Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
Bill has posted 2,770 annotations/comments since 9 March 2013.
About Cherry Garden, Greenwich
Cherry Garden, Rotherhithe, a place of entertainment in the reign of Charles II., long since built over. The site is marked by Cherry Garden Stairs, where is a landing pier for Thames steamers as well as small boats.---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.
About Thomas Hodges (Dean of Hereford)
Thomas Hodges, vicar of Kensington, and rector of St. Peter's, Cornhill. He had been, in September, 1661, preferred to the Deanery of Hereford, which he held with his two livings till his death, in 1672.---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.
About Sir Robert Southwell
SOUTHWELL, Sir ROBERT (1635-1702), diplomatist; son of Robert Southwell (1607-1677); B.A. Queen's College, Oxford, 1655; entered Lincoln's Inn, 1654; knighted, 1665; succeeded to his father's office in Munster, 1677; hon. D.C.L. Oxford, 1677; English envoy in Portugal, 1665-8, and after other diplomatic work became principal secretary of state for Ireland, 1690 ; P.R.S., 1690-5.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About John Spencer
SPENCER, JOHN (1630-1693), master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge; became fellow there, c.1655; master of the college, 1667-93; M.A., 1652; D.D., 1665; was an erudite hebraist, and in his 'Dissertatio de Urim et Thummim,' 1669, and 'De Legibus Hebraeorum,' laid the foundations of the science of comparative religion, tracing the connection between the rites of the Hebrew religion and those practised by kindred Semitic races.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About Rood (unit)
ROOD, a quantity of land equal to forty perches, or the fourth part of an acre.---A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. 1764.
About Prince Rupert
This may be Jumping the Shark but here is sequel to the above video testing the strength of a Prince Rupert's Drop. They haven't broken one yet.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3FkAUbetWU
About Harry Spelman
SPELMAN, SIR HENRY (1564?-1641), historian and antiquary; studied at Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A., 1583), and Lincoln's Inn; M.P., Castle Rising, 1597; commissioner on unsettled Irish lands, 1617; settled in London for study, 1612, and (1613) printed his 'De non temerandis Ecclesiis,' material for his much more elaborate work, the 'History of Sacrilege' (published, 1698); his 'Glossary' of obsolete Latin and old English terms published, 2 vols., 1626, 1664; subsequently published compilations on 'Councils of the Church,' the 'Tenures, by Knight Service'; founded a short-lived Anglo-Saxon readership at Cambridge, 1635.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
To make Cream Curds.Take a gallon of water, put to it a quart of new milk, a little salt, a pint of sweet cream and eight eggs, leaving out half the whites and strains, beat them very well, put to them a pint of sour cream, mix them very well together, and when your pan is just at boiling (but it must not boil) put in the sour cream and your eggs, stir it about and keep it from settling to the bottom; let it stand whilst it begins to rise up, then have a little fair water, and as they rise keep putting it in whilst they be well risen, then take them off the fire, and let them stand a little to sadden; have ready a sieve with a clean cloth over it, and take up the curds with a laddle or eggslicer, whether you have; you must always make them the night before you use them; this quantity will make a large dish if your cream be good; if you think your curds be too thick, mix to them two or three spoonfuls of good cream, lie them upon a china dish in lumps; so serve them up.---English housewifry. E. Moxon, 1764.
SADDEN. ... 4. To make heavy, to make cohesive.---A Dictionary Of The English Language. Samuel Johnson, 1756.
About Sunday 24 April 1664
Pornography indeed. Aretino/Aretin was discussed extensively in the Diary annotations of Friday 15 May 1663 http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1663/05/15/
"... my Lady Castlemaine rules him, who, he says, hath all the tricks of Aretin that are to be practised to give pleasure."
About Thursday 21 April 1664
But why was she even in Sam's house? I imagine facilities for women outside of homes were few and far between. If necessity arose while traveling in town, one could stop a friendly home, even if the occupants weren't present. And, of course, despite the nature of the visit, Sam had to be informed...
About John Lindsay (17th Earl of Crawford, 1st Earl of Lindsay)
LINDSAY, JOHN, tenth Baron Lindsay of the Byres, first Earl of Lindsay, and afterwards known as John Crawford-Lindsay, seventeenth Earl Of Crawford (1596-1678), created Earl of Lindsay, 1633; leader of the covenanters; lord of session and commissioner of the treasury, 1641; distinguished himself at Marston Moor, and title and dignities of Earl of Crawford ratified on him, 1644; president of the parliament, 1645; took part in attempt to rescue Charles from Carisbrook, 1646; joined the coalition for Charles II’s restoration, 1650; taken prisoner, 1652; released, 1660; lord high treasurer, 1661; refusing to abjure the covenant resigned his offices and retired from public life, 1663.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About Wednesday 20 April 1664
Thanks arby and Tripleransom, you beat me to it. Here's a youtube for those youngsters who missed it. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3p9g3JCZv1E
PINNER.1 The lappet of a head which flies loose.
[LAPPET. The parts of a head dress that hang loose.]---A Dictionary Of The English Language. Samuel Johnson, 1756.
About Sunday 17 April 1664
“I vexed to see what charges the vanity of my aunt puts her husband to among her friends and nothing at all among ours.”
CHARGE, A Burden, or Load; an Employ, an Office; Cost, or Expence; Also an Accusation, or Impeachment; an Onset; Also hurt, damage. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Dr Waldegrave
WALDEGRAVE, Sir WILLIAM (f.1689), physician; M.D. Padua, 1659; a Roman catholic; physician to Mary Beatrice, queen of James II.---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
About Sunday 10 April 1664
“she had put on her new best gowns”
A GOWN, a long Garment. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
It was he [Mithridates] who first thought, the proper precautions being duly taken, of drinking poison every day; it being his object, by becoming habituated to it, to neutralize its dangerous effects. This prince was the first discoverer too of the various kinds of antidotes, one of which, indeed, still retains his name...---Pliny the Elder. Natural History, 77-79 A.D.
About Pease porridge
To make pease porridge.TAKE a quart of green pease, put to them a quart of water, a bundle of dried mint, and a little salt. Let them boil till the pease are quite tender; then put in some beaten pepper, a piece of butter as big as a walnut, rolled in flour, stir it all together and let it boil a few minutes; then add two quarts of milk, let it boil a quarter of an hour, take out the mint, and serve it up.---The Art of Cookery, Made Plain and Easy. H. Glasse, 1774.
About Thursday 7 April 1664
“my wife got me a pleasant French fricassee of veal for dinner”
FRICASSEY, a Dish of fry’d Meat as Rabbets, Chickens, &c. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Sunday 27 March 1664
A CLOSE, a piece of Ground fenced or hedged about.---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.