9 Annotations

First Reading

language hat  •  Link

Roger Boyle, Baron Broghill (1621-79):
"A soldier, politician and dramatist. He was a brilliant commander of the royalist forces in Ireland... He went over to Cromwell's side to fight against their common enemy, the Catholic interest, in Ireland... With Monck he made a remarkable success of the Cromwellian government of Scotland... and he constantly threw his weight behind attempts to produce a moderate settlement of the revolution... After Oliver's death he abandoned support of the Commonwealth and returned to Ireland, where, like Monck in Scotland and England, he took command of the situation and invited Charles to his kingdom. His plays were popular with Pepys and his contemporaries." --Companion

Paul Chapin  •  Link

The orrery, a clockwork device for modeling the movements of the planets around the sun, was named for Roger's grandson Charles, the Fourth Earl.

Wikipedia: The first modern orrery was built circa 1704 by George Graham. Graham gave the first model (or its design) to the celebrated instrument maker John Rowley of London to make a copy for Prince Eugene of Savoy. Rowley was commissioned to make another copy for his patron Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery, from which the device took its name. This model was presented to Charles' son John, later the 5th Earl.

CGS  •  Link

lifted from:


Boyle, who was a statesman and soldier, as well as a
dramatist, wrote a ''Treatise on the Art of War," but it
was in connection with the plays that Baker said of his
wit, whose "early blossoms" were fair, ''but not fairer
than the fruit."

**The Black Prince" was published in 1669. "Try-
phon," which had not been printed before, has a separate
title-page. Each play is paged separately.

These two plays, and the two published in 1677, are
in rhymed couplets.

34 The History Of Henry the Fifth. And The
Tragedy Of Mustapha, Son of Solyman the
Magnificent. As they were Acted at his High-
nefs, the Duke of York's Theatre. Written by
The Right Honourable, the Earl of Orrery.
London, Printed by T. N. for Henry Herring-
man, at the Sign of the Blew Anchor in the
Lower Walk of the New Exchange. 1677.

"Henry the Fifth" was first published in 1668.
"Mustapha," first published in 1668, has a separate
title-page, and its two parts are paged together. This
and the preceding volume are bound together.

henery V


Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

Roger, Earl of Orrery, president of Munster, and a regiment of horse in Ireland.
---A Seasonable Argument ... for a New Parliament. Andrew Marvell, [1677] 1776.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

In Ireland the Restoration proceeded independently of, and even a little before, that in England. Having secured power at the end of 1659, a group of Cromwellian army officers, Sir Theophilus Jones, Sir Charles Coote, and Roger Boyle, Lord Broghill, opened negotiations with Charles II well before Gen. Monck.

In February 1660 the officers called a convention in Dublin. It declared for Charles, who was proclaimed King on 14 May 1660.

Despite its early commitment to Charles' Restoration, Charles' chief interest in Ireland was as a source of revenue for his government and his favorites.

For more information, see http://www.oxforddnb.com/ (sorry, I can't figure out their filing system either, but this is where it came from)

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

In 1666 Roger Boyle, Baron Broghill, 1st Earl of Orrery (1621 – 1679), is
president of Munster 1660-1672;
governor of Co. Clare 1661-1672;
constable of Limerick Castle 1661-d. 1679

And he is the older brother of Robert Boyle, FRS., and Francis Boyle, Viscount Shannon (step-father of Charles II's illegitimated daughter, Charlotte Boyle Paston). And he's the younger brother to Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Burlington/2nd Earl of Cork.
Orrery is also a playwright (Pepys wasn't a fan).

In 1665 the Roman Catholic Murrough O'Brien, Earl of Inchiquin became reconciled with the Protestant Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery.
O’Brien’s heir, William O'Brien, married Orrery's daughter, Margaret Boyle.

The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, James Butler, Earl of Ormonde, resented Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery's virtually independent authority in Munster, and deplored his ‘vanity, ostentation and itch to popularity’, as well as his peevish, malicious jealousy; but Ormonde admitted that Orrery’s ‘industry, ability and ambition’ made him a dangerous enemy.

Information from https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/…

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Before the monarchy was restored, Roger Boyle, Baron Broghill switched sides and backed Charles II. (His older brother, Richard, 2nd Earl of Cork, fought for the King, so Roger was right-hand man in Ireland to Cromwell, protecting the family estates.)

Charles II rewarded Roger Boyle, Lord Broghill for his and his family’s loyalty by making him the 1st Earl of Orrery in 1660 and Lord High President of Munster.

Orrery set about building his court and Manor House in the central location around the present Charleville, which, he said, at that time, "bore the heathenish name of Rathgoggan".

On May 29, 1661 the foundation stone was laid for the erection of Charleville Manor House.

In 1666, Roger Boyle, Earl of Orrery was granted lands in counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick and Kilkenny, amounting to almost 14,000 acres. The lands he acquired included part of the Barony of Orrery and Kilmore, which were located around Charleville/Rathgoggan and Broghill.

Orrery laid the foundation stone for his residence on May 29, 1661, and called the town Charleville in honor "of his Grace, King Charles II" and set about creating a borough and the town, which was incorporated in 1670, enabling Charleville to return two members to Parliament.

Orrery established the linen and woolen industries and built a street, on which, among other buildings were the Weavers' Cottages, "for all sorts of linen manufacture and also providing artists, looms and other trades and importing Flanders and Brabant seeds."

Orrery also built a church and an endowed school for the education of good Protestant children.


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