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Sir Richard Browne
Sir Richard Browne.jpg
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for City of London
In office
1656–1659
Preceded by
Succeeded byIsaac Penington
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for City of London
In office
1660–1661
Preceded byIsaac Penington
Succeeded by
Lord Mayor of London
In office
1660–1660
Preceded bySir Thomas Allen, 1st Baronet
Succeeded bySir John Frederick

Sir Richard Browne, 1st Baronet (c. 1610 – 24 September 1669) was a major-general in the English Parliamentary army during the English Civil War. He was subsequently Lord Mayor of London.

Browne was born sometime prior to 1616, to John Browne (alias Moses) of Wokingham in Berkshire and his wife, Anne Beard. He was a member of the Worshipful Company of Woodmongers in 1634.

In June 1644 Browne became a major general for the parliamentary Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Berkshire Regiments and set up his headquarters at Abingdon in order to harass the King's men at nearby Oxford. He was at the Siege of Oxford and received King Charles upon his hand-over by the Scots. He was elected Member of Parliament for Wycombe in October 1645.[1] He became an alderman of the City of London for Langbourn ward on 29 June 1648 and was Sheriff of the City of London to 11 December 1649.[2] He was secluded under Pride's Purge in December 1648, and was imprisoned for a period after being accused of conspiracy with the Scots.

Browne was elected MP for City of London in 1656 for the Second Protectorate Parliament.[1] He was admitted to the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors on 10 December 1656.[2] He was re-elected MP for the City of London in 1659 for the Third Protectorate Parliament.[1] He became disillusioned with the protectorate and was one of those who called for the return of the monarchy. In April 1660 he was elected MP for the City of London for the Convention Parliament.[1] He met Charles II at the head of his triumphal procession into London.

Browne was knighted in March 1660 and created a baronet on 22 July 1660. He became alderman for Langbourn ward again in 1660 and was elected Lord Mayor of London in 1660.[2] He was instrumental in putting down Venner's Rising of 1–4 January 1661, leading the Yellow Regiment of the London Trained Bands. In 1661 he was elected MP for Ludgershall in the Cavalier Parliament and sat until his death in 1669.[1]

Browne lived at Debden Manor, near Saffron Walden, in Essex which he had purchased before May 1662. He died intestate at Debden on 24 September 1669. He had children: Sir Richard Browne and Sir John Browne

Sources

  • The Complete Baronetage (c. 1900, reprinted 1983)
  • Leslie Stephen (ed.). (1886). Dictionary of National Biography

External links

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Thomas Adams
Thomas Foote
William Steele
John Langham
Samuel Avery


Andrew Riccard

Member of Parliament for City of London
1656–1659
With: Theophilus Biddulph
John Jones 1656–1659
Thomas Adams 1656
Thomas Foote 1656
Sir Christopher Pack 1656
William Thompson 1659
Succeeded by
Isaac Penington
Preceded by
Isaac Penington
Member of Parliament for the City of London
1660–1661
With: William Wilde
William Vincent
John Robinson
Succeeded by
John Fowke
Sir William Thompson
William Love
John Jones
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
(of London)
1660–1669
Succeeded by
Richard Browne

5 Annotations

Bill  •  Link

Richard Brown, a major-general of the Parliament forces, citizen of London and a woodmonger; Sheriff of London, 1647. He was imprisoned for five years, but in Richard Cromwell's Parliament he was one of the members for London. He was one of the deputation from the City of London to Charles II. at Breda, and he and his eldest son were knighted. Lord Mayor, 1660; he was created a baronet for his prompt action during Venner's insurrection, and the City rewarded him with a pension of £500. He died September 24th, 1669.
---Wheatley (1894).

"and the members of the City that are in prison to be set at liberty" says Pepys on Feb 21, 1559/1660. Wheatley says that Browne was among this group.

Bill  •  Link

BROWNE, Sir RICHARD (d. 1669), parliamentary general and a leader of the presbyterian party; officer of the London trained bands; sent to disarm the Kentish royalists, 1642; present at the siege of Winchester; suppressed Kentish rising, 1643; fought at Alresford, 1644; major-general with task of reducing the Oxford district, 1644; present at the surrender of Oxford, 1646; a commissioner to receive Charles from the Scots, 1647; present at the seizure of Charles at Holmby, and afterwards favourable to the king; M.P. for Wycombe, but expelled by the influence of the army, 1648, and imprisoned for five years; excluded from parliament for refusing tbe 'engagement,' 1656; M.P. for Loudon in Richard Cromwell's parliament; privy to Sir George Booth's rising, 1659; intrigued for the recall of Charles II; knighted; lord mayor of London, 1660, and made a baronet for suppressing Venner's rising.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Don't confuse this Richard Browne with Evelyn's father-in-law.

Highlights from his Parliamentary Bio:

As a Presbyterian, Richard Browne MP was secluded at Pride’s Purge and imprisoned for 5 years. On release, he was elected to the 2nd and 3rd Protectorate Parliaments for the City. But he was a royalist conspirator and had to go underground after Booth’s Rising failed in Aug. 1659.

Browne was re-elected for London in 1660. The London apprentices thought highly of him, so he could not be a deputy to Charles II at The Hague. Financially, he did not contribute to the City funds for the interim Government.

After heading Charles II’s triumphal City procession in May 1660, Browne was knighted and given a baronetcy.

In the debates on the indemnity bill, Sir Richard gave a damning account of a private conversation with Col. Adrian Scrope, sealing Scrope’s fate as a regicide.

Browne was Lord Mayor of London from Oct. 1660-1661;

‘Equally feared and hated by the seditious party’, Lord Mayor Sir Richard Browne ‘carried himself very honorably’ during the Fifth Monarchist revolt in Jan., 1661, ‘and caused one of their meeting houses to be pulled down’. The common council voted him a pension for this and other services as maj.-gen. of militia.

In the Cavalier Parliament Browne was named to 63 committees, most connected with trade, with London, considered bills for the better employment of the poor in London and Westminster, and for regulating excise.

Although Sir Richard was now ‘a very dutiful son of the Church of England’, opposing Presbyterians at the Hampton Court Conference, he urged toleration for their ministers when the Act of Uniformity came into force; but in 1663 he was added to the committee to prevent meetings of sectaries.

During the second Dutch war Browne boasted that if there were any bad news from sea, he ‘clapped up several persons that he was afraid of’ to prevent disturbances; but Pepys told him he had no defense to an action of false imprisonment.

During the Great Fire, Sir Richard was ‘but a weak man’, rewarding with £4 the rescue of a chest of his said to contain £10,000.

Browne was on the committees for the relief and reconstruction of London, the indemnification of sheriffs, and the suspension of building work along the riverbank (he had an interest as a tenant of Whitefriars Wharf).

He was on the committees for the suppression of Popery and to consider a petition against Mordaunt.

In 1668 Brown was appointed to the committees to bring down the price of timber required for the rebuilding of London, and to receive information on nonconformists.

Sir Richard Browne MP died intestate on 24 Sept. 1669, and was buried at Debden Hall, Essex.

https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/…

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

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1664

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1669

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