Wednesday 5 September 1660

To the office.

From thence by coach upon the desire of the principal officers to a Master of Chancery to give Mr. Stowell his oath, whereby he do answer that he did hear Phineas Pett say very high words against the King a great while ago.

Coming back our coach broke, and so Stowell and I to Mr. Rawlinson’s, and after a glass of wine parted, and I to the office, home to dinner, where (having put away my boy in the morning) his father brought him again, but I did so clear up my boy’s roguery to his father, that he could not speak against my putting him away, and so I did give him 10s. for the boy’s clothes that I made him, and so parted and tore his indenture.

All the afternoon with the principal officers at Sir W. Batten’s about Pett’s business (where I first saw Col. Slingsby, who has now his appointment for Comptroller), but did bring it to no issue. This day I saw our Dedimus to be sworn in the peace by, which will be shortly.

In the evening my wife being a little impatient I went along with her to buy her a necklace of pearl, which will cost 4l. 10s., which I am willing to comply with her in for her encouragement, and because I have lately got money, having now above 200l. in cash beforehand in the world.

Home, and having in our way bought a rabbit and two little lobsters, my wife and I did sup late, and so to bed.

Great news now-a-day of the Duke d’Anjou’s desire to marry the Princesse Henrietta.

Hugh Peters is said to be taken, and the Duke of Gloucester is ill, and it is said it will prove the small-pox.

15 Annotations

chip   Link to this

On 30 April 1666, L&M say Pepys will give Elizabeth a pearl necklace worth 80L. Also, Philippe, Duc d'Anjou, afterwards Duc d'Orleans, brother of Louis XIV, married Henrietta, youngest sister of Charles II, in March 1661. Hugh Peters is the leading preacher of the New Model army, in hiding since 18 June when he was excluded from the Act of Indemnity; arrested on 2 September in Southwark. For some reason, L&M put Dedimus in italics but there is no explication who this is.

Paul Brewster   Link to this

Dedimus
OED:
"[From the words of the writ, dedimus potestatem, Lat. "we have given the power".]

A writ empowering one who is not a judge to do some act in place of a judge.

1489/90 Plumpton Corr. … Afore Easter, send upp your pardons, wrytes of dedimus. 1712 Arbuthnot John Bull … He talks of nothing but Writs of Error, Actions of Trover and Conversion, Trespasses, Precipes et Dedimus. 1771 Smollett Humph. … He found means to obtain a Dedimus as an acting justice of peace. 1800 Bentham Method of Census Wks. … Acting justices who have taken out their respective dedimuses.”

L&M: “Italics are all editorial, but (in e.g. heading to entries) often follow indications given in the MS. (by e.g. the use of larger writing).”

Paul Brewster   Link to this

This day I saw our Dedimus to be Sworn in the Peace by, which will be shortly
I think the L&M capitalization (which would only be SP's if he had written this longhand) gives me a better clue to the meaning of this sentence. I believe that has seen the document (Dedimus) that would allow him and other members of the Navy Board to be sworn in as justices of the peace in the near future.

A. De Araujo   Link to this

"The Duke d'Anjou's desire to marry the Princesse Henrietta" Philippe of Orleans younger brother of Louis XIV also known as Monsieur was dressed by his mother(Maria de Medici if I am not mistaken)as a girl and although he married twice and left many descendents was very effeminate and had many male favorites

vincent   Link to this

"...In the evening my wife being a little impatient I went along with her to buy her a necklace of pearl, which will cost 4l. 10s., which I am willing to comply with her in for her encouragement, ..."
"Auferimur cultu; gemmis auroque tegenuntur omnia: par minima est ipsa puella sui. " Ovid Remedia Amoris 343-344 (guilt?)

vincent   Link to this

I liv'd so long and never Knew of dedimus potestatem> the Local J.P. I knew was In the venacular "dead at most" I so needed him to open bank accounts etc.. One lives and (l)earns.

Mary   Link to this

Princess Henrietta

This was Charles youngest sister, called by him 'Minette'. She was a great favourite with him. Her marriage to 'Monsieur' was not at all happy, but she used her position at the French court to promote better relations between France and England. Her efforts as go-between eventually resulted in the secret Treaty of Dover (1670) in which Charles undertook to restore Catholicism in England. This treaty and its ramifications were to prove disastrous for the Stuart succession in 1688.

Mary   Link to this

10s for the boy's clothes that I made him

Presumably Pepys had insisted that the boy be outfitted with suitable clothes for his position within the household at the beginning of his term of indenture. It looks as if Pepys arranged for the garments to be made but the cost of them fell upon the boy's father. With the abrupt cancellation of the indenture, Pepys is now compensating the father for the initial expense and maybe even keeping the clothes against the appointment of another, suitably sized boy?

chip   Link to this

I am with you Mary, I think he kept the clothes (his father can always alter them). Thanks Paul for the Dedimus, I too had no idea what that was. OK Vincent, I'll bite, is it Let us be carried away by the mode, gems and gold hide all, for nothing a girl is herself. I don't think our boy has guilt in the modern sense, at least not yet.

JWB   Link to this

Oh, I think Sammy's feeling guilt-modern, Restoration, original,... what-have-you. Look at the qualifiers attached to the account of the purchase. They're sure tells.

Pauline   Link to this

Guilt or affirmation?
I don't think we can get around the implications to date that Sam really does love his wife (and the idea of having a wife) and takes pleasure in her. So this other messing around is just "other." He indulges his wife because he wants to please her and it fits his success to be buying jewelry for a wife. Perhaps he drags his feet a bit as that fits some image of "the husband." But he could be feeling guilty as well.

maureen   Link to this

Does anyone know who Mr Stowell was?

Mary   Link to this

Mr. Stowell

L&M Companion seems to indicate that Pepys should have written 'Sewell' here, as one Robert Sewell was a storekeeper at Chatham under the Commonwealth and was reappointed in 1660.

They offer notes on two Robert Stowells: one, receiver of clerical tenths for Rochester in 1667 and the other (?his father) diocesan resgistrar under Charles I. The connection with Rochester, a city not far from Chatham where Pett was in office, could argue in favour of either Stowell having some political axe to grind in this case, so Sewell is not automatically the preferable reading for Stowell at this point.

Tonyel   Link to this

"In the evening my wife being a little impatient"
I'll bet that Sam has been unable to resist boasting about his new-found wealth until Bess has suggested he might spread some of it around.

Gerald Berg   Link to this

So Liz is a little impatient eh? With whom and about what? I think she knows Sam better than he knows himself. Buys her pearls! If she can't read this for what it is -- a guilty conscience that he can't recognise in himself -- she is herself is a "nulla puella negat". I wonder how happy the household will be over the next while?

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