Thursday 27 July 1665

Called up at 4 o’clock. Up and to my preparing some papers for Hampton Court, and so by water to Fox Hall, and there Mr. Gauden’s coach took me up, and by and by I took up him, and so both thither, a brave morning to ride in and good discourse with him. Among others he begun with me to speak of the Tangier Victuallers resigning their employment, and his willingness to come on. Of which I was glad, and took the opportunity to answer him with all kindness and promise of assistance. He told me a while since my Lord Berkeley did speak of it to him, and yesterday a message from Sir Thomas Ingram. When I come to Hampton Court I find Sir T. Ingram and Creed ready with papers signed for the putting of Mr. Gawden in, upon a resignation signed to by Lanyon and sent to Sir Thos. Ingram. At this I was surprized but yet was glad, and so it passed but with respect enough to those that are in, at least without any thing ill taken from it. I got another order signed about the boats, which I think I shall get something by. So dispatched all my business, having assurance of continuance of all hearty love from Sir W. Coventry, and so we staid and saw the King and Queene set out toward Salisbury, and after them the Duke and Duchesse, whose hands I did kiss. And it was the first time I did ever, or did see any body else, kiss her hand, and it was a most fine white and fat hand. But it was pretty to see the young pretty ladies dressed like men, in velvet coats, caps with ribbands, and with laced bands, just like men. Only the Duchesse herself it did not become. They gone, we with great content took coach again, and hungry come to Clapham about one o’clock, and Creed there too before us, where a good dinner, the house having dined, and so to walk up and down in the gardens, mighty pleasant. By and by comes by promise to me Sir G. Carteret, and viewed the house above and below, and sat and drank there, and I had a little opportunity to kiss and spend some time with the ladies above, his daughter, a buxom lass, and his sister Fissant, a serious lady, and a little daughter of hers, that begins to sing prettily. Thence, with mighty pleasure, with Sir G. Carteret by coach, with great discourse of kindnesse with him to my Lord Sandwich, and to me also; and I every day see more good by the alliance. Almost at Deptford I ‘light and walked over to Half-way House, and so home, in my way being shown my cozen Patience’s house, which seems, at distance, a pretty house. At home met the weekly Bill, where above 1000 encreased in the Bill, and of them, in all about 1,700 of the plague, which hath made the officers this day resolve of sitting at Deptford, which puts me to some consideration what to do. Therefore home to think and consider of every thing about it, and without determining any thing eat a little supper and to bed, full of the pleasure of these 6 or 7 last days.

18 Annotations

tyndale   Link to this

The final article of the July 27 'Newes':

London, July 26

His Majesty is, God be praised in health, and at present at Hempton Court, but intends his remove tomorrow morning toward Salisbury; that is to say, having first given by the way such necessary orders about the great Affair of his Royal Fleet, as to his Princely Wisdom shall seem expedient.

The Sickness encreases exceedingly in the Out-Parishes that have been long infected; insomuch that in seven of them there died of it 1209 this last week. The total of the Plague Bill is 1843 whereof only 128 [or 328?] within the Walls of the City. As to the particulars I shall still refer the Reader to the Bills of Mortality.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

Who calls so loud? At 4am.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

"...them the Duke and Duchesse, whose hands I did kiss."

Well, so much for that.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

"Therefore home to think and consider of every thing about it..."

Fewer dames, can't keep watch over the growing horde in the basement, no longer the heroic last officer at the helm of the office, fewer dames around, can't monitor the (admittedly dwindling) London gossip, have to leave the horde unprotected, fewer dames at hand, can't keep a firm finger on the latest war intelligence so easily, much fewer dames, won't be able to dash off so much on Carteret-Montagu wedding business, hardly more dames than Mrs. Bagwell at hand in Deptford...

And Bess no doubt will expect more frequent visits and overnights, meaning...Fewer dames.

Something to ponder carefully.

Terry Foreman   Link to this

"without any thing ill taken from it."

L&M say Gauden acceped the same terms as Lanyon, so for Pepys it's Egal.

***
"I got another order signed about the boats, which I think I shall get something by."

Cp. 4 July 1665 - "This morning I did a good piece of work with Sir W. Warren, ending the business of the [lighters = boats to be used in Tangier roadstead], wherein honestly I think I shall get above 100l.." http://www.pepysdiary.com/archive/1665/07/

Australian Susan   Link to this

"...it was pretty to see the young pretty ladies dressed like men, in velvet coats, caps with ribbands, and with laced bands, just like men...."

Was this just a fashion? Or was it similar to the practice of dressing boys as girls until three or four (when they were "breeched" or put into trousers for the first time), because it had been observed that boy babies die more frequently than girl babies and the cross-dressing was supposed to fool the Angel of Death??
See http://images.google.com.au/imgres?imgurl=http:...
This picture is of the 3 eldest children of Charles I - the one in the middle is James future Duke of York and King James III & VII, despite looking almost exactly like his sister on the left - Mary, future Princess of Orange.

Australian Susan   Link to this

Sorry, did not convey enough with above annotation - I meant to question whether the cross-dressing was seen as a plague preventive.

Pedro   Link to this

Aussie Sue…Was this just a fashion?

In her biography of Catherine, Davies says the following about the Court travelling to Salisbury…

A new costume which had just been introduced for riding and driving was worn by Catherine and her ladies on their journey south. It consisted of a velvet coat, exactly resembling that worn by men, and caps with ribbons and bands. This new fashion was afterwards adopted for walking wear, and their coats, periwigs, and hats, they were hardly to be distinguished from men, save for their long skirts dragging below the coats’ hem.

jeannine   Link to this

Aussie Sue…Was this just a fashion?

Just to add to the cutting edge fashion news of the times (from memory-don't have the book or exact quote handy). At some point Catherine would introduce a dress which ended just above the ankle. The other ladies at Court, who didn't have Catherine's slender ankles didn't take to it too kindly.

And today's fashion is quite a long way away from the farthingdale style that Catherine arrived in! http://employees.oneonta.edu/angellkg/3-11.jpg

Albatross   Link to this

Is it just me, or does Pepys seem to be having an inordinately good time for someone living in a plague-ravaged city in the midst of a war? Or is this a case of "Eat, drink, and be merry..."?

Robert Gertz   Link to this

That's our boy.

tyndale   Link to this

A summary of the rest of today's Newes (leaving out the items already printed in the Intelligencer):

Dublin: the great faith-healer Valentine Greatrakes has performed numerous miraculous cure here
Bruges: four Dutch mutineers hanged; men drawn from the garrisons complaining that they are supposed to be doing land-service, not sea-service
Paris: ships of the West India company going to the American isles were apprehended by the English in the channel, but the king had them set free on learning who they really were
Antwerp: the Dutch are constantly spreading rumors, that De Ruyter is taken near Scotland, or that he never came near there, or about the readiness of the fleet; from the East Indies comes news that Christianity is making great progress in China, and that a notorious Pirate was killed, but that his son has turned into an even worse pirate, so that the 'Tartarian Emperor is afraid of him'; the Dutch are in fear of sending their fleets out of their own ports because of the war; the States Deputies are now taking over from the Admirals; they are worried abou the army of the Bishop of Munster
Rotterdam: rumors that the Dutch were sending a large fleet out of the Texell are false; De Ruyter reportedly in Norway
Amsterdam: more about the Deputies going out with the fleet; English navy lurks to the North; more fears of the Bishop of Munster, who has various German princes allied with him
The Hague: proceedings against Mr. Oudart and Mr Corney, no one knows what they are charged with; two Councils of War to be constituted aboard the fleet; ; Prince Maurice is to command the Dutch land forces, and other preparations to face the Bishop; De Ruyter is "making friends of the unrighteous Mammon" and daily expects that they will demand "an accompt of his stewardship"
Tangier: 'Lord Bellasis' arrived and greeted enthusiastically; a Dutch fleet has lingered neearby, but has not attacked, and a battery has been set up to drive them off
York: shooting heard from here
Durham: magistrates dealing with the plague by mooving suspected families into huts in the fiels, though they care for these families; English fleet seen passing recently
Plymouth: English fleet arrived recently with six vessels from Cadiz
Hull: captain of a captured privateer has died of his wounds

Also an ad asking for the return to Captain Ensom, commander of the Swallow, of "a Blackamore about 25 years old, tall and slender, in a white Cloth Coat with silver Buttons, a white Hat, and a blew Suit, blew Stockins topt with Cloth, large shotes and jagged with Iron. He speaks only Spanish, and is marked in his Temples, and upon one of his legs."

CGS   Link to this

thanks for the news, much appreciated, now we have an idea of the talk at the den of caffeine addicts.

Terry Foreman   Link to this

"my cozen Patience’s house"

L&M transcribe "my cozen Pepys's house" and note it is here -- and at 7 October 1666 -- that the name is written in shorthand as 'P-e-p-s', a monosyllable, which "could be pronounced 'Peeps', 'Pepps' or 'Payps'. But writing his name in Greek letters on the flyleaf of one of his books (Xenophon's *De Cyri institutione libri octo*..., he used the long 'e' ('eta'): 'Πηπυς'. There is little room for doubt, therefore, that he pronounced his name 'Peeps'."

Terry Foreman   Link to this

"the officers this day resolve of sitting at Deptford"

"On Tuesday and Thursday mornings" note L&M -- leaving Pepys in a quandary.

CGS   Link to this

There no derogative words surrounding Samuells name in the 17C.
mono syllable be the easiest to use for a name.
peep 1. A flock of chickens. hist.
B. int. Representing the feeble, high-pitched sound or cheep typically made by a young bird, mouse, etc. In later use also: representing a high-pitched mechanical or electronic beep. (Freq. reduplicated).
a1500

Peep 2
1. a. The first appearance of daylight or of the sun; esp. in peep of dawn, peep of the morning. Also (occas.): a tiny speck of light.
Cf. also PEEP OF DAY n.
1530

b. An act of peeping; a quick look or glance, esp. through a narrow opening or out of a place of concealment; a surreptitious or furtive glance.
In quot. 1677 referring to the game of peekaboo.
1677

Brian   Link to this

"At this I was surprized but yet was glad."

Sam's been so busy with the marriage arrangements that he is unaware of Creed and the others' Tangier plans. At least Gauden did Sam the courtesy of telling him the plan before he was presented with the fait accompli to sign. And, to his credit Sam was willing to accept their dealings.

Vikki V   Link to this

I think Fissant is Elizabeth's Gauden's sister, and Denis Gauden's sister in law. (Though they wouldn't have made that distinction as often as we may now do.)

I think her name was Abigail, and her married name was Pheasant/Pheasaunt.. I've seen it spelled different ways.

She is not the same sister of Denis Gauden referred to earlier... that is his late brother's wife, Elizabeth Gauden. (Her husband was Dr. John Gauden.)

What I can't figure out is if Abigail Pheasant lived at Hutton Hall, Essex, or if it was the bishop's widow who lived there. I believe it was probably Abigail Pheasant. But not being in England there's only so much I can track down by the Internet!

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