Monday 7 October 1667

Up betimes, and did do several things towards the settling all matters both of house and office in order for my journey this day, and did leave my chief care, and the key of my closet, with Mr. Hater, with directions what papers to secure, in case of fire or other accident; and so, about nine o’clock, I, and my wife, and Willet, set out in a coach I have hired, with four horses; and W. Hewer and Murford rode by us on horseback; and so my wife and she in their morning gowns, very handsome and pretty, and to my great liking. We set out, and so out at Allgate, and so to the Green Man, and so on to Enfield, in our way seeing Mr. Lowther and his lady in a coach, going to Walthamstow; and he told us that he would overtake us at night, he being to go that way. So we to Enfield, and there bayted, it being but a foul, bad day, and there Lowther and Mr. Burford, an acquaintance of his, did overtake us, and there drank and eat together; and, by and by, we parted, we going before them, and very merry, my wife and girle and I talking, and telling tales, and singing, and before night come to Bishop Stafford, where Lowther and his friend did meet us again, and carried us to the Raynedeere, where Mrs. Aynsworth, who lived heretofore at Cambridge, and whom I knew better than they think for, do live. It was the woman that, among other things, was great with my cozen Barnston, of Cottenham, and did use to sing to him, and did teach me “Full forty times over,” a very lewd song: a woman they are very well acquainted with, and is here what she was at Cambridge, and all the good fellows of the country come hither. Lowther and his friend stayed and drank, and then went further this night; but here we stayed, and supped, and lodged. But, as soon as they were gone, and my supper getting ready, I fell to write my letter to my Lord Sandwich, which I could not finish before my coming from London; so did finish it to my good content, and a good letter, telling him the present state of all matters, and did get a man to promise to carry it to-morrow morning, to be there, at my house, by noon, and I paid him well for it; so, that being done, and my mind at ease, we to supper, and so to bed, my wife and I in one bed, and the girl in another, in the same room, and lay very well, but there was so much tearing company in the house, that we could not see my landlady; so I had no opportunity of renewing my old acquaintance with her, but here we slept very well.

15 Annotations

Robert Gertz  •  Link

I wonder how Bess would've enjoyed meeting the infamous Mrs. Aynsworth, Sam's youthful Mistress Quickly?

Carl in Boston  •  Link

The sun rises, and with it the star of Mrs Aynsworth. The world's oldest profession, and what a professional she was. Rising in wealth at every move, making it to the church in time, onward and upward. Excelsior.

Claire  •  Link

"...and there bayted, it being but a foul, bad day..."

Can anyone shed light on "bayted" in this context?

language hat  •  Link

"bayted" = baited 'stopped to take refreshment.' "Bait" is related to "bite"; OED:

5. trans. To give food and drink to (a horse or other beast), esp. when upon a journey; to feed.
1375 BARBOUR Bruce XIII. 589 Than lichtit thai.. Till bayt thar horss. [...]

6. (refl. and) intr. Said of horses or other beasts: To take food, to feed, esp. at a stage of a journey.
c1386 CHAUCER Sir Thopas 202 By him baytith his destrer Of herbes fyne and goode. [...]

7. intr. Of travellers: To stop at an inn, orig. to feed the horses, but later also to rest and refresh themselves; hence, to make a brief stay or sojourn.
1375 BARBOUR Bruce XIII. 599 A litill quhile thai baitit thar. 1475 CAXTON Jason 37b, They cam for to bayte in the logging wher her frende Jason had logged. 1577 HOLINSHED Chron. II. 16/2 The caue or den wherein saint Paule is said to haue baited or sojorned. 1659-60 PEPYS Diary 24 Feb., At Puckeridge we baited, where we had a loin of mutton fried. 1777 SHERIDAN Trip Scarb. I. ii, To bait here a few days longer, to recover the fatigue of his journey. 1874 MOTLEY Barneveld I. iv. 179 They set forth on their journey—stopping in the middle of the day to bait.

Victoria  •  Link

I think 'bayted' is just an alternative spelling of 'bated' (now only seen in 'bated breath') which just means stopped or lessened.

BOB  •  Link

per Mapquest UK, the distance from London to Brampton is 66 miles & to Bishop's Storpford 35. A two day trip in 1667 takes about 2 hours today.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

" my letter to my Lord Sandwich, ..., telling him the present state of all matters,"

L&M note a draft copy dated 7 October at the Navy Office, "inter alia touched on the 'unsatsfactory' peace with the Dutch, parliament's enquiries into expenditures, the King's measures of economy, Clarendon's fall, and the work of the new Treasury commission. It also pleaded for better relations between Sandwich and Coventry."

language hat  •  Link

"I think ‘bayted’ is just an alternative spelling of ‘bated’ (now only seen in ‘bated breath’) which just means stopped or lessened."

No, actually it's not.

Ric Jerrom  •  Link

"Bait" was what coal miners in Yorkshire put in their bait-box to eat, mid-shift, until UK coal-mining was largely abolished for all the wrong reasons by a misguided or vindictive government in the 1980s. It seems at least possible to me that the sense of abating work - having a break - might have named the snack. "Bait time" is when you stop work, and when you eat your "bait". Both stopping and refreshing...

language hat  •  Link

Please read my comment quoting the OED above. The first sense of the noun was "An attractive morsel of food placed on a hook or in a trap, in order to allure fish or other animals to seize it and be thereby captured." From there it comes to mean "Food, refreshment; esp. a feed for horses, or slight repast for travellers, upon a journey. Still dial. light refreshment taken between meals":

1570 LEVINS Manip. /203 Bayt, refrigerium, refectio. 1573 TUSSER Husb. 203 O thou fit bait for wormes! 1661 LOVELL Hist. Anim. Min. Introd., When they [serpents] devoure any great baite, they contract themselves. 1706 E. WARD Hud. Rediv. I. XII. 24 Could (if she 'ad had her Will) have eat The Saddle Stuffing for a Bait. 1741 RICHARDSON Pamela (1824) I. xxxii. 56 Stopping for a little bait to the horses. 1851 Coal-tr. Terms Northumbld. & Durh., Bait, provision taken by a pitman to his work. 1883 Harper's Mag. Apr. 655/1 Afternoon ‘bait,’ or lunch [in Sussex].

cum salis grano  •  Link

an aside:
Never forget that wind abates sometimes and the sails enjoy their respite.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

An Order, by the Duke of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, concerning regulations for the quartering of Troops in Dublin; upon occasion of a Petition from the Mayor & Citizens of that City
Written from: Dublin Castle
Date: 7 October 1667

Answer of the Duke of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, to the Petition of the Mayor, Sheriffs, & Citizens of Dublin concerning the quartering of soldiers in that city
Written from: Dublin Castle
Date: 7 October 1667

The Petition with dangerous implications was submitted two days ago.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

" letter to my Lord Sandwich, which I could not finish before my coming from London; so did finish it to my good content, and a good letter, telling him the present state of all matters..."

The life, journals and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, &c. Volume I, pp 117ff.

Ivan  •  Link

As an inhabitant of Enfield I would very much like to know where exactly Mr Pepys and company took their refreshment in Enfield on this "foul, bad day". Does anyone know?

Log in to post an annotation.

If you don't have an account, then register here.