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Glyn expressed confusion about this fellow as there are two, a senior and a junior. The senior (d.1662) was the Polish/Prussian refugee and lived c.1658 in Axe Yard and responded to the revolutionary spirit of the '40s and '50s by publishing schemes of social, political and economic reform for the consideration of the authorities-'disseminating useful knowledge interfused with messianic speculations.' His son Samuel was a friend of Pepys and one of his 'old club' of government clerks. At first an underclerk to the Council of State and later to the Privy Council, he had moved by 1666 to a post at the Hearth Office. In 1672 he was briefly imprisoned in the Tower, presumably on a political charge. The elder Hartlib's daughters married members of his own circle of foreign-born virtuosi-CLodius and Rothe. (L&M companion, p.169).
Samuel Hartlib, son of a Polish merchant, and author of several ingenious works on agriculture, for which he received a pension from Cromwell. Milton's "Tractate of Education" is addressed to him. Evelyn describes him in his Diary, November 27th, 1655, as "honest and learned," and calls him "a public-spirited and ingenious person who had propagated many useful things and arts." He lived in Axe Yard about 1661, and had a son named Samuel and a daughter, Nan, who married John Roder or Roth, afterwards knighted. Evelyn says that Claudius, referred to before (see July l0th, 1660, of this Diary), was Hartlib's son-in-law. If so, Hartlib must have had another daughter. He seems to have been in some poverty at the end of his life.
HARTLIB, SAMUEL (d. 1670?), friend of Milton; came to England from Poland, с 1628; introduced writings of Comenius; praised by Milton in treatise on education, 1644; received pension from parliament for works on husbandry, 1646; published pamphlets on education and husbandry, including 'Description of the famous Kingdom of Macaria,' 1641, and 'Discours of Husbandrie used in Brabant and Flanders,' 1652.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.