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Glyn expressed confusion about this fellow as there are two, a senior and a junior. The senior (d.1662) was the Polish/Prussian refugee and lived c.1658 in Axe Yard and responded to the revolutionary spirit of the '40s and '50s by publishing schemes of social, political and economic reform for the consideration of the authorities-'disseminating useful knowledge interfused with messianic speculations.' His son Samuel was a friend of Pepys and one of his 'old club' of government clerks. At first an underclerk to the Council of State and later to the Privy Council, he had moved by 1666 to a post at the Hearth Office. In 1672 he was briefly imprisoned in the Tower, presumably on a political charge. The elder Hartlib's daughters married members of his own circle of foreign-born virtuosi-CLodius and Rothe. (L&M companion, p.169).
According to https://www.oxforddnb.com/search?isQuickSearch=tr… [you may need a subscription]:
By the time of Samuel Hartlib Snr.'s death in 1662, there were three surviving children. Samuel (Sam) was probably the eldest.
Sam Hartlib Jnr. was an officer in the Excise who was employed as the London agent for Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1653, and, in 1656, was appointed a solicitor for the Merchant Adventurers of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
Of modest abilities, Sam Hartlib later became a drinking companion of Samuel Pepys and was accused of corruption as one of the collectors of hearth money in 1667.
He escaped imprisonment but was dismissed from office.
On 6 January 1672 a warrant for Sam Hartlib’s arrest was issued ‘for seditious speeches and for publishing libels’ and he was rescued only by the intervention of friends in high places (CSP dom., 1672, 70).
Eventually, perhaps later that same year, Sam Hartlib fled England for the Netherlands to escape his debts and never returned.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.