"The Ottoman Empire...also known in the West as the Turkish Empire, existed from 1299 AD to 1922 AD. At the height of its power in the 16th and 17th centuries, the tri-continental Ottoman Empire controlled much of Southeastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa....The empire was at the centre of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds for six centuries....With Constantinople (modern day Istanbul) as its capital, it was the final great Mediterranean Empire and heir to the legacy of Rome and Byzantium in many ways. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire was among the world's most powerful states, threatening the powers of eastern Europe with its steady advance through the Balkans." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire
Map of expansion and Decline of the Ottoman Empire http://www.naqshbandi.org/ottomans/maps/default...
The Ottoman Empire had recently entered the Köprülü Era (1656-1703):
"Despite internal conflicts within the Ottoman bureaucracy, and between the bureaucracy and military, the 17th century saw the empire expand its frontiers to their furthest reach, with notable gains under the Köprülü administration in Crete, Southern Ukraine and Podolia."
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.