Sunday 30 August 1663
[The Gutenberg text of the Wheatley edition of the diary has no entry for this date. P.G.]
[The Gutenberg text of the Wheatley edition of the diary has no entry for this date. P.G.]
The L&M Version for today reads as follows:
Lords Day. Lay long, then up; and Will being ill of the tooth-ake, I stayed at home and made up my accounts; which to my great content arise to 750£ clear Creditor, the most I have had yet. Dined alone with my wife, my brother dining abroad at my uncle Wights I think. To church, I alone, in the afternoon; and there saw Pembleton come in and look up, which put me into a sweat, and seeing not my wife there, went out again. But Lord-how I was afeared that he might, seeing me at church, go home to my wife; so much it is out of my power to preserve myself from jealousy *- and so sot impatient all the sermon. Home and find all well and no sign of anybody being there, and so with great content playing and dallying with my wife; and so to my office, doing a little business there among my papers, and home to my wife to talk-supper and bed.
* s.h. repl. l.h. ‘Jealousy” written over another l.h. word (-‘ment’) now illegible.
"Nice leg of beef, love. But even nicer...Leg of Bess."
"Sam'l!" Giggle. "Stop it, sir!"
"Sadly, my lady, no one is here to protect you from the fiendish...Dancing Master."
"Hmmn? Sam'l? Dancing master?" Ha..Ha-ha-ha-hah. "You...You're still jealous of that Mr. Pembleton? Oh, Sam'l!"
"Not at all, not at all. But they do say a good dancer can have a way with the ladies."
"Pity you didn't study harder, then. Oh, no..."
"It's them again..." Bess nods our way...
"You there, go way...This is a private residence." Sam waving us off.
"You had to write about our home life in that silly Diary. Now we can never get rid of these people."
"Made you immortal, sweetheart."
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Sam skips morning worship because Will has the toothache? Very puzzling behaviour in a regular attender.
The Rev. Josselin & his diary:
"God good [...] harvest god good in the word a very thin audience, as if daring Magistracy, that begins to punish absentees from public worship, the lord give me a heart to serve him faithfully."
The Act of Conformity at work...
John Evelyn's diary...
"Mr. Lloyd our Curate on 24. Act: 16: In the Afternoone I walked to Greenewich and heard Mr. Plume Expound on the Catechisme."
"And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience
void to offence toward God, and toward men."
"750£ clear Creditor"
I was hoping Pepys would give us a clearer picture of his financial accounting this time, given the recent change in the loan to Sandwich. This doesn't help me very much, though. Anybody else?
Many thanks to Jeannine!
Pembleton is rather giving cause for concern - he only seems to have started coming to church again now Bess is back from the country and now pointedly staring up at the Navy Office gallery pew. Hmm.
Sam doesn't comment on what readings he heard, nor the sermon (well, he had other things on his mind...) but Evelyn's sermon was based on "And herein do I exercise myself to have always a conscience void of offence toward God and toward men." This could have been a sermon to trouble Sam.
The Catechism is the series of questions and answers which confirmation candidates were expected to learn and recite before being confirmed. This was a new edition to the 1662 BCP and was being used as a test of conformity on the laity (as the 39 Articles were for the clergy since the inclusion of these in the Elizabethan prayer book). Presumably the sermon was on the great worth of this inclusion in the BCP and how it was to be used. JE had gone quite a distance to hear this Mr Plume: he must have thought either the preacher or the subject matter worth it.
Thank you Jeannine - what a buddy!
Glad to see Sam's nett worth is increasing exponentially, wish mine was.
Patricia and TerryF are so correct in pointing out that Sam had a lie-in - as he wasn't observed at Church on Sunday morn - will that be held against him in the future? I think, from schoolgirl memory, that church non-attendance was a notifiable offence during this period, maybe that is to come, does anyone else know? Once again religion is the tamer of the masses.
MissAnn, Dirk’s quote from the Rev. Josselin’s diary (“a very thin audience, as if daring Magistracy, that begins to punish absentees from public worship”) may refer to non-attendance. Anyone know how seriously it was taken?
Even taking into account Sam’s jealous paranoia, it does look like Pembleton was either innocent of amorous intent and extremely ingenuous, or guilty and extremely stupid.
Thanks Bryan M - previous annotation done whilst trying to work, couldn't wait to get home, wanted a diversion from a very stressful day so had a peek.
Rev Josselin, even though not a wordy man with his entries is always on the ball. Just goes to show my memory isn't that bad afterall, maybe I was listening at school afterall (not very cool for a tall leggy blonde in the '70s - now an aging greying blonde who is getting shorter every year).
"So I went to hear Plume." Evelyn notes quietly to the coffeehouse set about him.
"Plume? The one they say whose sermons on conscience annoyed the King?" one fellow eyes him. "The fellow Barkeley promised to give a thrashing should they ever meet?" another chimes in.
"You've heard the stories about his wife? A high level agent of the royal secret service...I got it from a confidential source at Court." one whispers.
"Everyone's heard that one, it was a deliberate leak. Why do you think I went?" Evelyn smiles. "She seemed a lovely, quiet lass, though I did catch her eyeing the crowd and glancing at him throughout the sermon. Assuming she probably knows the King's top covert men by sight, I imagine she's quite a protection to him."
"Can't be true." the second speaker shakes head. "What rogue, even at Court would expose a covert operative of the government just to intimidate a moral whistle-blower? That'd be high treason...He could hang."
"Not if the leak were sanctioned by someone high enough." Evelyn offers.
"So John Pepys...You,sir are very welcome." Uncle Wight nods to his younger nephew, raising a glass of wine to him, which John reciprocates, the two men having retired to Wight's closet to discuss confidential matters. "And I want to know, John...That I regard you as I would my own son. Yes." Sets down glass. "So, sir. What do you have for me?"
"Sandwich took a 700L loan with my brother just the other day. He's definitely hurting for cash. And his mistress in Chelsea is draining him."
"Ah..." Wight nods, smacking lips. "So my information is true. Our last famed Cromwellian has taken on trappings and attachments beyond his means and is finding himself in serious difficulties. A moral lesson to us, nephew. Excellent. Clarendon will be very pleased."
"Sam says the King hasn't paid him even for the Portugal trip to bring the Queen and the Wardrobe is bringing him little if anything."
"Yes, a pity. And I fear if my Lord looks to either source to replenish his coffers he'll find them quite dry...And the King quite apologetic but unable to assist. Though naturally, as the nation's moral guardian, perturbed and concerned by the rumors about Chelsea."
"So the King means to bring him down, eh?"
"My dear John. Would the King turn on the more competent of the two men who made his return possible? Still, there are those highly placed who might prefer to see the last ex-Cromwellian capable of rallying opposition morally compromised, neutered, and dependent on the King's generosity. A generosity that, sadly, may be a trifle sporadic."
"Brother Sam might want to keep his distance then...If my Lord's headed for a fall." John notes.
"Ah, John. This is why I am pleased to regard you as I would my very own son. No, it's never wise to put all ones eggs in one basket in such times as we live in, dear boy. And I hear your successful brother has begun to make himself independent of his patron. A wise move on his part." Wight smiles, moping brow a bit.
"Now, dear boy. I shall ask you, while you stay with dear Samuel and his pretty wife, to continue to seek out any stray bits of news you can as to my Lord's situation. I can assure you my friends at Court will be pleased...And..." lifts small bag of something heavy to table which John, at a nod from dear Uncle, pockets quietly.. "Generous."
I bid for Pembleton's ingenuous cluelessness. Surely he has seen enough of Mr. Pepys's behavior that otherwise, if guilty, he would shun coming under suspicion.
"750£ clear Creditor"
I read it to mean "net worth" -- assets minus liabilities. I suspect he includes only financial assets, such as coin, currency, and accounts receivable, but not personal goods (household goods, furnishings, and such), balanced against his liabilities (the settlement payments on his uncle's estate, his outstanding promissory notes, etc.). I'd be interested to know how he treats the inherited real estate, which is usually described by its annual rental value rather than by a full cash value.
Another Cavalier answer in the Background, said he told His Highness to dump all that Cromwell mob, all except those that could prove that they sent useful information to his Highness, those like Downing. All of those that gave monies to the Puritan Party and allies, all should have been removed. Only Loyal subjects should have those cushy jobs at all the sinecure positions like the Wardrobe, and Navy. All servants of the Cromwell movement should have lost their positions through out the Commonwealth, sorry Kingdom, then we, all us educated that were educated properly, could enjoy prosperity, no more poor preachers, and impoverished lauded ones.
How serious was non Attendance? Verry, in most politicall vestries, it was used to increase incomes, fortunately Church run Law courts were not functional fully, otherwise it would have introduce another Inquisition.
It was a good source of income, and a good way of getting rid of your rivals in Trade and Politics. Parliament was locked in a weak struggle with the Bishops and Charles, whose own religious bent be askew with both power Groups, but as laws were being used to get traction, it failed to get blud shed.
A good read be the late Christopher Hill [Former Balliol OXon Brainwasher ] series of books on the Period, publisher W.W. Norton books, His view point fails to convince many, none the less it is a interesting view.
Understanding this period of British [England,Wales,Scotland,Eire]should be mandatory for any one, wanting to change Government's major ways, or democratize them, or understand the other attempts to control large mobs of peoples.
"The Uniformity Act of 1662 under Charles II, which was preceded by similarly named acts in 1549, 1552 and 1559, sought to restore the dominance of the Church of England by establishing a set form of worship, which included compiling a new version of the Book of Common Prayer (Keir 240). The use of this book was mandatory at all religious services. Additionally, this Act made church attendance mandatory every Sunday, under the penalty of a fine of 12 pence." http://www.cornellcollege.edu/english/Blaugdone...
I question the applicability of the claim that "*this Act* made church attendance mandatory every Sunday"
since the source cited for this claim is Thomas, Heather. Life and Times of Queen Elizabeth I. 1998. Accessed Feb. 16, 2005. http://www.elizabethi.org
The author of this article has conflated several Acts of Uniformity.
Thanks, Aqua, I understood every word!
Someone has to say it.
What time is it Will?
Ok, I'll stay and look after you.
"and there saw Pembleton come in and look up ... and seeing not my wife there, went out again"
Pepys'is jumping to conclusions here. Just because Pembleton leaves may have absolutely nothing to do with Elizabeth not being there. But it's an easy assumption for Pepys to make, given that he regularly visits churches to look at pretty women.
Ellen, I hope not too bushey tailed.
So perhaps in truth, Pembleton is a spirit brother...
Heaven...Centuries of reconcilation later...
(A corner of Eternity bearing the form of their old London...Heaven being largely the familiar and beloved.)
Pembleton and Pepys at the back of the imitation St. Olave's, contentedly eyeing every pretty girl passing:
"Pale and acarved and with a kerchief, the girl from St. O-lave's is walking...And when she's walking, each time she's walking, we go....
Oh...And she's looking so lovely..."
Uh-oh...Ummn...Pembleton kindly tries a nudge, but Sam feels himself in excellent voice...
"Oh...And she's..." Uh...
"Really? Do go on, gentlemen." Bess, accompanied by a grim Mrs. Pembleton, back from a chat, hands on hips, glares.
Thought this was supposed to be Heaven...Sam grumbles mentally as he's dragged home.
"Oh, no...It's Heaven for me...Now I always get to nip these things in the bud." Bess smiles, reading his thought...
"'Course if it's such hell for you...You know you can request a transfer." a slightly anxious stare.
"No." Shake of head, sly grin. "I suppose I must bear it as my due...And it wouldn't be any fun anywhere without you."
That was pure purgatory, RG ,so carthartic.
It was the 1559 Act which first made attendance compulsory on payment of a fine of 6d (the 1662 Act doubled that!). Many Catholic Elizabethans simply paid up the sixpences until that got too dangerous (after Eliz. was excommunicated by the Pope - 1570 - making her assassination an act of obligation on Catholics and thus rendering them all objects of suspicion. Great paranoia resulted.)
With the passing of the 1662 Act, the Government was first of all concerned to get the clergy to conform and all use the new BCP. so at this stage attendance or not by thelaity was not seen as such a cause for concern (and never what it was a hundred years before - because of the danger to the monarch at that time.)
Wish Sam had been at the installtion of the ArchB of Cant - his account would have been so much livelier than JE's (compare the two writing on the Coronation). Note only 8 Bishops were in the procession - the ranks were thin indeed.
Todd: Our concept of money has radicaly changed, from sumthing tangible to sumert ephemeral or more imaginary, I see people paying for their cup of ersartz with a Tablet of wax [on Tab vs on carta papyrus];
There is no sensual contact with an hour's worth of labour and the object of desire. Money has become a mythe like Christmas, Marriage and the pursuit of happiness.
'or the computers all fail' reality, and no cuppa of char to apprecate the beauty of pencil and paper to count change as I have witnessed when stores close on a bright sunny day and cannot serve coffee as they cannot make change or except thy plastique, due a Transformer going poof at the end of the street..
Before last Christmas, I went into a shop I don't usually go into to purchase a gift. I proferred the girl at the counter a note - she stared at it and then said, "I'm sorry, this is a no-cash till - could you queue over there." Pointing to till with long queue. I returned gift to shelf and left store......