Monday 24 September 1660

(Office day). From thence to dinner by coach with my wife to my Cozen Scott’s, and the company not being come, I went over the way to the Barber’s. So thither again to dinner, where was my uncle Fenner and my aunt, my father and mother, and others. Among the rest my Cozen Rich. Pepys, their elder brother, whom I had not seen these fourteen years, ever since he came from New England. It was strange for us to go a gossiping to her, she having newly buried her child that she was brought to bed of.

I rose from table and went to the Temple church, where I had appointed Sir W. Batten to meet him; and there at Sir Heneage Finch Sollicitor General’s chambers, before him and Sir W. Wilde, Recorder of London (whom we sent for from his chamber) we were sworn justices of peace for Middlesex, Essex, Kent, and Southampton; with which honour I did find myself mightily pleased, though I am wholly ignorant in the duty of a justice of peace. From thence with Sir William to Whitehall by water (old Mr. Smith with us) intending to speak with Secretary Nicholas about the augmentation of our salaries, but being forth we went to the Three Tuns tavern, where we drank awhile, and then came in Col. Slingsby and another gentleman and sat with us. From thence to my Lord’s to enquire whether they have had any thing from my Lord or no.

Knocking at the door, there passed me Mons. L’Impertinent [Mr. Butler] for whom I took a coach and went with him to a dancing meeting in Broad Street, at the house that was formerly the glass-house, Luke Channel, Master of the School, where I saw good dancing, but it growing late, and the room very full of people and so very hot, I went home.

19 Annotations

Paul Miller   Link to this

"in Broad Street, at the house that was formerly the glass-house"
This link has good information about the Glass houses and mentions the one on Broad street.

http://www.vauxhallsociety.org.uk/Glasshouses.html

Glyn   Link to this

From thence to dinner by coach

This seems a bit of an abrupt start to today's entry. (a) Is this part of the previous day's entry? (b) Or does he mean that there was nothing worth recording about his day at the office? (c) Or is something missing?

I believe he writes "Office Day" at the top of some of his entries so probably (b) is correct.

Robin   Link to this

"It was strange for us to go a gossiping to her..."

Who is "she"? Cousin Scott's wife? Cousin Richard's wife? I'm confused... can anyone shed some light here?

Paul Brewster   Link to this

24. office day. From thence to dinner by Coach
I think the L&M punctuation makes more sense of the opening. The words "office day" are in italics indicating larger text in the manuscript.

Paul Brewster   Link to this

It was strange for us to go a-gossiping to her, she having newly buried her child that she was brought to bed of.
"Her" refers to Judith Scott, Benjamin Scott's wife and Richard Pepys younger sister. Per L&M: "her infant son had been buried on the 13th."

Paul Brewster   Link to this

Justices of Peace for Middlesex, Essex, Kent, and Southampton
per L&M: "It was customary to make the Principal Officers of the Navy justices for the counties in which the royal dockyards were situated. .... The officers lacked similar powers in the city itself until an act of 1664."

Paul Brewster   Link to this

about the augmentacion of our Salarys
L&M: "The new and increased rates of pay fixed at the appointment of the new officers in July were not enrolled in the Exchequer until February 1663. A Council order of 22 September now gave authority for the payment of the higher rates although the process of enrolment was not yet complete."

Paul Brewster   Link to this

to speak with Secretary Nicholas about the augmentacion of our Salarys. But he being forth,
L&M insert "he".

Paul Brewster   Link to this

to a dancing-meeting in Broadstreete, at the house that was formerly the Glasse house (Luke Channel Maister of the Schoole) where I saw good dancing
I think L&M's punctuation makes the sense clearer. According to their general notes on punctuation, "certain" parentheses are derived from the manuscript.

PHE   Link to this

Sam's charm
The most charming thing about Sam's diaries is the humour - whether intended or not:
"with which honour I did find myself mightily pleased, though I am wholly ignorant in the duty of a justice of peace"

Nix   Link to this

Solicitor General --

From Black's Law Dictionary (rev. 4th ed. 1968):

"In Enlgish law. One of the principal law officers of the crown, associated in his duties with the attorney general, holding office by patent during the pleasure of the sovereign, and having the right of preaudience [i.e., the right to speak before the other lawyers] in the courts. 3 Bl.Comm. 27. In American law, an officer of the department of justice, next in rank and authority to the attorney general, whose principal assistant he is. His chief function is to represent the United States in all cases in the supreme court and the court of claims in which the government is interested or to which it is a party, and to discharge the duties of the attorney general in the absence or disability of that officer or when there is a vacancy in the office."

Hic Retearivs   Link to this

It might be added that this ancient office is still not just one of administration and political direction. Even here in the colonies (Canada) the Solicitor General will occasionally risk his dignity, descend from his ivory tower and appear in court to conduct the Crown’s case in person. That is rare but the legal machinery still exists and is employed.

Glyn   Link to this

This particular Broad Street isn't the one in the City of London that he has been to before, but another one across the river in Vauxhall. Later to avoid confusion it was renamed Black Prince Road:

http://www.streetmap.co.uk/newmap.srf?x=530698&...

According to the excellent article that Paul Miller (above) has linked to, glassmaking was banned in the City of London itself because it was highly polluting, so like other noxious industries it was sited south of the river, in this case in Vauxhall.

So presumably Pepys must have caught another ferry across the Thames.

vincent   Link to this

re: glass making. J.Evelyn did mention said glass problem at the society meeting 6th march 61 next. It looked like a "Hersheys kiss" top pushed sideways with a long tail.( a distorted oval shape).

Terry Foreman   Link to this

Paul Miller's link about the glass houses in Vauxhall updated:

Glasshouse Walk (formerly Glasshouse Street), just off the Albert Embankment, is now the only reminder that the glass making industry was once an internationally important industry in Vauxhall.
http://www.vauxhallcivicsociety.org.uk/history/...

Terry Foreman   Link to this

The early modern period in England (c. 1500-1800) brought on a revival in local glass production. Medieval glass had been limited to the small-scale production of forest glass for window glass and vessels, predominantly in the Weald. The organisation of production evolved from the small-scale family-run glass houses typical of forest glass-making to large monopolies granted by the Crown. The influx of immigrants from Europe brought changes in furnace technology and raw materials, creating a better quality glass. Monastic decrees later banned the use of wood fuel which was then replaced by the less expensive alternative of coal. The development of lead glass in the late 17th century propelled England to the forefront of the glass industry and paved the way for advancements in the Industrial Revolution.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_modern_glass...

Bill   Link to this

See the annotations of 15 August 1660 http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/08/15/ for a discussion of the term "a gossiping."

dave davis   Link to this

Being an autodidact with serious study habits (that include the 17th-18th centuries) I ask you to bend your thoughts from cheerful complacency and acceptance. Please consider that men in Pepys time were skilled hypocrites and sexists, that their coarseness is even rather distasteful.

Better to read poetry, history, and In my opinion, it's better to read a Rochester or a Donne, to find other interests. Try to find realism. For example, move on to Sean O'Casey. Listen to Mozart.

Dick Wilson   Link to this

Sorry, but the starter motor on my autodidact seems to be on the fritz.

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