1893 text

Sir Edward Nicholas, Secretary of State to Charles I. and II. He was dismissed from his office through the intrigues of Lady Castlemaine in 1663. He died 1669, aged seventy-seven.

7 Annotations

anonymous   Link to this

Lady Castlemaine, who would later be created Duchess of Cleveland, was a homely trollop who manipulated King Charles II, gentlemen.

Pedro   Link to this

Nicholas.

The Secretary of State was present at the public marriage of Charles in Portsmouth. He read aloud the marriage contract, before the marriage took place.

Pauline   Link to this

from L&M Companion
Kt 1641, bt 1653 (1593-1669). Secretary of State to Charles I (1641-9) and to Charles II (1654-62). A protege of the 1st Duke of Buckingham and secretary to the Admiralty Commissioners 1628-38. A strong Anglican and a man of high principles, his replacement in 1662 by Arlington was a blow to the Clarendonian old guard. His younger brother Matthew was Dean of St Paul's, 1660-d.61.

Kevin Nicholas   Link to this

Both my grandfather and my uncle are Edward Nicholas. It is good to see that our family namesakes carry on!

in Aqua Scripto   Link to this

That, in Pursuance of that traiterous Intent, he hath, to several Persons of His Majesty's Privy Council, held Discourses to this Effect: "That His Majesty was dangerously corrupted in His Religion, and inclined to Popery; that Persons of that Religion had such Access and such Credit with Him, that, unless there were a careful Eye had unto it, (fn. *) Protestant Religion would be overthrown in this Kingdom." And, in Pursuance of the said wicked and traiterous Intent, upon His Majesty's admitting Sir Henry Bennett to be Principal Secretary of State in the Place of Mr. Secretary Nicholas, he hath said these Words, or Words to this Effect, "That His Majesty had given Ten Thousand Pounds to remove a zealous Protestant, that He might bring into that Place of high Trust a concealed Papist;" notwithstanding that the said Sir Henry Bennett is known to have ever been, both in his Profession and Practice, constant to the Protestant Religion.

From: 'House of Lords Journal Volume 11: 10 July 1663', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 11: 1660-1666, pp. 554-57. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?com.... Date accessed: 13 February 2006.

in Aqua Scripto   Link to this

Nicholas, Sir Edward, kt. Secretary of State (South) May 1660-c. 15 Oct. 1662.
-, Took oath 27 Feb. 1659 (PC 2/54, pt. ii, 42); assumed functions at Restoration May 1660. Left office by 15 Oct. 1662 (PC 2/56 p. 174).

From: 'Alphabetical lists of officials: K-Z', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 2: Officials of the Secretaries of State 1660-1782 (1973), pp. 85-119. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?com.... Date accessed: 13 February 2006.

Bill   Link to this

Sir Edward Nicholas was born the 4th of April, in the year 1593, and entered of the Middle-Temple in 1611. In 1622 he married Jane, daughter of Henry Jay, of Holston in Norfolk. Between the year 1611 and 1642, when he was made secretary of state; he was one of the six clerks in chancery, and successively secretary to lord Zouch, and the duke of Buckingham, in the office of high-admiral. It is remarkable that the latter was speaking to him when he was stabbed by Felton. He was afterwards clerk of the council, and continued in that employment till the seals were given him by the King. He attended his majesty to Oxford, and resided with him there till he went to the Scots army. On the surrender of Oxford to Fairfax, he retired to the prince of Wales in Jersey. From that time to the Restoration, he lived for the most part with Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, at Caen in Normandy.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1769.

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