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The Earl of Sandwich

Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Sandwich (3 January 1647/48 – 29 November 1688)[1] was born in Hinchinbrooke, Huntingdonshire, England to Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich and Jemima Crew. He was styled Viscount Hinchingbrooke from 1660 until his accession in 1672. He was educated mainly in Paris, where he lived with his cousin Walter Montagu, although he is said "not to have been much of a scholar". He married Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork and Elizabeth Clifford, 2nd Baroness Clifford. They had three children Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich, Richard Montagu and Elizabeth Montagu. Anne died in 1671. Their eldest son was insane: there is no evidence that the condition was hereditary, although the first Earl seems to have suffered from depression in his later years.

A previous betrothal to the great heiress Elizabeth Malet was broken off at her request: she later married John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester. It was said that she found Edward "unexciting"; historians have remarked that she is likely to have found far more excitement than she could have wished for with Rochester, who was probably the most debauched rakehell of his era.

In 1681, Edward was to be appointed Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire upon his return from abroad, but he never took up the office, which was exercised successively by Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury and Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury. The 1st Earl also exercised for him, in the same fashion, the office of Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire in 1685, but the appointment was rescinded after Ailesbury's death the same year.

His father's biographer described him as "a steady, not very robust young man, who would never set the Thames alight."[2] Edward's brief marriage to Anne seems to have been happy enough: his mother had a warm regard for her daughter-in-law.[3]

References

Notes

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  2. ^ Ollard, Richard Cromwell's Earl Harper Collins London 1994 p. 248
  3. ^ Ollard p. 248
Parliament of England
Preceded by
George Montagu
Sir Francis Vincent, Bt
Member of Parliament for Dover
1670–1672
With: George Montagu
Succeeded by
George Montagu
Sir Edward Spragge
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Edward Montagu
Earl of Sandwich
1672–1688
Succeeded by
Edward Montagu

1893 text

Edward Montage, son of Sir Edward, and afterwards Lord Hinchinbroke.

Sir Edward Montagu’s eldest son, afterwards second Earl of Sandwich, called by Pepys “The child.”


This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

4 Annotations

Jenny Doughty  •  Link

Edward Montagu,

Paul Brewster  •  Link

per L&M in October 1660, Edward was Viscount Hinchingbrooke.

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
The two eldest sons [of Lord Sandwich],Edward (1648--88) and Sidney (1650-1727), were sent to be schooled in France in 1661. Edward, who succeeded to the title, took little part in public life, because of ill-health (except for a short service as M.P. for Dover 1670-2 and later two inactive turns of local duty as Lord-Lieutenant), and died in France at Saintes (Charente-Inferieure) where he had lived in retirement for some years. His wife (b. Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of the 1st Earl of Burlington) had died in 1671 only three years after their marriage.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Edward Montagu, Viscount Hinchingbrooke (3 January 1648 – 29 November 1688) was the eldest son of Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich and "My Lady" Jemima Crew Montagu. He was styled Viscount Hinchingbrooke from 1660 until his accession in 1672.

Lord Hinchingbrooke was educated mainly in Paris, where he lived with his Catholic cousin, Abbe Walter Montagu. Edward is said "not to have been much of a scholar".

Hinchingbrooke's betrothal to the heiress Elizabeth Malet was broken off at her request. Instead he married Lady Anne Boyle, daughter of Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork and Elizabeth Clifford, 2nd Baroness Clifford. They had three children:
1 Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich,
2 Richard Montagu and
3 Elizabeth Montagu.

Anne Boyle Montagu, Countess of Sandwich died in 1671.

Lord Hinchingbrooke was returned for Dover at a contested by-election in 1670 as the court candidate, but with the support of the ‘fanatics’.

In his one session in the Lower House, Hinchingbrooke was appointed to only five committees, none of which was of political importance, and he was named as a court supporter on an opposition list. And in the House of Lords the 2nd Earl of Sandwich was irregular in attendance, being absent from the exclusion vote in 1680.

Nor was he active in public affairs; his lord lieutenancies of Huntingdonshire and Cambridgeshire must have been nominal, because he had retired to France, probably for reasons of health.

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References

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