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The Earl of Sandwich
The Earl of Sandwich by Abraham Blooteling
Member of Parliament for Dover
In office
Serving with George Montagu
Preceded byGeorge Montagu
Sir Francis Vincent, Bt
Succeeded byGeorge Montagu
Sir Edward Spragge
Personal details
Edward Montagu

(1647-01-03)3 January 1647
Huntingdonshire, England
Died29 November 1688(1688-11-29) (aged 40)
Lady Anne Boyle
(m. 1667; died 1671)​
Parent(s)Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich
Hon. Jemima Crew
RelativesSidney Montagu (brother)
John Montagu (brother)
Walter Montagu (cousin)
Sidney Montagu (grandfather)
John Crew, 1st Baron Crew (grandfather)

Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich (3 January 1647/48 – 29 November 1688)[1] was an English aristocrat and politician.

Early life

Montagu was born in Hinchinbrooke, Huntingdonshire, England on 3 January 1647/48.[2] He was a son of the former Hon. Jemima Crew and Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, the Ambassador of the Kingdom of England to Portugal. Among his many siblings were Hon. Sidney Montagu, Hon. John Montagu (the Dean of Durham), Lady Jemima Montagu (who married Sir Philip Carteret), Lady Anne Montagu (who married Sir Richard Edgecumbe), and Lady Catherine Montagu (who married Nicholas Bacon).[3]

His father was the only surviving son and heir of Sir Sidney Montagu of Hinchingbrooke Master of Requests and, his first wife, Pauline Pepys (third daughter of John Pepys of Cottenham). Montagu's grandfather was a younger brother of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester.[3] His maternal grandparents were John Crew, 1st Baron Crew and the former Jemima Waldegrave (a daughter and co-heiress of Joan and Edward Waldegrave of Lawford Hall). Among his maternal relatives included uncles Thomas Crew, 2nd Baron Crew and Nathaniel Crew, 3rd Baron Crew (the Bishop of Durham) and aunt Anne Crew, who married Sir Henry Wright, 1st Baronet of Dagenham.[4]

He was educated mainly in Paris, where he lived with his cousin Walter Montagu, although he is said "not to have been much of a scholar". After Montagu's father was raised to the peerage as the Earl of Sandwich in 1660, Edward was styled Viscount Hinchingbrooke until his accession as the 2nd Earl in 1672. From 1661 to 1664, he travelled in France and from 1664 to 1665, he travelled in Italy.[3]


From 1670, until his succession to the earldom in 1672, he was a Member of Parliament for Dover, serving alongside George Montagu.[3] After he left the House of Commons, his seat was taken over by Sir Edward Spragge.

In 1681, Edward was to be appointed Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire upon his return from abroad, but he never took up the office, which was exercised successively by Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury and Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury. The 1st Earl also exercised for him, in the same fashion, the office of Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire in 1685, but the appointment was rescinded after Ailesbury's death the same year.

His father's biographer described him as "a steady, not very robust young man, who would never set the Thames alight".[5] Edward's brief marriage to Anne Boyle seems to have been happy enough: his mother had a warm regard for her daughter-in-law.[6]

Personal life

Viscount Hinchingbrooke was betrothed to Elizabeth Malet (the daughter of John Mallet of Enmore Manor and heiress to his great fortune). The engagement was broken off at her request: she later married John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester.[7] It was said that she found Edward "unexciting"; historians have remarked that she is likely to have found far more excitement than she could have wished for with Rochester, who was probably the most debauched rakehell of his era.[8]

Marriage and issue

In January 1667, Montagu was married to Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork and Lady Elizabeth Clifford, suo jure Baroness Clifford, as the only surviving child of Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumberland.[9] Among Lady Anne's siblings were Charles Boyle, 3rd Viscount Dungarvan, Richard Boyle (who died before they married at the Battle of Lowestoft), Lady Frances Boyle (wife of Wentworth Dillon, 4th Earl of Roscommon), Lady Elizabeth Boyle (wife of Nicholas Tufton, 3rd Earl of Thanet), and Lady Henrietta Boyle (wife of Lawrence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester).[10] Together, they had three children:[3]

His wife, Lady Anne died in 1671. Lord Sandwich died on 29 November 1688.[3] Their eldest Edward, who inherited the Earldom, is generally considered to have been insane. There is no evidence that the condition was hereditary, although the first Earl seems to have suffered from depression in his later years.[12]


  1. ^ "boylefamily". Archived from the original on 7 August 2007.
  2. ^ Sandwich, Edward George Henry Montagu (8th Earl of) (1910). Hinchingbrooke. A.L. Humphreys. Retrieved 24 April 2020.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Sandwich, Earl of (E, 1660)". Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Crewe, Baron (E, 1661 - 1721)". Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  5. ^ Ollard, Richard Cromwell's Earl Harper Collins London 1994 p. 248
  6. ^ Ollard p. 248
  7. ^ Pritchard, R. E. (2012). Passion For Living: John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester. ISD LLC. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-7188-4067-9. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  8. ^ Cooper-Bridgewater, Susan (2014). Of Ink, Wit and Intrigue: Lord Rochester, in Chains of Quicksilver. Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 228. ISBN 978-1-78306-731-2. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  9. ^ Ranieval, The Marquis of Ruvigny and (2013). The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal: The Mortimer-Percy Volume. Heritage Books. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-7884-1872-3. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Cork, Earl of (I, 1620)". Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  11. ^ Burke, Bernard (1865). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Harrison. p. 1277. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  12. ^ Bryant, Arthur Pepys- the Years of Peril Cambridge University Press 1935 p.74

External links

1893 text

Edward Montage, son of Sir Edward, and afterwards Lord Hinchinbroke.

Sir Edward Montagu’s eldest son, afterwards second Earl of Sandwich, called by Pepys “The child.”

This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

4 Annotations

First Reading

Jenny Doughty  •  Link

Edward Montagu,

Paul Brewster  •  Link

per L&M in October 1660, Edward was Viscount Hinchingbrooke.

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
The two eldest sons [of Lord Sandwich],Edward (1648--88) and Sidney (1650-1727), were sent to be schooled in France in 1661. Edward, who succeeded to the title, took little part in public life, because of ill-health (except for a short service as M.P. for Dover 1670-2 and later two inactive turns of local duty as Lord-Lieutenant), and died in France at Saintes (Charente-Inferieure) where he had lived in retirement for some years. His wife (b. Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of the 1st Earl of Burlington) had died in 1671 only three years after their marriage.

Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Edward Montagu, Viscount Hinchingbrooke (3 January 1648 – 29 November 1688) was the eldest son of Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich and "My Lady" Jemima Crew Montagu. He was styled Viscount Hinchingbrooke from 1660 until his accession in 1672.

Lord Hinchingbrooke was educated mainly in Paris, where he lived with his Catholic cousin, Abbe Walter Montagu. Edward is said "not to have been much of a scholar".

Hinchingbrooke's betrothal to the heiress Elizabeth Malet was broken off at her request. Instead he married Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork and Elizabeth Clifford, 2nd Baroness Clifford. They had three children:
1 Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich,
2 Richard Montagu and
3 Elizabeth Montagu.

Anne Boyle Montagu, Countess of Sandwich died in 1671.

Lord Hinchingbrooke was returned for Dover at a contested by-election in 1670 as the court candidate, but with the support of the ‘fanatics’.

In his one session in the Lower House, Hinchingbrooke was appointed to only five committees, none of which was of political importance, and he was named as a court supporter on an opposition list. And in the House of Lords the 2nd Earl of Sandwich was irregular in attendance, being absent from the exclusion vote in 1680.

Nor was he active in public affairs; his lord lieutenancies of Huntingdonshire and Cambridgeshire must have been nominal, because he had retired to France, probably for reasons of health.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.