Tuesday 22 September 1663

I up, well refreshed after my journey, and to my office and there set some things in order, and then Sir W. Pen and I met and held an office, and at noon to dinner, and so by water with my wife to Westminster, she to see her father and mother, and we met again at my Lord’s lodgings, and thence by water home again, where at the door we met Sir W. Pen and his daughter coming to visit us, and after their visit I to my office, and after some discourse to my great satisfaction with Sir W. Warren about our bargain of masts, I wrote my letters by the post, and so home to supper and to bed. This day my wife showed me bills printed, wherein her father, with Sir John Collidon and Sir Edward Ford, have got a patent for curing of smoky chimneys.1 I wish they may do good thereof, but fear it will prove but a poor project. This day the King and Queen are to come to Oxford. I hear my Lady Castlemaine is for certain gone to Oxford to meet him, having lain within here at home this week or two, supposed to have miscarried; but for certain is as great in favour as heretofore;2 at least Mrs. Sarah at my Lord’s, who hears all from their own family, do say so. Every day brings newes of the Turke’s advance into Germany, to the awakeing of all the Christian Princes thereabouts, and possessing himself of Hungary. My present care is fitting my wife’s closett and my house, and making her a velvet coate, and me a new black cloth suit, and coate and cloake, and evening my reckoning as well as I can against Michaelmas Day, hoping for all that to have my balance as great or greater than ever I had yet.

  1. The Patent numbered 138 is printed in the appendix to Wheatley’s “Samuel Pepys and the World he lived in” (p. 241). It is drawn in favour of John Colladon, Doctor in Physicke, and of Alexander Marchant, of St. Michall, and describes “a way to prevent and cure the smoakeing of Chimneys, either by stopping the tunnell towards the top, and altering the former course of the smoake, or by setting tunnells with checke within the chimneyes.” Sir Edward Ford’s name does not appear in the patent.
  2. According to Collins, Henry Fitzroy, Lady Castlemaine’s second son by Charles II., was born on September 20th, 1663. He was the first Duke of Grafton.—B.

17 Annotations

jeannine   Link to this

Alexandre St. Michel (Elizabeth's Father)
"This day my wife showed me bills printed, wherein her father, with Sir John Collidon and Sir Edward Ford, have got a patent for curing of smoky chimneys."
Part IV of the article on Elizabeth is the summary of Alexandre's life as presented by Patrick Delaforce in his book on Elizabeth. He was a very interesting, spirited character and had applied for and been granted several patents. Delaforce's book was an interesting read and gave some good background on her family.
http://www.pepysdiary.com/indepth/2006/05/31/a_...

TerryF   Link to this

"Every day brings newes of the Turke’s advance into Germany, to the awakeing of all the Christian Princes thereabouts, and possessing himself of Hungary."

---
So begins the Habsburg-Turkish war, or the 1st Turkish war.

"After a period of quiescence following the Treaty of Sitva-Torok (1606) the Turks crossed the Danube in strength in 1663, ravaging Hungary, Moravia, and Silesia [Transylvania]." http://hungarian-history.hu/lib/hunyadi/hu04.htm

"The Ottoman Empire interfered in the affairs of Transylvania, always an unruly district, and this interference brought on a war with the Holy Roman Empire, which after some desultory operations really began in 1663. By a personal appeal to the diet at Regensburg Leopold [I, Holy Roman Emperor] induced the princes [of the Empire] to send assistance." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_I%2C_Holy_...

TerryF   Link to this

A bit off-topic, but the conflict will come up again:

"After the division of the Habsburg crown in 1555 between its Spanish and Austrian branches, the Austrian monarchy consisted of three major units, the hereditary provinces of Austria itself; the so-called crown of Wenceslas, comprising Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia; and the crown of St. Stephen, including Hungary, Transylvania, and Croatia. Bohemia and Hungary had became part of the Habsburg dominions in 1527 after the battle of Mohács, though much of Hungary was still contested. Indeed, only the continuing threat of the Turks in southeastern Europe could have united so disparate a group of peoples -Germans, Czechs, Magyars, Croats, Slovaks, Slovenes, Italians, Rumanians, Ruthenians - under a single head. Turkey may, in this sense be said to have engendered the Austrian monarchy; nor was it a coincidence that the final expulsion of Turkey from Europe in the early twentieth century should have been followed shortly after by the collapse and dismemberment of the Habsburg empire. The histories of Turkey and Austria rose and fell together." Greaves, Richard L. & Robert Zaller, Philip V. Cannistraro, Rhoads Murphey: Civilizations of the World, The Human Adventure, Second Ed.; New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1993. pp. 625ff.
http://hungarian-history.hu/lib/hunyadi/hu04.htm

Australian Susan   Link to this

No mention of "my father's boy". Had he been brought with them to act as a groom and deliver the horses back? Or did they use the same horses as hired when they set out? Is he a replacement for Wayneman?

dirk   Link to this

"the Turke’s advance"

Just a sidenote:
The use of "the Turke", as a personification of the Turkish army (referring to the Turkish Sultan as the single person in power of this mighty empire) is typical of the time. We'd now say "the Turks' advance" or more likely "the Turkish advance".

In the early 16th c. the **Grande** Turke or the **Great** Turke" was reserved to refer to Sultan Suleyman the Great or the Magnificent, the "world conqueror".
http://www.thejerusalemfund.org/gallery/callig/...

Robert Gertz   Link to this

And in about one generation the final defeat at Vienna will reveal the extent of the decay of the famed Janissaries and spell the beginning of the decline of the Ottomans. For Sam I wonder if the event affected him. Certainly there was no direct effect but it must given a certain relief to know that the Turks were definitely on the defensive at last.

TerryF   Link to this

Dirk, very nice point.

BTW, the page you link to has a very nice map of Ottoman Empire at its most expansive: http://www.thejerusalemfund.org/gallery/callig/...

Aqua   Link to this

A history that has been under studied by those under Christian influence, but necessary to comprehend to-days modern world.

TerryF   Link to this

Aqua, how very true: - Ecce Bosnia!

where, ignorant of history, Christian Orthodox Serbs massacred "Turks" - i.e. ethnic Bosnian Muslims stigmatized as Christ-killers at Kosovo by a 19c epic poem "The Mountain Wreath". http://www.rastko.org.yu/knjizevnost/umetnicka/...

Pedro   Link to this

“I hear my Lady Castlemaine is for certain gone to Oxford to meet him, having lain within here at home this week or two, supposed to have miscarried;”

In his biography of Catherine the Portuguese writer Casimiro says that on this day Castlemaine set of for Oxford two days after giving birth. (Which is strange?)

Xjy   Link to this

"the Turke's advance"
In use much later too. Very common in the 19th century and early 20th. "The Russian" (for the Tsar), etc.
Reflects the reality of absolute rulers, and the power of the commanders-in-chief even in constitutional regimes.
Also made the labyrinthine manouevrings and intrigues of international relations a bit more comprehensible - the stitching and ditching of alliances, eternal friendships betrayed before the ink was dry on the parchment etc. The "furies of private interest", in this case the land and its dynastic and revenurial repercussions, are easier to follow than the actual socio-economic development of various bits of a continent/world. The French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars changed all that for good, creating a bourgeois world instead of a feudal one, and nothing has been quite the same since... Bourgeois historians, still locked in the (quasi-feudal) national mindset, don't understand the bourgeois world.

language hat   Link to this

"ravaging Hungary, Moravia, and Silesia [Transylvania]."

Silesia is nowhere near Transylvania; it's now mostly in Poland, the bit just north of the Czech Republic:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silesia

"ignorant of history, Christian Orthodox Serbs massacred 'Turks'"

Oh, please. We may not approve of the Serbian interpretation of history, but if Serbs are "ignorant" of history, what word remains to describe the status of, say, Americans in relation to that subject? Serbs are all too aware of history, and the conflation of "Turk" with "Moslem" is a common Balkan phenomenon, quite understandable in view of the history of the region.

TerryF   Link to this

The myth-making case is made by Michael Sells, an ethnic Serb, Professor of Comparative Religions at Haverford College (also an Arabist). An excerpt from his prize-winning book on the subject, *The Bridge Betrayed: Religion and Genocide in Bosnia* http://www.ucpress.edu/books/pages/6935.html :
"The Kosovo Myth: Slavic Muslims portrayed as Christ-Killers in The Mountain Wreath

"In 1389, the Serb Prince Lazar was defeated and killed in a battle against Ottoman Turkish Sultan Murad II on the plain of Kosovo. While historians dispute the significance of the battle, in Serbian mythology it entailed the loss of Serb independence, a loss that was represented in cosmic terms. Lazar is portrayed as a Christ figure. He has a Last Supper with 12 Nobles, one of whom, Vuk Brankovic, is a traitor and gives the battle plans to the Turks. During the battle, the Christ-Prince Lazar is slain and with him dies the Serb nation, to rise again only with the resurrection of Lazar. 4 Turks are thus equated with Christ-Killers and Vuk Brankovic, the 'Turk within,' becomes a symbol (and ancestral curse) of all Slavic Muslims." http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/62/387.html

Aqua   Link to this

Sign of affluence. "...No mention of "my father’s boy"...." Sam is now one of the Affluent now, like many, when thy have a few bob in the till, are acclimatised to he higher reaches of economic scale, quickly forget the problems of old. Samuell only mentions the lessors when they cross his path in a memorable way, usually negative.[the tally be interesting for sociologists.]

Robert Gertz   Link to this

To further go off topic but following an enjoyable diversion, I'd point out that the Sultan was often very ably assisted by his Christian vassals to defeat Christian armies. One Serbian vassal played a key role in the disasterous defeat of Christian powers at Nicopolis in 1397. I think we have to remember that while religion is a convenient way for us to divide the parties the real divisions are often tribal, even familial, as well. One reason for some of the relative peace in the Bosnian region over recent years has been, according to friends of mine-Croatian, Bosnian, American is that the US and NATO forces have gradually learned a bit about the real divisions and become skilled in dealing with them.

language hat   Link to this

"in Serbian mythology it entailed the loss of Serb independence"

Exactly. The Battle of Kosovo became the foundational historical myth of the Serbs, in much the same way as the Battle of Gettysburg became the foundational historical myth of the American South. The actual facts of history are subordinated to the emotional meaning attached to a particular event. My point was not about the mythological features of the Serbian interpretation of history, of which I'm well aware, but rather that it makes no sense to talk about Serbian "ignorance" of history. Serbs are all too aware of (not to say obsessed by) their history and would benefit from a little amnesia.

Australian Susan   Link to this

Looking to history

In the 1970s, Ian Paisley in Northern Ireland campaigned for political office under the slogan "Remember 1690" [Battle of the Boyne, when William III defeated forces led by the current Duke of York, later James II, then deposed in 1689] Slogans are not history, but they bolster myths. The new Prayer Book, which Sam is getting used to in Church had prayers for relief against "the Turk" and against infidels. These were only removed in the 1872 revision of the BCP.

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