.
Sure the porters’ backs were stronger
For they did bear them through the throng,
And thus they marched all along
In as gallant sort as may be.
Thus all my delights when I had seen,
More than my mind can utter,
Out of the throng I fain would have been,
I was so daggled in the gutter;
But as I strove I lost my purse,
Which caused me to ban and curse;
I bid a pox take mayor and horse,
And I hied me home to supper."

As Pepys might have heard it…

Kudos to the Edward de Vere, Shakespeare and Tudor Topics blog, which is a constant source of information.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

"... and went on foot with my Lady Pickering to her lodging, which was a poor one in Blackfryars, where she never invited me to go in at all, which methought was very strange for her to do."

This seems thoughtless of Pepys: her husband, Gilbert Pickering, was a recicide. His public career ended in 1660. With the help of his brother-in-law Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, Pickering obtained a pardon from Charles II. He escaped punishment beyond being declared incapable of holding office -- so they were keeping a low profile and low expenses until they knew for sure he is in the clear. Parliament may yet impose some punishment.

Lady Elizabeth has probably dressed in her finest clothing to appear at her best to her sister. Gilbert is possibly drowing his sorrows inside their humble abode. Why would she invite in this young upstart Royalist employee to witness their disgrace?

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

"... my Lady Davis is now come to our next lodgings, and has locked up the leads door from me, which puts me into so great a disquiet that I went to bed, and could not sleep till morning at it."

Pepys has to work with Jane Davis' husband, John. How to diplomatically handle this is what is keeping him awake. He has to "win" back his rights without making an enemy. Presumably John is as terrified of his wife as everyone else.

(Women have had to do everything for the last 15 years while their menfolk fought and were injured or died in the Civil Wars, and Cromwell's Caribbean and Irish adventures. Now the men are home, and the women were supposed to silently have no opinions and sit "at the back of the bus" again. Not everyone took easily to the reintroduction of the new/old rules.
(The Puritans educated their daughters, even if they were forbidden to speak in church. Quaker women were told to speak up in discussions and meetings. Leveller women were positively outspoken.)

If you absolutely must know how this leads problem works out, which is full of insignificant SPOILERS way into 1661, and involves the Davis' son, Jack (who will also come to work in the Navy Office soon) see…

RLB  •  Link

The next Lord Mayor's Parade will be in two weeks, on November 11. Auntie Beeb still broadcasts it every year, I believe, so if you want to see a pageant Sam might have watched as well, tune in then.

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