Sunday 8 January 1664/65

(Lord’s day). Up betimes, and it being a very fine frosty day, I and my boy walked to White Hall, and there to the Chappell, where one Dr. Beaumont preached a good sermon, and afterwards a brave anthem upon the 150 Psalm, where upon the word “trumpet” very good musique was made.

So walked to my Lady’s and there dined with her (my boy going home), where much pretty discourse, and after dinner walked to Westminster, and there to the house where Jane Welsh had appointed me, but it being sermon time they would not let me in, and said nobody was there to speak with me. I spent the whole afternoon walking into the Church and Abbey, and up and down, but could not find her, and so in the evening took a coach and home, and there sat discoursing with my wife, and by and by at supper, drinking some cold drink I think it was, I was forced to go make water, and had very great pain after it, but was well by and by and continued so, it being only I think from the drink, or from my straining at stool to do more than my body would. So after prayers to bed.

27 Annotations

First Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"a brave anthem upon the 150 Psalm, where upon the word “trumpet” very good musique was made"

Psalms chapter 150
King James Version

1 Praise ye the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of his power.
2 Praise him for his mighty acts: praise him according to his excellent greatness.
3 Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp.
4 Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs.
5 Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals.
6 Let every thing that hath breath praise the LORD. Praise ye the LORD.…

Robert Gertz  •  Link

Ha, ha, ha...Good ole Jane Welch does it again. Let us hope she's off laughing her head off with Gervais or other friends.

Solemn man addresses Sam at door.

"There is no young woman of that name here, sir. 'Tis our sermon time,, sir. We cannot let you in."

Door closes to a fuming Sam...

"Jane? Wasn't that my neighbor, Sam Pepys?" Will Penn Jr. gives stern glance to a Jane valiantly trying to smother giggles...

"Let us pray for the poor man, Friends." Jane manages to hold off howling glee.


"...had very great pain..."
God's punishment, Samuel. Or Bess has found the 17th century equivalent of antifreeze.

"Will? I've given him enough poison to blow the kidneys of ten men."

"We must be patient, Mrs. Pepys."

"Will Hewer, we've romped Cupid's Grove. We're murdering my randy little bully. You can call me Elisabeth now."

"Uh...Certainly, Mrs Pepys."

Terry Foreman  •  Link

A letter about Tories, this Diary date, inventoried in the Carte Calendar

Edward Rowley to Quartermaster Rock
Written from: Ardgonnell

Date: 8 January 1665

Shelfmark: MS. Carte 47, fol(s). 239v
Document type: Copy

A party of four hundred loose fellows, got together by Macguire, are said to have committed robberies on both sides of Lough-Earn. ... Some forces from Belturbet are marched against them. ... The writer "cannot find that their design is more than Torying". ...…

Terry Foreman  •  Link


1566, "an outlaw," specifically "a robber," from Ir. toruighe "plunderer," originally "pursuer, searcher," from O.Ir. toirighim "I pursue," related to toracht "pursuit." About 1646, it emerged as a derogatory term for Irish Catholics dispossessed of their land (some of whom subsequently turned to outlawry); c.1680 applied by Exclusioners to supporters of the Catholic Duke of York (later James II) in his succession to the throne of England. After 1689, Tory was the name of a British political party at first composed of Yorkist Tories of 1680. Superseded c.1830 by Conservative, though it continues to be used colloquially. In American history, Tory was the name given after 1769 to colonists who remained loyal to George III of England.…

cape henry  •  Link

"...spent the whole afternoon walking into the Church and Abbey, and up and down..." Self-parody is the most humorous of all, but it may get even better. The punch line is likely to come when Jane provides him with her smiled and whispered excuses and he devours each like a bon bon. Does he realize he is starring in a play, "The Rake Raked?" Absolutely not. At least not yet.

Robert Gertz  •  Link

"...there sat discoursing with my wife..."

I can't let that one slip by...

"Can you believe some women, Bess? The girl positively promised to meet me this time. All but swore to deliver me to bliss. I mean...What is this Nation coming to? When did all respect for the proper form in rendezvous die?"

"Tis shameful, Sam'l. And Jane seemed like such a constant girl."

"What next? Will Bagwell's wife start pleading her love for her idiot husband again and demand I deliver his promotion before our next encounter? As if my word isn't good enough for the likes of them?"

"Well, in her case, Sam'l..."


"Well, the woman has been living up to her part...And they have been waiting patiently."

"Bess, I'm doing all I can for the boy. Such things take time. I can't just say, 'Mr. Coventry...' or God helps us 'Your Grace' I've promised my mistress' husband a promotion and I would like to follow through.' That isn't the way things are done at Court."

"Well, you know best, dear."

"Indeed...And I must be off to Mr. Hollier to thank him for that lesson in do-it-yourself home lobotomy."

"Of course, dear."

Michael Robinson  •  Link

" ... and afterwards a brave anthem upon the 150 Psalm, where upon the word “trumpet” very good musique was made ..."

An anthem described in a number of dated Mss of the time as "The Anthem called the Trumpet: O praise God in his holiness" has been attributed to Pelham Humfrey. [The attribution has later been questioned on stylistic grounds by Peter Davidson.]

Crosby, An Early Restoratiion Musical Manuscript, Music and Letters.1974; LV: 458-464

(Terry, at the time, and later, the 1662 Prayer Book text of the Psalms was used:-
Psalm 150. Laudate Dominum
PRAISE God in his holiness : praise him in the firmament of his power.
2. Praise him in his noble acts : praise him according to his excellent greatness.
3. Praise him in the sound of the trumpet : praise him upon the lute and harp.
4. Praise him in the cymbals and dances : praise him upon the strings and pipe.
5. Praise him upon the well-tuned cymbals : praise him upon the loud cymbals.
6. Let every thing that hath breath : praise the Lord.)

Michael Robinson  •  Link

” … and afterwards a brave anthem .." To add clarity

Pelham Humfrey (1647-1674) was a member of the Chapel Royal and gifted composer.

For Peter Davidson read Peter Dennison

Australian Susan  •  Link

Psalms in the Book of Common Prayer and why they are different from the Bible (KJV)

When Cranmer compiled the first Book of Common Prayer in the English language, published in 1549, he used the English version of the Psalms which was available:

"The translation used is that of the Great Bible, the first authorized English translation. This translation, compiled by Miles Coverdale, was closely based on the very first printed English translation, that of Tyndale. While the Epistles and Gospels were replaced by the "Authorized", or King James version for the 1662 Book of Common Prayer, the Psalms given here, as translated by Coverdale, continued to be used in all editions of the Book of Common Prayer up to the 1928 editions (US & UK) "


for further information.

Trumpets in Church Music

Trumpets are a wonderful instrument for use in music of praise, joy and proclamation. Remember that these would have been natural or valeless trumpets - very difficult to play.

At my daughter's recent wedding, she chose Jeremiah Clarke's Trumpet Voluntary to process into church to - played on the organ, which was the instrument for which it was originally written slightly after our period, but Sam may have heard it.

Australian Susan  •  Link

Sorry, valveless trumpets.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"A party of four hundred loose fellows, got together by Macguire, are said to have committed robberies on both sides of Lough-Earn"

I assume the Macguire/Maguire in question is an eponymous chief of any rebellion in Co. Fermanagh, where Lough-Earn encircles the county town of and ancient Maguire seat of Enniskillen.… The 1641 Irish rebellion had been led by Conor Maguire.…

Apparently "Torying" is not an act of treason, and is just a police-matter.

Capt.Petrus.S.Dorpmans  •  Link

Joseph Beaumont, Chaplain to the King: Master of Peterhouse, Cambridge, and Canon of Ely; later (1674) Regius Professor of Divinity. He was also a poet.

Capt.Petrus.S. Dorpmans  •  Link

"... they would not let me in and said nobody was there to speak with me..."

Alehouses were forbidden by law to open during the hours of church service.

A. De Araujo  •  Link

"and had very great pain after it"
If I could bet I would bet he passed a very small kidney stone.

Michael Robinson  •  Link

Annotations -- content

Today Capt.Petrus.S. Dorpmans offers the text of notes 3 & 4 of L&M vol VI-1665, p. 5 verbatim. This is certainly of help.

However, I believe it has become the custom of annotators on this site to acknowledge a direct source and provide sourcing for other apposite information in as precise detail as is possible, ie. active web link, or author, title, date, page #, or conventional contraction of same.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Psalm 100

I've long been under the misapprehension that King James's scholars had incorporated Cranmer's Psalter without change, they having learned from the riots that occurred when the Gallican Psalter was set aside (briefly) by Jerome's new translation in the 4th century: One doesn't alter lightly the language people worship with (ask the Roman Catholics who suffered the loss of the Latin in favor of a [mediocre] vernacular Mass). Thanks for the gentle correction, MR and AS.

Robert Gertz  •  Link

Oh, I dunno...Some of us like having it in our own lingo. What fascinates me is a passage from the Oxford Medieval History I came across a long while back arguing that Charlemagne's brief Carolingian Renaissance was the deathknell to Latin as a spoken, vernacular language as his scholars, with the best intentions, corrected and "cleaned-up" the language and rendered it totally dead for the daily life of the people, solely a language of the small learned, book-reading minority and eventually dropped by them for daily use. Probably much oversimplified but interesting idea, I used to kick it around with some English profs I knew back when I worked on the English Literary Renaissance journal in undergrad days as it might apply in some ways to modern English as it globalizes and changes. One of my arguments always was that an important factor has always been that men like Shakespeare worked among the people rather than apart from them, producing for a popular market, providing a link between the pure scholars and the man-in-the-street that has kept the language alive.

My boss preferred the "there are more learned folks" argument.

And back to you, Sam...

cgs  •  Link

When juices are on the rise , knowledge is lost. How strange?
"...but it being sermon time they would not let me in,..." and as Capt.Petrus.S. Dorpmans reminds us that blind ale houses would be closed as they wanted the sinners money in the collection box not being used on weak alcohol.

Martha Rosen  •  Link

The theory Robert Gertz cites (that the Carolingian Renaissance was the deathknell of Latin as a spoken language) apparently comes from the work of Roger Wright ("Late Latin and Early Romance in Spain and Carolingian France", 1982). I encountered the idea in Nicholas Ostler's "Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World" (2005). Ostler considers the theory a simple fact and describes Wright as establishing it with "great documentary effort". He also says that the Council of Mainz (847) said that the homilies, which were in Latin, should be translated into the vernaculars so that people could understand them. It might be hard to change the language people worship in, but it seems to me that it's very hard to NOT change the language they live in.

Paul Chapin  •  Link

Further on Annotations - content

Following up on Michael Robinson's note, Phil has gently reminded us in the past that there may be copyright issues if overextensive quotations from copyrighted sources appear on the site. Proper attribution should help reduce the risk of this, but does not eliminate it entirely.

language hat  •  Link

"I encountered the idea in Nicholas Ostler’s Empires of the Word: A Language History of the World (2005)."

He repeats it in his new Ad Infinitum: A Biography of Latin (2007).

"Ostler considers the theory a simple fact"

This is one of my problems with Ostler (whom in general I like a lot) -- he's too incautious in making flat statements when the facts are not nearly as simple or straightforward as he makes them out to be.

Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link…

Diary of Ralph Josselin (Private Collection)

Sunday 8 January 1664/65

Jan. 8. A very cold time; god good to me and mine in many mercies - our family abroad again, to god be glory; news stronger of a dutch war.

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Whatever his inclinations, Pepys is forced by circumstances to be virtuous upon the Lord's day :D

Matt Newton  •  Link

"... they would not let me in and said nobody was there to speak with me..."

Alehouses were forbidden by law to open during the hours of church service.

Thanks, belatedly, for this.
Anyone any ideas of church service times?
And were there opening and closing time laws?
Just asking for a friend.....

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

As I recall the times of church services depended on daylight hours, churches being ill lit at best. So they could be much earlier and later in the summer.

Chris Squire UK  •  Link

Re: ‘Tory’:

‘Tory, n. and adj.< Irish *tóraidhe . .
A. n. 1. a. In the 17th c., one of the dispossessed Irish, who became outlaws, subsisting by plundering and killing the English settlers and soldiers; a bog-trotter, a rapparee; later, often applied to any Irish Papist or Royalist in arms. Obs. exc. Hist.
. . 1657 T. Burton Diary 10 June (1828) II. 210 Major Morgan... We have three beasts to destroy, that lay burdens upon us,—
1st, is a public Tory, on whose head we lay 200l., and 40l. upon a private Tory's...
2d. beast, is a priest, on whose head we lay 10l., if he be eminent, more.
3d. beast, the wolf, on whom we lay 5l. a head if a dog; 10l. if a bitch . . ‘


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