Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from:
A useful place for the Navy to get timbers and there be iron works and then there be unsavory characters that collect in the shadows but there be some of bambi's relatives also.
The Royal Forest of Dean is approximately 120 miles west of London (via the M4), 65 miles from Birmingham (via the M5), and approximately 35 miles from Bristol to the centre of the forest. http://www.fweb.org.uk/dean/location/index.htmThe Forest of Dean lies in west Gloucestershire in the angle formed by the rivers Severn and Wye as they approach their confluence.
From: British History OnlineSource: Forest of Dean: Introduction. A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume V, N. M. Herbert (Editor) (1996).URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?com...
a place for masts and iron:A PERUSAL was made of the Survey of 38, being the Foundation of Sir John Wintour's Patent; and in That Survey then was found, and returned, 61,928 Tons of Timber, and 105,557 other Trees.
From: British History OnlineSource: House of Commons Journal Volume 8: 22 May 1663. Journal of the House of Commons: volume 8, (1802).URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?com...Date: 11/03/2005
Dean Forest.Upon Information, That, it being recommended, by Orders of this House, to the Lord High Treasurer, to consider of the Claim of Sir John Wintour, to the Forest of Deane; and also by what Means the King's Revenue in the said Forest might be advanced, and the Timber and Wood be preserved and increased; his Lordship had returned his Report, in Writing, to the House; and that there had a Commission of Survey since issued by his Lordship's Directions; and that the same was executed, and returned; and the Return did now rest in his Lordships Hands;Ordered, That Mr. Mountague, Mr. Harbord, Mr. Hungerford, and Mr. Bunkley, do attend the Lord High Treasurer; and desire his Lordship, that he would be pleased to give Direction for the bringing in, and leaving, the Return of the said Commission of Survey concerning the Forest of Deane, with the Clerk of this House, that the same may be taken into further Consideration
From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 8: 12 May 1662', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 8: 1660-1667 (1802), pp. 426-27. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?com.... Date accessed: 16 May 2005.
from Chambers's Encyclopaedia, 1906Dean, Forest of, a picturesque hilly tract, 34 sq. miles in extent, in the west of Gloucestershire, between the Severn and the Wye, and within the hundred of St. Briavels, is an ancient royal forest. It was almost entirely disafforested by Charles I., on a sale to Sir John Wintour, but was re-afforested by act of parliament very shortly after the Restoration. A greater part still  remains crown property and about one-half is appropriated for the growth of timber for the navy. It is divided into six 'walks,' which contain woods of oak, beech, etc. There are coal and iron mines, and quarries of stone suitable for building and making grindstones, troughs, and rollers....
The Romans had worked the iron ore in the Forest of Dean, but had only been able to smelt it with wood The result was that only some of the iron was extracted. Large 'cinders' were left in the areas where smelting had been done. Evidently by Sam's time the process of heating these cinders with coal to extract the rest of the iron had begun.The town of Cinderford was named after these lumps of clinker and when I was working there in the late 1960s some cinders could still be seen alongside the brook in Valley Road.
dispute over use? Deane Forest.Sir Charles Harbord reports from the Committee of the Revenue, That, upon Complaint made, That there are about Five hundred Cutters of Wood set on Work by Sir John Wintour, in the Forest of Dean; who, by virtue of some late Grant from his Majesty, claims all the Trees there, saving only such as are marked for Ship Timber for his Majesty's Navy, computed to contain Eleven thousand Tons of Timber fit for that Use; and excepting that Part of the Forest called the Lea Baily [ http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/4964/ ]; and that his Majesty hath been deceived in the Account made by Sir John Wintour, whereupon that Grant was obtained; and that, if great Care be not taken to prevent it, the said Trees, reserved for Ship Timber, may be cut down, and the Timber cut into Cord-wood; which would be an irreparable Loss, and of great Importance, at a time when Timber is grown so scarce and dear, by reason of the great Waste thereof, made in that Forest, and elsewhere, since the Troubles began.Ordered, That Sir John Wintour be summoned to attend this House the Second Day of May next; and to bring with him his Patent, by which he makes Claim to the Trees in the Forest of Deane, to the end the same may be perused: And that, in the mean time, he, and his Agents and Workmen, be restrained from felling or cutting down any more Timber Trees in the said Forest of Deane; and from carrying away, or cleaving, or cutting into Cord-wood, any Timber of the Trees already felled: And that the Leaving of a Copy of this Order with Sir John Wintour's Lady, or at his House here in London, shall be a good Service and Summons.
From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 8: 13 April 1663', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 8: 1660-1667 (1802), pp. 470-71. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?com.... Date accessed: 16 April 2006.
Forest of Dean - Wikipedia
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