Hugh Peters, born at Fowey, Cornwall, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated M.A. 1622. He was tried as one of the regicides, and executed. A broadside, entitled “The Welsh Hubub, or the Unkennelling and earthing of Hugh Peters that crafty Fox,” was printed October 3rd, 1660.
This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.
S. Spoelstra • Link
Glyn • Link
Sjoerd's link may now be broken, so here is the biography from that site:
Hugh Peters, Preacher, 1598-1660
Born in Cornwall, educated at Cambridge, Peters became a devout Puritan around 1620 which brought him into conflict with the Anglican church authorities. In 1626, Peters moved to the Netherlands and became a pastor at Rotterdam. Even here, pressure was put upon him to conform to Anglican doctrine. Finally, in 1635 he left for New England. Related by marriage to John Winthrop, Peters became a minister at Salem, Massachusetts, in 1636.
On the outbreak of the First Civil War in 1642, he returned to England. He became a chaplain in the Parliamentary armies and was a prolific writer of accounts of the actions he saw. Peters was a strong Independent whose ferocious preaching drew many recruits to the Parliamentarian cause. He was chaplain to the Council of State from 1650 and was with Cromwell at the battle of Worcester. Although he played no direct part in the trial and execution of the King, Peters' vehement support for the Regicides resulted in his arrest at the Restoration. He was hanged, drawn and quartered at Charing Cross in October 1660.
vicenzo • Link
Hugh Peters received two pounds per annum for ever for his part in the Interregnum:
JWB • Link
Ballad: A Proper New Ballad On The Old Parliament; Or, The Second
Part Of Knave Out Of Doors
"Come here, then, honest Peters, (96) say grace for the second
So long as these your betters must patience have upon force,
Long time he kept a great noise with God and the Good old Cause,
But if God own such as these, then where's the Devil's fees?
Sing hi ho, Hugo, I hear thou art not dead;
Where now to the Devil will you go, your patrons being fled?
Sing hi ho, my honey, my heart shall never rue,
Four-and-twenty now for a penny, and into the bargain Hugh"
Cavalier Songs & Ballads
Hugh Peters, who was the son of a merchant at Foy in Cornwal, was some time a member of Jesus College in Cambridge; whence he is said to have been expelled for his irregular behaviour. He afterwards betook himself to the stage, where he acquired that gesticulation and buffoonery which he practised in the pulpit. He was admitted into holy orders by Dr. Mountaine, bishop of London; and was, for a considerable time, lecturer of St. Sepulchre's in that city: but being prosecuted for criminal conversation with another man's wife, he fled to Rotterdam, where he was pastor of the English church, together with the learned Dr. William Ames. He afterwards exercised his ministry in New England, where he continued about seven years. He was a great pretender to the saintly character, a vehement declaimer against Charles I. and one of the foremost to encourage and justify the rebellion.
[He], together with his brethren the regicides, went to his execution with an air of triumph, rejoicing that he was to suffer in so good a cause. It appears from this instance, and many others, that the presumption of an enthusiast is much greater than that of a faint. The one is always humble, and works out his salvation with fear and trembling; the other is arrogant and assuming, and seems to demand it as his right.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.
PETERS or PETER, HUGH (1598-1660), independent divine; son of Thomas Dyckwoode, alias Peters; M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1622; lecturer at St. Sepulchre's, London, but (c.1629) proceeded to Holland and (1635) became minister at Salem, Massachusetts; took a leading part in ecclesiastical matters; rebuked the governor, Henry Vane, for intervening in church matters; took a warm interest in the foundation of the colony of Connecticut, and intervened between the English settlers and the Dutch; returned to England (1641) and became prominent in controversy, war, and politics; his sermons were valuable in winning recruits to the parliamentary army, and his relations of battles and sieges are a semiofficial supplement to the generals' reports; influential among the independents; regarded with aversion by the presbyterians; acted with the army during its quarrel with parliament; accompanied Cromwell to Ireland, 1649; present at the battle of Worcester, 1650: made a chaplain to the council of state, 1650, and during the protectorate acted as a regular preacher at Whitehall; endeavoured, 1652-3, to put an end to the war with the Dutch, but after the death of the Protector took little part in public affairs; executed at Charing Cross, 16 Oct. 1660, as an abettor of the execution of Charles I.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.