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Terry Foreman has posted 16,358 annotations/comments since 28 June 2005.

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About Sunday 25 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"I understand the King of France is upon consulting his divines upon the old question, what the power of the Pope is? and do intend to make war against him, unless he do right him for the wrong his Embassador received;"

L&M: Lorenzo Imperiale (Imperiali), Cardinal-Governor of Rome since 1654, had been transferred to the legateship of the Marches as a result of the quarrel with France. But the consistory refused to accede to Louis' wishes and banish him. In consequence, de Créquisailed for France on 14/24 December 1662. Imperiale cane of a distinguished Genoese family: Louis extorted from Genoa a decree exiling both him and his household.

About Saturday 24 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"...so by coach to Mr. Povy’s, where Sir W. Compton, Mr. Bland, Gawden, Sir J. Lawson and myself met to settle the victualling of Tangier for the time past, which with much ado we did, and for a six months’ supply more."

L&M: This was a meeting of the Tangier Committee, of which Thomas Povey was Treasurer. 3500 men were to be supplied at 8d. per day; victuals for six months would cost c. £19,660, and transportation c. £8500. Estimates, etc. in BL, Sloane 1956, f.75v.

About Thursday 22 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"and with the rest of the officers to Mr. Russell’s buriall, where we had wine and rings, and a great and good company of aldermen and the livery of the Skinners’ Company."

L&M: Robert Russell, sen ., ships'-chandler to the navy, was a Livery-man of the Skinners' Company, a common councilman and deputy of Tower Ward, and for at least 30 years a parishioner of St Dunstan-in-the-East.

About Monday 19 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"he seems to set off his rest in this plenty and the neatness of his house, which he after dinner showed me, from room to room, so beset with delicate pictures, and above all, a piece of perspective"

L&M: An early reference to the current liking, very marked in Pepys's taste for illusionist paintings and of feigned perspectives. Povey's picture was probably the illusionist picture painted in 1662 by Samuel van Hoogstraten (d. 1678) and measuring 104 x 53 3/4 ins., which later passed into the collection of his nephew Willian Blathwayt, and is still at Dyrham Park, Glos. (Exhibited 17th Century Art in Europe, R. A., 1938 (no. 160)). Hoogstraten was working in London, 1662-3, and portraits painted by hand in England in 1667 are also recorded. He also painted perspective pieces, of a rather more grandiose nature, for the Finch family.

About Tuesday 6 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"He tells me, and so do others, that Dr. Calamy is this day sent to Newgate for preaching, Sunday was se’nnight, without leave, though he did it only to supply the place; when otherwise the people must have gone away without ever a sermon, they being disappointed of a minister but the Bishop of London will not take that as an excuse."

L&M: Edmund Calamy, sen., a leading Presbyterian, hd preached in St Mary's Aldermanbury, from which he had been extruded in August 1662 for nonconformity. He had been released from Newgate on 13 January on the ground that he had acted with the approval of several privy councillors, and not in contempt of the law: CSPD 1663-4, p. 10. The Act of Uniformity made dissenting clergymen liable to three months' imprisonment for public preaching, This was the first prosecution under the act. Cf. CSPVen. 1661-4, p. 229. The Bishop was Gilbert Sheldon.

About Monday 5 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"to the Cockpitt, where we saw “Claracilla,” a poor play, done by the King’s house (but neither the King nor Queen were there, but only the Duke and Duchess, who did show some impertinent and, methought, unnatural dalliances there, before the whole world, such as kissing, and leaning upon one another); but to my very little content, they not acting in any degree like the Duke’s people."

L&M: It is generally agreed that the Duke of York's Company were superior to the King's Company.

About Monday 5 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"The Duke did not stay long in his chamber; but to the King’s chamber, whither by and by the Russia Embassadors come; who, it seems, have a custom that they will not come to have any treaty with our or any King’s Commissioners, but they will themselves see at the time the face of the King himself, be it forty days one after another; and so they did to-day only go in and see the King; and so out again to the Council-chamber."

L&M: For the embassy, see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/27/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/27/#c385…
Russian protocol required their envoys to see the King before negotiating with his agent: see Sir J. Finett, Finetti Philoxenis (1656), p. 47.

About Monday 5 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Up and to the Duke, who himself told me that Sir J. Lawson was come home to Portsmouth from the Streights, who is now come with great renown among all men, and, I perceive, mightily esteemed at Court by all."

L&M: The new standing of this ex-Anabaptist and ex-Republican was due to his treaties with the Moors: https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/05/22/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/05/22/#c312…
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/22/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/11/22/#c382…
On 29 December 1662 he had been granted a pension of £500 p.a.:CSPD 1661-2, p. 605.

About Sunday 4 January 1662/63

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"After dinner I and she walked, though it was dirty, to White Hall (in the way calling at the Wardrobe to see how Mr. Moore do [doth - L&M]"

L&M: Henry Moore (lawyer and Sandwich's man of business) had been ill since the previous October.

About Elizabeth Bowyer

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Elizabeth and Robert Bowyer -- Pepys writes 'my mother' and 'my father' Bowyer -- were two of Pepys's most generous and trustworthy Westminster friends.

About Sunday 9 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"From thence going to my Lady I met with a letter from my Lord (which Andrew had been at my house to bring me and missed me), commanding me to go to Mr. Denham, to get a man to go to him to-morrow to Hinchinbroke, to contrive with him about some alterations in his house, which I did and got Mr. Kennard."

L&M: John Denham (the poet) was Surveyor-General of the King's Works; Thomas Kennard (Kenward) was Master-Joiner under him. Sandwich had just arranged for five marble mantlepieces to be brought over from Italy: Carte 73, f.502r.

About Sunday 9 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This being done I went to chappell, and sat in Mr. Blagrave’s pew, and there did sing my part along with another before the King, and with much ease."

L&M: Thomas Blagrave was one of the gentleman of the Chapel Royal; Pepys was singing (? at sight) with the choir. Cf. a similar occasion on 29 December 1661.

About Wednesday 5 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This morning the Proposal which I wrote the last night I showed to the officers this morning, and was well liked of, and I wrote it fair for Sir. G. Carteret to show to the King, and so it is to go to the Parliament."

L&M: A statement of the navy debts was recorded in the Commons' Journals for 5 December (viii. 243-4), but this proposal is not mentioned.

About Tuesday 4 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This day the Parliament voted that the bodies of Oliver, Ireton, Bradshaw, &c.,1 should be taken up out of their graves in the Abbey, and drawn to the gallows, and there hanged and buried under it:"

L&M: CJ, viii. 197; the word used was 'carcases' not 'bodies'. Sentence on these leading regicides was to be executed on 30 January next, the anniversary of their crime. All had died before the Restoration, and had recently been attained by parliament. See
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/01/28/?c=55… and
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/01/30/?c=55…
The three mentioned had been buried among the kings and queens in Westminster Abbey; Pride, at Nonsuch.

About Wednesday 30 January 1660/61

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Then to my Lady Batten’s; where my wife and she are lately come back again from being abroad, and seeing of Cromwell, Ireton, and Bradshaw hanged and buried at Tyburn."

L&M: The shrouded and embalmed corpses of the regicides were hanged in public from morning until sundown, then cut down, the heads removed and the 'loathsome trunks' buried under the gallows. Descriptions in Evelyn; Rugge, i, f.154v.

About Monday 28 January 1660/61

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"to an ale-house, where I met Mr. Davenport; and after some talk of Cromwell, Ireton and Bradshaw’s bodies being taken out of their graves to-day,"

L&M: ....The work of exhumation had begun on the 26th; on the 28th the coffins were taken to the Red Lion in Holborn. Pride's body seems to have escaped the fate of the others: M. Noble, Lives Engl. regicides (1798), ii. 132-3. For the story that Cromwell's corpse had been exchanged for that of a king, see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1664/10/13/ and https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1664/10/13/#c542…

About Sunday 2 December 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"To church in the afternoon, and after sermon took Tom Fuller’s Church History and read over Henry the 8th’s life in it,"

L&M: Bk v; pp. 163-255 in the folio edition of 1656.

About Tuesday 27 November 1660

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"...This day I do also hear that the Queen's going to France is stopt, which do like, me well, because then the King will be in town the next month…”

vincent conjectures: "I do believe, he means it is a good idea , Queen has a good influence on son Chas.

But he forgets the critical phrase: "This day I do also hear that the Queen’s going to France is stopt, which do like me well, because then the King will be in town the next month, which is my month again at the Privy Seal."

L&M explain the office will then be the busier(and more profitable [for Pepys and the other clerks]): see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/A/08/23/ and
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/A/08/23/#c6951