13 Nov 2004, 10:17 a.m. - Pedro.

Straits of Gibraltar. For a geological history see... http://www.nasca.org.uk/Medit/medit.html To see what Montagu would have to encounter, see a modern day crossing on... http://www.sailnet.com/collections/articles/index.cfm?articleid=shardp004 And an interesting description of a crossing around 1900 see... http://www.oldandsold.com/articles04/spain28.shtml

20 Jan 2005, 1:13 a.m. - Clement

Bosphorus Straits I suspect that the straights referred to in the Jan 19, 1662 entry, are the Bosphorus. Sam notes that "the Turks do take more and more of our ships..." meaning they were levying an increasingly heavy tax on goods passing through. This criticism of the Turks was perpetually voiced by nations shipping goods from the Black Sea.

20 Jan 2005, 2:57 a.m. - vicenzo

Sorry! do not agree, Clement, the darned Moors, they ranged right up to the English coast {Cormwall) to get cheap labor and bed warmers. They, the Moors are the cause for the occupation of Tangiers and creating defences, in order to have Trading ships sail around the Horn of Africa to the East Indies and not be pestered by the Corsairs of Algiers and Morroco.

20 Jan 2005, 4:04 a.m. - dirk

The Straits Vicenzo is right here: it's Gibraltar and not the Bosphorus. Don't be deceived by the use of the word "Turks" in this context: what's meant are the North-African corsairs (pirates if you want, but "loosely" in the service of the Sultan in Istambul). The term "Turks" was applied generically by the nations of christian Europe to every harassment coming from the muslim world - here specifically the Algerian pirates who more or less undisturbed slipped through Gibraltar, and raided the Spanish, French and British coastlines for booty and slaves. The Knights of St.John at Malta were very active against these corsairs - with good results - but they couldn't prevent some of them slipping through the Straits.

20 Jan 2005, 4:53 a.m. - Clement

Striking sail in the Straits Yes, Gibralter is a stronger case. You're right about the broad use by Europeans of the terms Moors and Turks for any Muslim, but I find even further support for Sam's description. The Turkish Sultan sent Pashas to rule areas of Northern Africa until at least 1659, having gained a measure of control in the early 16th century supporting Barbarossa's contest against Spain. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Topics/history/American_and_Military/Barbary_Pirates/Britannica_1911*.html (1911 Britannica with scan error corrections)

7 Feb 2005, 8:49 p.m. - vicenzo

Modern pirates: Bloomberg News [google s] today LA Times stated that slayings in pirate attacks rise . Main Area of concern surrounds Aceh Province along with Nigeria with many incidents.

25 Jan 2008, 8:12 a.m. - Pedro

'Eureka!' Off Gibraltar: A Trove From 1694 http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A07EFDB1E3EF937A15751C0A9649C8B63

10 Apr 2012, 5:50 p.m. - Jim

I'm inclined to Gibralter as well, knowing the English had forces there. And in fact, the entry on Thomas Allin says he sailed in 1664 in force to attempt a peace treaty with the Algerines.

6 Jan 2016, 2:55 a.m. - San Diego Sarah

Am I right in thinking these pirates went on to be the Barbary Pirates in the 19th Century ... and possibly ISIS today? Looks like the same area and tribes to me ... ?

13 Jan 2016, 7:49 a.m. - James Morgan

ISIS is centered in Northern Iraq and Eastern Syria, thus thousands of miles East of the Barbary Pirates who were suppressed with the colonial occupation in the early 19th Century.

23 Jun 2019, 11:39 p.m. - San Diego Sarah

For a book about the Knights of St. John and their famous defense of Malta which changed the region's history for decades: The Great Siege, Malta 1565: Clash of Cultures: Christian Knights Defend Western Civilization Against the Moslem Tide -- by Ernle Bradford https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00J48FFMM?tag=ebbdaily-20 Kindle edition

20 Feb 2021, 11:07 p.m. - San Diego Sarah

For more about Charles II's relationship with the Knights of Malta, and Malta in general, go to https://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/1204/#c551533


Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.