Friday 4 January 1666/67

Up, and seeing things put in order for a dinner at my house to-day, I to the office awhile, and about noon home, and there saw all things in good order. Anon comes our company; my Lord Bruncker, Sir W. Pen, his lady, and Pegg, and her servant, Mr. Lowther, my Lady Batten (Sir W. Batten being forced to dine at Sir R. Ford’s, being invited), Mr. Turner and his wife. Here I had good room for ten, and no more would my table have held well, had Sir J. Minnes, who was fallen lame, and his sister, and niece, and Sir W. Batten come, which was a great content to me to be without them. I did make them all gaze to see themselves served so nobly in plate, and a neat dinner, indeed, though but of seven dishes. Mighty merry I was and made them all, and they mightily pleased. My Lord Bruncker went away after dinner to the ticket-office, the rest staid, only my Lady Batten home, her ague-fit coming on her at table. The rest merry, and to cards, and then to sing and talk, and at night to sup, and then to cards; and, last of all, to have a flaggon of ale and apples, drunk out of a wood cupp,1 as a Christmas draught, made all merry; and they full of admiration at my plate, particularly my flaggons (which, indeed, are noble), and so late home, all with great mirth and satisfaction to them, as I thought, and to myself to see all I have and do so much outdo for neatness and plenty anything done by any of them. They gone, I to bed, much pleased, and do observe Mr. Lowther to be a pretty gentleman, and, I think, too good for Peg; and, by the way, Peg Pen seems mightily to be kind to me, and I believe by her father’s advice, who is also himself so; but I believe not a little troubled to see my plenty, and was much troubled to hear the song I sung, “The New Droll” — it touching him home. So to bed.

  1. A mazer or drinking-bowl turned out of some kind of wood, by preference of maple, and especially the spotted or speckled variety called “bird’s-eye maple” (see W. H. St. John Hope’s paper, “On the English Mediaeval Drinking-bowls called Mazers,” “Archaeologia,” vol. 50, pp. 129,93).

26 Annotations

Terry Foreman   Link to this

Ormond to Arlington
Written from: Dublin
Date: 4 January 1667

Particulars of (1) political intelligence received from France; (2) of the return to England of Mr Digby [probably, John Digby, son of Sir Kenelm
[ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenelm_Digby ], who in November preceding, in a letter to Williamson, is described as "a strong Papist, living near Stony Stratford, in whose house 300 arms were found ... He is supposed to be gone for Ireland" (State Papers Domestic, Charles II, Vol. 177, no. 56)], "alarmed, as he said, by the Proclamation [in Ireland] against those of his religion"; (3) of certain lands forfeited by one Moore, and leased to Sir Thomas Hume; (4) of proceedings against those of the Roman Catholic Clergy who refuse to subscribe [ to ]"the Loyal Remonstrance"
[ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O245-Remonstra... ]; and (5) of some other current affairs of Ireland ...

http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/projects...

Terry Foreman   Link to this

"ale and apples" aka "lamb's wool" or "wassail" for Epiphany

http://historicalfoods.com/?p=192

CGS   Link to this

"...to have a flaggon of ale and apples,..."
at least it was a flaggon was not a flagonet.
Just a large container [sealed], ale ok but apples, was it just apple juice or a little more intoxicating like "baby cham" for the girls or scrumppy for the men.,

CGS   Link to this

"...Peg Pen ...but I believe not a little troubled to see my plenty..."
no comment

Terry Foreman   Link to this

"Just a large container [sealed], ale ok but apples, was it just apple juice or a little more intoxicating like “baby cham” for the girls or scrumppy for the men.,"

See the Rx at the site linked just above this Q.

CGS   Link to this

price control in time of crisis...
H O L
Bill to regulate Prices of Provisions.

ORDERED, That the Committee for preparing a Bill for setting of Prices and Rates upon Victuals and other Commodities do meet To-morrow in the Afternoon, at Three a Clock; and have hereby Power to send for such Persons as they shall think fit to advise withal, and receive Information from.

Terry Foreman   Link to this

Droll .n

Apparently in the 17c could be a poem, a song or a brief comical sketch http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Droll

CGS   Link to this

Thanks Terry for your droll comment on wassail et al.
Samuell got in to the OED:

1665 PEPYS Diary 7 June, Very merry we were, Sir Thomas Harvy being a very drolle.

1. A funny or waggish fellow; a merry-andrew, buffoon, jester, humorist.

2. A comic or farcical composition or representation; a farce; an enacted piece of buffoonery; a puppet-show. Obs.
1649 G. DANIEL Trinarch. To Rdr. 8 The frequent heapes Of Braines, from the weake sun-shine of an Eye Work Maggotts out{em}short Drolls{em}scurrilitie.

1662 TATHAM Aqua Tri. Introd., There are two Drolls, one of Watermen, the other of Seamen.

3. The action of making jest or sport; jesting; burlesque writing or style. Obs.
1670 G. H. Hist. Cardinals I. I. 13 The whole Sermon being but a drol and derision of Kings and their Ministers.

to droll or not droll
[a. obs. F. drôler ‘to play the wag’, etc. (Cotgr.), f. drôle n.]
1. intr. To make sport or fun; to jest, joke; to play the buffoon. Const. with, at, on, upon.
1654 WHITELOCKE Jrnl. Swed. Emb. (1772) I. 130 Whitelocke drolled with them.
1665 EARL OF MARLBOROUGH Fair Warnings 19 There was no greater argument of a foolish and inconsiderate person, than profanely to droll at Religion.
a1678 MARVELL Wks. III. 333 (R.) As Killegrew buffons his master, they droll on their God, but a much duller way.

2. trans. To jest (a thing) away, off; {dag}to jest (a person) out of or into something (obs.); to bring forth after the manner of a jester or buffoon.

1663 R. STAPYLTON Slighted Maid 7 (N.) He would scarce droll away the sum he offer'd.
1679 SHARP Serm. at St. Margarets 11 Apr. 11 To Baffle and Droll out of Countenance those that stand up for the Reputation of Sacred things.
more:
Hence {sm}drolling vbl. n. and ppl. a.; also {sm}drollingly adv.; jestingly, so as to make a jest of it; {dag}{sm}droller, {dag}{sm}drollist, a professed facetious person; a jester, buffoon.
1645 EVELYN Diary 20 Feb., Their drolling lampoons and scurrilous papers.
1670 G. H. Hist. Cardinals I. I. 19 [They] use but drolling and impertinence in their Arguments.
1676 GLANVILL Season. Refl. i. 5 And..now he.. sets the Apes and Drollers upon it.
1681 {emem} Sadducismus II. (1726) 453 These idle Drollists have an utter Antipathy to all the braver and more generous kinds of Knowledge.
1684 J. GOODMAN Winter Even. Confer. P j. (T.), To talk lightly and drollingly of it.

CGS   Link to this

more on Droll, snippets from this period.
drollery,drollic, drollish, drolly
drolly, adv.
In a droll manner; funnily; quaintly, oddly.
1662 PEPYS Diary 5 Nov., Jane..did answer me so humbly and drolly about it.
1791

drollery
1. The action of a droll; waggery, jesting.
1653-4 WHITELOCKE Jrnl. Swed. Emb. (1772) I. 279 So they parted in much drollerye.

2. Something humorous or funny:
a. A comic play or entertainment; a puppet-show; a puppet.
1610 SHAKES. Temp. III. iii. 21 What were these? A liuing Drolerie.

b. A comic picture or drawing; a caricature.
1597 SHAKES. 2 Hen. IV, II. i. 156 For thy walles, a pretty slight Drollery..is worth a thousand of these Bed-hangings.

1606 DEKKER Sev. Sinnes Ded., A Drollerie (or Dutch peece of Lantskop) may sometimes breed in the beholders eye, as much delectation, as the best and most curious master-peece excellent in that Art.

1641 EVELYN Diary 13 Aug., We arrived late at Roterdam, where was their annual marte or faire, so furnished with pictures (especially Landskips and Drolleries, as they call those clounish representations) that [etc.].

1614 B. JONSON Barth. Fair Induct., Those that beget tales, tempests, and such like drolleries.

1621 FLETCHER Wild Goose Chase I. ii, Our women the best linguists; they are parrots; O' this side the Alps they're nothing but mere drolleries.

c. A jest; a facetious story or tale.

1654 GAYTON Pleas. Notes IV. i. 170 Let it be if you please a Drawlery upon it.

1660 F. BROOKE tr. Le Blanc's Trav. 121 The King is very much pleased with such Fictions and Drolleries.

3. The quality of being droll; quaint humour.
1742

drollic, a.

Of or pertaining to a droll or puppet-show.
1743

Robert Gertz   Link to this

"Ah, Miss Penn...Welcome."

"Mr. Pepys. My fiance, Mr. Lowther...Mr. Lowther, my fondler...er, father's friend...Mr. Pepys."

"The magnificence of Master Pepys' household astounds, you, Admiral Sir William?" Jane asks, offering silver plate.

"Indeed...Two furnished studies for him and her...Silver plate...Gilded books...How does he manage all this on 350Ls a year?"

"Often wondered about that meself, sir."

"My Bess is very good with the housekeeping money..." Sam, hastily.

"Got that right." Bess, frowning a bit.

"Pardon me..." Lady Batten blanching and rising... "Just a minor malarial fit...Forgot my Jesuit bark."

"Is that mahogany?" Admiral Sir Will, staring...

"Fit all right..." Bess hisses to Sam, eyeing the departing Lady Batten... "Fit to be tied..."

"Nice girl, that Peg, Lowther...But between you and I. I have heard that some have fished in those waters." Sam notes.

"Now my sister Pall..."

***

Michael Robinson   Link to this

[Penn] was much troubled to hear the song I sung, “The New Droll” — it touching him home ..."

SONG XXVII. THE NEW DROLL.

Come let's drink, the time invites,
Winter and cold weather;
For to spend away long nights,
And to keep good wits together.
Better far than cards or dice,
Isaac's balls are quaint device,
Made up with fan and feather.

Of strange actions on the seas
Why should we be jealous?
Bring us liquor that will please,
And will make us braver fellows
Than the bold Venetian fleet,
When the Turks and they do meet
Within their Dardanellos.

Valentian, that famous town,
Stood the French man's wonder;
Water they employ'd to drown,
So to cut their troops assunder;
Turein gave a helpless look,
While the lofty Spaniard took
La Ferta and his plunder.

As for water, we disclaim
Mankind's adversary;
Once it caused the world's whole frame
In the deluge to miscarry;
And that enemy of joy
Which sought our freedom to destroy
And murder good Canary.

We that drink have no such thoughts,
Black and void of reason:
We take care to fill our vaults
With good wine of every season;
And with many a chirping cup
We blow one another up,
And that's our only treason.

Hear the squibs and mind the bells,
The fifth of November;
The parson a sad story tells,
And with horror doth remember
How some hot-brain'd traitor wrought
Plots that would have ruin brought
To King and every member.

From the Loyal Garland, 1686
Edited by J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps

http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/et...

Though the final allusion is to the Gunpowder plot of 1605, Penn, who had risen to prominence and wealth in the service of parliament and Cromwell, must have been touched by the words 'some hot-brain’d traitor.'

Mary   Link to this

The New Droll.
Congratulations, MR, on finding the song that the L&M contributing editor had failed to identify.

One can see the reason for Sam's comment on its aptitude to Penn's case.

Michael Robinson   Link to this

@ New Droll -- l.6 - Isaac' Balls

Mr. Isaac, (also LeSac and L'Sac) (fl. ?1631-1716) dancing master, choreographer and, according to Aubrey, at one time assistant to Ogilby.

http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portra...

http://books.google.com/books?id=mjeImcc9rGwC&p...

Terry Foreman   Link to this

Excellent work, Michael R! That fleshes out the context considerably.

Of course, contra A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Vol. 8, "The New Droll" was not published FIRST in 1686.

DiPhi   Link to this

Wassail, wassail, all over the town,
Our toast it is white, and our ale it is brown.
Our bowl it is made from a white maple tree.
With our wassailing bowl, we'll drink to thee.

And a fine Wassail Toast to Sam, Bess, Phil, and all the Pepysians who share their knowledge and wit on this site! Wassail!!

Glyn   Link to this

Well done Michael for finding this. Could you also put it as an annotation under its own article so it doesn't get overlooked?

CGS   Link to this

"...Isaac’s balls are quaint device,..." so not the balls of Newton ?
conservation of momentum and energy.

The device is also known as an executive ball clicker, or balance balls.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton%27s_cradle
In vine there be truth.....
My thanks too, MR

Michael Robinson   Link to this

“The New Droll” was not published FIRST in 1686.

The text seems to have appeared first in 1661, but with the fifth and sixth stanzas reversed, as ‘A Merry Song,’ at p. 93, in:-

Merry drollery, or A Collection of [brace] jovial poems, merry songs, witty drolleries intermix’d with pleasant catches
London : Printed by J.W. for P.H. and are to be sold at the New Exchange …, [1661?]
[4], 175 p. 8⁰. Wing (2nd ed.), M1860

and at p. 97 in the reprint of 1670:

Merry drollery, complete. Or, A collection of jovial poems, merry songs, witty drolleries, intermixed with pleasant catches. The first part. Collected by W.N. C.B. R.S. J.G. lovers of wit.
London : printed for Simon Miller, at the Star, at the west-end of St. Pauls, 1670.

8vo., [2], 350, [10] p. Initial leaf bears vertical half-title on recto. The second part has divisional title page on leaf O1r.
Wing (CD-ROM, 1996), M1861

See the index in J. Woodfall Ebsworth Ed. & Introd. ‘Choyce drollery: songs & sonnets.’ Boston Lincolnshire, 1876 @ p. 412

There is no copy of either work surviving in the Pepys Library.

CGS   Link to this

The Ballads, they are a great read for getting a view of emotion of the times, as speech be not free, one must read between the lines.
thanks

tonyt   Link to this

Are 'Isaac's balls' really the same as Newton's cradle? If the expression is in the 1661 version then it almost certainly not a reference to Isaac Newton who would have been little known at the time. Even in 1686 such a link would seem rather subtle.

If not Newton then who is 'Isaac'?

Australian Susan   Link to this

Mr Isaac was a dancing master - at the Court no less. He was mentioned in a book written by one Pemberton about dancing, but the only references to his balls which I can find by Googling are to this song. Frustrating.

Michael Robinson   Link to this

For Mr. Isaac,...

what is known of his career, contemporary citations etc., I repeat the link from nine posts above:

http://books.google.com/books?id=mjeImcc9rGwC&p...
(move up one page to get the full entry)
Philip H. Highfill, et al., 'A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers, and Other Stage Personnel in London, 1660-1800. Vol. 8, Hough to Keyse: ..." SIU Press, 1984 @ p. 103-4.

GrahamT   Link to this

Re: Isaac's balls.
As he is a dancing master, could the balls refer punningly to dances, as in Court Balls?
They would certainly help " to spend away long nights,
And to keep good wits together.", with the women dancers "Made up with fan and feather".

language hat   Link to this

"Are ‘Isaac’s balls’ really the same as Newton’s cradle?"

No, of course not, CGS just felt like mentioning the latter. The balls are dances.

Maura   Link to this

"all with great mirth and satisfaction to them, as I thought, and to myself to see all I have and do so much outdo for neatness and plenty anything done by any of them."

It's Come Dine With Me, 17th-century style!

Bradford   Link to this

And the sort of song which can be easily altered or added to as circumstances inspire. Well done, MR. The other Isaac might have had the Calculus, but we have the Search Engine.

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