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Terry Foreman has posted 16,358 annotations/comments since 28 June 2005.

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About Thursday 30 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"But that which is a great wonder I find his little daughter Betty, that was in hanging sleeves but a month or two ago, and is a very little young child; married, and to whom, but to young Scott, son to Madam Catharine Scott, that was so long in law, and at whose triall I was with her husband; he pleading that it was unlawfully got and would not own it, she, it seems, being brought to bed of it, if not got by somebody else at Oxford, but it seems a little before his death he did own the child, and hath left him his estate, not long since."

L&M: Edward Scott of Scot's Hall had married Catherine, daughter of Lord Goring (later Earl of Norwich), c. 1632, but had lived with his wife for only about two years. In the civil war he had served in the parliamentary army, while she had lived at Oxford, where she was suspected of adultery with Rupert. Both at Oxford and elsewhere she had had children whom her husband had disowned. He brought an action for separation in the ecclesiastical courts, and she an action for alimony in Chancery, but Pepys was probably a witness to some part of the parliamentary proceedings in the case which followed the husband's petition to Parliament in December 1656. The divorce was never obtained and Edward Scott, who died in May 1663, acknowledged Thomas Scott as his son and heir. T. Burton, Diary (1828), i. 204-6, 334-7; Evelyn, 19 July 1663[ Jams R. Scott, Memorials of Family of Scott of Scot Hall, po. 231+; ib., App., pp;. xxxiv-xli.

About Saturday 25 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Creed and I resolved to go to Clapham, to Mr. Gauden’s, who had sent his coach to their place for me because I was to have my horse of him to go to the race. So I went thither by coach and my Will by horse with me; Mr. Creed he went over back again to Westminster to fetch his horse. When I came to Mr. Gauden’s one first thing was to show me his house, which is almost built, wherein he and his family live. I find it very regular and finely contrived, and the gardens and offices about it as convenient and as full of good variety as ever I saw in my life. It is true he hath been censured for laying out so much money; but he tells me that he built it for his brother, who is since dead (the Bishop), who when he should come to be Bishop of Winchester, which he was promised (to which bishoprick at present there is no house), he did intend to dwell here."

L&M: Dr John Gauden (brother of Denis Gauden, the navy victualler), Bishop of Exeter since 1660, was translated to Worcester in June 1662. He died in the following September. from chagrin (it was said) at not getting Winchester: John Toland. Amyntor (1669), pp. 90-1. Winchester House, Southward (close by the foot of the London Bridge), had been sold by Parliament in 1649, and though now restored to the bishop was let out to tenants in 1662. George Morley (Bishop of Winchester, 1662-84) replaced it by a house (Winchester House) at Chelsea. The 17th-century diocese of Winchester extended to the s. bank of the Thames at Southwark. VCH, Surrey, ii. 14; ib., iv. 146-8; LCC, Survey of London (Bankside), 22/45+; HMC, rep., 11/2/16-17.

About Tuesday 14 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This day I hear the judges, according to order yesterday, did bring into the Lords’ House their reasons of their judgment in the business between my Lord Bristoll and the Chancellor; and the Lords do concur with the Judges that the articles are not treason, nor regularly brought into the House, and so voted that a Committee should be chosen to examine them; but nothing to be done therein till the next sitting of this Parliament (which is like to be adjourned in a day or two), and in the mean time the two Lords to, remain without prejudice done to either of them."

L&M: According to the judges' view, reported in the Lords on 13 July, no charge of high treason could be brought by one peer against another without the previous consent of the House: LJ, xi. 559.

About Monday 13 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"and Mrs. Allen, the clerk of the Rope-yard’s wife with us, desiring her passage, and it being a most pleasant and warm day, we got by four o’clock home. In our way she telling us in what condition Becky Allen is married against all expectation a fellow that proves to be a coxcomb and worth little if any thing at all, and yet are entered into a way of living above their condition that will ruin them presently, for which, for the lady’s sake, I am much troubled."

L&M: Rebecca Allen, then about 18, had in August 1662 married Henry Jowles of Chatham, aged about 24. Her sister had married rather better -- her husband later this year succeeded his father-in-law as Clerk of the Ropeyard at Chatham.

About Sunday 12 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

'Commissioner Pett showed me alone his bodys as a secrett,

L&M: Shipwrights usually kept secret their sectional drawings ('bodys') of ships. See G. P. B. Naish in C. Singer et al, Hist. Technol., iii. 489.

About Sunday 12 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

'Commissioner Pett showed me alone his bodys as a secrett,

L&M:.Shipwrights usually kept secret their sectional drawings ('bodys') of ships. See G. P. B. Naish in C. Singer et al, Hist. Technol., iii. 489.

About Saturday 11 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"after dining done to the Dock by coach, it raining hard, to see “The Prince” launched, which hath lain in the Dock in repairing these three years."

L&M: Papys had had muc h correspondence with Commissioner Pett about the progress of the repairs and the date of the launch: CSPD 1663-4, p. 168 etc. Twenty horses had been required to carry her rudder across the yard: ib., p. 184.

About Thursday 9 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

" I found my bill against Tom Trice dismissed, which troubles me, it being through my neglect, and will put me to charges. "

L&M: On this day Pepys swore an affidavit alleging that the defendant had not given proper notice to the plaintiffs, anbd deposing that he had further witnesses in Huntingdonshire to examine: Whitear, p. 160.

About Saturday 4 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This day in the Duke’s chamber there being a Roman story in the hangings, and upon the standards written these four letters — S.P.Q.R., Sir G. Carteret came to me to know what the meaning of those four letters were; which ignorance is not to be borne in a Privy Counsellor, methinks, that a schoolboy should be whipt for not knowing."

L&M: Was his command of his own language any better? Cf. Marvell: 'Carteret the rich did the accomptants guide,/ And an ill English all the world defy'd.': Last Instructions, ll.203-4. He had received very little formal education, and had spent much of his boyhood at sea.

About Saturday 4 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Here I learnt that the English foot are highly esteemed all over the world, but the horse not so much, which yet we count among ourselves the best; but they abroad have had no great knowledge of our horse, it seems."

L&M: At the Battle of Ameixial the English cavalry had not played any decisive part. English military repute at this time rested chiefly on the victory won by Cromwell's infantry over the Spaniards at the battle of the Dunes in June 1658.

About Saturday 4 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

L&M: Under discussion today was the Battle of Ameixial, was fought on 8 June 1663, near the village of Santa Vitória do Ameixial, some 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-west of Estremoz, between Spanish and Portuguese as part of the Portuguese Restoration War. In Spain, the battle is better known as the Battle of Estremoz. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ameixial

Sir Allen Apsley was the father of Col. James Apsley, who commanded the English troops. The Lisbon Gazette's account was printed as Relacion de la famosa y memorable vittoria ... (Lisbon, 1663; BM 9195. c. 25, no. 3). The Portuguese usually printed news of importance in both Portuguese and Spanish. The English infantry acquitted themselves remarkably well by a disciplined charge uphill against the enemy's right wing. The Portuguese commanders, according to James Appsley's account (HMC, Heathcoat, pp. 101+), were so surprised to see the redcoats march in unbroken formation up the hill, without firing a shot, until they came within push of pike, that they believed their allies to be about to surrender to the Spaniards. 'But when they saw their thick firing and good success...they called us comrades and good Christians .' The English ambassador to Portugal made much of the fact that the action was fought on Charles II's birthday (op. cit., pp. 100-1). See also Kingd. Intell., 6 July, p. 433.

About Friday 3 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Thence with Mr. Creed, whom I called at his chamber, over the water to Lambeth; but could not, it being morning, get to see the Archbishop’s hearse:"

L&M: Juxon had died on 4 June, his boldy had been embalmed and after lying in state was taken to Oxford for burial in St John's College chapel on 9 July.

About Friday 3 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

" so to Westminster Hall, and there meeting with Mr. Moore he tells me great news that my Lady Castlemaine is fallen from Court, and this morning retired."

L&M: Her fall was attributed in the French despatches (25 June) to the rise of Frances Stuart: Ruvigny to Louis xiv, 15/25 June: PRO, PRO 31/3/112, f. 31r. But it was only temporary: https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1663/07/03/

About Wednesday 1 July 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This day I hear at dinner that Don John of Austria, since his flight out of Portugall, is dead of his wounds: —[not true]— so there is a great man gone, and a great dispute like to be ended for the crown of Spayne, if the King should have died before him.'

L&M: The story was untrue; Don Juan lived until 1679. Pepys information probably came from a letter he received from John Pitts (Lisbon , 7. June, o.s.): CSPD 1663-4, p. 165. Don Juan had not in fact been wounded at Ameixial (q.v.  https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1663/06/25/ and 
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1663/06/25/#c529… ), though he had been forced to dismount and he had lost most of his bodyguard. For some years (1646-61) he had been the only male heir of Philip IV, and the birth of the Infante Charles in 1661 had failed to extinguish his ambition to succeed (though illegitimate to his father's throne, for his half-brother was sickly and not expected to live long. The Infante, however, succeeded his father in 1665 as Charles II, and Don Juan, after some resistance to the Council of Regency, made his submission in 1669.

About Monday 29 June 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Publique matters are in an ill condition; Parliament sitting and raising four subsidys for the King, which is but a little, considering his wants; and yet that parted withal with great hardness. They being offended to see so much money go, and no debts of the publique’s paid, but all swallowed by a luxurious Court: which the King it is believed and hoped will retrench in a little time, when he comes to see the utmost of the revenue which shall be settled on him: he expecting to have his 1,200,000l. made good to him, which is not yet done by above 150,000l., as he himself reports to the House."

L&M: £1,200,000 was the over-optimistic estimate of he yield of the revenues granted to the King in 1660, and the defeit of over £150,000 had been reported to the Comm ons on 4 June 1663: CJ, viii. 498. As a result, four subsidies had been granted and measures taken to improve the vollection of other sources of revenue. Cf. https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1664/02/29/ and  
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1664/02/29/#fn1-…

About Saturday 27 June 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

' Then to his yard and house, where I staid two hours or more discoursing of the expense of the navy and the corruption of Sir W. Batten and his man Wood that he brings or would bring to sell all that is to be sold by the Navy."

L&M: In the matter of Timber supplies, Pepys and Warren were later to be accused in the parliamentary enquiry of 1669 of the offence here attributed to Batten and William Wood: PL 2554, n.p.

About Friday 26 June 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"This very house was built by the Blind Beggar of Bednall Green, so much talked of and sang in ballads;"

L&N: Cf. T. Percy, Reliques (1765), ii. 155+. The beggar (whose memory was still kept alive in Bethnal Green) was supposedly Henry, son of Simonb de Mon tfort, rescued after the battle of Evesham (1265) by a baron's daughter.
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The Reliques of Ancient English Poetry (sometimes known as Reliques of Ancient Poetry or simply Percy's Reliques) is a collection of ballads and popular songs collected by Bishop Thomas Percy and published in 1765. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliques_of_Ancient…

About Wednesday 24 June 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

" the esteem he has among them is nothing but for a jester or a ballad maker"

L&M: Mennes had published, as part author, two books of poems. His verses were witty and coarse, and proved popular

Wits recreations. Selected from the finest fancies of moderne muses
Herbert, George, 1592-1637., Marshall, William, fl. 1617-1650, engraver.
Early English Books Online
https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A15606.0001.001…

Musarum deliciæ: or, The Muses recreation. Conteining severall select pieces of sportive vvit.
Mennes, John, Sir, 1599-1671., Smith, James, 1605-1667., Herringman, Henry, d. 1704,, H. H.
Early English Books Online
https://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A89049.0001.001…

About Tuesday 23 June 1663

Terry Foreman  •  Link

' by water to the Temple, to my cozen Roger; who, I perceive, is a deadly high man in the Parliament business, and against the Court, showing me how they have computed that the King hath spent, at least hath received, about four millions of money since he came in."

L&M: The grant of timber made to Winter in July 1662 was bitterly rescinded by the commoners of the Forest of Dean: see https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/06/18/ and
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1662/06/18/#c532…
On 22 May 1663 a sub-c ommittee of the Commons had criticised the terms of the grants made to him: CJ, viii. 489-90. See Mileard, p. 187, for renewed criticisms in February 1668, when a bill to preserve the timber and protect commoners' rights was passed. Winter was a Catholic and unpopular with critics if the court such as Roger Pepys.