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has posted 16,353 annotations/comments since 28 June 2005.

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About Monday 5 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"to the Cockpitt, where we saw “Claracilla,” a poor play, done by the King’s house (but neither the King nor Queen were there, but only the Duke and Duchess, who did show some impertinent and, methought, unnatural dalliances there, before the whole world, such as kissing, and leaning upon one another); but to my very little content, they not acting in any degree like the Duke’s people."

L&M: It is generally agreed that the Duke of York's Company were superior to the King's Company.

About Monday 5 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"The Duke did not stay long in his chamber; but to the King’s chamber, whither by and by the Russia Embassadors come; who, it seems, have a custom that they will not come to have any treaty with our or any King’s Commissioners, but they will themselves see at the time the face of the King himself, be it forty days one after another; and so they did to-day only go in and see the King; and so out again to the Council-chamber."

L&M: For the embassy, see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/27/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/27/#c385…
Russian protocol required their envoys to see the King before negotiating with his agent: see Sir J. Finett, Finetti Philoxenis (1656), p. 47.

About Monday 5 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Up and to the Duke, who himself told me that Sir J. Lawson was come home to Portsmouth from the Streights, who is now come with great renown among all men, and, I perceive, mightily esteemed at Court by all."

L&M: The new standing of this ex-Anabaptist and ex-Republican was due to his treaties with the Moors: https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/05/22/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/05/22/#c312…
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/22/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/22/#c382…
On 29 December 1662 he had been granted a pension of £500 p.a.:CSPD 1661-2, p. 605.

About Sunday 4 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"After dinner I and she walked, though it was dirty, to White Hall (in the way calling at the Wardrobe to see how Mr. Moore do [doth - L&M]"

L&M: Henry Moore (lawyer and Sandwich's man of business) had been ill since the previous October.

About Elizabeth Bowyer

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Elizabeth and Robert Bowyer -- Pepys writes 'my mother' and 'my father' Bowyer -- were two of Pepys's most generous and trustworthy Westminster friends.

About Sunday 9 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"From thence going to my Lady I met with a letter from my Lord (which Andrew had been at my house to bring me and missed me), commanding me to go to Mr. Denham, to get a man to go to him to-morrow to Hinchinbroke, to contrive with him about some alterations in his house, which I did and got Mr. Kennard."

L&M: John Denham (the poet) was Surveyor-General of the King's Works; Thomas Kennard (Kenward) was Master-Joiner under him. Sandwich had just arranged for five marble mantlepieces to be brought over from Italy: Carte 73, f.502r.

About Sunday 9 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This being done I went to chappell, and sat in Mr. Blagrave’s pew, and there did sing my part along with another before the King, and with much ease."

L&M: Thomas Blagrave was one of the gentleman of the Chapel Royal; Pepys was singing (? at sight) with the choir. Cf. a similar occasion on 29 December 1661.

About Wednesday 5 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This morning the Proposal which I wrote the last night I showed to the officers this morning, and was well liked of, and I wrote it fair for Sir. G. Carteret to show to the King, and so it is to go to the Parliament."

L&M: A statement of the navy debts was recorded in the Commons' Journals for 5 December (viii. 243-4), but this proposal is not mentioned.

About Tuesday 4 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This day the Parliament voted that the bodies of Oliver, Ireton, Bradshaw, &c.,1 should be taken up out of their graves in the Abbey, and drawn to the gallows, and there hanged and buried under it:"

L&M: CJ, viii. 197; the word used was 'carcases' not 'bodies'. Sentence on these leading regicides was to be executed on 30 January next, the anniversary of their crime. All had died before the Restoration, and had recently been attained by parliament. See
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/01/28/?c=55… and
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/01/30/?c=55…
The three mentioned had been buried among the kings and queens in Westminster Abbey; Pride, at Nonsuch.

About Wednesday 30 January 1660/61

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Then to my Lady Batten’s; where my wife and she are lately come back again from being abroad, and seeing of Cromwell, Ireton, and Bradshaw hanged and buried at Tyburn."

L&M: The shrouded and embalmed corpses of the regicides were hanged in public from morning until sundown, then cut down, the heads removed and the 'loathsome trunks' buried under the gallows. Descriptions in Evelyn; Rugge, i, f.154v.

About Monday 28 January 1660/61

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"to an ale-house, where I met Mr. Davenport; and after some talk of Cromwell, Ireton and Bradshaw’s bodies being taken out of their graves to-day,"

L&M: ....The work of exhumation had begun on the 26th; on the 28th the coffins were taken to the Red Lion in Holborn. Pride's body seems to have escaped the fate of the others: M. Noble, Lives Engl. regicides (1798), ii. 132-3. For the story that Cromwell's corpse had been exchanged for that of a king, see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1664/10/13/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1664/10/13/#c542…

About Sunday 2 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"To church in the afternoon, and after sermon took Tom Fuller’s Church History and read over Henry the 8th’s life in it,"

L&M: Bk v; pp. 163-255 in the folio edition of 1656.

About Tuesday 27 November 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"...This day I do also hear that the Queen's going to France is stopt, which do like, me well, because then the King will be in town the next month…”

vincent conjectures: "I do believe, he means it is a good idea , Queen has a good influence on son Chas.

But he forgets the critical phrase: "This day I do also hear that the Queen’s going to France is stopt, which do like me well, because then the King will be in town the next month, which is my month again at the Privy Seal."

L&M explain the office will then be the busier(and more profitable [for Pepys and the other clerks]): see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/A/08/23/ and
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/A/08/23/#c6951

About Tuesday 27 November 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"From thence to Westminster Hall, and in King Street there being a great stop of coaches"

L&M: Traffic-blocks became much commoner in the narrow streets of London with the growth of population, trade and wheel traffic in the 17th century. See N. G. Brett-James, Growth of Stuart London, ch. xvii. Pepys was once held up for 1 1/2 hours: see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/12/10/ .

About Saturday 24 November 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"So carried it home by water, Will being with me. At home, and had a fire made in my closet, and put my papers and books and things in order, and that being done I fell to entering these two good songs of Mr. Lawes, “Helpe, helpe, O helpe,” and “O God of Heaven and Hell” in my song book, to which I have got Mr. Child to set the base to the Theorbo,"

L&M: For these songs, see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/03/04/#c2540
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/03/04/?c=55… and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/06/05/#c5276
Pepys probably had Henry Lawes's Second book of ayres and dialogues (1655) containing them, but for accompaniment it contained only unfigured bass-lines. This entry suggests that he was copying them into a MS. book, with accompaniments in tablature for theorbo provided by Child.

About Sunday 4 March 1659/60

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Before I went to church I sang Orpheus’ Hymn"

L&M: 'O king of heaven and hell' -- Henry Lawes's setting of Sir John Birkenhead's words; headed 'Orpheus Hymn to God' in Lawes's Second book of ayres and dialogues (1655), pp. 47-8; not in the PL.

About Thursday 22 November 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"The Princess Henrietta is very pretty, but much below my expectation; and her dressing of herself with her hair frized short up to her ears,"

L&M: A style fashionable in the 1660's: 'corkscrew curls massed on each side above the ears and wired out away from the face. The front hair . . . strained back . . ., and the back hair brushed up . . . and twisted into a small flat "bun" ': Cunnington, p. 181.