Thursday 19 April 1666

Lay long in bed, so to the office, where all the morning. At noon dined with Sir W. Warren at the Pope’s Head. So back to the office, and there met with the Commissioners of the Ordnance, where Sir W. Pen being almost drunk vexed me, and the more because Mr. Chichly observed it with me, and it was a disparagement to the office.

They gone I to my office. Anon comes home my wife from Brampton, not looked for till Saturday, which will hinder me of a little pleasure, but I am glad of her coming. She tells me Pall’s business with Ensum is like to go on, but I must give, and she consents to it, another 100. She says she doubts my father is in want of money, for rents come in mighty slowly. My mother grows very unpleasant and troublesome and my father mighty infirm through his old distemper, which altogether makes me mighty thoughtfull. Having heard all this and bid her welcome I to the office, where late, and so home, and after a little more talk with my wife, she to bed and I after her.

20 Apr 2009, 2:34 a.m. - Terry Foreman

"She says she doubts my father is in want of money" Here methinks "doubts" means "suspects."

20 Apr 2009, 2:41 a.m. - Robert Gertz

Nick of time, Bess...Your spider sense was tingling. Hindered, eh?...Mary, lace up. The really odd thing being, for Sam, he's been a relatively good boy this holiday. *** First time Admiral Sir Will truly looked bad...And Sam quite justified in his concern. *** Nice of Bess to speak up for John Sr. and co... Says something nice too, that Sam respected her decision about Ensum's demand for 100 more and heard her out without complaint as to his dad's financial situation. Sounds like Meg's going stir-crazy in Brampton...Geesh...Poor John Sr. groaning in pain all day, Pall probably fuming about Sam's appointing Bess to arbitrate her fate, Meg 'unpleasant' (and after they seemed to get on so well in London earlier)... It's little wonder Bess made her escape early.

21 Apr 2009, 10:31 a.m. - Todd Bernhardt

"and my father mighty infirm through his old distemper" Which is...?

21 Apr 2009, 11:52 a.m. - Mary K

I don't believe that we know exactly what ailed John Pepys, but it cannot have been anything terribly debilitating as he lived to the ripe old age of 79.

22 Apr 2009, 10:17 a.m. - Todd Bernhardt

Good point, Mary. I was wondering if perhaps John also suffered from kidney/bladder stones, but I think that was Sam's mother...?

22 Apr 2009, 3:45 p.m. - Mary K

Yes, it was Sam's mother who suffered from kidney/bladder stones, not his father. The weakness appears to have run in her family as her sister Anne suffered similarly. Sam's brother John was also afflicted in the same way. I can find no illuminating reference to John Sr.'s "distemper". Claire Tomalin mentions that Sam was sending his father medical advice from Dr. Hollier in the late 1670s but offers no reference to the letter or letters involved nor any mention of his particular ailment(s) at the time. A footnote in the L&M Companion about this medical advice carries a reference to page 54 of "The Letters of Samuel Pepys and his family circle" ed. Helen T. Heath, pub. Oxford 1955.

22 Apr 2009, 11:13 p.m. - jeannine

The letter that Mary references appears in “The Letters of Samuel Pepys and His Family Cirlce” edited by Helen Trusedell Heath. The letter from Sam to his father leaves only more mystery to John’s ailments. It was dated 1 September, 1677 and the first paragraph reads: “I hope e’re this come to your hand you will have received mine of the 28th of the last, with one enclosed from Mr Hollyer, to which I much long for an answer, and hope to receive it by Monday’s Post, that I may understand the present condition of your health, with the effects of his advice and what you shall please to direct me to supply your further with from hence, and particularly about some wine…”

26 Apr 2009, 8:48 a.m. - Robert Gertz

Didn't John wear a truss for a hernia problem? I believe Tomalin specifically refers to it as such and I remember well he once had such severe pain while with Sam that he had to be carried into a building (inn, I think) where the poor man suffered agonies until finally sleeping a little. And Sam mentioned once how glad he was that John had tolerated a ride to London with his truss. It's not hard to imagine how a hard-working tailor with many children managed to get a hernia or the agony without pain killers it inflicted.

5 Nov 2015, 3:58 p.m. - Terry Foreman

John Pepys, Sr's "old distemper" Methinks this is Galen humoral psychology terminology, and that, SP's father is reported to be suffering from a recurring melancholy.

5 Nov 2015, 4:29 p.m. - Terry Foreman

"She says she doubts my father is in want of money, for rents come in mighty slowly." L&M: There were many complaints of a fall in rents in the 1660s: cf.

29 Oct 2018, 11:59 p.m. - Terry Foreman

John Pepys, Sr's "old distemper" L&M conjecture "Probably the rupture in the groin referred to at "

20 Apr 2019, 4:01 a.m. - San Diego Sarah

No mention of Bess liking the new balconies and seats on the leads. Pepys was so proud of these improvements!

20 Apr 2019, 11:11 a.m. - ignaciodurant

very interesting!

20 Apr 2019, 1:22 p.m. - john

This entry raises again, to me anyways, the question about how involved Elizabeth was in the family finances. She did not appear to be chatelaine, and at times, seemed clueless, yet is sometimes recorded as discussing financial matters with Samuel. Today, with the comment about Pepys pere and raising the dowry, she appears both informed and with spending authority.

21 Apr 2019, 5:39 p.m. - San Diego Sarah

I'm sure Elizabeth is fairly well informed about Pepys' financial affairs ... but the strong box is in his closett, and he has the key. I believe he looks carefully at the end of the month accounts she prepares. I presume he regularly gives her money to buy food, and I trust he gives out more than we are told for clothing and livery for Tom. I think he has a quiet chuckle with her when he pulls a fast one, or marvels at the generosity of Mr. Warren. She may not know the exact figures involved, but she knows that portrait is symbolic of having "made it" ... she enjoys the silk wall paper in her room ... she polishes that carved staircase with pride, and sits on her new balcony with pleasure. She knows her clever husband can find a way to give Pall more, and he can afford more now for his parents than he could when their deal was agreed. I think this self-confidence grew last summer when she was mostly on her own for six months. It even sounds like she rode unescorted in the coach from Brampton this time (daring the highwaymen to show themselves?). Pepys appears to be enjoying his more liberated wife than the passive-aggressive, sulky one he had for a couple of years before the plague. He is certainly proud of her painting talent and beauty, and trusted her with these negotiations. They are maturing into full-grown adults and partners.