Tuesday 1 September 1668

Up and all the morning at the office busy, and after dinner to the office again busy till about four, and then I abroad (my wife being gone to Hales’s about drawing her hand new in her picture) and I to see Betty Michell, which I did, but su mari was dentro, and no pleasure. So to the Fair, and there saw several sights; among others, the mare that tells money,1 and many things to admiration; and, among others, come to me, when she was bid to go to him of the company that most loved a pretty wench in a corner. And this did cost me 12d. to the horse, which I had flung him before, and did give me occasion to baiser a mighty belle fille that was in the house that was exceeding plain, but fort belle. At night going home I went to my bookseller’s in Duck Lane, and find her weeping in the shop, so as ego could not have any discourse con her nor ask the reason, so departed and took coach home, and taking coach was set on by a wench that was naught, and would have gone along with me to her lodging in Shoe Lane, but ego did donner her a shilling … [and hazer her tocar mi cosa – L&M] and left her, and home, where after supper, W. Batelier with us, we to bed. This day Mrs. Martin come to see us, and dined with us.

18 Annotations

First Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

L&M transcribe a little "business" elided above.

"..., but ego did donner her a shilling and hazer her tocar mi cosa and left her, and home,... "

Chris Squire  •  Link

‘naught adj. . . 2. a. Morally bad, immoral; wicked. Occas. also in weakened sense: naughty. Now arch. and rare.
. . 1603 M. Drayton Barrons Wars iii. iii. 49 A man as subtile, so corrupte, and naught.
1656 R. Sanderson Serm. (1689) 487 Where the Gods are naught, who can imagine the Religion should be good.
1707 G. Farquhar Beaux Stratagem ii. 13 Stay, stay, Brother, you shan't get off so; you were very naught last Night . .

b. With reference to sexual behaviour: promiscuous, licentious. Cf. nought adj. 1c. Obs.
. . 1617 T. Middleton & W. Rowley Faire Quarrell v. sig. I, I say shee's naught.‥ Your intended Bride is a whore.
1693 W. Congreve Old Batchelour iii. ii. 28 I'll never see you again, 'cause you'd have me be naught.

A. De Araujo  •  Link

"that was exceeding plain, but fort belle"
I am a little confused now!

Jenny  •  Link

"exceedingly plain". Probably a very pretty girl, without lace, paint, patches, a satin dress and silk shoes, ringlets and curls..... Sam has rather a penchant for pretty girls without the added contrivances of beauty seen at court and in his own circle.

chris  •  Link

See also Ophelia to Hamlet after his very ugly behaviour:"You are naught You are naught. I'll mark the play"(Act III Sc. ii. l.152)

Chris Squire  •  Link

‘plain, adj.1 Etym: < Anglo-Norman playn, . .
. . 13. Simple or unpretentious in behaviour, manners, or expression; homely, unaffected. Now rare.
. . 1667 S. Pepys Diary 20 Sept. (1974) VIII. 443 And endeed [she] is, as I always thought, one of the modest, prettiest, plain women that ever I saw.
. . 14. Simple in dress or habits; clothed or living plainly; not luxurious or ostentatious; frugal.
. . 15. Having no special or outstanding qualities; not exceptionally gifted or cultured; simple, ordinary, unsophisticated.
. . 16. Not high-ranking; lowly, humble, common.
. . 17. Of ordinary appearance; not beautiful or good-looking; homely; euphem. unattractive.’ [OED]

Tony Eldridge  •  Link

"This day Mrs. Martin come to see us, and dined with us".
Is this really Betty Martin? If so, Sam is pushing his luck to a frightening degree.

A. De Araujo  •  Link

Thanks Jenny and Chris Squire.

Geoff Hallett  •  Link

Toured the Palace of Westminster last week. When Sam says 'I to Westminster Hall, Parliament was sitting' gave me the impression it was used for that purpose. More experienced annotators will know that the hall used for Parliament was St Stephens Hall which leads off the top left hand corner of the Hall. It is very narrow which lead to the close confrontational debate we still see today. Originally St Stephens Chapel used by Monarchs for worship was given to the State in 1550 and converted into a debating chamber. The guide told us Pepys used to have his shirts made in Westminster Hall probably at Mrs Martins the draper.

JWB  •  Link

Mrs Martin...

What more innocent than his draper visiting to inspect the new hangings.

Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Sadly, all good things come to an end. I hadn't previously appreciated that our access to the illuminating letters was a pandemic gift from the British Library, giving us things to play with from home. Now they wants us to go back to work, so a pay wall has gone up.
I'd like to express my gratitude to them for making the archives free and open during a truly awful year, as the correspondence helped me appreciate the misery and pain inflicted on the English people by the greed of the City of London who manipulated Charles II into starting the Second Anglo-Dutch War for no valid reason.
It really is a cautionary tale for the ages.

There are many possible citations to back up my opinion; this one plus the annotations summarizes things fairly well:

arby  •  Link

And thank you for posting them, SDS.

JB  •  Link

Yes, indeed, thank you, SDS.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Stuart Britain Lecture Series, Gresham College

Gresham College is running a free public lecture series, which covers European influences on culture under the Stuart Kings James I and Charles I, and then the cultural shock of the revolutionary decade of 1649-60 when Parliament ruled Britain.
The lectures are hybrid - you can watch online or in person, or later (they stay up online) and include:

The Spanish Culture of Charles I's Court, Simon Thurley FSA, Provost of Gresham College
In 1623, Charles I (as heir to the throne) made a secret and hazardous trip to Madrid to win the hand of a Spanish princess. For eight months he was the guest of the Spanish king, Philip IV, living in the Alcazar of Madrid. The opportunities to study art, architecture and court ceremonial made a profound impact on the 23-year-old Charles, and it influenced his own taste when two years later he inherited the thrones of England and Scotland.

Date: 15 September, 2021 - 6pm
Location: Museum of London, Online or Watch Later
More information https://www.gresham.ac.uk/lecture…


Going Global: James I and the Wider World, Anna Whitelock
From the mid-16th century, the Break with Rome, and latterly Queen Elizabeth’s war with Spain, had left England isolated, but with James VI’s accession and peace with Spain, all was to change. King James was determined to have a decisive role in European politics and the reunification of Christendom, and English trade moved beyond Europe to new international markets.
The inhabitants of ‘Britain’ became some of the most well-travelled people of the age whose interests and religious loyalties were increasingly aligned with protestants in Europe.

Date: 25 January 2022, 1pm
Location: Barnard's Inn Hall, Online or Watch Later
More information https://www.gresham.ac.uk/lecture…


Life in a Revolutionary Decade in Britain, Anna Keay
This lecture explores the immense changes of the period through the personal experiences of prominent figures. It argues that, despite the failure of the republican project and the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, the decade forged the British Isles and created the conditions for the commercial and colonial prosperity of the centuries that followed.

Date: 3 March 2022, 1pm
Location: Barnard's Inn Hall, Online or Watch Later
More information https://www.gresham.ac.uk/lecture…

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

"... and took coach home, and taking coach was set on by a wench that was naught, and would have gone along with me to her lodging in Shoe Lane, but ego did donner her a shilling and hazer her tocar mi cosa and left her, ..."

I trust you tipped the coachman a similar amount. The task of the see-nothing-hear-nothing taxicab driver and the hackney coachman is similar.


It had to be a different Mrs. Martin ... but there is no other candidate.
L&M no help with this quandry, so maybe Sam and Betty did bluff their way through a meal with Elizabeth and William Batelier this once.
A conversation about how well Mr. Martin the purser's career was going could explain her attendance, especially as he had dined with the Pepyses on August 1.

Stephane Chenard  •  Link

Regarding the State Papers, first allow us to direct a Disapproving Frown at the University of London, which indeed seems to have seen fit to paywall a 150-year-old HMSO compilation of centuries-old government papers, now in PRO archives, that should be about as copyright-free as the Bible. Just to butter the toast on both sides, the website also sells advertising (one ad invites us to "discover the stocking evidence of Jesus' resurrection!")

But OK, they're not the fattest piece of toast around, at £35 their annual subscription is still cheaper than what many academic publishers want for a peek at a single article, and here are two Dry-Your-Tears caveats: First, some of the collections which the UoL toiled so hard to double-key-digitize are still free to access (the publick, in the form of the Arts and Humanities Council, having paid for it), including Pepys-years archives on Venice and the colonies that are rich in crunchy nuggets and not readily available elsewhere.

Second, there's a free Google Books version of the State Papers. It's a bit more awkward to use because each volume has to be fished out from their vast catalog, the scans cannot be cut-and-pasted, and lately there seems to be a bug that only makes them (at least in our case) readable in the Google Play Books application rather than straight on the website. But navigate all this and it works great and you can still get your fix - as a bonus, in a nice vintage font and with no scanning errors.

The current volume, covering November 1667 through September 1668, is at https://play.google.com/books/rea….

Today's dose includes letters in defense of the Dean of Chester, "attacked by the rage of calumny, by some mean spirits, as the dogs of Arcadia feared not to bark at the moon" - surely a quote deserving of reuse - and even a letter to Pepys, of the depressingly routine variety: Edward Byland "has done nothing in the musters", and (perhaps not unconnected) "wants a bill for his salary as deputy treasurer for 13 months". We can imagine Sam having a deep sigh at this one, and checking his minute watch - is it 4 o'clock yet?

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Thanks for the work-around, Stephane. It is a lot more work, but better than nothing!


Actually, it was Pepys' brother-in-law wanting his back pay for himself AND HIS SERVANT ... Balty has gone up in the world:

Sept. 1. 1668
B. St.Michel to Sam. Pepys.

Has done nothing in the musters.
Sir Jer. Smith and others, with several boats' crews being absent at Dover to wait on the Duke, who was sworn today at the Devil's Drop.

The Kingfisher arrived laden with tobacco, bound for London.

Wants a bill for his salary as deputy treasurer for 13 months, and for his servant's salary.
[S.P. Dom., Cur. II. 245, No. 148.]
Since the content is sandwiched together, it's hard to tell if the absence of Sir Jeremy Smith and his crews accounts for Balty not doing the musters (head counts needed to justify pay).
Since it's the beginning of the month it makes sense that a count would be expected by the Pay Office, and so Balty is explaining why his will be late this month ... along with nudging for his own back pay.

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