Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
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About Sunday 2 October 1664
"there saw the picture usually put before the King’s book"
"The picture usually placed before the king's book, which Pepys says he saw 'put up in Bishopsgate church,' was not engraved for the [Eikon Basilike], but relates to the frontispiece of the large folio Common Prayer book of 1661, which consists of a sort of pattern altar piece, which it was intended should generally be placed in the churches. The design is a sort of classical affair, derived in type from the ciborium of the ancient and continental churches; a composition of two Corinthian columns, engaged or disengaged, with a pediment. It occurs very frequently in the London churches, and may be occasionally remarked in country-town churches, especially those restored at the king's coming in. Anyone who has ever seen the great Prayer Book of 1661, will at once recognize the allusion; and it is a well-known fact that the frontispiece was drawn and engraved for the purpose mentioned above" ("Gentleman's Magazine," March, 1849, p. 226).--- Wheatley. Diary, 1904.
About Saturday 1 October 1664
"We go now on with great vigour in preparing against the Dutch"
From John Dryden, Satire on the Dutch, 1662:
To one well-born the affront is worse and more, When he’s abused and baffled by a boor, With an ill grace the Dutch their mischiefs do; They’ve both ill nature and ill manners too. Well may they boast themselves an ancient nation; For they were bred ere manners were in fashion: And their new commonwealth hath set them free Only from honour and civility.
There were several houses in the neighbourhood of the Navy House with the sign of the Horseshoe; one was in St. Dunstan's in the East and another on Great Tower Hill.--- Wheatley. Diary, 1904.
About Wednesday 27 July 1664
“my rough draught of the contract”
DRAUGHT, the Resemblance of a thing drawn; the Copy of a Writing, &c.---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
Pills of boyled Turpentine.Take of Venice Turpentine, boyled till it is hard in Radish Water, or in the Water of Winter Cherries, four Ounces ; of Liquorish cleansed, and finely powdered, one Ounce; boyl the Turpentine over a soft Fire, in the distilled Water of Radishes, or Winter Cherries, or in any other Plant that forces Urine, till it be so hard, that you may make it into Pills. Then pour away all the Water from the Turpentine, and before it is cold, incorporate with it the Liquorish finely powdered. These Pills force Urine when it has been stopt by Flegm, and Gravel, or by the French Disease. They are also good at the Beginning of a Gonorrhea, to make it run. One Dram or two of it may be taken several Days together.---A Plain Introduction to the Art of Physick. John Pechey, 1697
About Tuesday 12 July 1664
“but of no great profit to him that oweth them for ought we see.”
To OWE. … 4. To possess, to be the right owner of.---A Dictionary Of The English Language. Samuel Johnson, 1756.
HELENA:I am not worthy of the wealth I owe,Nor dare I say 'tis mine, and yet it is;---All’s Well that Ends Well. Shakespeare.
About Saturday 9 July 1664
“we would not be obliged to attend the business when we can, but when we list”
LIST, Will, Desire, &c.LISTLESS, having no Desire to any Thing, careless, regardless, uneasie. ---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Monday 20 June 1664
“But I was never more vexed to see how an over-officious visitt is received” OFFICIOUS, ready to do one a good Office, serviceable, very obliging.---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Saturday 18 June 1664
“pert Sir W. Pen is to-day newly come” PERT, brisk lively.---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Thursday 16 June 1664
“and there eat a messe of creame” MESS, a Portion of Food for one or more Persons.---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Wednesday 15 June 1664
“but did cheapen several parcels” To CHEAPEN, to ask or to beat down the Price of a Commodity.---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.
About Tuesday 14 June 1664
“yet is a fine lady, of a fine taille” Taille, cut, cut out.Tailler, to cut, to cut out.Tailleur, Taylor.---A short dictionary English and French. G. Miège, 1684.
About St Dunstan-in-the-West
The churchyard (facing Fleet Street) was built in with stationers' shops; and Smethwick (one of the most celebrated) always described his shop as "in St . Dunstan's Churchyard in Fleet Street, under the Diall." Such is his address on the 1609 edition of Romeo and Juliet, and the 1611 edition of Hamlet. Here, in St. Dunstan's churchyard, Marriot published the first edition of Walton's Angler.
There is newly extant a book of 18d. price, called "The Compleat Angler; or, the Contemplative Man's Recreation, being a Discourse of Fish and Fishing, not unworthy the perusal of most Anglers. Printed for Richard Marriot, in St. Dunstan's Churchyard, Fleet Street."—Mercurius Politicus, for May, 1653.
Dr. Donne, the poet, and Dr. Thomas White (founder of Sion College), were vicars of this church. A monument with medallion bust of White has been lately erected.
Eminent Persons buried in.—Simon Fish, author of the Supplication of Beggers (d. A.d. 1531). Davies, of Hereford, the poet and writing-master (d. 1617). Thomas Campion, Doctor of Physic, also a poet (d. 1619). Dr. White (d. March 1, 1623/1624). Simon Wadlow, landlord of the Devil Tavern, Ben Jonson's "King of Skinkers" (buried March 30, 1627). George, first Lord Baltimore, Secretary of State, and one of the early colonisers of North America (d. April 15, 1632). John Graunt, one of the founders of Political Economy (d. 1674). Pinchbeck, who gave his name to a metallic compound (d. 1783). Thomas Mudge, the celebrated chronometer maker (d. 1794).---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.
Shove Ha'penny - History and Useful Informationhttp://www.tradgames.org.uk/games/Shove-HaPenny.h…
The table had parallel lines or divisions, marked with figures, according to the value of which the player counted his game, and it is something in this way that the game of shove-groat or shove-halfpenny is still played. The width of the lines apart should be about a quarter of an inch greater than the pieces of money used. There is a balk or line, over which a shot must pass to be valid—otherwise it is a failure. The marks on the side are made with chalk. The players begin by one of them placing a halfpenny at the edge of the table, projecting about one third over its edge—then carrying his hand perpendicularly, thumb uppermost, he strikes it like a billiard ball on to the lines. If it be between any two of them it counts, and one of the marks at that space on the player's side is rubbed out. A lined shot may become good if struck into an opening by either party. If a line is crossed by the coin in the slightest degree it is of no value. When either of them has erased all the marks from any of the openings, should he lodge a shot there his opponent takes the benefit by erasing one of his own marks from that opening, should he have such still remaining. The players thus proceed alternately, five shots at a time. The game affords scope for considerable skill, as will be found by any one who will try it. The table must be steady and heavy, such as the old dormant tables of a hall, on which indeed it was invariably played, and of which specimens are not uncommon with the diagram inlaid in marquetrie. De Foe, in his Journey through England, 1724, mentions a marble shovel-board.---The Second Part Of Henry The Fourth. King Henry The Fifth, Volume 10. 1861.
Stratford Le Bow, (the Stratford atte Bowe of our old writers of the 14th and 15th centuries), now commonly called Bow, formerly a hamlet of Stepney, but made into a separate parish in 1720, lies a mile east of Mile End. The name Stratford or Straet-ford is derived from a ford through the Lea at the place where it was crossed by the old Roman Road to Colchester. About the beginning of the 12th century Queen Matilda built a bridge over the Lea near the "Old Ford," and from the shape of this bridge the name of the village took the addition of "atte Bow."
The old bridge, consisting of three narrow arches, had been so often repaired as to leave little of the original structure when taken down in 1835.
The French of Chaucer's "Prioress" was spoken in the Stratford manner:—
And Frensch sche spak ful faire and fetysly,After the scole of Stratford atte Bowe,For Frensch of Parys was to hire unknowe.Prologue to Canterbury Tales, I. 124.
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.
“ Mr. Duke, who is to be Secretary to the Fishery, and is now Secretary to the Committee for Trade” " March 14, 1664. The King to the Duke of York, Governor, and the Assistants of the Royal Fishing Company. Recommends George Duke, late Secretary of the Committee for Trade, to be entertained by them in the same post, for which he is particularly fitted" ("Calendar of State Papers," 1663-64, p. 515).---Wheatley, 1904.
About Thursday 21 July 1664
Among the State Papers is a receipt by Thomas Harper, of Gottenburg deals, &c., from Sir William Warren, dated "Deptford, July 27, 1664" ("Calendar," 1663-64, p. 653). Complaints, promoted by Sir William Batten, were subsequently made respecting this contract with Sir William Warren; and Pepys alludes to them in his "Defence" (dated November 27th, 1669), which is contained in one of the Pepysian manuscripts (No. 2554).---Wheatley, 1904.
About Versions of the diary
L&M is still under copyright, of course, and they, and the publishers, would appreciate receiving your coins in return for access. The link above does not give the complete version but omits pages. However, most of the L&M (copyrighted) notes will eventually appear in our version.
About Monday 23 May 1664
To FORE-CAST, to consider or contrive before hand.---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.