Saturday 7 March 1662/63

Up betimes, and to the office, where some of us sat all the morning. At noon Sir W. Pen began to talk with me like a counterfeit rogue very kindly about his house and getting bills signed for all our works, but he is a cheating fellow, and so I let him talk and answered nothing. So we parted. I to dinner, and there met The. Turner, who is come on foot in a frolique to beg me to get a place at sea for John, their man, which is a rogue; but, however, it may be, the sea may do him good in reclaiming him, and therefore I will see what I can do. She dined with me; and after dinner I took coach, and carried her home; in our way, in Cheapside, lighting and giving her a dozen pair of white gloves as my Valentine. Thence to my Lord Sandwich, who is gone to Sir W. Wheeler’s for his more quiet being, where he slept well last night, and I took him very merry, playing at cards, and much company with him. So I left him, and Creed and I to Westminster Hall, and there walked a good while. He told me how for some words of my Lady Gerard’s1 against my Lady Castlemaine to the Queen, the King did the other day affront her in going out to dance with her at a ball, when she desired it as the ladies do, and is since forbid attending the Queen by the King; which is much talked of, my Lord her husband being a great favourite. Thence by water home and to my office, wrote by the post and so home to bed.

  1. Jane, wife of Lord Gerard (see ante, January 1st, 1662-6). The king had previously put a slight upon Lady Gerard, probably at the instigation of Lady Castlemaine, as the two ladies were not friends. On the 4th of January of this same year Lady Gerard had given a supper to the king and queen, when the king withdrew from the party and proceeded to the house of Lady Castlemaine, and remained there throughout the evening (see Steinman’s “Memoir of Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland,” 1871, p. 47).

17 Annotations

Alan Bedford   Link to this

"...The. Turner, who is come on foot in a frolique to beg me to get a place at sea for John, their man, which is a rogue..."

Looks like young Theophila definitely has cousin Sam wrapped around her finger. And at the age of 11, too!

A. De Araujo   Link to this

"but,however it may be the sea may do him good in reclaiming him"
Sam wishes him to get lost; not very charitable our Sam.

TerryF.   Link to this

I wonder how much "a dozen pair of white gloves" Sam's Valentine's size would have cost him. Surely less than 1 pound. Any ideas?

in Aqua Scripto   Link to this

How much be a pair of white gloves :...two years back Samuell did get:
............."...In the afternoon my wife and I and Mrs. Martha Batten, my Valentine, to the Exchange, and there upon a payre of embroydered and six payre of plain white gloves I laid out 40s. upon her...."..... ...Batten dothe......
"...Then my wife to Sir W. Batten’s, and there sat a while; he having yesterday sent my wife half-a-dozen pairs of gloves, and a pair of silk stockings and garters, for her Valentine’s gift...."..... ...........
more than the 20s he estimated. Stockings were 5s for worsted and those silk ones be 15s. [Eliza Picard again P.146] Ladies gifts must never be cheap, even a pair of silk Stockings 3 centuries later, be worth their weight in romance.

dirk   Link to this

"however it may be the sea may do him good in reclaiming him"

"The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language", Fourth Edition, Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.


1. To bring into or return to a suitable condition for use, as cultivation or habitation: reclaim marshlands; reclaim strip-mined land.

2. To procure (usable substances) from refuse or waste products.

3. To bring back, as from error, to a right or proper course; reform. See Synonyms at save1.

4. To tame (a falcon, for example).

I'd go for nr 3 -- I don't think Sam wants the "rogue" dead!

TerryF.   Link to this

Dirk, I agree -
"John, their man" is a project, and "the sea may do him good" -- a little discipline and unrelenting hard work for one who walks (and talks) about as he pleases, perhaps with his cloak thrown over his shoulder? Oh that's Wayneman....Hmmmm....

JohnT   Link to this

Interesting word , this " frolique". In previous discussions we have considered whether it was some sort of vehicle, though that is not a usage supported by OED. From this entry it is clear that young Theophilia comes by foot. .
It seems that it means some sort of celebratory treat such as that expensive trip to the theatre, or as in previous entries a to mark a wedding anniversary, or , as here, the claiming of a Valentine. But it is also the word Sam used to describe the rather risque charade between Lady Castlemaine and Mrs Stuart pretending to be newlyweds. .This last could be a distinct sense of the word , a merry jest, a jape , a whimsical frolic. No doubt it was also a treat for some.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

Actually it was our good Will Hewer with the clock trick.

The is quite in her mother's mold. I suspect she views herself as more or less in ownership of Sam having no doubt to her own mind at least been responsible for saving him in 1658.

"Well I was there..."

Robert Gertz   Link to this


TerryF   Link to this

Aye, Robert Gertz, I stand (sit, actually) corrected.

Last 8 June's entry has it: "Home, and observe my man Will to walk with his cloak flung over his shoulder, like a Ruffian, which, whether it was that he might not be seen to walk along with the footboy, I know not, but I was vexed at it"

(Wayneman's current parlous condition - and its possible remedy - were on my mind.)

Dickens   Link to this

frolique: The common law, at least here in Virginia, preserves an antique use of the word that serves a serious legal purpose but is inescapably whimsical in application. When a servant or employee totally departs from his duty or the ordinary course of his employment, the servant is said to be "on a frolic of his own," such that the master/ employer is no longer liable for the servant's conduct. Typically, the "frolic" is a deviation from duty that has no particular sportive or merry-making quality, although it can have that quality. This sense of frolic as a departure from duty or the ordinary course of action may shed light on both recent usages.

This old reader/ new participant thanks Phil and the regulars for providing the occasion for many delightful frolics during the pressures of the work day over the past two years.

Mary   Link to this

Many thanks to Dickens

for a delicious slant on the concept of a frolic.

in Aqua Scripto   Link to this

adding to Mary's grats, it be such a caper [slang that be].

Pedro   Link to this

A frolic in Some of Sam’s Inns…


Ah, Ben!
Say how, or when
Shall we thy guests
Meet at those lyric feasts,
Made at the Sun,
The Dog, the Triple Ton?
Where we such clusters had,
As made us nobly wild, not mad;
And yet each verse of thine
Outdid the meat, outdid the frolic wine.

jeannine   Link to this

A Visit from Theo//

Theo alighted upon a frolique //
Straightforward to me she did speak//
With a most convincing technique//
A sea job for John she did seek//

Spending money brings me a great pique//
Dinner then gloves from a fancy boutique//
A coach ride with wheels that did creak//
All to get rid of that little pip-squeak!!!

jeannine   Link to this

Sorry for the /// but with the funky annotations there is no way to line things up..

Robert Gertz   Link to this

"Thence to my Lord Sandwich, who is gone to Sir W. Wheeler’s for his more quiet being, where he slept well last night, and I took him very merry, playing at cards, and much company with him."
"Sam'l? How do you manage to say things like this with a straight face?" Bess eyes the Diary line which a grinning Sam has just kindly translated. Though a bit sad for poor neglected Lady Jem.>>
"Practice, my love. Practice.">>
(My god, it worked)

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