6 Annotations

Paul Brewster  •  Link

Wheatley: "Second son of John Bridgeman, Bishop of Chester, became, after the Restoration, successively Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and Lord Keeper of the Great Seal (1667). He was created a baronet in 1660. In 1672 he was removed from the office of Lord Keeper, and he died June 25th, 1674."

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
1st Bt (?1606-74). Lawyer and politician. Briefly a Fellow of Magdalene, he was called to the bar, becoming Solicitor-General to the Prince of Wales in 1640. He made his peace with the victors of the Civil War, and practised privately as a conveyancer during the Commonwealth. He was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer in 1660 and presided at the trial of the regicides, afterwards being transferred to Common Pleas where he earned a high reputation. He was less successful as a Chancery judge when made Lord Keeper on Clarendon's fall in 1667. As a member of the government (1667-72) he supported attempts to reconcile the moderate Puritans with the Anglican establishment, but found himself unable to support the King's high prerogative claims. He resigned rather than seal the Declaration of Indulgence of 1672.

M.Elaine Walker  •  Link

As an example of how 'less successful [he was] as a Chancery judge', one Puritan viwpoint states 'he was a very base corrupt man &[a] very knave in matters of Judicature'accepting gifts as bribes. This is from the memoir of Sir Nicholas Stoughton,Bt.regarding a case in Feb. 1672.

nix  •  Link

Based on the picture, I assume he was played by Vincent Price.

Bill  •  Link

Sir Orlando Bridgeman, Knt. eldest son of the bishop, was, for his great proficiency in the law, made attorney of the court of wards, also attorney to the prince of Wales, (afterwards King Charles II.) and a person, of whom, my lord Clarendon, in his history, makes honourable mention, upon several occasions: and being greatly confided in by the royal martyr, was one of the commissioners deputed by him to treat with those of the parliament, at Uxbridge: and as long as the city of Chester held out for the king, he encouraged and supported the loyalists with several sums of money; and gave several sums to purchase tythes, where churches were not, as he thought, sufficiently endow'd; and large sums to other charitable uses, and redeeming poor captives from slavery. Upon the restoration of King Charles II. as a farther reward for his merit, he was made lord chief-baron of the exchequer; then lord chief-justice of the common-pleas; and lastly, lord-keeper of the great seal of England, and created a baronet.
---The English Baronetage. A. Collins, 1741

Bill  •  Link

Sir Orlando Bridgman, son of John Bridgman, bishop of Chester, was a man of good natural parts, which he very carefully improved by study and application. He was, soon after the Restoration, made lord chief-baron of the Exchequer; whence he was, in a few months, removed to the Common Pleas. While he presided in this court, his reputation was at the height: then "his moderation and equity were such, that he seemed to carry a chancery in his breast." Upon his receiving the great seal, his reputation began to decline: he was timid and irresolute, and this timidity was still increasing with his years. His judgment was not equal to all the difficulties of his office. In nice points, he was too much inclined to decide in favour of both parties; and to divide what each claimant looked upon as his absolute property. His lady, a woman of cunning and intrigue, was too apt to interfere in chancery suits; and his sons, who practised under him, did not bear the fairest characters. He was desirous of an union with Scotland, and a comprehension with the Dissenters; but was against tolerating Popery. He is said to have been removed from his office, for refusing to affix the seal to the king's declaration for liberty of conscience.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.