Annotations and comments

Bill has posted 2,770 annotations/comments since 9 March 2013.


Second Reading

About Candle/Caudle

Bill  •  Link

To make a Caudle of great virtue.

Take a pint and a half of the strongest Ale may be gotten, twenty Jordan Almonds clean wiped, but neither washed nor blanched, two Dates minced very small, and stamped, then take the pith of a young Bief, the length of twelve inches, lay it in the water till the bloud be out of it, then strip the skin off it, and stamp it with the Almonds and Dates, then strain them all together into the Ale, then boil it until it be a little thick; give the party in the morning fasting six spoonfuls, and as much when he goeth to bed.

---The Skilful Physician, 1656

About Reformado

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Reformado or Reformed Officer is one whose troop, or company, is supressed in a reform, and he continued either in the whole or half-pay, doing duty in the regiment.

--A New Complete English Dictionary, 2nd Edition, D. Bellamy, 1760

About Wednesday 4 April 1660

Bill  •  Link

"I did give Davis, their servant, 5l. 10s. to give to Mr. Moore from me, in part of the 7l. that I borrowed of him, and he is to discount the rest out of the 36s. that he do owe me."

So it would appear that Sam only owed 5l. 4s., perhaps the physical currency was a problem, but it seems he overpaid 6s. How much was that? A web search indicated that 6s is worth 35 pounds in 2013 retail purchasing power. Seems like a lot to forgive. Or is it?

About Canes

Bill  •  Link

Google Books has only three entries for "knotted cane" before 1800. Two refer to bamboo and one refers to an actual cane from the 1680s.

After 1800 the term "knotted cane" is plentiful in Google and Google Books.

About Capt. Wilgress

Bill  •  Link

Some further information on the good captain:

Date of Death, 1671/09/09
Blackamoor, 1656-1659, As Commanding Officer
Captain, 1660
Bear, 1660/06/24-1661/09/03, As Commanding Officer
Hector, 1664/05/28-1664/09/04, As Commanding Officer
East India Merchant, 1664/09/05-1665/12/12, As Commanding Officer
Marmaduke, 1665-1666, As Commanding Officer
1665/06/03, Battle of Lowestoft
House of Sweeds, 1666/06/10-1667/03/31, As Commanding Officer
1666/07/25-1666/07/26, St James Day Battle
Welcome, 1670-1671, As Commanding Officer
Assistance, 1671/08/20-1671/09/09, As Commanding Officer…

About Monday 26 March 1660

Bill  •  Link

I'm surprised more isn't made of Pepys being "cut of the stone". Any surgery before anaesthesia was surely amazingly painful and I can't image bladder surgery then. The Neal Stephenson novel "Quicksilver" has already been mentioned in this blog, Here is a conversation in the book, later in Pepys life, between Pepys and a man in pain from a "stone".

"Did you bring it?"
"I always have it with me," Pepys said, producing an irregular nodule about the size of a tennis ball, "as you have all your parts."
"To remind you of your mortality?"
"Once a man's been cut for the stone, 'tis hardly necessary."
"Why, then?"
"It's my conversation starter of last-resort. It gets anyone talking: Germans, Puritans, Red Indians . . ." He handed the object to Daniel. It was heavy. Heavy as a stone.
"I cannot believe this came out of your bladder," Daniel said.
"You see? Never fails!" Pepys answered.

About Monday 12 March 1659/60

Bill  •  Link

Per Keith Wright's suggestion above and thanks to Google Books, here's Plomer's information about Bedell the printer:

BEDELL (GABRIELL), bookseller in London; Middle Temple Gate, Fleet Street, 1646-68. Is first met with on November 7th, 1646, when, in partnership with Mercy Meighen, q.v., the widow of Richard Meighen, he made an entry in the Registers of the Company of nineteen books which had formerly belonged to R. Meighen. Twelve of these were plays. Later, however, they appear to have dealt principally in law books. In 1650 they took Thomas Collins, q.v., as third partner. In 1654 Mercy Meighen died, and G. Bedell is found in partnership with R. Marriot, T. Garthwayte and J. Crooke, but eventually he and T. Collins settled down together and a list of 86 books, arranged under subjects, published by them in 1656 occurs at the end of T. Goffe's Three excellent Tragedies. Gabriell Bedell died on February 27th, 1967/8 "by taking a cup of poyson, as is reported."