Friday 22 August 1662

About three o’clock this morning I waked with the noise of the rayne, having never in my life heard a more violent shower; and then the catt was lockt in the chamber, and kept a great mewing, and leapt upon the bed, which made me I could not sleep a great while. Then to sleep, and about five o’clock rose, and up to my office, and about 8 o’clock went down to Deptford, and there with Mr. Davis did look over most of his stores; by the same token in the great storehouse, while Captain Badily was talking to us, one from a trap-door above let fall unawares a coyle of cable, that it was 10,000 to one it had not broke Captain Badily’s neck, it came so near him, but did him no hurt. I went on with looking and informing myself of the stores with great delight, and having done there, I took boat home again and dined, and after dinner sent for some of my workmen and did scold at them so as I hope my work will be hastened. Then by water to Westminster Hall, and there I hear that old Mr. Hales did lately die suddenly in an hour’s time. Here I met with Will Bowyer, and had a promise from him of a place to stand to-morrow at his house to see the show. Thence to my Lord’s, and thither sent for Mr. Creed, who came, and walked together talking about business, and then to his lodgings at Clerke’s, the confectioner’s, where he did give me a little banquet, and I had liked to have begged a parrot for my wife, but he hath put me in a way to get a better from Steventon; at Portsmouth. But I did get of him a draught of Tangier to take a copy by, which pleases me very well. So home by water and to my office, where late, and so home to bed.

44 Annotations

T, Foreman   Link to this

"I did get of him a draught of Tangier to take a copy by"

Sounds at first like an exotic drink, but an L&M note says: "Sandwich had done a drawing of Tangier roads, November 1661. A copy survives in BL, King's Maps, CXVII 77. Pepys's copy had not been traced."

Q. re "Tangier roads": are we talking the harbor or what's onshore?

Bradford   Link to this

"road," first definition (Merriam-Webster): "a place less enclosed than a harbor where ships may ride at anchor---often used in pl.; called also roadstead".
Isn't Hampton Roads a famous instance of this? (Memory may mislead me about the name.)

In the "Shorter Pepys," the L&M transcription happily informs us, concerning the falling coil of cable, that "it was 10000 to one it had not broke Capt. Bodily's neck" [sic].

T, Foreman   Link to this

Hampton Roads is indeed named after a {nautical) roadstead.

A. Hamilton   Link to this

The rainstorm, the cat, the falling cable -- a lot of startle in the early day!

Sam leaves the storehouse. Man descends through trap door."Sorry Cap'n. Hope I didn't shake you up. I was told to drop the cable to put the idea in that nosy Mr.Pepys's head that being too inquisitivre isn't safe."

language hat   Link to this

"which made me I could not sleep a great while"
Fascinating syntax. Today we'd put it in the negative: "which kept me from sleeping for a long time."

dirk   Link to this

"I met with Will Bowyer, and had a promise from him of a place to stand to-morrow at his house to see the show"

A slight SPOILER ?

Tomorrow there will be a triumphal parade of barges on the Thames...

Linda F   Link to this

Recently, SP was delighted with progress on the house, but now calls the men in to scold them in hopes that they will finish more quickly. That doesn't work today, and it's difficult to believe it did then. Even if these are naval employees, it would seem that they are not SP's in the same way that his household staff are.

T, Foreman   Link to this

"I took boat home again and dined"

likely "alone" again, with no wine; then at 'em (his workmen in this case), then off again to work, perhaps whistling?

Australian Susan   Link to this

The behaviour of cats has not changed in 300 years: if one of ours needs to get out she does the "great mewing" act and the leaping on the bed - if that fails we get the "knocking things off the bedside table". I have been known to try and ignore her whilst clutching spectacles, watch and alarm clock under the covers. She then starts chewing the phone cable......
If Creed lodges at a confectioner's and is wont to eat a lot of "little banquets" (small meals of exquisitely prepared sweetmeats in this context), he will become a stout fellow: no one was shamed into aerobics in those days. If you were stout it meant you could afford lots of food and were wealthy, which was something to be proud of. Think of all those Ruebens beauties - bet they had all had many "little banquets" !

Australian Susan   Link to this

Do we get the impression that Creed really does not want to part with his parrot?

Pauline   Link to this

The Parrot
Sounds like Creed quickly diverted the gleam in Sam's eye by extolling the virtures of those available from Steventon.

Cumgranissalis   Link to this

"...there I hear that old Mr. Hales did lately die suddenly in an hour's time…” another change in expressions ? dead before he died?

Cumgranissalis   Link to this

Where be the Catt when there be mice?

T, Foreman   Link to this

"there I hear that old Mr. Hales did [recently] die suddenly in an hour's time" — yet not the “late Mr. Hales” etc.: be this any help? (not to Mt. Hailes [sic], of course…)

Jacqueline Gore   Link to this

Ah, ha! Robert Gertz, we have the source of your little fictional incident,eh? But where is Sherlock Coventry to solve the mystery?

Now I'm beginning to wonder about the Duke of Buckingham :)

Miss Ann   Link to this

"But I did get of him a draught of Tangier to take a copy by, which pleases me very well." - wouldn't our boy just love a photocopier? No doubt the draft of the map of Tangier will be laboriously copied by hand, I wonder if he will do it or will it be delegated to one of his clerks?

"I went on with looking and informing myself of the stores with great delight" - is there no end to Sam's need to poke his nose in everywhere? What would the workers of today make of him?

T, Foreman   Link to this

"Mr. Creed [and I] walked together talking about business"

Another atriding seminar with Sam, the quintessential peripatetic.
"Peripatetic may sound like something you don't want to catch, but it actually refers to someone who moves around a lot." http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&safe=off...

Xjy   Link to this

Sam Bossy-Boots - "sent for Mr Creed"
Summoning Creed, scolding the workers, he's really getting into his stride as a man of authority. I'm willing to bet his appearance (presence) changed a lot over the past few months (since the funeral at Brampton, say) from diffident, exploratory young man to more commanding self-assured not-so-young man. Maybe the Roman transition from adulescens (still growing) to iuvenis (prime of life).

tony t   Link to this

'10,000 to one it had not broke Captain Badily's neck'.
This seems a surprisingly scientific way of expressing the operation of chance in an age so dominated by religion. Was '10,000 to one' an expression in general use at the time or was it something Pepys had picked up (unconsciously perhaps) from his mathematical lessons with Mr Cooper ?

Robert Gertz   Link to this

Wonder how Creed enjoys being "summoned". It wasn't so long ago that he'd come over rather abruptly to have Sam help with milord's accounts.

Now...
***

Nice of Sam to think of Beth but I wonder if she'll appreciate a parrot for a return home gift.

As to Sam's poking about probably the reaction of the workers at Deptford, etc is the time-honored one...They make fun of him behind his back, some sneering at him, ready to magnify each flaw and misstep. However, if he listens to them and delivers over time, the better and capable come to respect him and his sincerity. As he does seem to listen and obtain results, the portents are favorable.

Australian Susan   Link to this

Peripatetic
In a previous life as a Social Worker, I was once taken aback when visiting the family of a small child with severe hearing difficulties when the mother told me they had a "very pathetic" teacher for the lad. Turned out she had been visited by the local Peripatetic Teacher of the Deaf. After a while and many confusions later, the Local Authority changed her title to "Home Visiting" Teacher. Sorry, off-topic, but I wonder what happened to such children in Sam's time? Did they all get labelled as idiots?

Tony Eldridge   Link to this

Coil of rope.
Fifty years ago, I was running small teams of guard dogs and handlers who were posted in various army camps (in Cyprus).
It was standard practice in a new camp to lie in wait for the inspecting officer at night and frighten him with a snarling animal. They never bothered us after that.

Stolzi   Link to this

"die suddenly in an hour's time"

I take this to mean that old Mr. Hales' death was quite unexpected; he seemed well, then he "took sick," was perhaps escorted to bed, and an hour later he was gone.

Stolzi   Link to this

"I had liked to have begged a parrot"

Interesting grammar again. I wondered whether this meant "I would have liked to have begged a parrot", or whether it meant "I almost begged a parrot," as in the idiomatic "I like to have died!"

Then it occurred to me that perhaps the idiom has been derived, over the years between, from the form Sam uses.

Mary K McIntyre   Link to this

tony t, don't think the "10000 to one" is a mathmatical reference, but rather, a gaming one!

nix   Link to this

"very pathetic" --

Wonderful story, AusSus. I suppose they would have been labeled "dumb" -- in the original sense. In a poor family, put out on the street to beg. In a rich family, locked up in the tower, perhaps?

T, Foreman   Link to this

"a surprisingly scientific way of expressing the operation of chance in an age so dominated by religion."

Perhaps the odds tony cites are gaming ones, but it is apropos to recall that we are in the century of the emergence of a methematized geometry (by Descartes) and physics (by Newton -- soon). Thomas Hobbes had written a materialist philosophy during the British civil war: Hobbes' man is a creature hormonally driven toward the "sociably antisocial" minglings and tenuous defensive impulses that lift him toward what might be called "rationality" " that cunning by which we are able to survive in this world. For Hobbes, ethics is that practical thinking directed toward selecting means to attain ends " it is what is most useful. It has adaptive and survival value. (Is that a bit of what we are seeing in our Sam?)
There was an international community of natural philosophers in correspondence with one another, including Pascal (who dies this year), Spinoza, and in England the charter members of what has become The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge.
“The seventeenth century in Europe saw the culmination of the slow process of detachment of philosophy from theology.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/17th-century_philo...

T, Foreman   Link to this

Oops, for "methematized" read "mathematized" -- guess my head is into the plague that good friends in law enforcement are fighting.

Cumgranissalis   Link to this

"a gaming one" The games of chance were in full vogue at time by those that had a private income or enjoyed sincure positions [no work]. My guess it be ["it was 10000 to one" (3 X top annual income of an Earl) 10000 quid would be the 10 lives of life savings by the hoi polloi ] said by the man of the street without benefit of church or school.

Maurie Beck   Link to this

aerobics in those days

One didn't have to be shamed into aerobics in those days because people walked about far more than today, unless perhaps they were fawned on aristocrats with labdogs, carried in palanquins.

T, Foreman   Link to this

Re the scientific revolution of the 17c

The impetus for the change was surely the work of Francis Bacon, whose "works establish and popularize an inductive methodology for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method. Induction implies drawing knowledge from the natural world through experimentation, observation, and testing of hypotheses" -- exactly what SP has been doing with cordage, etc. -- Pepys will join the Royal Society in 1664, and be President of it 1684-1686. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Society This was not yet science as we understand it; e.g., "In the context of [Bacon's] time, such methods were connected with occult trends of hermeticism and alchemy." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Bacon

Martha R.   Link to this

Deaf people in the 17th century

European scholars have recognized deafness as different from idiocy since at least the 15th century; see this website from the National Association for the Deaf: http://3r.csun.edu/deaf_history.html

The first school for the deaf was started in France in the 18th century, but individual children were tutored at least 100 years before that. Based on the years I spent working with deaf people in the U.S., not all of whom had formal education, training in sign language, or hearing aids, people born deaf but without other disabilities probably stayed at home, may have learned some kind of trade by observation, and communicated with family via some kind of "home sign language". Which isn't to say some didn't end up as beggars or prisoners in a tower. It is possible that a big city like London had a "deaf community" whose members had some kind of shared sign language. Probably there were many people who became deaf after learning language, since there would have been more diseases leading to high fevers and subsequent brain damage than we see now. They may have to some extent acted as go-betweens for the "born deaf" community.

tc   Link to this

The Falling Coil of Cable

Todd E. may have hit the nail on the head, so to speak, in suggesting that the close call with the falling cable may not have been an accident, but a not-so-subtle hint to get the busybody fops out of the Storehouse so some work can get done...

Such behavior continues today, albeit perhaps not so threateningly- in our spar-building shop, when visitors, big-wigs, or other important muckety-mucks come sniffing around the shop floor, the lads crank up the noisiest welders and grinders in the place to try and drive the interlopers away through sheer volume. If they can't talk, can't hear, they usually go away.

T, Foreman   Link to this

Very interesting info on the deaf, Martha R: I read on the site you provided: "The 1680's was the time when Scottish tutor George Dalgarno taught deaf students to speak, lipread and fingerspell. He said fingerspelling was a better way to communicate.”
To what extent do you think his techniques might have been known in London’s “deaf-town,” — which I find a very great liklihood — and supplement the work of the “become-deaf” intermediaries?

T, Foreman   Link to this

To clarify my Q. about the deaf:
The "likelihood" I find very great is that members of the "deaf community" might have lived in close proximity, so as in effect to form a "town."

Sjoerd   Link to this

I don't know if you have seen this, but Sam's employer Downing has at this point worked with deaf people in the "colonies" and can use sign language quite well.
It is supposed to have started (in Downing, maybe also in Samuel) a preoccupation with cyphers, sign language and shorthand systems.

Also there was a remark about using sign language for communicating with a monkey:

http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/08/24/

dirk   Link to this

deaf

Think of the advantages of having a deaf servant though in those tumultuous times ...

Martha R.   Link to this

More Deaf History

The first school for the deaf in the United States was started in the very early 19th century. The founder first went to England, didn't like the people he met there (they wanted him to apprentice himself to them for several years to learn their teaching methods), and then went to France, where he was welcomed by Abbe Sicard, who worked at what is generally agreed to be the first school for the deaf. It was founded in 1750. French deaf people already had their own signing system at that time. I am sure English deaf people would have had their own signs as well; those who had been Dalgarno's pupils may have used some of what he taught. However, it's not unusual for deaf people to find formal systems of communication developed and taught by hearing people unwieldy and to not use them among themselves. I would not expect anyone who didn't have a connection with one of Dalgarno's pupils to know much about his communication system.

In my experience deaf people from different countries are remarkably able to communicate in the absence of a shared sign language. Some French deaf people once visited a school where I worked; none of the hearing staff could learn anything about them, but a deaf woman had a couple over for dinner one night and came to work and told us all about them. Some of this is because American sign language derived initially from French sign language, but that's not the whole story.

Australian Susan   Link to this

Visiting big-wigs
My father very rarely talked about any of his war service, but one anecdote recalled being in charge of a forward communications trench and having a visit from a general. The person in charge was just that, even if the visitor was a general: he rather enjoyed getting the general to walk doubled up through a dangerously open patch (or he *said* it was dangerous): the General was large and became gratifyingly red-faced.

Araucaria   Link to this

Deaf sign language.

According to the book "Everybody here spoke sign", there was a community of deaf people in the Kent region who developed their own sign language, and many of them migrated to Martha's Vineyard, bringing that sign language with them. (See the wikipedia entry for the link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha's_Vineyard_...). Others have mentioned Downing's connection to that deaf community.

The abve-mentioned book by Groce has had an interesting modern effect, as one of the contributing influences to the vogue of teaching sign language to infants: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baby_Sign

T, Foreman   Link to this

"In the context of [Bacon's] time, such methods were connected with…alchemy."

The same was still true of Newton, whose “notes on alchemy were originally discovered after [his] death in 1727 but were lost after they were sold at auction in July 1936 for £15 (A$32). / They were found while researchers were cataloguing manuscripts at the Royal Society….[and were on display at the Royal Society’s annual Summer Science Exhibition in London which [began] on July 4 [2005].” http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8432281/

Pedro   Link to this

Sandwich had done a drawing of Tangier roads, November 1661. A copy survives in BL, King's Maps, CXVII 77.

Ollard in his biography of Sandwich says…

Tangier-The harbour, or rather the roadstead, was not one in which ships would ride in all weathers, but it was generally agreed that a mole could remedy this deficiency.

Cumgranissalis   Link to this

"...I almost begged a parrot..." may be just another accented slip, part of the great vowel change , 'I bagged another' for 'is stuffed bird collection.
Downing's secrets , that how he caught his victims in Holland [using sign language, he also pretended to deaf so that many a conspirator be fooled to spill some peas] to be put on the gibbet away back.

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