Thursday 1 October 1668

[In this part of the “Diary” no entry occurs for thirteen days, though there are several pages left blank. During the interval Pepys went into the country, as he subsequently mentions his having been at Saxham, in Suffolk, during the king’s visit to Lord Crofts, which took place at this time (see October 23rd, host). He might also probably have gone to Impington to fetch his wife. The pages left blank were never filled up. — B.]

[On this day Pepys travelled to Southwick, Hampshire with Viscount Hinchingbrooke and other members of the Mountagu family, to welcome Lord Sandwich back from Spain. — P.G.]

10 Annotations

First Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

'America and West Indies: October 1668', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 5: 1661-1668 (1880), pp. 615-622. URL:…

Oct. 1. Jamaica

1850. Gov. Sir Thos. Modyford to the Duke of Albemarle. Sends copy of his last, since which the privateers have had the confidence to take two towns of the Spaniards ; for which being reproved, having commission only against their ships, they presented the enclosed Declaration, which he desires his Majesty may see. "It is most certain that the Spaniards had full intention to attempt this island, but could not get men ; and they still hold the same minds, and therefore I cannot but presume to say, that it is very unequal that we should in any measure be restrained, while they are at liberty to act as they please upon us, from which we shall never be secure until the King of Spain acknowledges this island to be his Majesty's, and so includes it by name in the capitulations." Is very confident also of the revolt of the Indians on the main, and will send all the privateers to gain certain advice thereof, that if need be he may divert the enemy by improving that revolt. Presents also the deposition of a Spaniard touching "my son John, who (having not been heard of these four years) was questionless either murdered or sent into the South Seas in slavery by these our cruel neighbours." Beseeches his Grace so to present his behaviour in this great affair, that no sinister construction may be put on his actions. Incloses,

1850. I. Information of Admiral Henry Morgan and officers under his command in the late expedition on the Spanish coast, 1668, Sept. 7, see Cal., ante, No. 1838.
[… ]

Jesse  •  Link

re: Read the London Gazette?

Works for me - thanks for the link.

"Some dispute arising about the ceremony of saluting." Where have we seen that before?

martinb  •  Link

Yes, many thanks for the London G, which is good. Who said newspapers were a thing of the past? Well, you know what I mean.

Robert Gertz  •  Link

"Loooordddd Sandwich..." Sam makes sweeping bow with flourish.

Montagu, quick glance at Hinchingbroke who holds up hand, five fingers extended.


"Pepys, my dear old friend." offers gracious hand.

"My Lord." Umnn...Hmmn...Not all that much to converse with the man about given I deem it best not to mention the clouds round his departure, the current miserable state of affairs, his desperate finances, the King's indifference, his likely dislike of being reminded of my rise as compared to his...Not so much rise...Ummn...

"...And...How was the weather in Spain, my Lord?"

"Wretched, Pepys. Wretched. How be my dear cousin, your lovely wife?"

Safely out of reach...Sam does not say, eyeing Montagu's smile.

"Well, my lord...Off to my cousin Roger's in the country for some entertainment."

"Ah...And so I hear you all managed to lose our fleet while I was away..." wider smile.

Knew that would come up...

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Sandwich's journal (Sandwich MSS, Journals, viii, 546-8) is the source of what L&M provide (for Phil's note above and on following days).

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Stephane, I've just wasted about 4 hours trying to access the next book. Would you have a link before we all lose our minds for 13 days, please?

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Calendar of Treasury Books, 'Entry Book: October 1668', in Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 2, 1667-1668, ed. William A Shaw (London, 1905), pp. 623-630. British History Online…

Oct. 1 1668
Signature by the Treasury Lords of orders on the Exchequer in general, viz. for
600/. to the Earl of Carbery for one year's allowance:
925/. to Baptist May on the yearly allowance of 3,700l.:
170/. 10s. 0d. to William Chiffinch for a house at Newmarket:
500/. to Mrs. Winifrid Wells, in lieu of the benefit of the sale of underwood.
Last month we saw orders from Charles II that he wanted to make these -- and many more -- payments.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Thank you, Stephane:
The volume covering correspondence from Oct. 1668 to Dec. 1669 is at…

Oct, 1, 1668
H. Brouncker to Jos. Williamson.

I send an enclosure, not knowing whether Sir John Trevor is in possession of the seals.

Thanks for favours received from you.
I have heard of them, since my departure, through a fair lady and other friends, and am sorry I have no way of returning them.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 73.]
This is Commissioner Sir William Brouncker’s nasty younger brother.
Pepys speaks of Henry Brouncker’s impeachment for causing the English fleet to shortened sail during the night during the 1665 Battle of Lowestoft, supposedly because Henry deluded flag captain John Harman, and the ship’s master, John Cox, into believing he was relaying the (sleeping) Duke of York’s orders to that effect.

On 21 April, 1668 Henry Brouncker fled when the Parliamentary investigation went against him.

This letter sounds as if he took off with his seals of office (Cofferer of the Household to Charles II, and a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to James, Duke of York). By returning them, is he trying to make amends?
SPOILER: before six months in exile elapses, Henry is in favor again at Court (see 4 November, 1668).

Oct. 1 1668.
Hugh Salesbury to Williamson.

The Earl of Sandwich has departed for London, and the ship which brought him has sailed for the Downs.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 75.]

Oct. 1 1668.
Sir Wm. Morton to Williamson.

I formerly sent a copy of the forged brief, and thank you for acquainting Lord Arlington with it.
I will, by his command, proceed against the actors that I can lay hold of at the next sessions; but the principal offenders are in the King's Bench Prison in London.
I will deal with them next term.

I think it would not be amiss to publish the forgery in the Gazette, and prevent any further collections upon a forged brief; the moneys already collected should be ordered to be restored to the church wardens, and by them to the persons who gave it, with directions to the justices, &c., to apprehend the carriers of such briefs, and see them punished.

This if done under his lordship's name will endear the country to him, and manifest that love he has for the good of the people.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 76.]

Oct. 1 1668.
to John Blundell to repair to Canterbury, or any other place,
in search of Rob. Gilbert and Edw. Fray, carriers,
and to bring them before Sir John Trevor.
Minute. [S.P. Dom., Entry Book 28, p. 18.]

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Oct. 1. 1668
Capt. Silas Taylor to Sam. Pepys.

His Majesty is expected here on Saturday;

Sir Charles Littleton, and Major [Nath.] Dorrell, Governor of Languard, are expected this night, with the Henrietta and Anne pleasure boats.

I hope they will not come so soon, as I have neither boat nor barge fit to receive his Majesty into.
I desire you to send one by the pleasure boats, if they are not come away.
i presume the Board fully understand his Majesty's intentions of being here, so that I question not but I shall have the happiness of waiting upon one of them here.

Sir Bernard de Gomme, Engineer General, will attend his Majesty.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 78.]

Oct. 1 1668.
Emsworth sloop, Holehaven.
Capt. Walter Perry to the Navy Commissioners.

Has stopped, as ordered, several vessels come from Normandy,
but the river being wide and the nights dark, if vessels will be obstinate, one can slip by while the boat is on board another.

Is ordered to remain there until the Lenox yacht comes, which was expected 10 days ago.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 79.]

Oct. 1 1668.
Capt. John Tinker to Sam. Pepys.

Desires orders as to victualling and cleaning the Roebuck, arrived at Spithead.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 80.]

Oct. 1 1668.
The Roebuck, Portsmouth
Capt. George Liddell to the Navy Commissioners.

Is arrived at Spithead.
Asks orders for a pinnace, and also for cleaning the frigate, she having been off the ground 5 months.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 81.]

Oct. 1 1668.
The Roebuck, Portsmouth
Same to the same.

Understands by Capt. Tinker that he may have another cable, his own not being fit to venture the frigate by;
shall not stay longer than to get his provisions on board.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 82.]

Oct. 1 1668.
John Moore and Edw. Moorcock to the Navy Commissioners.

Particulars of the position of a wreck they have weighed out of the way of the trade up and down.
Shall leave her till they have the third wreck, which lies in the middle of the river, which they hope to accomplish before the cold weather; then the channel will be open about Gillingham.

The victualling proves indifferent, and the beef new killed and not well saved, so that it stunk; two hogsheads more have been sent, which is old and rotten.

Pray that the victualler may order his instrument to complete their complement of beef, as the work and season of the year require them to be careful of the health of their men.
[S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 83.]

Oct. 1 1668.
F. Hosier to Sam. Pepys.

The Wevenhoe ketch has arrived from Tangier, having 24 men on board.
(S.P. Dom., Car. II. 247, No. 84.]

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