Pauline • Link
from L&M Companion
Palmer, Roger, cr. Earl of Castlemaine (Irel.) 1661. (1643-1705). Husband of the King's mistress; separated from her 1666. A fervent Catholic; author of "The Catholique apology" (defending Catholics against the charge of having caused the Fire) which Pepys thought well of. Twice imprisoned in the Popish Plot; rewarded by being sent as James II's ambassador to Rome (1686-7), where his tactless attempts to have the Jesuit Petre made a cardinal caused offence.
GerryS • Link
Look at this fascinating article by Charlotte E. Erwin. An examination of Palmer's life and his connection to a pamphlet called
Roger Palmer, husband to Mrs. Palmer, the royal mistress, was, by Charles II. created earl of Castlemaine. A man of nice honour would never have accepted of this title, as the whole world knew on what account it was conferred. It indeed appears that he had some scruples upon that head, as he did not accept of it when it was first offered him. In 1680 he was accused as an accomplice in the Meal-Tub Plot, and was brought to a public trial; but nothing was proved against him. He was a good proficient in the mathematics, and was the inventor of a "horizontal globe," of which he wrote an explanatory pamphlet. He was author of " An Account of the present War betwixt the Venetians and the Turks," &c. 1666; and of "A short and true Account of the material Passages in the late War betwixt the English and Dutch;" 1671.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.
PALMER, ROGER, Earl Of Castlemaine (1634-1705), diplomatist and author; son of Sir James Palmer; of Eton and King's College, Cambridge; student, Inner Temple, 1656; married Barbara Villiers (afterwards Duchess of Cleveland), 1659, who became Charles II's mistress at the Restoration; M.P., New Windsor, 1660-1; forced by Charles II to become Earl of Castlemaine in order to propitiate Barbara's jealousy of the marriage of Charles II, 1661; accused of complicity in the Popish plot, but acquitted; as envoy to Rome, 1686, met with a cold reception, his excessive zeal for Petre and other of James II's favourites embarrassing Pope Innocent XI; privy councillor, 1687; at the revolution was exempted from the Act of Indemnity, and after imprisonment in the Tower of London escaped to the continent; indicted of high treason, 1695: on returning and surrendering himself was released without trial, on condition of going over-seas; linguist, mathematician, and political pamphleteer.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.