Emilio • Link
[This annotation was posted by Steve H for 5 Mar, 1659/60:
Presbyterianism : some background
Presbyterianism is a Scottish (and English) version of Calvinist Protestantism. Parallel churches in Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands are called
Emilio • Link
Presbyterians in 17th-c politics
[And this from vk for the 29 April 1660 entry:]
It's absolutely necessary to remember that the term Presbyterian had two distinct meanings at this time (that is, 1644-1660). It could refer to the religious movement, or it could refer to one of the two political parties in the Commons. In late 1644 the entire Commons divided into Presbyterians vs. Independants.
The Presbyterians had two major goals: 1) they wanted a single national church , with a Presbyterian government, instead of toleration for sects independant of the national church; and they wanted to negotiate for peace with the King. The Independants wanted toleration and they wanted to defeat the King on the field and then force demands on him.
By late 1648, when the King had been defeated, the Presbyterians were the majority in the Commons, and were pressing Charles I to accept the Treaty of Newport. The Independants were the minority, but they had almost complete influence over the army. The army wanted to put the King on trial and the Presbyterian majority was blocking this. So the army threw the Presbyterians out of the House and they had no role for ten years.
Once the Presbyterians came back in February - and presumably formed the majority again - they picked up where they left off: they wanted a King who accepted the terms of the Treaty of Newport, which included the establishment of a national Presbyterian church among other things.
Now the new election has also reintroduced the 'cavaliers', those who never wanted to tamper with the Episcopal church in the first place. The presumably want episcopacy back. The Independants want toleration: they don't want to be forced to join any church, Episcopal or Presbyterian.
Calvin’s Reformed churches were called Presbyterian because the church authority is vested in of duly ordained *Elders*, ET of the New Testament Gk *presbyteroi* (not by bishops, ET of the Gk *episkopoi*, “overseers” > Episcopal governance). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presbyterianism
CGS • Link
see index [below] for many names of these de-listed vicars many were scholars.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.