Daily entries from the 17th century London diary
PROBABLY Charles, L&M say
It is "probably" Charles Boyle (or possibly his brother, Richard) who appears twice in the diary in April 1660 (and, if it is Charles, never again). Latham & Matthews edition of the diary tell us nothing about him personally, but they give us some details about his relations who figure in the diary, mostly after 1664:
FATHER -- RICHARD (d. 1643):Charles was the second son of the 2nd earl of Cork. The Boyles were "one of the greatest Royalist families of Ireland."
BROTHER -- ROBERT BOYLE (1627-91):Charles's brother and Richard's seventh son was a great scientist, one of the founders of the Royal Society.
BROTHER -- ROGER (1621-79):Baron Broghill, earl of Orrery, a soldier, dramatist and politician.
BROTHER -- RICHARD "THE RICH" (1612-98):This may be the Boyle mentioned in April 1660. His marriage enriched him. Lord Treasurer of Ireland (1660-95). One of his daughters marries one of the sons of Edward Mountagu, Pepys's patron.
-- L&M, Volume 10 (companion) and 11 (index)
Further information on Robert Boyle, whose famous law (although a scientist named Mariotte was the original discoverer) states that pressure varies inversely as volume at constant temperature. Boyle's law appears in a 1662 appendix to his 1660 work 'New Experiments Physio-Mechanicall, Touching the Spring of the Air and its Effects'. The 1660 text was the result of three years of experimenting with an air pump with the help of Hooke, whom he employed as his assistant. His 1661 work 'The Sceptical Chymist' was published with the intention of ridding chemistry of meaningless verbiage. Boyle, thou shouldst be living at this hour!
The description of the Boyle family as being "one of the greatest royalist families of Ireland" according to Latham & Matthews ,is an incorrect assessment of the family during the period of the English Civil War ,followed by the Commonwealth and the Protectorate . The Boyles had settled in Ireland during the Elizabethan era and gained vast wealth along with social prominence due to the acquisition of former confiscated Geraldine and MacCarthy lands. During the civil war period, Roger Boyle, first baron Broghill and later First Earl of Orrery ,played the most prominent role on the political stage in favour of the Parliamentarian cause. At the approach of the Restoration Charles II had already forgiven him for his support of the Commonwealth, and of Oliver Cromwell.Broghill was assured by the King how he perfectly understood how he had been "carryed away with that torrent" As well as being a soldier, he was an astute and pragmatic politician, who along with General Monk,who had also served in Ireland, helped to bring about the Restoration.The Irish Royalists were predominantly drawn from the Old English, or those of Welsh Norman stock who settled in Ireland during and after the reign of Henry II in the 12th century, and who remained Catholic after the Reformation. The Stuart monarchs also drew support from the Gaelic Irish Chieftains,as they shared a common linguistic ,ethnic and cultural heritage. The Gaelic genealogists and the bards regarded the Stuarts as the rightful kings of Ireland.,
Cunningham,Bernadette. The World of Geoffrey Keating: Four Courts Press 2000Clarke, Aidan. The Old English in Ireland,1625-42 Four Courts Press 2000Clarke, Aidan. Prelude to Restoration in Ireland Cambridge 1999
His brother, Roger Boyle:http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/954/
Boyle..."His 1661 work ‘The Sceptical Chymist’ was published with the intention of ridding chemistry of meaningless verbiage. Boyle, thou shouldst be living at this hour!
Rather a different view of Boyle and other natural philosophers of the time...
"In the end, we should not be too surprised that Boyle was interested in alchemy. After all, Boyle was a man of the seventeenth century, a period in which alchemical practice flourished before it disappeared in the eighteenth century. Because nearly all major natural philosophers in the seventeenth century England-Newton, Locke, Dee, Ashmole, Starkey, among others-were intensely involved in alchemy, we should be more surprised to find that Boyle was not involved in alchemical pursuits. Aspiring Adept is a rich work that should change the way we present Boyle in a history of chemistry course. For those interested in the history of alchemy, the relationships between "chemistry" and "alchemy," the emergence of the former from the latter, or the place of Boyle in the Scientific Revolution, it is required reading."
L&M say the entries are PROBABLY Charles Boyle, but give no personal details about him.
In his biography of Robert Boyle, Louis Trenchard More says the Diary entries of the 11th and 20th April 1660 may refer to Robert Boyle. He also has no information of Charles Boyle, but obviously much on Robert, so casting doubts on L&M?
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