Wednesday 18 June 1662

Up early; and after reading a little in Cicero, I made me ready and to my office, where all the morning very busy. At noon Mr. Creed came to me about business, and he and I walked as far as Lincoln’s Inn Fields together. After a turn or two in the walks we parted, and I to my Lord Crew’s and dined with him; where I hear the courage of Sir H. Vane at his death is talked on every where as a miracle. Thence to Somerset House to Sir J. Winter’s chamber by appointment, and met Mr. Pett, where he and I read over his last contract with the King for the Forest of Dean, whereof I took notes because of this new one that he is now in making. That done he and I walked to Lilly’s, the painter’s, where we saw among other rare things, the Duchess of York, her whole body, sitting instate in a chair, in white sattin, and another of the King, that is not finished; most rare things. I did give the fellow something that showed them us, and promised to come some other time, and he would show me Lady Castlemaine’s, which I could not then see, it being locked up! Thence to Wright’s, the painter’s: but, Lord! the difference that is between their two works. Thence to the Temple, and there spoke with my cozen Roger, who gives me little hopes in the business between my Uncle Tom and us. So Mr. Pett (who staid at his son’s chamber) and I by coach to the old Exchange, and there parted, and I home and at the office till night. My windows at my office are made clean to-day and a casement in my closet. So home, and after some merry discourse in the kitchen with my wife and maids as I now-a-days often do, I being well pleased with both my maids, to bed.

26 Annotations

dirk   Link to this

"My windows at my office are made clean to-day"

In the 17th c cleaning the windows was not exactly something one did on a regular basis - say weekly or even monthly. I happen to have period info at hand (unfortunately it's in printed form and not in English) about window cleaning in 17th/18th c Europe, and it appears that the only ones who did this regularly were ... the Dutch! Which made them the laughing stock of many other nations, who thought this was ridiculous - you could as well wait for the rain!

Bradford   Link to this

Wagers now being accepted on how long Pepys's approval of his maids endures.

dirk   Link to this

the Duchess of York by Lilly (Lely)

Not the painting Sam refers to, but as close as I could get, also by Lilly...

http://image24.webshots.com/25/7/56/34/31275634...

A. De Araujo   Link to this

"I being well pleased with both my maids"
We don't know what he is pleased with:
how they dress? how they clean,maybe they do windows!

daniel   Link to this

Dirk

Having lived there for a while, I understand the views of other Euros today about Dutch, uhm, traits and how unusual that would have been viewed in Sam's age. Little did they know then but some very seventeenth century Dutch characteristics-cleaniness, venture capitalism-would become standard practice today.

Jesse   Link to this

"Lord! the difference that is between their two works"

At first I thought the difference was quality. Thanks to the Internet http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/lely_sir_p... and http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/wright_joh... we can easily make our own comparisons. It must be style.

I was at the Getty museum last month and standing next to the portrait by Lely, he became somewhat an acquaintance, who knew Pepys, and it somehow made this diary a little less abstract http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_degrees_of_sep... .

JWB   Link to this

"...a little in Cicero"
When the fate of the Catilina conspirators was the question before Rome, Cicero entered the Forum and in a loud voice said simply: "They have lived". Lord Crew's conversation with Sam indicates that the memory of Vane and the Regicides will not be dismissed so out of hand.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

Cock of the walk Pepys bandying quips about the kitchen with the girls as he did what?...Was merrily made to scrub and dry dishes?...Taught them snatches of his latest favorite song?...Indulged their pleas to hear the latest juicy court gossip?...Made the girls laugh while engaging in a fast-paced mock argument in French with Bess?...Laid out plans for the new addition to the house, perhaps including a new and more efficient kitchen, with Bess that left the two maids speechless with wonder?

Robert Gertz   Link to this

In fairness to Sam I think at least some of the wagers on the maids should be how long Bess will get along with them.

Mary   Link to this

"well pleased with both my maids"

At this period, and certainly at this social level, the entire household (master, mistress and servants) was viewed as a kind of family. We can take it for granted that Sam is expressing satisfaction here with the way that the maids work. Implicitly he is also expressing pleasure at the way that they fit in to the household family.

DrCari   Link to this

We mustn't forget the recent return of Jane. She was a beloved and valued servant who left and has only lately returned to the household. She is Wayneman's elder sister as well.

Sjoerd   Link to this

Raby Castle's Three Ghosts

The execution of Sir Henry Vane the Younger did impress people to such an extent that in Raby Castle (County Durham), one of his prisons, he is said to still appear as one of the three resident ghosts:

"....
Henry Vane the Younger also carries a grudge from the grave. He was imprisoned when the Stuarts returned to Raby Castle and executed under a trumped up treason charge. They wouldn't let him speak to his people at the execution and the sheriff ordered the trumpeters to blow loud to drown out the sound of his voice. He was still speaking when his head rolled off. Every night Sir Henry sits writing at his desk in the library at Raby. There is something strange about him. His body ends at the shoulders. His head lies on the desk facing him, the lips moving as if dictating a letter or making a speech."

http://www.geocities.com/supernaturalnow/place.htm

Ruben   Link to this

Montague's fleet (with Pepys) were in Dutch country the 14 May 1660 and this is part of that day's annotation:
"The Hague is a most neat place in all respects. The houses so neat in all places and things as is possible."

Pedro   Link to this

"My windows at my office are made clean to-day"

Sam, perhaps the Portuguese did not like cleaning windows!

"That there are there no glass windows, nor will they have any;"

http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1661/10/17/

Ruben   Link to this

Portugal's sky is more luminous. Portugal is not cold as England. The need for insulation during rain and cold is not so important as in England.

Glyn   Link to this

Two maids? I thought that there was only one (Jane)so who is the other one? Sam and Elizabeth seem to be getting a lot of people to look after just the two of them.

JWB   Link to this

"...a little in Cicero"
An American reads Cicero as defender of the Republic; Sam, I think, reads him as prosecutor of demagogues. Unsure of his position within Restoration establishment, he’s looking for reasons to believe.

language hat   Link to this

"They have lived."

The context (from Plutarch's Life of Cicero):

When Cicero had passed through the forum and reached the prison, he delivered Lentulus to the public executioner with the order to put him to death. Then Cethegus in his turn, and so each one of the others, he brought down to the prison and had him executed. section And seeing that many members of the conspiracy were still assembled in the forum in ignorance of what had been done and waiting for night to come, with the idea that the men were still living and might be rescued, he cried to them with a loud voice and said: "They have lived." For thus the Romans who wish to avoid words of ill omen indicate death.

It seems Sam is impressed (at second hand) with Vane's courage, as who can help but be?

I'm currently reading Pynchon's Mason & Dixon, in which a Jesuit trying to recruit Dixon says:
"...You are a perfect candidate for the Position,- a working Land-Surveyor with astronomical experience. I can assure you of Calvert approval,- that you come of a Quaker Family must appeal to at least one major faction in Pennsylvania,- and further, to the morbid delight of certain devotees of monarchies past, your Family is closely associated with Raby Castle, and thereby the melancholy yet darkly inspirational Tale of Sir Henry Vane the younger."

JWB   Link to this

Glyn- 2 maids
Sarah's back from the dead. She accompanied Elizabeth to church Sunday last.

Stolzi   Link to this

" a lot of people to look after just the two of them."

The two of them, Glyn, with no washing machine, no dryer, no Roomba, no refrigerator, no freezer, no electric iron, no electric range, no central heating, no telephones... And with some pretty high-up friends to entertain from time to time.

Pauline   Link to this

no Roomba
What's that? Not having one, or having heard of one, am I in line for a maid?

And in return the servants (in this case and many) have warm, dry and secure employment, eat well, and are loved/appreciated and protected. And surely these particular servants are thouroughly entertained by their master and mistress and everything they are up to and the feistiness of their relationship.

Miss Ann   Link to this

Stolzi - what is a "roomba"? I've never heard of this here in Australia.

Paul Chapin   Link to this

A Roomba is a robotic vacuum cleaner.
(just in case it's a while before Stolzi gets back on line)

Cumgranissalis   Link to this

11000 hits. a slave without dna roomba [made of electrons and other man made materials], will comb lice on a special command after being progammed, then requireing a debug.

Glyn   Link to this

Roomba

And one of those 11,000 hits would have turned up a reference to Phil Gyford's site. Talk about circularity:

http://www.gyford.com/phil/writing/2004/02/11/w...

Michael Robinson   Link to this

" ... the Duchess of York, her whole body, sitting instate in a chair, in white sattin ..."

Oliver Millar, in L&M, suggests this may be the portrait in question - he does note that it is not quite full length and and the duchess is not seated in a 'chair of state.' It, with a companion of the Duke (not illustrated on the website), were painted for her father, Clarendon, and perhaps were the most sumptuous contemporary pieces in his collection; perhaps designed to outshine all but the finest of Clarendon's Van Dijck's and much more arresting and larger (71 3/4 x 56 5/8 in.) than the conventional threequarter-length Lely was producing for the chancellor. (Miller 'Sir Petr Lely' London: NPG, 1978. #33, pp. 54-5)

http://www.nationalgalleries.org/index.php/coll...

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